Newspaper Page Text
Added to tlx already
70a start the 0*y nfh:
- /B ?->?>
Generally fair today and to
morrow; comeWhat cooler today;
' rising temperature tomorrow. Highest
temperature yesterday, 8a; lowest, S4
ICC. TO REVISE
resident Visits Board
For Conference, Urg
Commission Inclined to
Agree with Rail
Following hard upon the labor
- board's $400,000,000 reduction In th?
?r&|fs of railroad employes Presi
dent Hardin* took a significant
atep yesterday in the direction of
effecting a reduction of frelghl
rates, upon which he deems a re
vival of business Is largely de
The President descended unex
pectedly upon the Interstate com
merce commission, asked for a con
ference with Its members and when
they had assembled broached a dis
cussion of the rate reduction propo
Mr. Harding was Informed that
the commission is directing Its ef
forts to rate reductions which rep
resent inequalities, but he did not
conceal his conviction that the
lowering of transportation charges
should be more general and radical
than apparently are contemplated
by the commission at this time.
"Will Meet Oppoaltloa.
Although the move of the Presi
dent is regarded as significant of
his determination to take the ag
gressive In forcing rates down, it
is evident that he has formidable
opposition to overcome. The cabi
net agrees with the President that
prohibitive transportation rates
largely account for the stagnation
of business and the continued high
price of the necessities of life.
Chairman Clark, of the interstate
commerce commission, and Senator
Cummins, chairman of the senate
committee on Interstate commerce,
agree, however, with the railroad
executives who contend that rates
cannot be reduced generally until
It has been proved that railroad
xpenses can be cut to a point as
suring an adequate return on the
Belief that rate reductions nat
urally would follow wage reduc
tions Is not supported by facts, ac
cording to the carriers. Until ther?
Is a substantial increase in traffic
even a 1400.000.000 wage reduction
will not produce anywhere near th?
authorized 5H per csnt return, as
sert the executives.
Tklak* Cat Will Aid Trifle.
The President believes a rate re
duction would increase traffic, but
the railroads dispute the conten
tion. asserting that the stagnation
of business is due to causes more
fundamental than transportation
charges. Vice President Chambers,
of the Santa Fe. dwelt on this point
before the senate committee, pre
senting fisrures to show that the
transportation cost is only 2*4 per
cent of the price of coal to the con
President Harding walke^d from
the White house to the quarters of
the interstate commerce commis
sion. two blocks away. He was
accompanied by his secretary,
George Christian. The President
was ushered at once to* the office
of Chairman Clark. The President
told the chairman that he wished
to meet the members of the com
mission. The opportunity wss af
forded at once and the President
talked informally with members of
the commiaeion for more than half
Qiesttoai Rate Revlstea*.
The President explained that he
had called because he recognized
that the commission was the rate
making agent of the congress and
that inasmuch as he had the offi
cial right to communicate'with con
gress he wanted to communicate
directly, although informally, with
the agent of congress in railroad
During the conference the Pres
ident made special inquiry concern
ing the progress of the commis
sion In revising numerous rates
where the last horizontal increase
had put a burden on commodities
which the traffic would not bear.
One of the specific things which the
President had in mind was modifica
tion of the fruit-carrying rate, con
cerning which there had been so
much complaint in the west. He
was assured, by Chairman Clark that
modification of this rate was In
formally umler consideration by the
commissiMi at the present time.
Laker Asks Rate Cat.
The attitude of railroad labor on
the wage reduction yesterday ap
parently depended In a large meas
ure on whether the wage cits are
followed by rate decreases.
If rstes are decreased, railrosd la
bor leaders here indicate, the cuts
will be accepted quietly. Otherwise
they predict dissatisfaction, if not
revolt, among the men.
"We will let the mer. decide." said
, C. Lee. head jf the railroad
trainmen, in fomenting on the cut.
Vfllon chief * !' assemble in Chi
cago July i onsidcr the cut.
"The mar "w. leclare* he won t
accept any wj reduction what
ever Is ru nin, full speed ahead
his tb >tMe jammed, sain I.ee
"But if waP art Cut. rates should
o*Vut cor? -pfWdihgly,- he added.
