Newspaper Page Text
___E ALD __ D 1
cine a puslum &t.
NO. WUTu-conoY- WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY. AUGUST 29, 1917. TWO ( .
Senate to Boost Bill by
In an effort to bolster the war rev
- mue bill against the attacks made
against it, "conservative" members
et the Senate Finance Committee
Leterday afternoon decided to in
erease the war profits in -the bill by
The pressure brought bf "radicals"
in favor of an increase has been tre
mandous. Only yesterday Senator
Borah said he was in favor of rais
ing S,0.00000,000 from war profits
"Last year's war profits were about
ISAS,000.,000'." he said. "It is esti
inted that this year they will be
about $4,500,00w. I see no reason
Why we could not have a 5,00.000.
4 06-bill. with 3,000,000,000 of this from
war profits. I would raise most of
the remainder of the bill from income
Senator La Follette signified his in
tentlon of renewing his battle for
tgh taxes on war profits by intro
ducing a schedule which he will urge,
one item after another. This runs:
First-At 76 per cent. 32,20.000.000.
Second-At 72 per cent. 32.160.000,00.
Third-At 0 per cent, 1N0,000,000.
Fourth-At 64 per cent 11,10).0000.
Fifth-at 4 per cent. 31.00,000,000.
Sixth-At 54 per cent. 31.680.000000.
Seventh-At 52 per cent. 31.560,090.00.
Eighth-At 48 per cent. 31.44000,000.
The decision of the Senate Finance
Committee was taken after a closed
session of mor, than an hour. It
was largely due to the Influence of
Southern Senators that the change
was made. for they had objected to
the fact that in using certain pre
war years in determining war profits.
the fact taht Southern cotton mills
had sub-normal business was not con
"England taxed 40 per cent the first
year, 60 per cent the second, now taxes
0 and Bonar Law has spoken of
98." said Senator Borah yesterday.
"We have had two fat years of war
profits that will not even be taxed.
Surely we could stand 9D per cent."
It was said that the Senate Com
mittee itself anticipated raising =10,
000,000 extra war profits, but the de
cision made yesterday indicates that
but half that sum was considered. The
pending bill raises 562,000,00O from this
War profits was not reached in the
debate. Again the Senate talked on
the postal rates. By a vote of 39 to
,lb the amendment to make letter post
age 3 instead of 2 cents was rejected.
This change cuts 830,000,000 contem
i-lated from the bill.
As soon as this action was taken.
debate was begun on the portion of
the b:l taxing second class mail mat
tor. Senator Hardwick. of Georgia.
'ought for an ppendwnt that would
Sr magatthieb and newspapers I cent
per pound on reading matter, and run
the cost of advertising matter up on
A zone system.
FAlTO FIND MAN
MISSING FOUR DAYS
Whereabout's of T. T. Apple Un
solved by Detectives.
Not a word has been received by
city detectives searching for Theo
4 dore T. Apple. prominent insurance
agent. who has been missing from
his home at 1741 Lanier place north
west rince Friday last. His wife.
grief-stricken over her husbdnd's
continued absence. yesterday denied
, herself to all callers. She referred
inuirers to Frelerick W. Albert, an
engineer in the city water depart
ment. and life-long friend of the
Albert mid Apple last saw his wife
Friday noon. when he took part of
the lunch hour to "run in" and visit
her, as was his custom whenever he
had time to spare. Later in the
afternoon he appeared at the home
of Carl Apple. a brother, and seemed
to be in a cheerful mood. On Mon
day the police were notified. and a
search made in the frinse of woods
surrounding the city without favor
Seemed to be Werried.
To those who were in intimate touch
4 with him, the missing man lately
seemed to be continually worried and
slightly depressed. but this was at
tributed to the fact that he had
4 worked long hours every day for the
past year. and was also despondent
concerning his wife's continued ill
health. No other motive can be as
signed, and the domestic life of the
parted couple is said to have been of
a the happiest.
On Saturday all Insurance books of
the missing agent were delivered by
an unknown messenger to his brother.
and this is the only hint to date that
the act was premeditafed.
Detectives late last night admitted
O they are "working in the dark" as
yet. and have turned up no clues.
Apple Is described as follows: Six
feet tall, weight 150. slender, sallow
skin, brown hair. dark brown eyes,
thin. smooth face, prominent nose and
chin. He wore a Palm Beach suit.
