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1 Haafmuiton Mcralb ,
Published Every Morning in the Year by
The Washington Herald Company,
W-4>7-4>9 Eleventh St. Washington. D. C.
,J. E. Rice, President and General Manager.
Phone: Main uoo?All Departments
SUBSCRIPTION RATES?BY CARRIER
/a Washington and 1 'trimly;
Dailv and Sunday, I Month. 4*> . I ^ ear, $480
SUBSCRIPTION BY MAIL IN ADVANCE
: Dailv and Sunday. I Month, 51*"; t \car, $500
Daily Only. I Month, 40c: t Year, $3.50
Member of I he A udit Hur.au of Circulates
THURSDAY, AUGUST n, igai. .
THE'expenses of the government ard to be reduced
enough to permit a reduction of over
$500,000,000 in taxation under the estimates
oi Secretary Mellon. This certinly is good news.
Among the taxes to be estimated, or reduced, are
those on ice cream, soda water and the like "nui.sancc"
variety; on excess profits, and the higher
' surtaxes on incomes. There will be no increase in
; letter postage and no bank check stamps, while the
S-'.ooo exemption on corporations will be retained
i&r flat tax increased to but 12)/t instead of 15
' / >"
reductions are to be retroactive for 19.21.
But there is to be no reduction in the tax on railVuadittaffic
until 102J It is then proposed to make
J, tiiVonlal cut of one-half and wait until 1923 *?
transportation of the other hall. In our
*i?dgment the fir-t tax that should be repealed is
thaton railroad traffic. Theoretically it is the most
>*< quable of ail. as it is paid by everyone. It is.*
theoretically, a widespread charge. Actually, it is
j?the worst of all
4 It does not come from railroad incoint. nor
^O^r^ilrMd revenues. It is a very material in.
Increase in all freight and passenger rates which
2J lan. now at the peak. The bulk of freights are
Son >o-called commodities which consist almost
"iu i:uliv of raw and semiraw materials which have
'unite generally dropped in price to. or near the
j^irowar level. It is known to everyone that the
gjiuif(<?i4iicntal requirement for a resumption of busiInf^
he> in the revival of transportation. Yet the
jjuovmnirnt helps materially in stalling this revival
tax, which is a considerable increase in alrcijlv"*
overhigh freight rates.
? !*JVilroad, are the greatest employers of labor
*':mtf';tju: largest buyers of manufactured goods of
'^rjat variety." Their prosperity is the key to na'tiefca!
prosperity. The government is a decided
r?ia<tt?r in halting this by the removal of even mere
. [QHiaiHt* taxes, while leaving this t^x which helps
''vc^oiK' and injurrs all industry. Its repeal would
to so increase traffic as to enable the rail'
ru4U> a reducc commodity ireight rates
* Thi> tax goes into the price of coal and has
^held back coal distribution. It goes into the price
of lumber and other materials and helps halt building.
It comes out oi the farmer's pricc for all his
*!tpro4u?? a?d hampers agriculture It is added to
rite f>Ticc of ores and primary mineral forms, and
taxes industry. It is a direct handicap to all in.alustries.
and it is levied as a percentage on ' the
highest freight rates this country ever has known,
rates which arc frequently one-hall Ilie selling pricc
.of the materials transported.
By continuing it Congress will do what, more
than anything else, will prevent business revival.
Railroads cannot reduce freight rates until freights
begin to move more freely. Cut off this tax and
* that movement will start. Added as a saving to the
low price of all commodities, it will be inducement
enough to start the ball. It will bring a direct cut
in prices and ccrtainlv that is the one thing for
1 which everyone is waiting.
_ The Continental and Commercial Bank of
Chicago hus made a survey of business conditions.
I11 summing up the prcpondcrcnce of opinion Jt
gives this conclusion: "Transportation is the problem
oi greatest moment in the minds oi our contributors.
The railroads arc efficient, but business
is slack. Freight rates arc much too high in comparison
with commodity prices and have hardly
aliuwn sign-, oi yielding to the downward tendency.
This condition, it is argued, makes the price oi labor
in iactorics of small moment, but to railroad
ir--i\ wages are of great importance." .
li the Soviets had revolted less and planted
more, tlicy would not have reaped so large a
crop of adversity.
The Logic of Selfishness.
OI 11CIAL and financial New York has a very
peculiar and somewhat amusing slant in its
,-i>\tT,olni of the St. Lawrence river improvement.