' TTJ?s represented th'- attitude of
other labor c hlefs^wh.t believe J raie
ctKs might Ketftre Jving costs for
the workev^qpqHRflfB to receive less
Pres MenHbe! Rea. of the
Pennsylv*te??Kr.>4d. testifying be
fore the aMflHMIUte commerce
the railrnaA^j^ppfc. yesterday as
called the go^Wment for not pay
ing undennaiatesance claims at
v .- i
Pretty Warworker Leaves
Series of Notes to
Two women took their lives last
night within three hours and within
three blocks of one another, one
swallowing* an ounce vial of car
bolic acid in apparent love des
peration, the other leaping: from the
third floor of the Emergency hos
pital three hours later, 12:0* a. m.
Gertrude Esta Trotter, pretty
20-year-old stenographer in the
state department, residing at the
Monmouth hotel, swallowed the
carbolic acid while sitting on a
park bench on the north side of
the ellipse, dying ten minutes later
in the Emergency hospital.
Waa Second Attempt.
In her second attempt at suicide
w(km days, Mrs. May Riccl.
51 years old. of 1919 Eighth street
northwest, unguarded for two min
utes. leaped from the rear porch
Of the Emergency hospital on the
third floor to the cement pavement
of the basement areaway, four
stories below. Mrs. Riccl was taken
to *he hospital Monday, suffering
from effects of illuminating: gas in
haled in her residence In a believed
attempt at suicide.
Two hours after Miss Trotter had
called a friend on the phone she
was seen writhing in pain on the
park bench by Policeman R. C.
Jackson. A. E. Graff, of 354 I street
southwest, who wag passing, rushed
her to the Emergency hospital
three blocks away, in his machine
where she died on the operating
Mitts Trotter phoned Wilbur J
Cooley, sales manager of the Wash
ington Motor Exchange, residing at
719 A street southeast, at 8 o'clock
yesterday evening and asked him
to meet her at Seventh and F streets
northwest. Cooley said last night.
He said he told Miss Trotter he
would not meet her. No threat
was made by the girl at that time,
Left Poor \ o<e*.
Half an hour later Miss Trotter
purchased the carbolic acid at a
downtown drug store. Four letters
found on her body are believed to
have been written by the girl be
tween the time of the pui^hase and
her final act. The first letter read:
"To the Public:
"My sanity is with me to the end.
I do not wish the public to think
I committed suicide in a flt of in
sanity. 1 do this deliberately.
The second letter, addressed to
Rev. M. P. J. Egan, of St. Patrick's
cl urch. said:
Dear Father: Thanks is to small
a word to extend to you for the
kindness you have shown me during
my stay in Washington. I know it
is wrong to go to Christ without
permission, but I kno He is merci
ful GERTRUDE TROTTER.
In her missile to Cooley, Miss
Trotter wrote: i
Dear Bill: I love you. I hope you
understand. Be a good boy.
P. S.? Always think kindly of me.
The fourth letter to Mrs. M. B.
Denny, evidently a sister, in Au
Dear Mary: I love you and Les
Offers >o Explanation.
Cooley, who has been married for
tw0 years and Is living with his
wife, could give police no explana
tios for the act of the girl. He
said he had been with her on sev*
eral occasions, always with others
in the party, but did not know her
intimately. Friends of Miss Trotter
were at a loss to explain her acts.
She apparently was in good health.
Miss Newton, her roommate, was
Miss Trotter came to Washington
three years ago from her home in
Augusta. Kans., police say. She had
been employed In the state depart
ment. She was very pretty and
very popular among the younger
set. Her b??dy ,* being held at the
District morgue. Dr J. Ramsey
Nevltt. District coroner, gave a cer
tificate of death by suicidc last
Shortly after Mrs. Riccl, on the
war porch of the third floor of the
Emergency hospital, had been left
a special nurae. her body was
bear* to thud against the basement
pavement four storiea below by
physicians In the operating room
She was found dead by Dr. Leo P.
Burke and Fred Reed, a visitor at
the hospital, who saw the body
to Harrl* 4 Ewisf.
SCOTT C. BO*F,
WkoM nomination as governor
of the territory of Alaska was
forwarded to the senate yester
day by President Hording, wu
formerly editor and pnhlinher of
The Washington Herald, and
directed the publicity for the i
republican national committer
dnrlnv the last cnmpnlgrn.