* Panama hat and polka-dot tie.
MHSOTA TO BAR
Cov. Burnquist Refuses to Permit
*Meeting Even in Circus Tent.
MInneapolis, Aug. 28-The Peo
ple's Council. scheduled to hold a
convention here September 1-6. In
a circus tent, because no hall own
era would let them meet there, can
not congregate In Minnesota.
4By a proclamation issued late
thia afternoon. Gov. J. A. A. Burn
quist directed all peace offIcers
within the State to prevent the
holding of people's council meetings
at any point within the State, As
sistance of all police and other au
thority necessary to prevent the
meeeting. Is promised, The procla
* matlon followed a conference this
afternoon of State Officials.
Iast night the governor directed
Sheriff Tangum here to see that
there is no disloyalty voiced, or an
ti-Amsericafi feeling stirred up at
Sthe meeting.. Today he went all
the way aad shut them out com
N )e'eport. Aug. a.-An automobile
4 fi-rhich was Mra, Charles S. Whit
man, wife of New York's govegnb,
weeever an embaakment today. It
em Its. towg uheelsMr
Cave-in of Emperor Cl
Which Will Threate
Rome, Aug. 28.'-ile Italian a
the conquest of the entire Bainsizza
-'The high command characteriz,
on this front one of first importan<
The Corriere d'Italia learns th
ordered the removal of the civil1
of inhabitants are reported to hav
"until the Italians, our brethren, co
Emperor Charles of Austria is
front to encourage his faltering tro
Take Importamt Plateau.
The Stefani News Agency an
nounced late tonight on the authority
of the high command, that the entire
Bainsiza Plateau is in the hands of
,the Italian army.
London, Aug. 2.-Gen. Cadorna, the
entente's "man of the hour." is con
tinuing his hammer blows against the
Austrian front. Not only have his
division, battling on the Bainsizza
Plateau, beaten off all counter attacks.
violent as they were, but new head
way has Awen registered. The huge
reinforcements hurried to the front
north of Gorizia have availed the
Austrians nothing. The Italians con
tinue to "march to complete victory"
as their generalissimo put it a few
A cave-in of the Austrian lines Is
looked for as inevitable by military
critics. The stubbornness of the de
fense thus far is frankly described
as miraculous, but all agree that it
is beyond human possibilities to stand
the terrific pounding of the Anglo
French-Italian artillery combination
Once a gap is torn In the Hapsburit
lines, the final and supreme test will
come. Open warfare, with sweeringi
ladorsing newspaper crusadei
last night in regard to the expo
Southwest section of Washington,
Retail Merchants' Association, of
a newspaper makes a decided sta
good results are bound to follow.
remedy for a bad condition in any
Investigations, made since The Her
aId first gave out publicity against
evil conditions now existing in the
southwest. show that that section is
not the only one in which organized
From clues given in letters received
by The Herald yesterday, it has "cen
learned that the dtrict around the
Postofhce Department Building in
the very heart of the city, is one of
the hotbeds of illegal liquor selling
to soldiers in the Capital. An estab
lishment in that section. it is reported,
has an organized gang of "rushers"
whose duty it is to pass bottles of
liquor to soldiers who are on their
way to take the electric trains for
Arlington and other points in Vir
SlIMt en Avenue.
Evidencing the fact that open sollei
tation is going on right on Pennsylva
nia avenue, in the center of the city,
early yesterday morning four men.
three from The Herald and one from
another Washington morning paper,
were approached by a party of four
girls, driving in two big touring cars.
Assailed with cries of "Want to go
along?" the four men stepped up to
the side of the car to talk to the girls.
One of them, evidently the spokes
woman for the four, invited, even
"dared," the men to "come along and
go with us to the -- roadhouse."
Further questioning brought out the
offer of the use of the big cars for a
"joyride" for three dollars an hour.
In another instance pointed out to
The Herald yesterday. a certain white
girl, somewhere between the ages of
121 and 24, has a regular "beat" around
certain Cubic square near the Dis
President Wilson yesterday notified
the citizens' committee in charge of
the preparations for the honor parade
to the Washington contingent of the
selective draft army that he would
not only review, but that he would
march in the parade Tuesday, Septem
The hour of the parade was set by
the President at 4 o'clock.
