Newspaper Page Text
SALES INCREASE, 1
Price Drop and Easy
FORD CANT KEEP UP
His Plant Unable to Fill
Orders; Other Firms
I UKTROrr. Mich.. Aug. 13.?Automotive
dealers In the Middle M est
believe that the buyer*' strike, as far
as It affects automobiles and accessories.
has been broken. Retail
sales in Detroit. Toledo. Cleveland,
Cincinnati and Chicago furnish convincing
proof. Nearly every dealer
reached a new high record in June,
with sales continuing good through
The reduction in prices nas
demonstrated that the public has
had the money to buy, but was
holding back. The dealers have
been amazed at the volume of cash
business they are getting these
day*. In the past six months,
nearly 75 per cent of the automobile?
sold have been on payment
plans. The easy payment had to be
adopief and perfected to make sales
possible, but It has accomplished the
-trick in a manner far exceeding expectations
of the dealers, who were
resigned to the idea that business
must undergo a slump during the
Cash Xales Mount.
But In the past month cash sales
have Jumped, too, and a greater
per cent of cash with sal? has been
rtceived than in the good old days.
Dealers and manufacturers are now
L satisfied in most instances that price
" cuts have proved to the public that
automobiles are a good buy.
Increased activities are reported
at the Oakland Pontlac plant. Chevrolet
reported further reductions in
prices. At the Toledo Overland
plant., where the cut from peak
prices amounted to 33 per cent. 200
workers were taken on last week
in an effort to get up to a rate sufficient
to turn out 12,000 cars- in
The Ford Motor Company i8 now
turning out a car every six and onehalf
seconds. Production figures
given out show that under the July
schedule production averaged 4.306
cars each day. July will show a total
ootput of 109,000 vehicles.
Cast Fill Order*.
During June 103,962 cars* were
turned out. ai .? during the second
quarter of the year?April, May and
June?the production was 301,976
cars. Production during the second
quarter of 1920 was 220,873 cars.
Record production for one day was
established June 23, wh#?n between
soarise and sunset 4.445 cars were
built. And still production does not
keep pace with orders. At the prew*
c-nt time orders are about 140,000
* ahead of production. Ford says.
W The Studebaker meeting to act on
1 the common dividend will be held
soon. Accumulations of the stock
are reported in anticipation *>f favorable
developments at this meeting.
although it is understood that
directors have not yet decided on
whether they will declare anything
extra for the shareholders.
Coali Ctat Meltn.
Studebaker still has $15,000,000 of
common stock in Its treasury. It
would bo possible with present earnings
to distribute this $15,000,000 as
a common stock dividend amounting
to 25 per cent on the $60,000,000 of
common stock now outstanding anci
still continue to pay 7 per cent in
cash on $75,000,000.
Directors will announce the second
quarter's earnings at this meeting,
and it is certain that they will
make a most impressive showing. It
is understood that Studebaker's unfilled
orders Just now are greater in
number than at any time this year,
and production in the third quarter
is expected to run upward of i5.090
cars, establishing a new record.
During the first six months of
1?21 the Franklin company, of Syra1
C f Motor 1
Has Seen World-wide
The men who iavented the three I
greatest everyday features of civilised
progress are still hale and
heaxty. Thomas A. Edison inventoi
the electric light, Alexander Graham
Bell invested the telephone,
Eiwood Haynes invented the motor
A carriage ran without horses,
light came from a vacuum and two
men talked to each other at the
1 same time 1.000 miles apart. Yet
not one of the three men mentioned
| 48 the inventors appears to have sat !
?'own and tried to do the mlracu* !
loua. Each of them patiently |
worked to create something practl- j
cal. something which would serve ;
humanity. Each of them had fore- :
sight?had vision. None of them !
cared two whoops for ridicule- or
Elwood Haynes ?aw his invention
s*eep the world Inside of a quarter
of a century. His first car stands
today in the Smithsonian Institution,
where are also Edison's first
wcrk and Bell's first telephone.
ftkelch of Hayaes* Life.
A brief biography of Elwood i
1857?October 14. born Portland. '
1872 ? Invented apparatus for
making cxygen. Succeeded in
; melting brass, castiron and high
: arbon steel, using furnace and
j blower of his own construction.
1878?Entered Worcester Poly
technic Institute, Worcester, Mass. j
18511?Graduated from Worcester; j
thesis, "The Effect of Tungsten on :
I cuse. produced and sold to^lts deal- j
: ?rs 5.882 cars, equal to 82 per cent j
| oi the output, and sales for the corresponding
period of 1920. Of the j
i total produced 1,038 cars were j
j shipped in June. The value of the '
production of the flrst half of the
j year at retail prices was equal to I
| That there is no let-up in the deI
mand for the Franklin seems evl- '
| dent in the announcement that
since ||une 24 the daily output!
| schedule has been increased from
; forty to forty-three. The former i
| figures had been the schedule since i
February 10. This increase of three i
j cars a day is at the rate of ap- !
proximately seventy-five a month ;
! and is based on actually less than ;
I the demand from distributors. It !
