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The Washington herald. (Washington, D.C.) 1906-1939, February 10, 1918, Image 18

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Susan B. Anthony Lauded
As Liberator of Women
. ' \
As Suffrage Draws Near
Ninety-eighth Anniversary
of Her Birth Falls on
February 15, and Will
? Be Commemorated with
Enthusiasm This Year.
? wa? Susan B. Anthony's prophecy
that the women of this country would
be to tin* in 1920. Contrasting the
put and the present, suffragists r?
*ard It as an Inspired prophecy. For
after forty year* the amendment to
the national convention, first proposed
by Susan B. Anthony, ha* at last
passed the Lower House of Congress
and la expected soon to pasa the Sen
ate. And this will make It possible
for all the State legislatures to ratify
in time for women to vote In the na
tional elections In 1X0.
Moreover, this Is a time when the
Bame of Susan B. Anthony la always
on the lips and In the minds of Amer
ican suffragists. February IS It the
ninety-eighth anniversary of her birth,
and that anniversary has for years
been commemorated all over the coun
try.
As the suffrage historian, Mrs. Ida
Husted Harper, tella us, "every girl!
who now enjoys a college education,
every woman who has the chance of I
earning an honest living In whatever 1
*>here she chooses; every wife who Is
protected by law in the possession of
her person and her property; every j
toother who is blessed with the cus
tody of and coiltrol of her own child- |
Wn?owes these sacred privileges to |
Busan B. Anthony beyond all others."
Whole Brine Dedicated.
And Mrs. Harper continues:
"During the fifty years which have
wrought this revolution, just one wom
an in all the world has.striven every
day of her time, every dollar of her
money, every power of her being, to
?ecure this result Never for one short
hour has the cause of woman been
forgotten or put aside for any other
object. Never a single Ue has been
formed, either of affection or business,
which would Interfere with this su
preme purpose. Never a speech has
been given, a trip taken, a visit made,
a letter written. In all this half-cen
tury, that has not been done directly
to the interest of this one object.
There has been no thought of personal
comfort advancement or glory; the
?elf-abnegation, the self-sacrifice, have
been absolute-they have been ui.par
alleled."
Susan B. Anthony, born In Massa
chusetts. was of Quaker, not Puritan,
atock. To the Quaker belief in the
equality of the sexes Is due the fact
that her education and that of her
?later was as good as was their broth
ers'.
But It was through her work In the
temperance movement that sho came
to realize that "the right which wom
an needs above every other, the one
Indeed which would secure to her all
others. Is the right of suffrage."
To her work for woman's rights Miss
Anthony brought all the vigor which
characterized everything site did. For i
more than 50 years she gave without
measure of her zeal and strenath. at
Brst as head of the finance commit
tee of the National Woman Suffrage :
A?ociation, and after 1ST.' as Its prcs- '
Went, until she laid down the gavel in
v . ?V?B then shs <1H not ceas?
her labors, but continued them al
most until the day of her death, i
March 13, 1306, when she was S# years
old.
Working Woman's Champion. '
It would be Impossible to give a
complete list of the laws discrimi
nating against women which Miss
Anthony strove to have changed. She
was the first to champion the cause,
of the working woman; she lnvestl-'
gated the conditions under which they
lived and worked, and she taught
them how to organize among them
selves. Equal property' rights for
and e<luaI guardianship of the I
children were two more of the re
forms to which she consecrated her- j
Through the Influence of Miss An
tony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Who worked together in long years of
affectionate intimacy In the cause of
women, a convention was called, to
meet In Albany on February 14. 1S54
te secure legislation for these pur
poses. In behalf of joint guardian
ship for father and mother and the
Mgnt of married women to the dls
Si!,^ivf,!heir lnd'vldual earnings, and
Jir oenalr of equal suffrage for the
sexes, Mi? Anthony circulated two pe
titions in New York State that year.
in r&> she made a tour through
New York State In the interests of
Woman suffrage, arranging for meet
t "feakln<r in every county.
In 1863. in connection with Mrs. Stan
ton and other women. Miss Anthony
was Instrumental In forming the Na
tional \\ omen's Loyal League, and se
curing games to the gigantic petition
presented to Congress by Charles
Sumner. February ?, ISM, asking for
^./mancipation of Bla?e? to the
.Lnlted States. %
Campaign in Kansas.
