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SATURDAY. JULY 33. 1931.
This man, I say. is most perfect who shall
have understood everything for himself, aftfr
! having devised what may be best afterward and
??m?o the end.?Hesiod.
1>| ^ USINESS men of this country arc quite familJ
j >ar with the passing of dividends. There are
many stocks which carry cumulative dividends,
sometimes guaranteed and sometimes not.
Every holder of mortgages knows that it is not always
to his advantage to enforcc payment of interest.
There are periods when bond holder^ prefer to defer
interest payments rather than take over the
bonded property. Even the United States is considering
bonding its floating debt.
In their various phases, these cases cover that
of-our foreign loans. President Wilson may have
exceeded his strictly legal authority in deferring interest
payments uncompounded and agreeing to defer
final payment of the British debt for twenty-five
years. He did not act in this of his own judgment.
It was undoubtedly the advice of his Secretary of
the Treasury indorsed by him. It may not have |
' teVn best even for the British, but Secretary Mellon '
does not himself pass judgment upon it.
As a whole, it was but deterred payment, as Mr.
. Wjlson emphatically refused to remit the interest I
obligation, or concede a cancellation of debts.
Whether this government is legally bound to the
twenty-five year bonding period, is undecided. It
generally agreed, it seems, that it is morally
bound. What period is best and wisest for this government,
as well as most advisable financially, 110 !
one has suggested. At the end of any period, refunding
would be probable and. if flreat Britain or j
, France asks for twenty-five years, it is probably because
she does not expect to be able before then,
to refund at a reduced interest charge and not beshe
expects them to pay the flcbt.
_? Secretary Mellon, as this government's fiscal
agent, has asked unlimited power to handle all of
these obligations. The Senate Committee, consti- ]
. luting itself a board of directors, appears to doubt
J either his ability or his trustworthiness. Even the im- !
possible condition has been suggested, that any i
, agreement he mi^ht make,.'must be ratified by the '
| Senate, where it might be debated to death. or held i
until it died of starvatioif.
J Ultimately some one must be trusted to make
1 these settlements. When made the agreements must
I satisfy the financial interests of this country, rather
than the S.nate, or individual Senators. It will be 1
the financial agencies, not the legislative, who must
J indorse these bonds as acceptable investments. It j
j would seem to be beyond peradventure that ii sat- I
1 is factory to these men. they would represent the |
, best possible bargain for this country.
Ii there is any one better fitted to carry !
through these negotiations than is Mr. Mellon, or 1
any commission, he says he would be glad to be \
relieved of the responsibility. Whether man or :
commission, the same experience Mr. Mellon has 1
must be found and trusted. Whether one or more,
they must consult with the same men with whom
( he will certainly consult. Maybe the best way out
J would be to name a nonpartisan commission of Sen- 1
. ators. But certainly neither Senate nor House can j
! lay down rules to be followed as to the greatest financial
refunding problem the world has ever j
known, in which unknown elements will constantly |
Hugo Stinnes, the German industrial autocrat.
is said to control 1,350 industrial plants
with a combined capitalization of 6,000.000,000
paper marks. But by the time this is divided
, by 10 and then by 5 to get it to the status of
1 dollars, it looks rather insignificant as compared
to our own United States Steel.
Swapping the Betters.
? N some ways the British government is better
a than that of the United States. In some ways
it is not. It is interesting that Britain, as an em,
, pire, is adopting what is better in our form. Some
May we may adopt what is better in their form.
The British government is more completely that
.of the people; it is far more quickly responsive to
J public opinion and popular will. It is more flexible
and more adaptable.
I The British King and Emperor is but the
head of the division of diplomacy for internal affairs.
He is very useful, but very innocuous. He
j dare not be harmful or he would lose his job. It
J comes to him by inheritance, but is now subject
tto recall. Enforced caution makes him wise to
Jthe limit of his capacity of wisdom. The French
recalled their king, and then followed the British,
rather than our system.