It iterates and reiterates that this great waterway
* would have no value; that its improvement would
be money wasted; that it would carry 110 traffic;
but?it is this but. which always follows, which is
j amusing. But?it would ruin the liric Canal and
the port of New York City. ...
\ftcr stating that all the propaganda work is
paid for bt- legislative appropriations in sixteen
State?, it is noted that capitalists think so little of
it that they have contributed nothing to the project's
promotion. The project is called a "will-o'the-wisp."
an "esoteric enterprise," a "fantastic
scheme," an "cthcrial fancy," a "fairy tale," based
upon "fallacious economic theory." Yet it will destroy
the Erie Canal on which has been spent
$200,000,000, or far more than the St. Lawrcncc improvement
will cost the United States, and the
* canal is now a failure. It would also "undermine
the great ports of distribution on the Atlantic, Gulf
of Mexico and Pacific." It would "break down the
commerce and prestige of these great centers" with
( a "vain hope."
No shipbuilders, it is assured, would build ships
to navigate it; "financial disaster" would be the lot
of anyone putting a line of boats on it; its navigaI
tion would cost more than the present route of
rail and water; it would be impossible -of practical
operation, yet it is a "pipe dream" that would "seriously
menace the commercial prosperity, of New
York State" by . "diverting the immense trade of the
Western States through a Canadian channel." These
are all quotations directly from New York arguments
against the St. Lawrence project, made byformer
Gov Glynn's newspaper and by Senator
Gibbs of that State. Just how would such a plea
stand in a court and just how niuch standing will it
have in Congress?
It expresses all New Yorkers have been able
lt> muster in opposition ll is the 1 limit of their
. Ujnit.In proving (hat the United States should not
Jjj'ith Canada in opening this wa; from tin
to the Great Lakis, adding sonic 3,000 milcj
to our com! Iin?. It is the best they are able to do
fin objection to adding ail the t'ititt on the'Oreat
Lakes to our ocean ports and in making it feasible
to transport freights in bulk without breaking cargo
to and from Duluth, Superior, Chicago," Detroit,
Cleveland and Erie, as well as all intermediate piffti
and all the countries of Europe. Truly there are
occasions when a kick bccomcs a kiss.
? * , /
It may rome hard for Col. Harvey to learn
the gift oi silence, but what an explosion there
will be when his pent-up Utica finally blows x
out the 'cork. , - N
| ' Will Study Merger.
THE commercial and business associations of
W ashington have organized a joint commit-tee
for the specific purpose of studying the street
railway merger problem. This is a proposition
which they recognize as of/viral importance to the I
city. It is fundamental in the spread of popula- j
tion, in preventing congestion and a lower plane of
living conditions, in realty prices, in retail trade, in
wages, in availability of labor, in all construction ,
work, and in every phase of city life.
Every student of city planning recognizes intracity
transportation as of first importance, and all
agree that the lower the rate for such transportation
the greater the resulting benefits to everyone.
Merger of the two Washington companies can have
value and be of benefit to all business men only as
it results in lower ffires. and in decree as fares are
reduced. This is the fundamental on which all
Study of this problem must rest, if it is to get anywhere.
Reduction of taxes, relief from street paving
and traffic police charges, should come. But they
should only come after and not before merger, for
the reason that these savings to the companies will1'
be atlded to the taxes of all other property, and,
therefore, those who pay th< taxes should get the
primary benefits iii lower1 fares, and not the com1-anies
in larger profits. Relief from such charges
also will not 'change the relative earnings of the
companies nor their relative values. To make the
changes before merifer will not make merger easier.
They would only increase the price demand and so ,
penalize the people for accepting an extra tax
The Herald believes that the longer the coniI
niittec studies this problem, with a view to reaching
a conclusion which will be best for Washington
as well as the companies, the more certain it will
be to approve the principle o! Senator king's bill,
or that ,of Representative Hammer. The trouble,
heretofore, has been that the business interests of
the city seemed to consider the question only
from the viewpoint of the W. K. & E., with the purpose
of giving it a value far* in excess of what it
is wo,rth, or even actually cost.