Two months of the autumn of 1867.
Miss Anthony spent In Kansas, travel
wJ,<>?r0 the State ,n aU kin<i?
*"?* speaking continuously
lnn~",J ,uffra?e- I" 1SK ?he spoke
try ??untry in Nebraska.
whttf *om?n'a rl?ht to Vbte. In 1S8S.
If t?, V, ? ,ortiet>> anniversary
tln .h } woman's rights conven
tion. she devised and carried out a
???.? .1" lntern*tl?nal congress of
that ,he Progress made by
women as a class might be brought
f attention of the world. The
?f, thl* ingress are too
well known to dwell upon here.
S?u'h Dakota In 1590. Miss An
f0r months for the
political recognition of women In the
a?ntert0nXV!U,l0n' then about to be
adopted January 13. of the same
*ccured the presentation to
ioMtatm.0? Petition asking for the
appointment of women on the board
tlrtz s' 1??. Columblan Exposi
tion, to be held in Chicago, in issu,
^?S^,ta.f"itslz:
ztzjuztzzz.-weu known
15anSM in 1894 to con
llT thit ??*? ??, tor equal ?uffrage
f " Anthony went
from there to New York, speakln? in
?very osnty In the Bute In behalf M
?' the word "male"
from the organic law. ia i&s eh.
to CaUfornU 'or the same i
8uch were a few of the activities of
?? Incessantly active life.
Her Historic Test.
"y'*7?- the year that she was
ut ot the National Wom
An thwn ? A"ocla t Ion, that Mtes
jl* h,r historic test of
women', pourfcal sutus under the law'
Susan B. Anthony Mother of the
Woman Suffrage Amendment
At the Afe of 39.
When, Just after the clvn war, she
and her associates had sought to pre
vent the insertion of the word "male"
in the Fourteenth Amendment to the
Federal Constitution, enfranchising
the negro, they were brushed aside
by the politicians with the excuse
that "this Is the negro's hour." Bo
the word "male" was written three
times in the Fourteenth Amendment
But Section 1 of the amendment
reads as follows:
"All persona born or naturalise* In
the United States and subject to the
jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the
United States and of the State where
in they reside. No State shall make
or enforce any law which shall abridge
the privileges or immunities of citizens
of the United States, nor shall any
State deprive any person of life,
liberty, or property, without due proc
ess of law, nor deny to any person
within its Jurisdiction the equal pro
tection of the laws."
Leadeift of the tfbffrage movement
had for a long time claimed the right
I to vote under this clause and the
Fifteenth Amendment. Miss Anthony
now decided to put the question to the
test, and with a number of other wom
en, in Rochester, New York, where
she lived, sbe registered in due proc
ess. went to the polls on election day,
and voted.
Leader Found Gnllty.
The women who Voted, as well as
the election officials who accepted
I their votes, were arested, and Miss
Anthony was tried before the Circuit
Court at Canandaiqua, for Illegal vot
ing. The verdict was "Guilty," and
Miss Anthony was sentenced to pay
I a fine of 1100 and the oosts of the
i prosecution.
Thero is a legend that as the Judge
pronounced his sentence the statue of
Justice in the court house fell. How
ever, that may be, there is no dis
puting the statement of the suffrage
historian that "from this date the
question of woman suffrage was lift
ed from one of grievances into^one of
Constitutional law." ?
Another case of "Illegal voting."
that of Virginia Minor, of St. Louis,
was carried to the Supreme Court of
the United States, and still the deci
sion was adverse. This opinion was
handed down in 1875.
Miss Anthony and her co-workers
now turned to a "sixteenth amend
t ment" to the Federal Constitution as
\ their means of redress. That amend
| ment, modeled upon the Fifteenth
! Amendment, and forbidding the United
| States or any State to deny to any !
j citizen the right to vote on account of ,
; sex, was introduced in Congress, Jan- I
j uary 10, 1S78. From this time on, Miss i
Anthony made yearly pilgrimages to
Washington to advocate the measure j
before Congressional committees. Year j
after year she met with rebuff, with i
ridicule, and discouragement. It was .
to be her successors, not herself, why)
would reap the reward of her stead
fast efforts, and see that amendment
and the cause of women on their
wave of triumph.