But every European government has retained
in the central executive authority complete control
Jof forign affairs, of the army and navy, and war
Jand peace. The only restriction was that the tax
power rested with the legislative branch, and' so,
.also, appropriations. But once in a war the rest
alva. has followed. In the United States, how,e
-er, the Constitution provides certain checks. All
jticaties must be ratified by the Senate, reprsenting
.the States as each the equal of the others. War
jtan.only be declared by the concurrent action of
l,ranchrs of Congress. The army and navy
,arj under the direct control and command of the
| i ndent, but their size, in bulk and as to each
(service, is dictated by Congress. *
| The dominions of the British Empire have
been restive for years under" their restrictions
(especially a? to foreign affairs. When the league
Jot nations was formed, they secured individual
[recognition and representation with the \ote. They
""" secured by acquiescence, practically the
a* our Senate, and' even morty as they
nust be consulted in advfcitfe rathef than after the
ieed, which is far preferable. Moreover, it i? highly
improbable that Great Britain will ever again
;nter a war without the consent both of the commons
and of the dominions, while the latter, not
compelled to maintain in army or navy, usually
have both, but retain even more exclusive control
jvcr them than do our States of their National
So it is that the British as an empire, have,
perhaps unconsciously, been taking from our system
to strengthen the Empire where it is weak.
Their dominions arc now known as commonwealths,
as are our States. If President Harding had been
Elected for a longer term, with only the power to
select from the dominant party a head, or leader
who would then have selected, as a Cabinet, men
representative of the various party elements and
to remain so long as he held a majority in Congress,
and if as President, Mr. Harding had but
the remaining power of his own personality and
statesmanship, to view from outside the circle, to
harmonize, to act as a diplomat, we would have
taken from the British system as they have from
Mr. Hoover would start an economic
round robin. He would have more savings
accounts used in home building to promote
Sovereignty of Economics.
MORE and more the Department of State is
becoming the hub of the executive division
01 this government. Our domestic affairs not only
touch, but are so connected with foreign affairs that
independent action in the one without regard to
the other, is being found as narrowing in its limits.
This is new and strange to Americans and is not
a condition to which they can readily adapt their
natural spirit of independence, of individuality and
their distaste of restraint and restrictions.
Whin one man owes another, he has but slight
interest in his affairs. The debtor's almost sole interest
is in himself. The creditor can go hang or
do as he pleases. But the creditor is intensely interested
in the man who owes him, even to his personal
habits, his dealings with others, and those
things which make up his character, for character is
the highest security a man can offer. It is exactly
so as to debtor and creditor nations. The greatest
creditor nation in the world has an abiding interest
and conccrn in all its debtors, and its foreign relations
radiate through economics.
Congress discovered that a tariff on oil and a
tariff on lumber woukl interfere with our foreign
relations. The President suggested permissive tariffs
which he might use in a degree as an agency
to regulate foreign relations, not merely commercial.
Our whole system of domestic industry and commerce
has now to adjust itself to our foreign affairs.
Just what any department can do, how far it
can go, inav touch at an unexpected point the activities
of the State Department.
Isolation is absolutely of the past. This is hard
for some to realize and concede, but it is a fact. In
the minds of some, Russia and the United States
arc at two extremes; Russia seated like Job picking
its sores, and the United States on the mountain
top viewing its riches. Neither can survive in isolation.
Russia cannot be permitted to rot in its
own neglect. Neither will the rest of the world
merely bring tribute to lay at our feet.
All this world must work together, more and
more as a unit, liach part must do-its share. Each
must gain a world vision, and whether co-operation
comes by degrees, through a supreme council,
through a larger disarmament conference, through an
international court of justice or some form of association
of all nations, it must come. Economic development
has of itself formed a sovereignty above
that of any individual government, and every government
actually docs recognize it now, deny it
though they may.
What Einstein said about Americans was
but relative to what Americans think of his
THERE is all the difference in the world between
an "annuity" and a "pension," both in
dictionary definition and in legal interpretation. A
pension is held by our own Supreme Court to be a
gratuity paid or withheld by the government as it
chooses. But any annuity is a payment based upon
contract for value received either in service or in
A few members of Congress seem to have gotten
these babies mixed, as twins of the same parentage,
sex and color, in their judgment as to the
retired Federal employes bill. This bill concerns
annuities and not pensions. The original annuity
law is a contract. By it the government recognizes
an obligation from it to its underpaid employes. It
provides a retirement annual payment as an inducement
to continue in service, and to cut down the
wastes of labor turn-over. But even at that the
government docs not provide the fund. It merely
provides for it and administers it, holding it undei
its control in trust.