After* months of study The Herald is satisfied
that there is but one merger plin that is fair to the
i people, just to the railroads and best for all interests
in the District, as insuring the greatest future
expansion and prosperity. This is the sale of the
W. R. & K. railroad property to the Capital Traction
Company for what it is worth as a street railway
going concern on a present basis. This is
probably about the present bonded debt, which exceeds
the fair valuation on which rates of fare arc
This would relieve the Potomac Electric Power
J Company of the \V. R. & E. railway incubus which'
I it has carried for so long and, until divorced, must
I continue to carry. This would leave the P. E. P.
j Co. as the property of the W. K. & E. stockholders.
I It is an electric service monopoly. It has the only
system of electric distribution which the District
j has, or ever will have. It will always be as assured
, in earning substantial dividends as is the Capital
i Traction or the city's soundest banks. It would
j be one of the finest public utility properties in the
world. It would not only easily earn the required
5 per cent dividend on the $8,500,000 of W. R. & E.
preferred stock, but, on thc-basis of its present net
earnings, would put considerable actual value back
of the W. R. & E. $<>,500,000 of common stock
I which now is but thin water. Certainly this is
I something to be devoutly wished by the W. R. E.
j stockholders, while its officers would remain where
they are as officers of the electric utility company
at satisfactory salaries.
The Herald is gratified that this coininittcc is
to undertake this work in the spirit of its announcement.
We are most hopeful of the result. The
j committee has personal touch with all the men and
I interests involved. Their own business, and that
1 of their organizations, has a stake, and this is
I involved in the prosperity of the rest of us, just
the plain folks to whom street car fares arc a very
What is best as between men is best as
between nations?this is not blackened eyes and
Ends a Farce Comedy.
WHEN so soon it was to begone lor, what in
the world was it ever begun for? Gov. I
Small, o( Illinois, has made himself nationally famous.
If that was the object of his dodging the
service of a warrant of arrest on accusation of a
crime, he has won. If he wanted to be a source of
amused interest to his fellow-countrymen, he has
won. If lie wanted to go d?#wn in history as the
only governor of a State who ever marched up this
hill and then marched down again, he has won.
But just what else he has gained by his near
month of gyrations is wrapped up in the archives
of his own consciousness. He has now been arrested
and has given bail. He has demonstrated
that election as governor of a State may cover a
multitude of personal sins, but it cannot exempt a
man from the laws of his State, which he takes
oath to enforce, at least as to all others. A seeming
determination merely to avoid trial is not
usually accepted as evidence of innocence. He may
have done no ny>rc than was customary for others
who have held the office of treasurer of Illinois, but
even that will hardly warrant quashing the indictment.
Really hide and seek is not a dignified game for
a governor to play with a sheriff. In this instance
all the dignity in the drama has been with the
sheriff. Now that the governor has at last submitted
to arrest and has given bond, he probably
will sleep more soundly. Certainly will, or should,
wish he hadn't.
It is said a society woman must spend at
least $5,000 a year on her wardrobe. Evidently
dresses not only are high, but come high. ,
If there was a pipe line frotn Canada between
Windsor and Detroit, would all the suckers
be on our side?
W hy tax dogs and refuse to. tax bachelors?
. Is it because bachelor* follow right along without
a visibly tetherf w ' .
1 l'f*f : - c."
NEW YORK. Aug. 1 ft.?Long Island
has a flaming-hatred hostess
of uncertain age despite her bobbed
hair who is giving week-end house
parties that arouse the countryside.
The Scotch is uncorked at mid-1
night and tliey come for mites
around In their bathing sulu.
Negroes w4io specialise In crooning,
crasy blues songs come In relays
and the music Is continuous
until the guests literally drop out
some time the next day. The guests
are made up of what . Broadway
calls tho "oil cans." An "oil can"
la 1/ person of either sex who will
go anywhere at any time where
liquid refreshment Is served free.
The tswtess recently fell heir to I
a comfortable fortune and *he has
evidently set out to spenA it as
quickly as possible. The guests
naturally chuckle up their sleeves
as they seek to aid her tn every
way to achieve what they term a
"Pawncy, meeting you heroT*'
they whisper to each other as If
they were caught out slumming. At
the latest orgy a young leading
woman who has been at liberty for
tome tlmo became extremely de\oted
to a guest other than her husband.
The husband sulked on the
porch and drank deep.
She came out to watch the moon
go around and he came stalking out
of the shrubbery and delivered a
sound smack on her cheek. The
tigress strain was aroused. Her
nails flew cat-like to his face. He
was Boon dripping blood. And after
each attack he would stand J>ack
melodramatically and "ha, ha," inviting
her to do it again. And from
reports she did so much ao that he
i:. reported to have*been scarred for
An old float is anchored ofT a
cood swimming distance from the
house.v One of the stunts?a cute
little idea of the hostess?is to an- ]
nounre that the bar is closed and ;
the only way one may be served is
to swim to the float, where servants
have taken plenty of refreshments.