And yet, at the time of her death,
in 1906, it could be said, as Mrs. Har
per has said in his history, that "the
transititon of the young Quaker girl,
afraid of the sound of her own voice,
into the reformer, orator, and States
man, was no more wonderful than the
change In the status of woman, effect
ed so largely through her exertions.
At the beginning she was a chattel
in the eye of the law; shut out from
all advantages of higher education
and opportunities In the industrial
world; an utter dependent on man;
occupying a subordinate position in
the church; restrained to the narrow
est limits along social lines; an ab
solute nonentity in politics. Today
American women are envied by those
of all other nations, and stand com
paratively free individuals, with the
exception of political disabilities."
It is to Mrs. Harper, again, that
one turns for a character portrait of
the great suffrage leader:
"Susan B. Anthony has been called
the Napoleon of the woman suffrage
movement and, In the planning of
campaigns and the boldness and dar
ing of carrying them forward, there
may be the qualities of that famous
general, but in character and princi
ples the comparison fails utterly. She
has been termed the Gladstone among
women, and in statesmanlike ability
and long years of distinguished serv
ice, there may be points of resem
blance, but she would repudiate the
sacrifice ?f justice to party expediency,
oftentimes charged against the noted
| English politician.
Liberator of Women.
"It has been said that she has been
the great liberator of women, as Lin
coln was of the negroes. There is in
deed something in her countenance
and manner which reminds one of
Lincoln, the same unconscious -dig
nity, the same rugged endurance, the
same strong, resolute face, softened
by lines of weariness and care and
spiritualized by an expression of in
finite patience and indescribable
pathos. She has not, however, the
conservatism, the forbearance, the
reverence for existing laws and con
stitutions, which made Lincoln slow
to act and tolerant almost to the point
of criticism.
"She has been described as being to
the cause of woman's emancipation
what Garrison was to that of the
slave. She has, perhaps, more of the
characteristics of Garrison than of the
other three conspicuous figures of the
century. His motto, "No compro
mise," has been her watchword. Like
Garrison, she strikes a body-blow
straight from the shoulder. She rec
ognizes no such word as expediency
and accepts no half-way measures.
r "Theoretically a non-resistant, she*
fights to the last ditch and never ac
cepts defeat as final. She has the
natural gift of selecting, always the
strongest word, and the power of
carrying conviction to her audience.
She is conventional In outward ob
servances. but most radical In thought
and speech. She detests all forms of
cruelty and oppr^?<^on, but It Is the
action, not. the pAon, that ^he cea
At the Are ef 90.
sures, and she Is most charitable In
excuses for faults and fallings In
others. She bears the Ills of life with
cheerful fortitude, and accepts the
blessings with fine humility. There
is no need of comparison. She has
her own strong Individuality, which
has made Its indelible impress upon
history and secured for her a place
among the Immortals."
"The star* incline, but do not compel."
HOROSCOPE.
Sunday, February 10, 1018.
According to astrology this Is an
uncertain day. "While Jupiter,
Mars and the Sun are in beneflc as
pect, Neptune, Saturn and Uranus
are adverse.
It is read as a day of promise to
commercial ventures, bankers and
all who have large responsibilities,
but the planets that make for dis
appointment, treachery and failure
are In sinister place.
The stars seem to Indicate that
large fortunes will be made and
lost within this month.
Under this configuration there is
an apparent close connection be
tween Jupiter and Mars, which in
dicates that power and money be
hind the fighting forces of the na-'
tlon will increase in volume.
This is an auspicious sway for
promotions in the army and these
will be accompanied by changes In
auxiliary organizations.
A sensational occurrence will fo
cus attention on a high official next
month, the seers declare.
It Is prognosticated that when
the army is most fortunate the navy
will suffer reverses or disappoint
ments and vice versa.
Again it Is foretold that after
GAY TO SUPERVISE
IMPORT REDUCTION
Shipping Board Create* Division of
\ Planning and Statistic*.
Reduction of Import ?hipping and
the turning arm of the tmhIi to
arAiy service has been put In the band!
of the _ Shipping Board, which haa
created a dlvlalon of planning and
statistics, with Dean Edward T. Oar.
of Harvar^, aa lta chief.
This dlvlalon win determine what
ahlpa may ha withdrawn from import
trade and wUl co-operate with tba
War Trade Board, which will deter
mine what commodities of Import
must be curtailed.