The fund itself comes from contributions from
the salaries of Federal employes which are withheld
each month. It is merely a change in the sys
tem of the distribution of this fund for which th?
present bill provides. It merely increases the amounl
per annum which may be paid. It takes nothing from
the government; has no kin to an appropriation noi
to a pension; in no way increases, or creates a government
liability, and will not add a penny to taxes
The employes in the service pay in, and this bill
' only provides how much they may draw out of theii
own money after they retire. It does not cvei
prevent future regulation if the increased amount
named proves to be more than is warranted, or thar
can safely be taken from the fund as fed by salar)
Just why should the blue laws tread on the
mildew of prohibition? Where is the gaiety
they would forbid?
This summer is the exception which
proves the rule of that thrilling slogan, "It is
always cool in Duluth."
By the time the Stillman divorce reaches
a verdict "Baby Guy" will be wearing whiskers.
the service man watches the sunset of
the bonus and thinks of tljic interest on our
foreign debts, he resolves "never again!
I>e Yalera prefers a week at court to a
week in court.
It is more heating fo get to a hot sumjiicr
resort than to st^g. at houic. .
NRW YORK. June 23.?In those
sweetly scented little avenue shop*
with spindly legged chairs and a
great expanse or mirrors, where the
proprietress Miss Maggie McOuffey
has become plain Mme. Yvonne
L Amour et Cie, a great effort la being
made to make the husband who
goea shopping with hla wife f?el at
Thus in one democratic little boot!
cry?where they boot hubby's purse
something fierce?they provide a
I soporific In the way of a room with
a market ticker. Here husband may
smoke, while the dirty work la going
on. There are even cubes of ice
with tall classes in case he has anything
on his hip. At this shop. Inci??rtaily'
mllady ,n*J he shod for
j Of course, that is the cheapest,
and the price* run on up to l?5.
In case the wife selects a half dos*
en pairs of shoes?pardon, boots?it
Is easy to see they could furnish a
room and bath and throw in a massage
for good measure?or to boot
If one cared to pun in these serious
times. The *hop8 welcome husbands.
It is purely a matter of business
In the pretence of such grandeur,
bulwarked by haughty. lar*gorous
saleswomen, the poor boob Is frightened
stiff, and he wouldn't think of
halting a sale to his wife. But If the
wife went home to consult him with
the bad news, the wail would arouse
the neighborhood ? husband- are
that way. And that's a couple of
In the frock shops and the military
establishments they treat a
husband like the court ladies would
a dauphin. The mannikins?and
they are always easy on the eyecrowd
about him. laughing heartily
at every little thing he says. H*1
begins t^? suspect he is a comedian,
and no doubt has visions of appearing
in musical comedy saying "Girls,
pn to Paris!" He does not realise
that when he leaves they snicker
and wonder "how she ever married
such a sick looking prune."
On the magnificently engraved invitations
of a shop sale they are
now placing the line "Bring your
husband!" Very few men can wltnstand
the flattery of such establishments.
How do I know? I've beer
nicked, boys, but don't cheer. The
shopkeepers know this, and they are
profiting largely by their wisdom.
A tearful young matron was pacing
up and down'in front of a basement
office of a. building in Wesl
Forty-eighth street. A sign on the
door read: "Doctor out!" Here wa*
a dilemma. Indeed. And my sympathy
for her >tfas undiminished
when I looked on the office window
and paw in gilt letters: "Canine specialist."