After a stay there there is
danger in some of the guests becoming
ambitious enough to attempt
to swim the rest of the way
across the ocean. Twenty-three
guests were counted sleeping on the
lawn in bathing suits one Sunday
morning recently as neighbors were
answering the call of the church
A young novelist who recently
sailed to Kngland to sec a dramatization
of a novel w? given a .
luncheon before the boat sailed, It J
was quite a luncheon, too, but his
friends managed to get him to the
ship. About midnight he awakened
and the only light was the;
light of the moon that came through 1
a porthole.* He traced out of it in I
faacinatlon for about a half hourj
and then rang wildly for the deck j
steward. Steward." he said, stand- ,
in* unsteadily, "what's the idea of I
all this water?" j
My predilection for touching upon j
the alcoholic side of life in New
York today can be brought short
with the news that Nile, the baby
camel at the Central Park Zoo, has
just attained the age of 3 months,
a record for longevity among the |
species in captivity here. Garnets |
bom in New York menageries rarely
live inore than two weeks.
T regard Frances White as the
most daring young dresser tn Manhattan.
the does her hair baek
tightly over her head into a roll at
tlic back. And she Is the only girl
in town who permits her ears to
show. Hare knees are common but
bare ears?well, they are rare
? nourh to he almost shocking. ln
Mentally Miss White told me the
other day of a tragi. moment in a
musical play in which she. was recently
starred. Tn her support was
Hen'Welch, who was stricken blind
tut P layed on. He was supposed
to read a letter she handed to him.
Scmehow the letter fluttered to the
floor without him noticing it and
he continued to read. It was supposed
to furnish a laugh hut the
audience knowing toe was blind
wept instead. The performance
continued but not another laugh
What theStar* Indicate)
THURSDAY. AICIST II* 1?*I.
Astrologers read this as an uncertain
day- Although Saturn Is; in
benefic aspect, Neptune Is adverse.
1 All who depend on the soil for
! their income should benefit from
this rule which foreshadows new
discoveries of oil and minerals.
The earth should yield abundantly
at this time, but there may be losses
through the systems of transportalons
or because of unfavorable market
Fame and honor for an aged man
seem to be Indicated. Hewarda long
deferred should come to those who
have been disappointed in the fruition
of their hopes. ,
This is not a lucky day tor beginning
journeys by sea for then,
wilt be sudden storms and even
shipwrecks, it Is foretold.
During this sway evil gossip may
flourish and it m?y ^aeh .ven U.
highest places in social and official
" Neptune is in an aspect believed
to encourage adventurers of various
sorts. Care concerning investments
should be f*P?cia
at this time for there will be many
bubbles of fortune offered.
Saturn afflicts the ascendant of
King Alfonso of Spain, who will
face manv problems before the new
year Ministerial difficulties and
attest among the people are
strongly ^ indicated.
Astrologers declare that owing to
conditions that made It possible for
the Kaiser to seek reftwi In Holland
the country will suffer severely
Many serious and grsve
Theaters and the younger generatlon
should benefit from the aspects
that prevail at *la time, but botb
will be subject lo new conditions.
Attain reactionary tendencies are
prophesied and the,- will arouse the
people to the perils of lax socla.
CU"e0r^"ns whose blrlhdate it Is
have the augury of a -tulet serene
1 vear In # hlch both financial and
domestic affairs will be satisfactory.
MAY THE PR1
. .. ti
1 C 1
% ' * NOW.
A II fart a*m<
T?*T ?(C I
\ sera* TK
(. -^r PCACtPUL
P-?f\ wnwut a
"THAT D?r ?*?<
worne A T
OF MUCF A*
SOU. CM U**E
M Shall We Believe About!
To the Editor. Til* Wsrtlaftaa Hersld
It i* hardly a century since all j
Christian America and Europe regarded
the soul as a kind of bodily |
organ near, or within, the heart, or j
the brain. I-eslie Stephen# says that j
"a belief In it* Immaterial substance
did not exist until the time of l>escartes."