GIRL TAKES POISON
TO DIE; ANOTHER
LEAPS FROM PORCH
Pupils Most Withdraw or
Lose Activity Privi
GIVES DEATH BLOW
TO 21 SOCIETIES
Thousand Students Said
To Be Affected by
Meanders of high school frater
nitlt^ln the District are gfven the
choice of withdrawing from mem
bership In secret organizations or
losing studeht activity privileges or
official recognition other than for
mere scholastic purposes, in an
edict Issued yesterday by ths board
of education in regular session at
the Franklin school. I
Although the decree of the board
rescinds the ruling of ISt# ordering
dismissal from school of all mem
bers of secret organisations, the
terms of the order were received
yesterday by student leaders as a
death blow to high school frater
nities. It is estimated that 21 secret
fraternities are in existence in the
five local high schools, including a
membership of almost 1,000 students.
Board Takes Action.
The following action was taken
by the board yesterday:
Any pupil, who. after June X, 1S21.
or after October 1. 1921. has not dis
continued his membership in any
association, organisation, club, fra
ternity or sorority, which has not
been approved by the superintendent
Of schools, shall thereby disqualify
himself, or herself:
1. From holding a commission or
warrant In the high school cadet
2. From holding any position,
either elective or appointive, on any
3. From representing his school on
any team in competitive athletics,
rifle matches, int^r-scholastic de
bates or dramatic performances.
4. From being certified as eligible
tft stand for election to any class
5. From holding any position In a
high school bank.
?. From holding any office in any
organisation, club or activity which
cornea under the direction of the
school. . . *
Ban AH Ho*era. /
7. From receiving any form of
honors, other titan those awarded
for scholarship attainments.
From holding any position as
representative of his school.
After September 1, IS21. and at
the beginning of each semester, or
more frequently if required, each,
pupil in a junior high or high school
shall be required to furnish the prin
cipal of the school with a signed
statement, countersigned by one of
his or her parents or his or her
guardian. Indicating the associa
tions, organisations, fraternity or
sorority of which he or she is a
It is not the purpose of this regu
lation to debar a pupil from secur
ing a high school education, but it
is the intention of the above pro
visions to exclude from representa
tive honors pupils who continue to
be members of organisations which
exist contrary to the regulations of
the board of education.
Pear Lots ot Sefcool Spirit.
School leaders last night ex
pressed opinions that if such action
were enforced, it would take the
life out of school spirit.
Alvan Parker, president of the
general organixatlon at Tech High
school, declared "the action would
kill Tech's school spirit, as most
of the athletes ?re fraternity men.
It will not be beneficial to any
school.'* he said.
"Take the frats out of athletics
at Central and the spirit will dis
appear," said James Lemon, presi
dent of the senior class.
Allan Davis, principal of Busi
ness high, said the ruling would
have little effect there as the fra
ternities are not active in that
"We will have very little trou
ble. as we expect to form a fra
ternity council, which will co-oper
ate with the school officials and in
crease our spirit," Reginald Con
rad." president of the' senior class
at Western high. said.
After saying that a majority of
cadets at Eastern are fraternity
men. Capt. W. R. Miller, who won
the competitive drill this jrear. de
clared that "the action would have
a serious affect on the future stand
ard of the cadet corps."
It is believed that the number
of these organisations has In
creased 100 per cent since the rul
ing of expulsion came into effect,
laltlatea Brato wHh Cisk*
Dr. FranV W. Ballou. superintend
ent of schools, says he intends to
enforce th^s n?w ruling. lr. his
report to the boird he said:
"One father of a hi-th fchool boy
who was recently initiated into a
fraternity asserts that the chief
feature of the initiallo.i was beat
ing him with heavy clubs until the
lower part of his back and hips are
"black and blue" from the bruUes."
He turther ssyy "hat twi other
Icy* were initiated 4t the sanre
time and I und s 'itat'd tha,. ne I
them fainted twice during llie best
In*. and all of them hid to he help
ed to bed afterwards " He says fur
ther. "I am not making any com
plaint against this particular fra
ternity for the reason that I am
Informed that this Is part of th*
customary initiation with all of the
high school fraternities.'
"This father* although a member
of a college fraternity, disapproves
of high school fraternities. He con
demns this initiation of his son as
'simply brutal, one of the boys
breaking a heavy stick on him He
believes that 'high school boy* are
not able to jodge whether pros
pective victim.! are physically able
to witstand such treatment.' He
thinks 'there is great danger of
oorrunms on paqk two.