I ^ Bam! Off poes the lid again. Fir
Ziegfeld is going to reopen his Midnight
Frolic. He closed it tlghl
when the police resorted to the "sir
and search" policy among patrons
Now Hizzoner has issued orders t<
the police that they cannot arrest
for hip-toting or enter restaurant!
and seize drinks without first secur
ing a search warrant. But?tell I
not in the streets of Ascalon noi
publish it to Gath?there is to be i
huge soda fountain at the new mid
night haunt, and one may get al
full of raspberry sundaes, marsh
mallow drips and everything. Yessir
it's a gay old town. Passing a Madi
son avenue club at 11 the othe
night. I saw all the lights in th<
lounge ablaze and two hardened ol<
roues were going at each other hammer
and tongs in a nasty game o
ROAD TO ANGORA
OPEN FOR GREEKi
ATHENS. July 22.?Capture b:
the Greek forces of Eskichehii
following closely on the heels o
the successful occupation by Con
stantine's forces of Kutachla. ha
been the severest blow yet deliv
ered against the Turkish national
The Greek victory opens up th
road to Angora, which Is reach*
. from this locality by a rallwa
running directly Into Turkey fo
Tt is not believed, however, tha
the Greeks will be able to folloi
up their advantage, but that tbe
will be contented to hold the!
sar. Kutachia. Eskiehchir and Bl
: ledjuk. thereby cutting the Cos
! stantinople-Angora-Konia rallwa
. In four places and rendering
The Greeks have taken 30.?0
Turkish prisoners and have take
( a vast amount of war material
The claim is advanced that the Ns
tionallst Cause is now completel
. demoralized and that Mustaph
, Kemal has been completely r?
moved as a menace.
t The victory, however, will becom
j meaningless, perhaps tragic f<
Greece, unless the allies come t
her assistance with financial suf
. port, and if the Turks resort t
guerilla warfare, at which they ai
past masters, and refuse to accei
I allied arbitration. Occupation <
. any part of Asia Minor by th
Greek army will be permanent!
' JUANITA MILLER'S
"LILY LOVE" END,
SAN FRANCISCO. July 22.?Juar
Ita Miller, daughter of the Cal
fornla poet, has separated from h<
"Lily Love," Juan Miller to whoi
she was married a few months ag
amid unique Ceremonies She li
sisted at the time of her marrlaf
that her husband, whose real nan
Is John Reed, take the name <
Her marriage to him. she said, wi
a fulfillment of a poem of hers
which she predicted she wou
eientually meet her "Illy love
Juanita now explains that her "11'
Icve was too expensive a husbar
for her to support and besides th?
he was downright lary. The "11
love" couple had trouble about t*
months ago when Juan Is alleged I
i have become a "iig..r ljiv" a.
I Mr"rk' hl" brM* The affair wi
patched up at that time bv the th.
atrical manager who had the coup
under contract to re-perform the
"ketch r<?rcmon>" *" ? vaudevil
The performance is now conclude
A divorce action has been filed.
' 1 - - ; >^7? u * < ?*w ~4
Wktn ymm fa*
Says Schools Ruin Boys.
Tr tb? Editor. TSe Watalofton Herald:
I am often asked to tell in what ;
way public schools ruin boys and 1
! am told that the text books for j
boys present only the highest ideals, j
while the teachers by word and example
pretty generally do the same.
. All true, but "what's bred in the
i bones stays long in the flesh."
i Within the past year magistrates!
and ministers reported that there
I were exactly 100,000 ex-?chool boys
loafing around New York City.;
vowing that they would not work
for anybody or at anything, but j
that the world owed them a living
> and they were going to take it. I
Those boys had corae out of school.)
t having never done a lick of work in
? their lives. They wer* 16 whea
. they came out.
> -The Philadelphia Inquirer gave
t findings of a body of scientists to
i the effect that boys not trained to
. work befor? 16 could not be ao
t trained at all. There you have
ri where the New York mob came from
il?right there. The same is seen all
- j over the country, some places more
ijand some less.
Again, we see great stress some*
, [times laid on the bad habits of boys
. The text books and the teachers. as
r in the other case, are innocent
e enough, but they come bred In the
j bones also. Among others who
. gave it out was a Dr. Brumby. The
f leading woman's paper of the
country published him. Speaking of
the strain of public school study on
young, highly organized children,
"The consequence of such a strain
) is. more often than we realize, a
lack of balance, resulting in a
y hunger for sordid literature, and in
, dissipation. whisky and various
' forms of self-abuse. In those of
f slower development, the strain re
suits in discouragement, indolence,
g vacillation and vice."