The word soul represent* ,
the Hebrew Nepheah. the Greek ,
Vsukhe. and the Latin Amina. or the L
Sanskrit Atman signifying breath. ,
life, or self, and ao applicable to all j i
animated beings. I
In the New Testament the Greek)
Psukhe I* variously rendered "life. |i
i Mark VI11 35). and "sour' <Mat-|
thew XVI. 5?>. "Kor whosover will ,
save his I'sukhe shall lose it." and I,
I "what shall a man Rive in exchange |
for his l'sukhe." This changed ren- ,
dcring. in twn consecutive verges of
the English. indicates the belief of,
the sixteenth century. In both cases j
the Greek represents the Hebrew t
i idea of the "seir?"Whosoever will,
j save his self shall lose It, and |
!"what shall a man give ,n 'Change |
! for his self." The ordinary modern
idea of a soul nas no foundation in
ancient ll'brew teaching: for ac-j
cording to the Bibl. man has a liv- j
lng soul" tGen. II. 7) like other an!- j
mals. because animated by the ^
"breath of life." j
In view of the fact that the word
soul, like the word will, is a popular ,
and not a technical one. and that all
the elements that it can be shown
to possess are known by other
special names and can be referred to
their proper places in a system of]
psychology, some are disposed to j
drop the term altogether as liable
to lead to confusion rather than contribute
to clearness. But It appears |
that its retention can be justified
!a* supplying a place which no other |
iterm In use now supplies, and in j
thus avoiding the necessity of >nI
troducing a new one. It is true that,
it expresses a complex conception j
whose elements may be separated I
and are specifically named, but there j
Is need of a term to embrace these |
elements in combination, and thus ^
frequently obviate a circumlocution, j
besides having the advantage of,
conveying a crystalised idea and [
familiarising it. The English word
has. indeed, many vague and un-1
scientific associations from which It |
Is difficult to liberate it. but the cor- |
responding German word Secle |
seems to be freer from these and is
I used by scientific writers in substantially
the same sense that will
be piven here to the word soul.
It Is hardly necessary to say that
this sense ha* little in common with
that given this term by religious
writers. The latter sense, however,
Is not noticeably different from that
of the New Testament, and no complaint
Is made of its use by these
writers. Neither docs it differ essentially
from the earlier Greek
usage "or from that of Scipio the
vounger. Clcaro.and others who.long
anterior to Christianity, speculated
upon Immortality if they did not
teach it. That doctrine, as shown
by Tylor. was not such a stranger
to other nations as it was to the
Hebrews, and the distinctive characteristic
of Christianity w as the
engrafting of tha foreign tenet upon
Judaism In which It was previously
But fr>y none of these writers,
whether pagan or Christian, was
there ever any attempt to analyse
the soul or to look upon It philosophically
as a part of the mind.
The conception was purely ontologlcal.
and by most the existence of a
soul in man was simply taken for
granted, while concern was only
jnanlfested for Its future destiny
after the corporeal part should have
returned to its elements. There Is.
however, one important respect In
which this conception harmonises
w,lth the scientific one. and that Is
the uniform investure of It wMh the
capacity for enjoying and suffering.
In whatever language, and from
Whatever standpoint the soul has
ev$r been mentioned. It has always
been Identified with pleasure and
pain and made to embody tne deepest
expression of sympathy and
if. therefore, we define the soul
as the feelings taken collectively,
we do but' echo the common sentiment
of all mankind in all countries
and all ages. Still, this definition
fall* short In one particular of expressing
the full conception as It
present* Itself la *be mind, and It Is
if we OHO nrw i
DiU Tnt 0MM WFttM
ON coveytxnT CoMfMFHce *
SSSS?" *** ATTEND*
^..r^rni M(T> vwrm Ml
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'V a ' <*
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USftCION OF >
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N ALL CUT iwrwr feK
?N$es m ?Mf Tw? UUKT ntEN
7MCS M much au-T It's
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tf?, amp rue o?T TW. w
ST ce 1Mt ^EME YW aOKT ^
To wj#fiKtbs err HcioMttt. _
IY -n??T5 0= ,N Tws wotnj) *
Tho HartU ku found tkt eortaia
Writers lira ftatitiaua aaiao. as tWr
own. 1b a fiv illt&BMI W? lid thoto
ba*a aacapod oar aotioo. Wo will boraaftoi
.oeairo aot oaty tbo aamo bat tbo
diractary addraaa. Tko Oyoa Court must
aot bo abasad. It la far fair, is par
oaal, iafarmatira dlscutaioa and statomaat
necessary to add to tt the notion
contained in the workings of the
donative power*. The full definition
of the soul. therefore, becomes: The
collective feelings of organic beings
and their resultant efforts.