This information was conveyed to
Chairman William F. Gude and Sec
retary Chas. J. Columbus, of the citi
zens' committee, by Secretary Joseph
P. Tumulty when they called at the
White House yesterday afternoon and
immediately machinery was put in
motion to make thIs affair a great
Every oi'ganization InWahnt,
of whatever kind, is invited to take
part in 4hkas demonstration, to send a
notification of the number of people
that will be in line, and whether a
band will nccompany theip. This In.
formation should be sent by letter to
the committee headquarters, fifth fioo"
Star Building, where it will be tab
ulated for Maji. Gen. Joseph E. Kuhn,
grand marshal of the parade, and
'Maj. Constant C'ordier. the chief of
staff. Mtaj. Cordier will maintain h~s
odice at the committee headquarteis
at the Star Building,
I peelal Seating Cafled.
Chairman William F. Gude has
:stiled a special meeting of the exec
utive coeniuittee for this morning at
1 o'clock at the committee headquoar
tars, The follewing Constitute the
eaecutive committee: Wifliam F.
?.Ipamesana.aa. .~5 -a..
mfsl Fall Back
tarles' Lines Imminent,
n Vienna-Quiet on
issians in Panic.
I News Service.)
cond army has virtually completed
-s the vstery of the last two days
e and as fraught with tremendous
it the Austrian high command has
opulation from Trieste. Hundreds
i begged to be allowed to remain
reported to have hastened to the
flanking movements aimed at the iso
lation of whole army groups will en
sue. Some 10 miles in the distance
from the Monte Santo front, where
the break-through is looked for, lies
Vienna. Signs are accumulating that
the Italian commanders' ultimate goal
is none other than the proud Haps
burg capital whence, three years ago,
the fatal spark was sent to Belgrade
that set the world aflame.
Strikes Whes War is Het.
The Italian commander is playing
a shrewd game of hide-and-seek with
the Austrian staff. His offcial bulle
tins have been marked throughout the
present drive by a singular lack of
details. In by-gone days when at
tacking armies crept forward inch by
inch, such vagueness of official re
porting earned the sneers of the oppo
nent. But in this present titanic push
of the Romans all the world knows
that victory after victory has crown
ed their onslaughtg from the very out
set, and that if details are hidden it
is done for strategic reasons.
Cadorna's aim, it in believed, is to
"rattle" the Austrain high command
and to strike, when the opportune
CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE.
ven to Vice,
agdinst vice, when interviewed
ure of euimti conditions in the
R. P. Andrews, president of the
this city, said: I believe that if
nd against any condition of vice
A newspaper crusade is a sure
trict Building. This girl tramps the
square steadily, from a little after 12
at night, until she has "picked some
one up' and has gone away with him.
That the conditions recently ex
posed by The Herald in its vice cru
sade have existed in the southwest
practically ever since the attempted
clean-up of the city several years ago
is shown by the statements made by
Capt. George H. Williams, of the
Fourth precinct, before the Excise
Board last October.
At the hearing Capt. Williams said:
"The worst condition In the neigh
borhood is that of prostitution. On
Third street, between B and C
streets, are a great number of pros
titutes. The same condition also ex
ists about the neighborhood of por
tions of Maryland avenue, between
Third and Four-and-a-half streets;
also on C street, between Four-and
a-half and Third streets and in Wil
low Tree Park."
Asked about the race of the in
habitants of this section. Capt. Will
iams replied: "Practically all of
them are colored. These conditions
have existed for many years, and I
have endeavored in every way to get
rid of them, but have been unsuc
cessful. Conditions have improved
in the last year or two. During the
last year we have had officers from
headquarters detailed 4n special de
tails right in this vicinity to try and
break up that traffic and prostitu
Continuing in his evidence on condi
tions In the section of the Southwest
under discussion, Capt. Williams said.
"There is a great deal of traffic along
the street of white men looking after
. CONTINtED ON PAGE FIVE.
1 to March
to Drafted Men
chairmen; Charles J. Columbus, sec
retary;, Cuno H. Rudolph. treasurer;
Robert N. Harper, chairman finance
committee: Maj. Gen. Joseph E.
Kuhn, national army, grand mar
shal, Brig. Gen. E. H. Crowder, pro
vost marshal general. U. S. A.; Maj.
Contant Cordier, 1'. S. A., chief of
staff; Melvin C. Hazen. organiza
tions; Maj. Raymiond W. Pujllman.
pubiic order; Williarr'i T. GallIher.
badges and flags; Dr. Lewis J. Battle.
medical; Sigmund Kann, decorations:
Victor J. Evans, floats, and James
F'. Oyster, audit.