Let all the men and women who
" break out every now and then about
- "immorality" and "the cigarette
: habit" in the schools see Just where
^! Luther Burbank and others have
y in vain cried out that no child
r should enter a school until 12. He
and the rest like him are laughed
K For every reform in such lines
the educators boast they will stick
^ on another fad?and they do. The
Hearst papers g?t up a tremendous
effort to reform the public schools.
" but several leading writer?1 told
^ them they were too far gone to reform
and needed abolition. Dr.
Woods Hutchinson was one of the**.
The Joke about the New York baa
boys was that where the educators
saw them "a menacing army." as
Judge McAdoo called them, they set
l" up extension schools to apply to cer
tain classes of boys and girls until
IS. They thought this would
straighten matters and the public,
relying on their wisdom (?) let
[_ go. The first two arrests for not
complying with this new state of
things were those *>f two girls?one
" was arranging to get married and
' the other was at work. Both were
. thoroughly respectable. They were
- taken to the Tombs. Such conflict
with the laws of God and nature
y on,y make for the unrest we see
everywhere approaching and confessed.
Come my way and all will
be stopped with a Jerk.
FRANCIS B. LIVESEY.
West Friendship. Md.
Thinks Soul and Mind One.
I- To the Editor. Tbe Washington Herald:
j. I have read with much interest
the letter, discussing the "cternitixing
of the soul," by Georjre Tarter
11 Tanner. In your paper of July 3.
o This writer presents Home interest5.
ing questions, but there are some
things he says with which I cannot
** Mr. Tanner goes on at great
length to prove that life in all ita
forms is Indestructible, and he asks:
. "Tf we cannot And death under such
, j conditions, (as he describes) where
99 on this earth, or in the cosmos, can
l' we find it?M
j In the maaraxine section of The
t Herald of the same issue in which
jv Mr. Tanner's letter appears, is ar
ro article entitled. "Government Makes
Helium Gas," in which the statement
is made that "absolute aero,
m, which is 273 degrees centigrade below
aero, is the point at which ther?
le is no movement of molcciiles In
ir matter." It is stated further in thl?
Ic article that "helium changes fronr
a gas to liquid form at a temperad.
turo of 348.5 degrees centigrade below
xoro " and th? oues^iun ia askee
tion that provi
:Co*rrWht. Ml. kr tW (MM TIB nil
f" itfc terrible!]
everything s /
b,l going ..
J glmmmy and ikimk that mvmrytKi*
? mnd takm m #?. w'nt *?t the reareat
t Letters to'
Ka aioiraoaa ? !
ratleas will kf prtated la
the -Offn Caart" * ! ?*.
"what will happen to bacteria when
exposed to this low temperature and
whether radio active substances can
maintain their power."
Astronomers say that absolute
zero is the temperature of interstellar
space. and they tell us that,
owing: to extreme cold and a total
absence of atmosphere, the moon is
void of every vestige of life.
Camille Flaminarion. the eminent
French astronomer, whom Mr. Tanner
so watmly praises, paints this
grim picture of the earth's destiny:
"From the summit of the mountain*
the mantle of the snows will
be spread over the valleys, driving
before it both life and civilisation.
New York, Ix?ndon. Paris. Berlin.
Vienna. Constantinople. Rome,
would successively sleep under the
eternal snows. Such towns would
then be only arid deserts split with
Assures much more terrible than
the solitudes of those Polar region!
at present known to us. . . . Th?
i last representatives of the humar
race will come and expire on th?
shores of the last remaining equaI
torial sea. beneath the rays of a
fr-eble g'in that from henceforth will
I only light a moving tomb that shall
| turn again and again around a
light-giving but insufficient heat
At this epoch our planet would hav?
I reached a temperature approximate
i ing to 273 degrees below zero. In
110.000,000 years the great body ol
the earth?worn, asred. sterile, and
[solitary?will bear on its dried sur?
i face the ruins of its brilliant past.'