THE SO-CALLED "ENGLISH-S
VEIL OF MYSTERY
OF PEGGY JOYCE
Expensive Research Fails
To Throw Light on
Her Early Life.
CHICAGO, June 1.?Who la?or >
This question loomed today as
one of the important features that
may Ae brought out when the fair
and expensive Peggy flies her affi
davits answering the scathing cross
bill fll^d yesterday by her mil
lionaire husband. James Stanley
A. S. Austrian, attorney for Joyce,
confessed today that he does not
know, although he and Joyce have
spent considerable time and money
Irving to And out. Weymouth
Kirkland. attorney for the frail lure
of millionaires, and. allegedly, of
princes. dukes. bartenders and
gamblers, admitted It was a mys
tery to him.
So far as can be ascertained, she
Is Just Peggy, a peculiarly fasci
nating and costly young woman.
Await Peggy's Aaswer.
Attorneys on both sides today
were awaiting Peggy's anawerlna
affidavits, which will be made in
New Tork. In them she is expected
to denv in detail the charges of
the last of her three husbands that
she utilized her allowance of $300,
900 a month to carry on afTairs
with the Prince de Felury. the Due
de Durcal, Joe Pani. a New York
restaurant keeper: an army lieu
tenant who committed suicide, and
several other men of various sorts
and conditions. The hearing on the
bill for temporary alimony has been
continued until next Wednesday,
pending the expected affidavits.
So far the researches have dis
closed Peggy'* past, before she
married Everett A. Archibald In
1910. is a dark and deep mystery.
There has been a general belief
that she was born In Norfolk. \a?
and that her parents' name was
I'pton. but a search of Norfolk
birth records have failed to reveal
any Information on the subject.
Army nmeer Ideatlged.
NEW YORK. June 1.?Identity or
the army officer named as a suicide
by James Stanley Joyce, of Chicngo.
in divorce charges against Peggy
Hopkins Joyce was learned today
here, it was believed.
Joyce, in papers filed in Chicago,
charges that while Peggy was still
the wife of her second husbano.
Sherburne Phllbrick Hopkins, she
was living In New York city with
an unnamed 1'nlted States army
lieutenant, "who. due to her ex
travagance and craving for Jewels
ran into debt?and became In
volved and committed suicide at the
Murray Hill Turkish baths in New
York city In the fall of 1918." t
At the Murray Hill baths today j
It was said that the only suicide
there in 1918 was that of I.Ieut.
Alexander -McClintock, of I.exlng
ton Ky., who shot himself June 28.
At that time It was known he was
penniless and had overstayed his
leave from Camp TMx. besides being
troubled by a wound received while i
fighting with the Canadian army In ^
IJeut. McClintock enlisted in the
Canadian grenadier guards In 1?16.
During the battle of the Somme he
wss wounded 32 times by shrapnel,
and while he was In a British hoa- S
pital received a decoration and the fl
personal thanks of King George. t
Esperanto Crew Reaches \
Halifax Harbor Safely t
HALJFAX. N. S.. June 1?Captain *
Beham and his crew of 25 from the 0
sunken flahlng schooner Esperanto. d
arrived here today aboard the Klsle ,
IT. under command of Captabi Oeel. 5
All the survivors were well." %
The Esperanto, which won the tn- H
ternatlonal fishing boat race las! a
fall, struck a sunken wreck In a s
rlense fog off Sable I.*.d and sunk I li
In It minute*. Beham (aid.
a , sifrmyraft-jiii-rt lYftirfN
PEAKING" RACES ARESPENE
Say* the Greater the
Route, the N
"Thf time wu." ssld the oldnt
nhabitant, "when the 7 o'clock car.
eaeving the Soldiers' home gat* at1
'ourth street northeaat ?ai operat-!
d for the sole benefit o( eight of us^
trooklanders. THat wu when the
ild Eckingtnn railway that ?M In-1
orporated in ISM. and incidentally1
rent into the hands of the receiver
leptember 31. 1898. operated over-;
tead trolley cars between Seventh
.nd New York avenue northwest
.nd the Soldiers' homo via Fourth
treet and the Eckington "cut."
"These trips." continued the first!
ettler. "were bi-dally events and i
vhen one of the eight failed to}
atch the car he became the sub
ect of conversation all the way to j
he city and upon returning: in the
vening we hastened to ascertain,
F any misfortune had befallen him." i
'lime W mm KxtesM.