No subject can be thoroughly
understood without prolonged investigation.
and profound reflection.
Down to the last century the soul,
notwithstanding the amount of time
nd energy expended upon It. had
never been the subject of any critical
study. A great amount of keen
analysis and Ingenious speculation
had been given to the thinking and
knowing faculty, and it must be
admitted that the real knowledge of
the objective side of the mind had
been considerably advanced. But the
philosophers who were capable of
doing this studiously, avoided turning
their attention to the soul,
doubtless from a vague apprehension
that should they do so it might
prove capable of analysis whereby
it# ontological on<yiess would be destroyed
and the supposed foundations
of religion and hope for the
fi/ture would be put in jeopardy. On
the other hand theologians and religious
writers usually possessed no
such powers of analysis, and accepting
their alleged knowledge of the
soul from the sacred writ, had no
disposition or inducement to make
it the subject of speculative inquiry.
Although laboring directly for a
state of infinite happiness f#r the
soul they would resent any insinuation
that this w-as equivalent to
seeking the maximum of pleasure,
and although hoping eventually to
attain to a condition of the most exalted
feeling, they would deny with
armth that feeling was -in any
sense a proper end to pensure. All
men vied in their efforts to degrade
the feelings and by constantly
measuring all feelings by the low est.
succeeded In fastening a stigma
upon most terms employed to describe
them, as witness the words
sensual and sensuality. Even the
health of the German language in
its vocabulary of attributes of the
mind was incapable of furnishing
such a master of it as Kant with a
term for the subjective psychic phenomena
which would be free from
these Implications, and he waa
driven to use for this purpose the
word Sihnlichkcit In an altogether
new and technical sense, the popular
one implying something ever
more gross or specialised than Its
Kngllsh analogue sensuality. Thus
tabooed, the animated feelings, or
true soul, could not be expected tc
receive that penetrating criticism
which alone could yield a true conception
of Its nature, and the whole
subject remained. philosophically
and scientifically speaking a terra
Incognita. It was given over entirely
to other agenciea, to art. literature,
religion, and government,
all of which proceeded blindly and
added nothing to its extent or fruitfulness.
But with the introduction of the
scientific method and its all-exploring
spirit, so fe-tile a field could not
longer remain uncultivated. As the
body began to he made a theater of
research and the brain and nervous
system to b* studied, the functions
of theseV>rgans attracted more and
more the attention of physiologists;
and a new psychology waa Introduced
which, naturally enough has
no sympathy or patience with ths
old. But by a sort of inductjpn In
the varied approximate electric
thought currents, the students of
pure mind began to feel the new
impulse and unconsciously to change
the base of their speculations. ?hta
change of base consisted chiefly In
overcoming the former aversion to
the study of the subjective side of
mind, and taking the bare hint
thrown out by Kant, to su^ect tke
f?-elfigs and covatlve faculty to the
cold glance of reason.
The birth of the soul was ths
dawn of the psyrhle faculty. It
marks an #-?a In the cosmical history;,
of the earth Dimly and Imperceptibly
It worked through the
primordial ag*?s tp the Sltttrtaii mol
?sk. the Devonian ftoh. Hn.l the
Mcsosoic reptfle. producing scarcely
any modification in th^ normal
COME TRUE. |'[
MC0W6 0* %! ' fcw\ * I
-AKO ALL TNC L
_ NATtOHS CM* SHtlX J?
* -TgffN T ?? wt?c?s ; f
MM0OCTNf NB**r ?
M "~"a ' ?
course of biologic evolution. Durtng j
all these va*t eons of time the only 1 i
organic products of beauty or utility!'
[were such as nature In her object-M
less march chanced to produce. But '
j with vfee advent of the highly de-j'
veloped insccts in late Cretaceous 4
I and early Tertiary time the psychic
factor began to react upon the plant
world, and flowers were the direct
product of a growing esthetic faculty,
the response to demands of a
true soul-force in nature. Later the j1
name energy working ir. bird Mf?|!
and mammalian life ushered in the j
rich, showy and nutrient fruits of
the forest and the bread-yieldingly
(Trains of the meadow and the; ^
marsh. The wonderful revolution
wrought by this same growing soul I
in the relations of the sexes among'1
creatures last mentioned might fit- J
tingly form the scheme of the futur? 1
poetry of science. In human society i
the soul is the ^rest transforming j
agency which hss worked its way
up through the stages of savagery;,
and barbarism to civilisation and,
enlightment, the power behind the
throne of reason in the evolution of '
The Register of the Treasury.