It seems to me. therefore, thai
I there must be places in the universe
where there is no life of ans
kind. But whether or not this !i
J true. I cannot see here any argu
j ment for or against the immortalitj
of the human mind.
This writer says that "the sou
stands behind the brain and gives
jus all the knowledge we possess."
I He is evidently not using the sou
as a synonym for the mind, but
more likely infers that the sou
I is something entirely different fron
j and superior to the mind. As th<
jbrain is the machine that produce!
lour thoughts, he probably meani
| that the soul is the operator of thli
j intricate and delicate machine: bu
j he does not identify this operator
the soul, with God. for he speaki
in the same paragraph of "the sou
! and God." calling them "the *>nlj
! simples in existence."
What is the soul, anyhow? I
It is not the mind?and we know r
j is not the body?then what is it
! and where was it. and what was i
doing before the body and min<
| came into existence? Tf the sou
j had existence before the body wa
I born and will continue to exist afte
I the body has perished, why wa
I there ever any need of the body a
all? Before we try to decide whethe
or not the soul is immortal, w
should ask ourselves what is th
soul? In my opinion, the soul ant
the mind are one and the sam
Mr. Tanner asserts that "we hav
been endowed with souls potential!
divine, indestructible, immutable,
and adds that "our destiny is th
highest and nothing can hinder It
fulfillment." He speaks with
great deal of as^irance. as if h
were certain of what he says. Bu
this is something that none of u
can be certain of, for in the ver
nature of things, there is not on
solitary fact upon which to bas
such empty assertions. The fact c
the case is. we do not know wha
destiny awaits us. and In all profc
i ability we never shall*
In trying to solve the problem ?
the destiny of the hymin mind, a
well as any other problem bearin
on the relation of ourselves to ou
surroundings, let us b? absolutel
honest with ourselves. Let us see
for the truth, not as we would hav
it be. but as it actually Is. I^et \i
have the courage to realis* thi
things are true or untrue, not b<
cause of. but in spite of our bMiel
i and doubts, and our hopes and fear
i I,ct us say with Huxley that **w
are not "here to inquire what w
, would prefer, but what Is true
But, in the words of J. A. Froud
t j "never let us be betrayed by sent
i ment (or hopes> into adopting forn
i or opinions which th#* intelle*
ij. cannot close with as tri
?true In all their parts."
| "Painful truth! yet 1 prefer th<
I to pleasant error, for trutfc cure!
IS THE RULE
t ? * <"? << ? "?
v1 t ~ J
r ! ' -?. ;
7 7}l v
1 ] \
' * ^
I the pains she may perhaps inflict"
FRED J. SCHWAB
| Washington. July 6.
Defends Beach Rate*.
Te Lbe Editor. The W**bmju>n Hera id
j I have just read the interesting
I letter of V. E. R. in regard to the
1 new prices at the Tidal Beach. He
! particularly complains of the locker
i charge of 10 cents.
The best municipal bathing
beaches I have ever seen anywhere
j in the country are those in Chicago.
' especially the Clarendon and the
! Seventy-ninth street beaches and
1 also the South Park Reach in Jack*
I son Park at Seventy-first. The peoI
pie of Chicago are satisfied that
| these beaches do not profiteer, and
j prices there are 10 cents for locker
land 25 cents for suits. Prices at
! the Hygeia Hatha in Atlantic City
are 75 cents for suit, locker aad
So I would say that the new
prices appear very satisfactory.
.Would not "V. E. R." consider it
preferable for the beach to make a
i j little money rather than have it ini
cur a deficit to be met out of tax*
i ation, the latter being heavy enough
i at present?
i Col. Sherrill is to be commended
t for the new program.
JAMES M. CANNON*,
i 3327 Eighteenth street northwest.
"Jim Crow" Care.
. To tSe B4it*r. The Washiagtoa Hera 14
? I have just read Justinian's let.
ter in The Herald about the -Jim
i Crow car problem." I have seen
r letters on this subject many timee
I in different papers, and I have been
wondering why the colored people
object so strongly to riding with
t each other.
I have never heard the white
r people complaining about having tc
, ride with their own color, nor do
they ask for any change. If colored
. are not satisfied with their ow*
society they have no right to forc?