Mr. Oajt who la the Shipping Board's
representative on the War Trade
Board, will direct a large force of
experts and statisticians familiar with
every phaaa of American Import trade.
They wlU keep a dally record of ship
movements and will arrange schedules.
Data on all commodltlea Imported,
their essential uses,, substitutes, pos
sible sources of supply and relation
to the prosperity of other natlona will
be collated.
The division will strive to prevent
embarrassment of commercial Inter
ests through government action. The
board will apprise any trade of con
templated action and afford oppor
tunity for hearings.
Soldier Wants Daughter
To Have Share of Pay
?
In order that a portion of hi* pay
as a soldier In the United States
army might be used for his daugh
ter, Charles Turner asked the Dis
trict Supreme Court to appoint his
mother, Mrs. Florence Slmi, aa guar
dian of the child.
Turner states that he may be or
dered to France any minute, and does
not care to leave his daughter, a
minor, unprovided for.
The child's mother, who Is not
living at home with them, has given
her consent.
the first heavy losses In the spring
the United States army wRl be al
most miraculously fortunate.
The lunation of this date falls In
the eleventh house in conjunction
with Venus and Uranus, Jupiter be
lncr In the ascendant.
This 1s read as presaging a pros
perous month In business and In
crease of commerce In new dlrec-,
tions. There Is a sign read as par
ticularly favorable for railways.
Just as the thrift movement was
foretold three years ago-, now a
great growth In co-operation In
household activities Is prophesied.
Persons whose birthdate It is may
have a busy but rather unsatisfac
tory year. They should look out
for false friends.
Children born on this dsy prob
ably will be unusually talented.
These subjects of Aquarius often
have many ups and downs In life.
Girls have the augury of happy
marriage.
(Corrrigbt. irj.)
IS THE BIBLE SUFFICIENT?
Scriptures of Many Peoples.
Others Yet to Come.
By DR. JAMFS E. TALM AGE.
Of the Council of the Twelve, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day
Saints. Salt Lake City, Utah.
"WE BELIEVE THE BIBLE TO BE
THE WORD OF GOD. AS FAR AS
IT IS TRANSLATED CORRECTLY.
WE ALSO BELIEVE THE BOOK OF
MORMON TO BE THE WORD OF
GOD. (Artcles of Faith. No. 8.)
The Church of Jesus Christ of Lat
ter-day Saints accepts the Holy Bible
for Just what it purports to be, noth
ing less, nothing more. Taken as a
whole the Holy Bible is & collection of
sacred and historical writings, depict
ing though incompletely the Divine
dealings with mankind on the Eastern
Hemisphere from the creation down
to about the close of the first century
after Christ. The Old Testament con
tains a brief record of pre-Mosaic
time, and is largely a history of the
Semitic people or Hebrews, as they
lived under the Law of Moses. The
New Testament is distinctively the
Scripture of the Gospel as contrasted
with the Law, and is devoted to the
earthly ministry of the Savior and
to the growth of His Church under
apostolic administration. The com
pilation as it now stands is the work
of men, and our modern translations
from the original Hebrew of the Old
Testament and Greek of the New have
been made by skilled linguists and
learned theologians.
But the wisdom of even the, wisest
of men may be faulty, and the under
standing of the prudent may be biased
and dangerously imperfect. (See Isa.
29:14; 1 Cor. 1:19). The many revisions
and successive versions of the Bible,
m&le as the errors of earlier rendi
tions became strikingly apparent, tes
tify to the unreliability of scholarship
in the translation of sacred writ.
Moreover, it Is an Indisputable fact
that the compilation of books consti
tuting our present version is incom
plete; for within the Bible itself more
than a score of books, epistles, or
[other writings not included are men
I tioned, and generally in such a way as |
to show that those lost scriptures were j
I considered authentic and genuine, j
Furthermore, numerous Biblical pas
sages are tinged with what scholars i
call "gloss"?that is wording Intended |
to convey the private Interpretation!
| of the translator.
The Latter-day Saints openly pro- j
claim their reservation as to Incorrect
translation. We are In harmony with
| all able and earnest students of the
Scriptures In accepting the Bible as
the Word of God. only so far as it is i
translated correctly.