To t*e Kditor, The Waahisftos Herat*
As. the much-coveted position
! known as the Register of the
Treasury i-eeros to be uppermost in
j the minds of some of the self-aprointed
leaders of the colored race.
! I beg space through your valuable
| columns to say just a few words
along that line.
We would be very proud, indeed.
tJ see a colored man get any place
in the government service that he
'is worthy of and ?s capable of <111'
ing. But it is idle to assume that
the job of Register of the Treasury
v as created and set aside as an in- >,
'Tieritance for the scheming colored
itliticisns who dare to claim that;
; they carry the votes ot the colored
racc in their vest pockets. That.
It deed, was a thing of the past, but
' ! doesn't hold good today. And
the administration, be it Democrat
It#/ Republican, that appoints a colored
m*n to a big position with the
understanding that the colored vote
will be given to it a* a reward for
Sijch transactions will make the sad
mistake of its life.
| The colored race is not bothered
very much about who is Register of
J the Treasury just so it gets better
j treatment as loyal American citizens.
If this administration desires
i to do something to benefit th^ many. !
then let it give just treatment of I
ilthe entire colored race.
No msn, be he white or black,
red. brown or yellow, can be a sue- j
I ccssful leader of his race if he
allows his tongue to be hushed and
l.Js hands tied with a lucrative
'office given to him by the master
. j he must obey. No. Such a servsnt,
, j dares not to indulge in free speech
jar to take rsrt in any actions
j which are Intended for the uplift of
jhis followers. If such actions do not,
,j meet with the favor of his lord and
1 master. Such leaders, therefore, are
worthless. And the colored people,
whose eyes afe now open, will no
longer pay even the slightest attenI
tlon to them. The day for the
awakening of the colored brethren
and voters is now at hand. They
have a Just grievance which cannot
he appeased with the gift of an
( ll.es to any single individual ot
J. C. CUNNINGHAMSHIP
, WILL BE SALVAGED
Details of the wreck of the Shipping
Board steamer Black Arrow
off the coast of Spain on the 9th
were received by radio here yes- (
terday. Capt. Wllkls In a report,
to the New Yo>k-Cuba Mail Steam-1
ship Company stated that all pas-1
sengers had been removed snd tnatj
there was a chance of getting the!
ship off the rock unassisted.
The Black Arrow is a former Oer-.
mart ship being operated in Cuban;
Spanish business The aeddent oci'
curred at Villano DanarlnesThe
board In pursuant** of its
| policy of reducing the insurance!
values on ships to permit American4
'operators to compete with foreign j
i lines hss Issued a scale <?' values
| calling for ISO per ton on lake ves,
sels. ISO per ton on sieei cargo
I vessels and 1106 per ton on tsnkers.
Titt R?no. Arcirr, n in,/
?* th* tr?? m the u?a, ,-hajtor
f Uo Wll? Flower rr?.rxBtlo.
oclotjr oa Knn<Ur to the m?a4ow
?' * Vlr*1?l. Hlrhlan*. th?
?wwor-raw r.nu.n "
"7.. *" ,ou~1 Th'? Mart. the
rtentlflc nam, of which I. Kabbatia
ifflpftnultit, re?,rt.? ln
lora of th? District of Columhls a.
Phu"lh pr?v'???* ? Tall.
' addition. ?v.r?l plant,
treooe. orchid, wer.
V *? '
MEDICAL ?l KSTIOX AIX) H E. }
TV.iS?"!Tof loo"'*? '?? ?ufc1?
no loncer aimnlv a
ranch of medicine, or at all intiMtolr
UMctatod with the %Ll??.
f ?*4tclne. Dr P. p. Q,y. prof,..
"r?f. P"U,1olo?>' ?t the University
f California, told the Pacific Kec" *
or tne Advancement of Science at
'. Berkeley. Cal, meetln, r^nU*
TThe public health field la very
road and although medical traina*
la desirable for public health
rork, it la no longer adequate for a
omprehenaion of the Held of the
ublic health worker." he pointed
ut. "Many apecialiaed fields. nuch
a aanitary engineering. social eeoiomica.