District Commnissioner Louis Brown
10* and D. J. D~onovan, adjutant of
the District board, have bepn invited
to attend the meeting. 'A special*
meeting will be called for a later
date for the members of the eleven
selective boards for the District of
Columbia, and a formal invitation
wvili be extendecd to the thousand-odd
men of the national army to join
with the President in the parade.
To add further ceremony and im
portance to the occason, a delega
tion from the citizens' comm'ttee will
go to the Capitol this morning fol
lowing the meeting and arrange for
a formal invitation to the United
States Senate and the House of Rep
resentatives to personally take part
in this demonstration in honor of the
It is 'the plan and purpose of the
committee that In honoring the men
in Washington who wIll be identified
with the national airmy that the Pres
ident and the Federal omcials will
Korniloft Says Militia Must
Save Country if Revo
lution Is Averted.
Moscow. Aug. 2&-A military dicta.
torship looms .on the troubled horison
of Russia. Xerensky, the young law
yer, refuses to break with the Social
ists to who, in former days, he
preached Utopia and who made him.
Gen. Korniloff, who knows but one
means to whip Russia back Into shape
-the Iron rod-has become overnight
the popular idol, not of the messe of
workers and disloyal soldiers, but of
the vast multitude of Russians of all
Walks of life, who are convinced of
Korniloff's own statement yesterday:
"If Russia wishes to be saved, the
army must be saved."
The Kerensky rule of good will and
persuasion has been tried and found
wanting. The necessity of the hour in
a regime of "blood and Iron." not
only in words, but in deeds. These
two facts stand out glaringly at the
close of the second sitting of the ex
traordinary council here.
Looked To As Leader.
And all those who recognize this
necessity l -k upon Korniloff to de
liver Russia from its neW chaos. But
the ominous fact that overshadows all
elhe is that the mass of those who
climor for "equality and liberty now"
Is virtually as strong ar.d determined
as the other side which counsels with
1.orniloft "victory and order first."
Behind this equal strength and de
termination of both sides lurks civil
war. Incidentally, the old feud of
rivalry between Moscow and Petro
grad Is in full flames again.
These are the things that are seeth
ing beneath the surface of the
hitherto comparatively calm con
gress. They may burst into fire at
any moment, which Is the reason
they are here set forth, lest the out
aide world be taken unaware again
as it was last March.
Wilses'. Message Cheers.
So far there has ,been only one
message that elicited the whole
hearted individual applause of the en
tire congress: President Wilson's
message of good cheer and America's
generous promise of aid. As It was
read by Premier Kerensky today the
whole assemblage sprang to their
feet and for several minutes there
was a pandemonium of cheering.
On every other speech and issue
the congress has been divided. Be
neath it all there was a noticeable
eatrangement between Gen. Korniloff
and the members of the present gov
ernment. Korniloff is the hero and
idol of the cadets, the chief oppo
nents of the government. He is the
impersonation of force; and force, to
them, is today the only thing that
can bring about order.
Korniloff minced no words In his
speech. He painted a gloomy pic
ture of the nilitary situation, and
of the economic conditions which
add to the menace of Military 40
bacle. But there was nothing of
despair in his words.
Prediets Final Saeegus.
The first necessity, he argued. was
for the country to know its dan
gers; the second to avert them. He
offered concrete remedies. To those
who had believed he would be
frightened by the Socialist ultimat
um demanding the permanent aboli
tion of the death penalty. Korniloff
had a rude Jolt in store.
The death penalty, he pointed out.
was only one of the iron measures he
centemplated introducing. Above all.
he said, the regime of soldier com
mittees who meet in the trenches to
decide whether they shall obey or not.
must end, nor will the soldiers have
the preposterous privilege to appoint
their own leaders.
GERMAN SUB SUNK
BY U. S. BESTRYER
Survivors Taken Prisoners of War
On American Vessel.
(By the laternatieal News Service.)
An Atlartic Port. Aug. '8.-News of
the sinking of a German U-boat by
an American destroyer. of the sink
Ing of another submersible by a Brit
ish submarine, and of the escape of a
French passenger steamer from an
attacking U-boat by the use of a
smoke cloud reached here today.