. it upon others, or to expoct otheri
to like it any better than they 4c
No long ago some colored persor
was thanking the lx>rd that th<
. "hat in the hand nagro" has disap
peared. I do not see anything tc
i : be thankful for. unless he is to hi
replaced by something better. Th?
s present-day negro may have roon
s education, but he is far behind th<
? old in good manners and politeness
II Yours truly.
F. S. LOCKHART.
?: Rarboursville. Va.
' ROCKVILLE HIGH
I PRINCIPAL RESIG.M
II ROCKYILLE. Md., July 2t.?Robt
1 H. Harmon has resigned a* prinH
1 pal of the high school here and. i
s is understood, will become associat
r (ed with a Washington educations
s institution. He was principal oi
tj the Rockville school just one yest
r It is said to be another case o
e I inadequate salary costing the coun
f'ty a high claas teacher.
a I ?
State Editors Banqueted
' By Chamber of Commerct
e NORFOLK. Vt. July 22.?Th?
8 Chamber of Commerce dinner to
a night was the closing function ol
the Virginia Press Association con
t vention. Maurice G. Long, vie
g president of the chamber, presided
y and N. D. Maher. president of th<
e Norfolk and Western Railway an<
e chairman of the Hampton Roa<ti
,f Port Commission, was the princlpa
i. Reports showing that the organt
sation has grtiwn to ninety-sevei
if members from only thirty-seven ii
s lMf were submitted by Secretary
g Treasurer J. C. Latimer,
I Confederate Reunion
Expected to Be the Las
H ROCKVtUJC, Md.. Jul: ?Johi
r8 W. Holland, adjutant of RldfH;
p Brown Camp of Confederate Vet
^ erans. this county, hs* issued i
call for the annual meeting of th
" camp here on August 6.
r The call mentions that or the &
I- veterans at one time composing th
,s membership, death has claimed a!
but eight and of these not mor
ie than four will be able to answe
roll-call at the annusl meetini
i?e which will probably be the last rc
ATt&DAi. nxr a, mi. ^
TAiTKLtm hgam orrin
*KW TTrHOID mn ,IKT
The horror. of th. eM ,UrT,UoB
?let for typhoid p.u.ou
T , be,?? ??> ???7 With
thank* to newer knowledge of the
requirement* ?f the body I. health
*nd In dl?ea?<-, and thank* *.1*0 to
our knowledge of the chemlatr, of
the susara. The ravage* of typhoid
are due lar*ely to a traiUni away
Of th* tlaauM. which la bro??ht
*bout becau.e of two fax-tor._the
exceaaive nsetabollara d urine th* fever.
and the once prevalent Idea that
too4 mutt be kept away from the
patient. It haa been found, however.
that If plenty of food of tbo
rlcht kind la riven there I* far
lM" ""tin* .way *nd , .peedler
recovery. The queatlon then arlaa*
what is the proper food?
All fever*, and typhoid In particular.
are charactertaed bV crest
production of body heat, which
mean* that the fuel retirement* of
the body are much irreater than
in health A normal adult require*
about 2.600 calorie, p., ?,y in th.
. f*" '! h,rd "ork * bout
a lumberjack close to S.004
2ow a typhoid fever patient has to
have over S.fcoo calorlea If he I* to
keep up with the demand, of the
J* *?"' Thl? exceaaive amount of
1004 moat be eaally dl?e.te? and
not of a bulky nature The two
of fo?d material* that furth?
greater portion of our en
er,y .re th. f.u lht
hydrate*- The fat* are not readllv
a*.imtinted In lar?e amount.. *0 tkl<
fact rule* them out of the preaent
consideration Of the carbohydrate.
i caf",ot be incorporated Into
rood* In large amount, without it.
becoming paaty Cane *U(ar I* ver>
?ood except for the fact that Ita
jn-eat .weetne*. make, it unpalatable
after a time 80 here ia where
our knowledge of the cheml.try of
tne sugars makes itself useful. We
know that all sugars are about
?v VLth*t they all
ha\. the fame fuel value; and that
lactoae. or milk aupar. I* the least
***" ?f *" the common lucir*.
Therefore It needed only a few trial,
to demonctrtte that thl* .uear ha*
reeat poaalbllltiea In the typhoid fejver
Th* Medical School of th. I'tilof
M,nn',ota. in conjunction
with the department of home toonomlcs.