Induatrial welfare, and iaee^
certain of the medical science*
net* as bacteriology. phyaiologv
re no longer primarily la the hand*
f graduates In medicine. The pracitloner
of medicine himaelf ahoui<i
>o longer imagine that he haa veat4
rights In tbe field of publl.
lealth or indeed that he can bop*
;o control it except inaofar as his
conception of tbe entire problem Is
arger thin that of hie nonmedical
thorough study of tbe extent
f the field covered by public health
ihows, as might be expected, that
he art of public health has con erned
itself primarily with the pre- 1
entlon of disease but has been ?
tome what remiss In attacking the *
problems of vice, delinquency, poverty
and ignorance. It is foreseen
ibat tbe scope of public health will
level op along these lines.
"The whole field of social economics
has been notably neglected.
In this connection the control of
joverty, the care of dependants,
some aspects of city government,
ind the labor problem may be mentioned.
Further conaideration of
industrial hygiene seems important,
not simply from the standpoint of
occupational disease and Ita prevention,
but from the aspect of labor
legislation and efficiency.
"A group of studies that may b"
included under mental hygiene, that
is really a branch of public health,
ire abnormal p*ychology, criminology.
studiea of vice, and child h>giene
and eugenics, which are
rtMKP RM KRKRIII M \ \ BE
.RK AT ANKItK A > < HOP,
The blueberry, tamed and improved
by science, and planted in
he "worthless" peat aoil that it
likes, has a chance to become one
>f the important erope of America
At present the fruit on the market
la almost without exception wild.
Perhaps the delicate flavor of tha^
blueberry has led you to trace it to
Its native haunts and. with vision*
of numerous pies, you have transferred
the plants to your own garden.
only to see them make a bfave
but losing struggle and st lant die
Tou have so successfully treated
other wild berries in the same way
you wonder mhat is the cauee of
your failure with this variety, in
this case, as often, science has come
to your aid. for through a series of
experiments Dr Frederick V. O0vllle,
of the Vntted State* Department
of Agriculture, haa demonstrated
that your garden, with its
rich mineral soil, is not the place
for blueberries, and if you w*ul<i
grow them you must plant them in
an acid or sour soil. Best of all, |s
the poorly decayed acid aoil known
Now that the soil requirement*
have beer, learned, progress ia being
made in blueberry cultivation.
By selecting the largest, handsomest
and best flavored * Tld strains,
experimenter* have greatly increased
the >ield and produced a
fnr more palatable fruit, very mucn
larger than the wild fruit on thm
market. Instead of the graft, which
is usualy u?ed but is unsuccessful .
with the blueberry, cuttings are'
employed for propagation.
A natural blueberry bog near
Flkbart. Ind. mas the first commerces
1 blue'berry plantation. This
was prepared in lR8f by clearing out
other plant* and giving the blueberries
a chance to grow. The n*t
profit* ranged from $1* per acre,
in a year when frost almost destroyed
the crop, to $147 per am.
in a very favorable year.
Tf a number of acres of our socalled
worthies* peat son Is planted
In blueberries, the next few
years wil see a marked increase In
the produetion and improvement In
the quality of this fruit.
The development of listening apparatus.
such a* the geophone. foe
detecting sounds transmitted
through the earth reached such a
point during the late war tnat mining
operations could be conducted
only with the greatest d^iger to
those concerned in fact, mining
nearly ceased along the front, for
this reason, "before trench warfare
The reservoir built by Pontfun
Pilate 2.000 years ago. thirteen
miles aouth of Jeruaal^m has been
enlarged to hold 5.000.00 gallons of!
water. Before this engineering'
work, the Holy City was dependent
upon local rainfall for Its water.
Some of the ciaterns in which the
rain was collected bad not bee*
cleaned for 100 years or more.
Experiments to redetermine tae
velocity of light, one of the moat
fundamental quantities of science.
will be made at Mount Wilson Observatory
by Prof. A, A. Michel eon.
of the University of Chicago. The
present value determined by Foucalt
is uncertain to 1 part la if.
Automatic records of atmospheric
pollution are kept in, Knglamd by
means of an air filter which at the
end of every fifteen minutea draws
a known volume of air througg a
piece of fine blotting paper. The
darkness of the circle of deposit
left on the paper indicate* the
amount of suspended matter 1n tlta
* %. *