William Brown. -, merican sea
man, who arrived on a British
steamer, related how an American
destroyer arrived in the nick of time.
under a full head of steam, while a
U-boat was preparing to sink a Brit
ish steamer. Shots from the de
stroyer sent the submarine to the
Several of her officers and crew
who had boarded the British steamer
were attacked and an officer and
three men were killed. The surviving
Germans were turned over to the de
stroyer as prisoners of war.
The captain of a British stelmer
told of the timely arrival of a Brit
ish submarine as a U-boat was shell
ing his vessel, its torpedo having
failed to work. A torpedo broke the
German vessel in two.
On August 20 a French liner, carry
ing many women and children, was
attacked near the Bay of Biscay. She
sent out a smoke cloud which ef
fectually concealed her from the
U- boat while she ug zasged to sfety.
TO CALL COUNCIL
Will Hold Another Provisional
Gathering as in 1912.
By a Staff Cerrespeadeat of the
Isterattenal News Serviee.
Peking. Aug. 28.-The cabinet has
decided to call another provisional
council. as was dlone in 1912. The
southern opposition is fast aban
doning its monarchistic plans, the1
majority of the lea'ders declaring
that they will support the cause
A number of Japanese newspa
pers are agitating a new treaty be
tween China and Japan for the pur
pose of taking and disposing of all
German concessions and rights in
Aicidcat KI~s Member
ef Gen Pershing's Force
New York. Aug. 28.-Second I~eut.
Frederick Wahstrom, of the Marmne
Corps, was the first 01Bcer connected
with G0.. Pershing's American Expe
ditionary force to meet death in
France, it was announced here today.
LUeut Wahlstrom was -killed in a mo
tar cyce accident. Full military lion
as weam er a a..na.a~ as. a.
See Little Hope for Practi
cal Peace in Diplomatic
FMH IN KAISER 1 RIFE
AMONG GERMAN PEOPLE
Wilson's Note Looked Upon In En
rope as Master Stroke of
Comment in diplomatic circles
lhte last night were almost unani
s to this effect.
'llere is little hope for practical
attainment of peace at this time
because the Pope will not move
to interfere with the internal af
fairs of Germany and because the
German people are still imbued'
with their faith in Kaiserism.
Yet the ground has been left
open for further discussion.
Events to Answer Pope.
Events, however, rather than
further notes. are expected to play
the larger part in answering the
Such demolition of German
autocracy as is accomplished must
be accomplished by allied artillery
Rumors of German internal un.
rest are looked upon askance in
almost all of the European chan
ceries, it is said here. It is even
suggested that by attacking the.
solidarity of the German enemy's
organization at this time. President .
Wilson has been premature. -
One envoy suggested that Mr. Wit
son's effort might only lead to the
better coherence of Germany aganst
a suggestion of recognized hostility.
Applaud Wilse"'s Not.
Everywhere, however, the reply of
President Wilson is applauded as a
masterly document of diplomacy.
Allied diplomats have held their
breath since the parallilism betwreen
the Pope's plan and Mr. Wilson's
previous utterance. has been made
plain. They have frankly feared that u
the President was "in a hole."
The intimation contaffpIn the 41d.
of the International News to T
be effect that the President would
ultimately reject the plea of the Pope a
because he could not treat confidently
with the German government was
greeted with acclaim here. But it was n
hoped and the hope was reflected in
these dispatches, that the President
would postpone his utterance until
more definite assurances of political
unrest in Berlin had developed.
Was Proper Time to Speak. |i
The statements of Algr. Benzano,Iti
the papal delegate, in Kansas City h
yesterday that the Stockholm con- Ira
ference must not be neglected as a fr
means of attaining peace. despite its
socialistic character, were seized upon
here as vindicating the judgement of In
the President as the proper time to
speak. In view of the well-known
antipathy of the church to anythine
savoring of Socialism, it was felt that
this concession toward the Stockholm
conference would not have been made
by the papal delegate without pretty
definite knowledge of the Influence
which the Stockholm conference woulo
In administration circles the answer
of the President is stoutly defended
as issued at just the proper time. The
State Department still believes that
the unrest in Germany is more wide
spread and more deepseated than has
been revealed in such dispatches as
have reached this country.
VANCE M' MICK
NOW IN WAR CABINETic
President Names Him Chairman of
Exports Administrative Board. 1
A new figure was added to President ul
Wilson's "war Cabinet" today. It is t<
Vance McCormick, dictator of exports.