"Subsequently the line was ex
ended westward on G street to Kif
eenth street northwest and an at- i
empt was made to furnish motive
lower by the substitution of stor
ge batteries for the overhead sys
cm but with little success. Due to
ts scarcely settled seetlons and its
datively long: haul, a receivership
ras appointed In 189t? and the j
oad operated under this receiver.!
hip until 1898 when the property,
ras returned to the company by |
rder of the court."
"Then." said the pioneer, "we be
an to have an epidemic of mergers,
.n act of congress authorized this
ompany to change its name to the
ity and Suburban railway and ?c- j
uirc the Maryland and Washington
nd the Columbia and Washington I
tail ways. "Which," volunteered the
ldest inhabitant, "disproves the!
heory that you can't get something r\
or nothing. And then, lust as a
Ittle Joke perhaps, congress pro
ided that they should install an
nderground system on all the city
Ines. The result of this little Joke
ppears to be that the company
gain went into the hands of the
eceiver. who by this time must
ave acquired the habit of stand
ng with his hands out for fear of
?Mt? AbMrbrd Agsls.
But that Is not all/ ths City and
uburban railway together with the
Washington A Glen Echo line was
cquired August 8, 1ISI. soon after
he incorporation of the Washing
r>n Traction and Electric company,
y paying 1308.2CS.19 in cash. 11.
25.000 In Its 4t4 per cent bonds
nd' 11.200.000 In capital stock for
hese. a total payment pf 12.111.
68 19 in cash and securities for
wo roads with a par value of
"Before we recovered from the
erles of mergers we were known
s part of the Washington Railway
,nd Electric <*>mpany which owns
nd operates the lines that run to
"The line which now runs to
Irookland was extended from New
'ork avenue in 1901 when Trinity
ollege gave part of their property
o form what is now Michigan ave
ue. The extension was due to the
fforts of the late Maurice Talty
nd the late Senator Carter and
enator Cummings. of Iowa, and the
irst car completed the trip In Sep
rmber. 1901. with Mr. Talty as the
assenger. Trinity college was then
n Institution of twenty students
.s against about 400 students today.
"This car line, better known as
he Brookland line, has since been
xtended to that ^pburb, a thriving
ommunlty of over 1.M6 people. The
ither sources of fares are: the Boi
lers' home. Catholic university,
rlth a student body of well over
00 the Sisters' college and the
lonastery- During the rush hours
car leaving Monroe street is in
ccesslble three blocks from Us
tartlng point aad the patrons II*-1
ng on North Capitol street are I
onetimes obliged to wait tor five
Y of Car Lines
Traffic on Brookland
lore It costs
or si* ears to pise before they are
able to board one.
"To one who has studied econom
ics. continued the first settler, "his
education seems a waste. The more
people they carry, the more money
the i>ubUc pays to rUJe. AM UauL
we are told, waa divided into three
parte?and history seems to indicate
that It didn't amount to much un
till there was a mercer. The pub.
lie utilities situation in Washing
ton seems to be not unlike that of
t!aul. We have the Capital Trac
tion. the Washington Hallway and
Klectric and the Potomac Kleetric
Power company, which, although
not geographical divisions, have a
tendency to accomplish the same
"It has been stated by an author
ity on railways, chat .Washington
occupies a unique position in being
the only city in the United State*
that has two competing railways
that charge S cents a ride in spite
of the fact that one of them would
rather reduce its fare to five cents.
This, of course, is not what most
people understand as competition
but most people do not understand
the merger question.
"The object of this merger is to
add one good railway to one thai
is not so good and get something
that will benefit the public as a
NEW AIR MAIL CUT
'ING ALL TOGETHR TOO ICUC
New York-'Frisco Route Only
Retained in Plans for
F?r reasons of economy and op
eration difficulties all the air mail
routes except the trans-continental
line from New York to San Fran
cisco will be abandoned. Postmaster
General Hays announced yesterday.
"When the air mall service was
flrit organized," said Mr. Hays, "it
was planned that it would be
rapidly extended In various direc
tions and the New York-Washing
ton, St. Paul-Chicago-St. Louis
routes were to be parts of airways
that would extend from the north
ern part of the United States to
the southern part.
"At present, due to the need for
economy and lack of necessary ap
propriations no further extension
of the air mail service is possible,
and on that account the department
does not feel justified in attempt
ing to continue operating these
short Foutea. which are very expen
sive and do not materially improve
the mail service over service that
is in effect on the fast trains. It
has not been possible to develop
night flying to a point where mail
planes'can be operated at night."