I* now worklnB out recipe,
which will utlliae lareo proportion,
of milk supar. Kroxen di.hea are
very palatable, but onlv * p?-r cent
of thl. ?utar can be incorporated
into those dishes because of the
aparln* aolublllty at the low trm
perature. Pudding* appear to olt'r
many possibilities. and the patient*
do not And ar.v amount of the .ucar
objectionable, since It I* *o nearlv
fre. from taste Fortunately, too.
the coat item doe. not enter Into
the consideration, for lactoae can be
prepared fairly cheaply from datr>
by-product*. *uch aa *kim milk and
WAJTT ESPERANTO. a ORJ.n
LAVGrAOK. H SCHOOLS.
American Esperantlsts held theit
fourteenth annual congress at Boston
this week, and they discussed
the way in which Esperanto. th?
language built with simple regular
grammar and a vocabulary of rroti
common to many national lancan
be further urged af
the international auxiliary or helf
B. P. Mann, an examiner in th<
Patent Office, and a leading Upper
antiat of this city, attended th<
Boston meeting of the E*perant<
Aasociation of North America.
"The slogan of the association fot
the coming year is: -Get Esp<rant<
the schools',"* Mr Mann reports
,| "As an Introduction to the studj
j of foreign languages, where :hes<
()are to be a part of the school cur
j I riculum in later years, and aa i
,; means of promoting the kn^wledg*
, of one's native language. English
. or United States, for instance, ex
"Perience haa proven Eaperar.ro t,
| be one of the best media." he ex
i j plains. "The present devel-'pmen
. of the language ar a meana of facfl
itating travel and transacting bus
ijiness internationally ha* already
, j demonstrated the great use of thi
11 "In the history of the Westen
I j world this language ha? been th
- 'only one so far developed that ha
met all the requirements of an in
ternational. neutral languagt
avoiding all jealousies amongst na
tions. largely through the estab
lishment of the Universal Esperant>
Association, which haa its head
j quarter* in Geneva. Switxer and. I
' is represented in most of the citie
and many smaller places through
- out the world. Tbe language ha
- become eminently practical and ha
t parsed far beyond ths r age e
-, theory and experiment
f RAW TOl" HO MA ITTO-RATI1*?
r MINNOW# IK TOri PO*Df
la your pond properly stock*
- with top minnows" If it isn t, lool
out for the malaria-carry! nc mot
juito. The gambusia. or mosquito
eating minnows, are recomrrende4
by the Bureau of Fisheries as ai
? effective means of controlling th
mosquitoes, and they, in co-operatla<
! with the U. S- Public Health Service
. are urging that all sluggish an
f standing mater, such as occurs i|
. ponds, ditches and borrow pita, b
n stocked withe the top minnowl
l^j which feed on the larvae of th
anopheles, or malaria mosquit^
1 Hatcheries for these mlnnom-s ar^
# located In the mosquito dlntricu
Place bowls of the minnows I
| the public schools and in store wig
dome and iet them advertiw then)
* selves, is the suggestion o' Samu<
F. Hildebrand. ichth >?loc i-t of tfe
bureau of Fisheries
BRAZIL TO NOI.D CENTENARY
CELEBRATION NEXT YEAR.
When Brash celebrates its ce?
^ tenary of independence, in Srpten
1 ber. 1?*2. therr will be held amoa
| other festivities a national exh
f bilion which will includ. exhibit
f j from all Rraxilfan activities
-1 from many foreign goverrment]
ft <*ongresses of primary n?;ructi?
^;and secondary snd higher educatlsl
will be organised by the miyor 4
?' Bio de Janeiro and the B^aglltj
Historical and Geographical Im
!l I t ute.
fj One of the famous hills o' he
rihss been leveled out ini" t??e ba
and this has formed a site far t%
- exhibition buildings.