But . we hold that there are now ex- !
tant other Scriptures, of equal valid- 1
ity with those of the Holy Bible, and
in no sense In conflict therewith nor
a substitute therefor. For nearly six
centuries before and about four cen
turies after the birth of Christ, the
American continent was inhabited by
a detached body of Israelites, who de
veloped into powerful nations. Their
existence was unknown to the people
of the EasC Is it unreasonable to
believe that unto the western fold
God sent His shepherds, and that
prophets officiated amongst them by
Divine appointment? Their records
declare that Jesus Christ visited them
in person shortly after His resurrec
tion, that He ordained twelve disciples
to be special witnesses of His min
istry, and commissioned j.hem to build
up His Church in America. The Book
of Mormon is a compilation of the
Scriptures of the West even as the
Holy Bible is a similar record of the
East.
That the Book of Mormon would be
rejected by many on the specious and
untenable claim that they alfffcdy had
a Bible and that there could be no
other Scriptures, the Lord foretold by
the mouth of the prophet Nephi: ?
"And because my words shall hiss
forth, many of the Gentiles say,
A Bible! A Bible! We have got a
Bible, and there cannot be any more
Bible. ? * ? Know ye not that there
are more nations than one? Know ye
not that I. the Lord your God, have
created all men, and that I remember
those who are upon the isles of the
sea; and that I rule in the heavens
above, and in the earth beneath; and
I bring forth my word unto the chil
dren of men, yea, even upon all the
nations of the earth? Wherefore mur
mur ye, because that ye shall receive
more of my word? Know ye not that
the testyjiony of two nations Is a
witness unto you that I am God, that
I remember one nation like unto an
other? Wherefore, I speak the same
words unto ono nation like unto an
another. And when the two nations
shall run together, the testimony or
the two nations shall run together
also. And I do this that I may prove
unto many, that I am the same yester
day, today, and forever; and that 1
speak forth my words according to
mine own pleasure. And because that
I have spoken one word, ye need not
suppose that I cannot speak another;
for my work is not yet finished;
neither shall it be, until the end of
man; neither from that time hence
forth and forever. Wherefore, because .
that yo have a Bible, ye need not
suppose that it contains ail my words;
neither need ye suppose that I have
not caused more to be written: ? ? ?
For behold, I shall speak unto the
Jews, and they shall write it; and 1
shall also speak unto the Nephites,
and they shall write it; and I shall
also speak unto the other tribes of the
house of Israel, which I have led
away, and they shall write it; and l
| shall also speak unto all nations of
I the earth, and they shall write it.
And it shall come to pass that the
Jews shall have the words of the
Nephites. and the Nephites shall have
the words of the Jews; and the
| Nephites and the Jews shall have the
| words of the lost tribes of Israel; and
, the lost tribes of Israel shall have
the words of the Nephites and the
Jews." (Book of Mormon, 2 Nephi
chap. 29.)
Thus is predicted the bringing forth
of yet other Scriptures, not extant
among known nations today, viz., the
records of the Lost Tribes of Israel,
| to whom the Book of Mormon avers
j the Resurrected Christ went to min
ister after His visitation to the Ne
phites. In ttie present or last dis
j pensation numerous revelations have
j been given by Jesus Christ to His
modern prophets. Many of these are
before the world in the volume of lat
ter-day Scripture known as the Doc
trine & Covenants.
It is noticeable that we make no
; reservation respecting the Book or
1 Mormon on the ground of incorrect
translation. To do so would be to
Ignore attested facts as to the bring
ing forth of that book. Joseph Smith,
the prophet, seer and revelator,
through whom the ancient record has
been translated Into our modern
tongue, expressly avers that the trans
lation was effected through the gift
and power of God, and is in no sense
the product of linguistic scholarship.
The Bible in its original form, and
In modern versions also so far as
correctly translated, contains the
Word of God. Without it, the world
would be plunge* Into spiritual gloom.
Nevertheless there are other Scrip
tures already published, and YET
OTHERS ARE TO COME.
j For the Book of Mormon. Doctrine
and Covenant*, Articles of Faith, and
other literature of the Church, apply
to any of the Missions, among which
are: Eastern States Mission. 1140 Bed
ford ?ve., Brooklyn. N. Y., and Bureau
tor information. Salt Lake City, Utah.
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way to die."
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