Immediately upon assuming control G
of the exports situation under the bl
President's new proclamation of last tl
night, the Exports Administrative w
Board, of which Mr. McCormick is P'
chairman, announced that not a pound re
of steel or an ounce of sulphuric acid
will leave the United States unle-ss P
the board is convinced that it will "
go for munitions to be used againt I
the common enemy-Germany. P
The whole export matter has been I
place absolutely in the hands of the I"
Exports Administrative Board, created b
by the Executive order of last night.
It will work independent of Secretary n
Redfield and the Department of Com- a
merce, independent of Secretary -ans- it
lug and the Depa tment of State, and ti
Mr. McCormick",Tt chairman, assumes e
rank with Hoover, the food dictator, b;
Scott, the munitions dictator, and Gar
field, the coal dictator. h
Further indicating the completeness t
of the separation of the new depart- t,
ment from the Department of State, t
it was learned that the Exports te
Administrative Board wilt handle the
whole Mexican situation itself. Or- C
dera for the shipment of food and C
arms to the provisional government
will be controlled hy the Exports Ad
ministrative Board on the adv'ice of
its own expert, a professor of Ch!
Orders nf this character were made
yeretrday. though their exact nature'
i is :'-ved v:.' ^-y Japan, as I.
was not made public, f
It is zenerdy '.weeted that the,
appeal of the Japanese for steel mayg
he successfully handled by the new
board,. If the steel will be used for
ships or munitions which will render
direct aid to the allied cause, Japan
wvill be permitted to take some. This,
it is believed will satisfy Japan, as a
limited amount of Far Eastern ore
is already available for Japan's own i i
domestic needs, -e
ORDER l,074,00 GAS UASKS. r
Philadelphia, Aug. :5.-The Ameri- mI
can army Is to be equipped wIth 5<
1,O0.,IB gres aks. The governnmnt ti
has eontracted to expend S1.50f,.U for
the' mkh of the masks by a u- 91
In Reply to Po
"We cannot take the word Qf t
uarantee of anything that is to
by such conclusive evidence of th
people themselves as the other peo
"Every heart must fervently wl
peace the Pope o persuasively po
Lake it if. it does not in fact lead
'The object of this war is to d
rom the menace and the actual 1
nent controlled by an irresponsib
"The German government now
mnemy of four-fifths of the world.
he history of the rest of the worl
"To deal with such a power by
posed by Ris Molinee the Pope, A
mperation of its strength and a
ecessary a permanent hostile c(
3erman people: and would result I
to intrigue and the certain coun1
tempted by all the malign Infduer
nent has accustomed the world."
"We must await some new evi
peoples of the Central Powers. G
in a way to restore the confidenc,
Faith of nations and the possibilit
"The test of every plan of peac,
3f all the peoples involved or in
tous and intriguing government, <
Eree people on the other? That it
the matter; and it is the test whic
"The American people have
ands of the Imperipl German g<
prisal upon the German people,
things in this war, which they di(
New York World.
'President Wilson's reply to the
sticaq peace proposals can be com
eased into five words:
" 'No peace with Prussian autoc
"The President makes that issue
ndamental. sweeping all other quem
>ne aside. Everything can be left to
nspronise and adjustment except
.t i sfe 3ssa m aasty 49 eivlikmal%.
so% g be usrantee for that
gain has the President proved him
If the great spokesman and inter
eter of modern democracy. His
>te to the Yjjcan is a new emanci
tion proclamation--emancipation for
e German people themselves if they
ill accept it."
New Yorker Staats-Zetmag
"President Wilson has rejected the
>pe's peace proposals. This rejec
n was to be expected. The event
,d cast its shadows before in a
imber of utterances coming partly
om sources In this country, partly
"The rejection is. however. neither
-usque nor unconditional.
"The sum and substance of the Pres
ent's note is to be found in these
"We cannot take the word of the
LL iERMAN PHASES
REACHED BY WILSON
esident's Reply to Pope Will Be
Seen in Many Lights.
By KARL IL YON WIEGAND.
Washington. Aug. 2.1-America's an
vr, through President Wilson, to
>pe Benedict's peace suggestion will
me as a blow, a surprise, a revela
mn, an assurance. an inspiration-all
ere is to Germny.