Father Claims Body
Of Lynchburg Slayer
LYNCHBf*RG. Va., June I.?The
body of Helbert Davis, who shot and
killed Mrs. Essie Arbogast and then
committed suicide here last night
was' taken late today to hia home In
Charlottesville. Va. His father. Jack
son Davia. eame here from Chkr
lotteaville to take charge of the
It has been learned that the mur
dered woman has relatives at a
West Virginia mining camp known
as Desooca. and an effort ia being
made to locate them.
House Passes Graham Bill.
The Graham bill authoriaing the
consolidation of telephone ayatems
wag paaaed by the house yesterday
following a brief (abate.
LOSDOV. Ja*f U?A IftrttUk
r?l?Ml w?a ?k*t killed aid j
mm ralMN mi wu klilH by
larMeita of lk? lrt>k rrkrllftM.
(' I. Pf?r*rk was MMmlMtH j
by H villa** at kin komr la
I Caaaty (?rk.
IAa ffrlal r*aaaatfar ttatea
that oar wiltfkr wan killed aad
| tkrrr noaadH akfa rekfl*
threw a bavah la Bleulart*a
LONDON. June 1.?The British j
government is preparing- for a final J
military drive in the south of Ire
land. a movement for war or peace
?war to the annihilation of Sinn
Fein, or peace obtained through the
threat of war. whichever the south
of Ireland electa to choose.
If the newly elected members of
the southern parliament refuse to
take the oath of allegiance. and
therefore refuse to function under
the home rule bill, battalion after
battalion of British troops will be
ferried serosa the channel, pouring
into every city and town outaide of
Ulster, driving into the hills, comb
ing the hills for rebels, and staging
a short, sharp, and probably deel- .
9lae of hrmj Kept Seeret
That much is authoritative How
big an army England intends to
oend in. and whst units are to be
sent, are facts closely gusrded by
the government. But undoubtedly
the entire garrison? from Ulster
will be sent south, joining with
contingeats. from England and re
placed in the north by con
stabulary. _ i
During the past few weeks Irian ,
warfare has been developing rap
idly into more highly specialised,
and more efficient methods of at
tack and defense on both sides.
The government, for example, ha* i
brought into action a new armored :
car especislly designed to counter
act Sinn Fein ambushes, and so con- j
structed that it reducea to a mini
mum the danger from road mines
with which Sinn Fein has Tkteljr
bean livening up the campaign
Car* Xearly Praaf.
A hundred of this new type of
cars are already in Ireland, and
n\x more are sent over every day.
They carry almost a ton of maganeae
steel plate, and are as close to!
bomb proof and bullet proof ss they
tan be made. Furthermore, they
can travel 50 miles an hour with a
crew of ten men.
On* feature la a machine *un at
tached In front of the machine. Its
Mdcs are loophole* to permit the
flrlni of rifle, from J
,-rew will also be supplied with
hand grenades with which to drive
the attacker* from their trencbea
Trap door* at the bottom of the
in permit exit or entrance of the
rew. The equipment includes two
long planks to enable the machine
to cross roads where ditches hare
Premier Hurries to Rome
As Two Strikes Impend
MILAN. June 1.?Premier Giolitts
1, hurrying back to Rome from
Cavour. whore he wai restla* fol
lowing the death of hla wtfe. owln?
to the grave situation occaaloned by
the demands of the atata employes
They are asking IsewMM which
will involve the expenditure of >W.
000.000 liraa (normally about fit*.
ooo.000). Another grave strtke which
is threatening is that of the school
teachers, who apparently have de
cided to walk out on the eve of the
I final examinations
(Oaf J tight. mL)
ENGLAND PLANS I
IN SOUTH IRELAND
Hundreds of Armored
Cars Will Support the
Fire Losses Estimated at
Over Four Million
SHOOTING KEPT UP
State Troops End Inferno
Of White and Black
TULSA. Okla . June 1 ?Martial J
lam- prevailed in bullet-swept Tulsa
tonight with order restored under
the grim threat of four companiaa
of #tate troops Twenty hours of
desperate rare rioting had destroyed
I4.000.0oo wort h of property and
ra*ed the entire negro section.