To the great masses of German pev
e it will come as a renewed offer of
lendship from the United States in
ose enmity, despite all newspaper
terances, they have never wanted
believe and never could fully grasp.
President Wilson's indictment of the
arman government will be a hard
ow to the Kaiser and severely shake
e existing governmental system. It
ill be a revelation to the German
ople, if it reaches them in a cor
ctly translated form.
The German people have been told
resident Wilson sought to see Ger
any crushed, annihilated. the Ger
an people humiliated, and an op
rtunity for them to recover from
e terrible effects of the war made
possible after peace. They have
en told that this is false.
America, through President Wilson.
ow gives the German reople assur'
ices that Germany shall have equol
v with others in the family of na
ans f they will accept that instead
seeking the domination preached
Barnhard Reventlow and others.
President Wilson has struck the
trdest blow at the unrepresenta
v form of Germany's central poli
al and governmental system since
le Russian revolution. That sys
m hegan to crack in April.
By slow and peaceful means the
'rman Libeal leaders have been
ging nearer and nearer to the
at of power in Germany.
President Wilson has greatly en
uraged efforts and furthered their
irpoe. Leaders like MauImilian
arden. Theodor WVolf, George Bern
trdt, Richard Witting. Ballin, Erz
rger, Prof. Dclbrueck, have been
hog the German people with great
mnkness what is necessary in Gcr
ty to bring peace with the world.
esident Wilaon has confirmed the
eachigs of these men. ,
om One-Night Stands
on Account .f the War
New York. Aug. 23.-The one
ght stands are practically doom
on account of the war, Inability
railroads to handle routing of
ad companies owing to govern
st trafmc demands will probebly
nd the death knell et the quick
A meetIng of producers wI8
ohbly be held. withi a few Myu
menider the Usie.
i Benedict's Advances
ie present rulers of Germany as &
endure. unless explicitly supported
a will and purpose of the Germaan
plea of the world would be justiled
sh that we might take the path of
ints out. But it would be folly to
to the goal he proposes."
liver the free peoples of the world
ower of a vast military establish
stands balked but not defeated. the
It Is our business to see to it that
I is no longer left to ts handling."
way of peace upon the plan pro
o far as we can see. involve , re
renewal of its policy; would make
mbination of nations against the
n abandoning the new-born Russia
er-revolution which would be at
ces to which the German govern
lence of the purposes of the great
Ad grant it may be given soon and
t of all peoples everywhere in the
of a covenanted peace."
is this: Is it based upon the faith
erely upon the word of an ambi
n the one hand, and of a group of
i a test which goes to the root of
h must be applied."
uffered intolerable wrongs at the
mvernment, but they desire no re
who have themselves suffered all
I not choose."
ENT ON NOTE
I resent rulers of Germany as a guard
ian of anything that is to endure. un
left explicitly supported by such con
clusive evidence of the will gnd pur
pcae of the German people themselvet
as the other peoples of the work
would be justified in accepting.'
"The German people must speak
The nation itself. through Its repre
setatkvms mest make itse'2 baed
must speak to tje other papifles of tM
wo-ld; its voiee will find a hearing
what It says will count. Then peec
will be possible."
New Yorker Hereid.
"The extremists in our war part:
have always demanded that the Ho
hensollerns must go, that no nego
tiations will be posasile with them.
"The President now intimates the
the extreme airms which are often at
tributed to him are in fact remot<
from his mind.
".To Mr. Wilson's view. all issues a
stake can he quickly settled as sooi
as there exists a certainty that j
democratic Germany has been horr
Events in Germany appear to indicat
that there are influences at work tha
may bring peace nearer than anyon
ALLEGIANCE TO U. S
Acclaim Pope's Peace Proposal But
Do Not Urge Acceptance.
(By the laternational News Service.1
Kansas City. Mo., Aug. :--The
resolutions committee of the Americar
Federation of Catholic Societies toda
pledged American Catholics to th'
war program of the United States, ant
recommended that a resolution to thal
effect be adopted. The resolution ii
to be presented to the annual con
vention now in session here, and Ii
expected to be passed by a large vote
The resolutions by the committee alat
"acclaimed" the peace proposal ol
Pope Benedict. but did not urge iti
acceptance by the American govern.
'We pledze without reservation outi
blood and our treasure for the de
fense and perpetuation of our beloved
countr): and we solemnly affirrr
our infilienable attachment to the
principles of American government.'
the lovalty resolution declared.
Of the Pope's proposal the followin.
'We reverently and joyfully acclair
the action of our Most Holy Father
Benedict XV,. in his proposal for j
basis for the negotiations of peace be.
tween the warring nations, and w4
mark with pardonable pride the ac
cord between the artiles of agree
muent offered by the Supreme Pontifl
and the tentative suggestions former
i made by the President of the l'nitc/
Draft 555 Pelicemn.
New York. .Xu~. -ePolice t'ommris
sioner Woode announced today tha1
"6 of New York's policemen had beer
E FOR L
I NOTE-T his "Tote Creit
I votes indicated abee ise
a filled in, when it is sessive
Wison Determined Not to
Enter Into "Scrap of
ROA STI.L LEfT OPO FOR
ANY FUTURE PROPosMoNs
"Cod Grant the Possibility of a
Covenanted Peace." Ixeeu
President Wilson last night ra
plied to the peace proposals of
Pope Benedict X that the United
'States must continue to fight until
it is satisfied that a peace treaty
would be amore than another "scrap
of paper- to he torn by Germany's
rulers at will.
His note is a rejection of peace
at this time. but it leaves the road
wide open for further discussions
"We cannot take the word of
the present rulers of Germany as
a guarantee of anything that is to
endure," he says.
nd Await New Eviden.
And later. he adds: "We must
await some new evidence of the
purpose of the great peoples of the
central empires. God grant it may
be given soon and in a way to
restore the confidence of all peo
ples everywhere in the faith of na
Itions and the possibility of a cow.
President Wilson declares flatly
against an economic war after the
war, and against annexations or
indemnities other than restitutions.
such as payment to Belgium and
the return of Alsace-Lorraine to
Deaft Ceiuapeted Manday.
President Wiilson completed the
draft of his note late Morday after
noon. He had spent more than two
wteks preparing it. Theugh the
State Department he had been in cabi
onmunikte with all of the entese
governments and had on Ms desk
Ita ete of their views. Vurther In
, fOe ion of these views had been re
c ceived by him tihrourh the entente em
bades here. The President dA most
of his work on the note at nigh:
It was after the dinner hour Moe
day niziht that the final draft was
completed. President Wilson handed
it to Secretary of State LnSing before
lthe latter went to the garden party
.at the Pan-American Union, given In
honor of the Japarese Mission.
Mr. Lansing. In evening clothes.
wont into the daraened State Depart
ment. hip a.sp~stants in coding mea
sages first naing beer adnised by
telephone to be on hand.
It was not until aft r midnight that
the final phrase had bern coded and
placed on the tegrarh sires to the
cable offices in New York.
Arrangemewnts ,e rimde %hereby
the text should become public simul
taneouply in Washington, London.
Paris and Rome.
The Cabinet membe yeFt.rdeiT aft
fYNTNtut oN, PAGE FTE
DEADLOCK ON WEAT
Committee Contending for $2.10 a
Bushel Holds Upper Hand.
President Wilson's wheat price-fl
Ing committee were deadlocked at a
late hour last night with little hope
of an agreement before tomorrow. Dr.
H. A. Garfield. chairman of the com
mittee, left the Food Administration
shortly before midnight. with the
committee still in a wrangle. Dr. Gar
field announced that any decision the
committee might reach would be sub
mitted to h:m today. and would not
be made public N fore that time.
Apparently, those members of the
committee contending for $210 a
bushel for the 1917 wheat corp were
holding the upp~r hand. and were ta
sharp controersy with another group
who were f.hting determinedly for 92
as the price A iwo-thir vote of the
committee of twelve is necessary for
an agreement, the c'hairman not vot
ing unless in th. event of a tie. The
comniittee has be n in P, spion almost
continuously for three da F.
Only the price o No. 1 Northers
wheat 1e to be fxed h: the committee.
Graduated prior Ionr other grades are
to 1+ determined later. rither by this
comniltee or by come nther Commit
tee to be desiented he President Wit
son or by Food Adminmstratoc
Russan Ruhles 19 Cedis.
N w York. Au. .>- A low icord
for Rian demand h-. was made
t odav w hen rubles a.en quoted at 15
cents. Before the war' they were
quoted at about .i0 cents.
* is goeS for the. nember of e
:h. candfidate whesenaei
ast the All-Prias Heinem.b
Te Washingtoe HERAt .D. p