The city. blood-drenched and
blackened by incendiary Area. ?u
beginning to take care of ita dead,
believed to be at leaat 100 Nina
m-hi tea were ahot to death Sixty
flve negroes are known to be dead.
MaJ Charles W. Daley, of the
police force, this evening eatimated
the dead at ITS. He believes a
number of nejfrf.fi were burned to
death mhen their homes w <*re swept
Flee from Cffj.
Two thousand negroes hare fled
from the city as a reault of fierce
race rioting, which held the city
in ita grip late last night and
through the early houra this morn
I>awn broke In Tulaa thia morn
'BP with the city an inferno of race
hatiVd. A nifrht of terror, marked
by thf rush of armed men throufli
the streets and frequent claahaa by
frenzied m-hites and negroes,
brought a steadily mounting death
ltst and increaaed violence.
Martial lam- was declared at noon.
Oov. Robertson issued the order
telephone from Oklahoma Oty T^O
armed bands m-hich have been rov
ing through the city have been or
dered dispersed All peraons not
deputised as special officers w era
ordered to disarm by Major T. D.
Firtsa Keefs tp.
Wjiile comparative quiet reigaod
this morning after the frensy of the
early hourrs bad been cooled, ihera
sporadic tiring Scattered firing
was heard in various parts of tha
city late this afternoon.
The lire * hich raged in the negro
section si I morning was confined to
thst district, although white reei
dence sections mere imperiled by
the flames 4
The negro section of Tulaa. lying
in the northeast part of the city,
roughly forms a letter "L" extend
ing a quarter of a mile long east
and meat. and from a half mile to
a mile north snd south It i| esti
msted that about 10.000 of the 13.
000 negroes in the city live in thit
*tate Troop* Arrive.
State troop*. under Adj. Gen Bar
rett arrived this morning and imme
diately strong cordons were throw a
out in the affected dif - and tha
work of rounding up * negroes
was begun. The troops m-ere aid?d
by armed white me a.
Convention hall mas being used
as a stockade snd more thsn
negroes mere confined there ondcr
strong gusrd. The jail. baseball
psrk snd other places si so sre be
ing turned into prison camps.
The race war broke out last
night, folloming the arrest late yes
terdax of a negro for sn alleged at
tack on a white girl.
The negro mas tslcen to the court
house and later plsced Hi jail, wkrii
is on the upper floor of the cntn'.jr
building. Sewn distinct engage
ments msrked the progress of th#
race mar from its outbresk last
night until noon todsy. when the
Isat engagement waa reported.
First *b??i Fired.
The first shot waa llreed at 10
o'clock Tuesday night in the street
at the corner of Six'h and Boulder,
mhen 20? armed negroes mho had
been parading the atreets on foot
and in motor cars for an hour, and
a great crowd of orhites gathered
about the courthouse steps nearly
sll of whom mere unarmed. Tha
negroes had paraded past the court
house repeatedly apparently in tha
belief that the whitaa Intended to
lynch the negro accuoed of the at
As the minutes paased the whit*
men obtained a few guns and b$
gan to assume a belligerent sttt
Finally a verbal a1ter?ftll?B be
tween the factions began Sudden
ly a shot rung out aad instantly tW
flring became i-aaraf and .!>
crowd scattered in aaste while tha
armed negroes began training their
guns on the fleeing roima.
The attack this morning aliiftei
to the "black belt** where tha
screams of terror-strickon negroes
were heard above tha sounds of Iho
flring and the ahouta of the mob!
\ejrroes la Terrsr.
Krensled bands of whites wero
cleaning negroes out of the section.
They were fleeing Hi terror or stir
rendering by the acor# before the
advance of the whites aad condi
tions mere growing mora serious
Houses m-ete entered, one gt a
time The m-omen m-ere ordere# into
the streets and the ia?n who failed
to surrender immediately wet
The flre. started by mobs o# rov
ing m-hltes. destroyed almost the
entire negro settlement of l.lW
homes The city drr depsrtmeau
which responded wh?a the tre flrat
broke oot. was ssid to hava been
driven away by mobs c4 whltoa. Tha
rioters assisted soldiers aad deputy
sheriffs in an effort' to savo the
white realdentlal diatrict.
A touch of mr derm warfare .waa
lent by the spperaaoa of a half
do sen airplanes overhead It eat
reported that some of them
carry lag aJtroglyeeripe boa
by oil wall r""