! shows that the company continues
! cautious production program.
Of the 3,200 employes on the pay- i
i tell of the Franklin company. 1.328.
or 40 per cent, have purchased com- \
' mon stock of the company. The )
company '.ia.s just declared a com- j
mon stock dividend of HO cents a j
share and announced that profits for '
he flrst five month* of 1921 are estimated
at more than $775,000. after
j taxes. The officials advise the
J workers to invest their savings in
government. State, municipal, town
and company bonds, many of which j
wilt afford a sound income on a
basis of 41? to per cent.
W III> m-Ot erlnnd Better.
f>e?-laring that the Willys-Over- i
land is in a greatly improved financial
condition. John N. Willys, in a
statement, says the company has !
$10,000,000 cash in hand, and its j
outstanding bank obligations are
"Our $125,000,000 assets are em-j
ployed to better advantage at j
I present than at any other time," he J
: said. '
Willys announced there would be ;
r.o further price cuts in Overland j
liars, declaring an approximate re- |
1 duction of 33 per cent already had 1
!been made in hope of getting I
greatly increased business. The !
purpose of the price cuts is being
j fully achieved, he said.
"We are nearing the completion j
! of one of the most successful pro- '
j duction months we have had since 1
J the war," Willys said. "The pubj
lie has welcomed the great price re- '
j duction in Overland and Willys- !
Knisht cars with open arms.
"The Willys-Overland car like- I
| wise is a wonderful value and we
, expect It to sell in increasing num- !
bers as" we are able to take care j
i of the demand for increased distri- I
uction on "C-48" 1-.
change?the same <
car than ever befor<
se are bottom prici
ch a car at the prii
E. J. QUINN M01
824 Fourteenth S
t j k <
* , - .... > J.
Car, Still Hale
Growth of His Idea
Iron and lUil." Discovered tunc*
ten chrome itiil.
I <?*->??Principal of Portland
(Ind.) Hl(h School.
11*4 ? Ent.r.d Johns Hopkins
I nlverslty, Baltimore. Md., and
took post-graduate course In chemistry
? ?Manager 0f Portland
Natural Oas and Oil Company. Portland,
Deslcu "Horseless Curiae*."
1**7?Conceived Idea ot a "horseless
1888?Invented small vapor th?r<
1890?Field superintendent of Intl.ana
Natural lias and Oil Com: ??>.
<hicagc, with headquarters at
1891?Prepared drawings for the
<obstruction of a "horseless carriage."
189!?Completed the plans for the
actual construction of the macl
lne. Moved to Kokomo Ind.
1893?November 30. bought onehorse
power Sinu marine upright,
two-cycle gasoline engine.
1893?94?Built the "homeless carriage"
and drove It on the Brst trip
July 4. 1894.
1894?Invented successful carburiter
an.i first automobile mulTier.
Win Newspaper PrCw.
1S96?Introduced use of aluminum
into automobile engine construction.
Won 1150 from Chicago
Times-Herald for best balanced enpin*
in "horseless carriage."
1895?Nickel steel Introduced into
1*97?Alloy of chromium and!
nickel containing carbon and sill/
? II > of pure chromium and
1899?Made (Irst 1.000-mile trip in
motor car In America, Kokomo to
Ne- v0rk City.
1905?Rotary valve gas engine invented
Patents a Metal.
1906?Basic Invention of steltlte
for use In table and pocket knives,
etc., made of nickel or cobalt with
!' ?Obtained basic patent on
1912?Improved invention of stellite
to Include use in high-speed
metal-cutting tools. Invented
"stainless steel." rustless.
Haynes is a member of the following
institutions and organizations
more or less directly connected
with the automobile business: !
Iron and Steel Institute of Great j
Britain. American Chemical Society.
International Congress of Applied
Chemistry. Society of Automotive
Engineers. American Institute of
Metals. Chicago Automobile Club. '
I lousier Automobile Club. Old- I
Timers" Club, Automobile Legal Association.
Prince Georges to Have j
Turo Baseball Leagues
IIYATTSVILiLE, Md. Aug. 13.?
representatives from laurel. Belts- j
ville, Laniover. Berwyn and Hy- I
attsville at a meeting tonight in
iue National Guard Armory here, '
indorsed a plan to form two base- I
ball leagues |n Prince eGorges !
County next year. It was agreed
that a league could be organized in
ti-e upper end of the mvnty to be I
composed of Laurel, Berwyn, '
Kranchville. Bcltsville. Hyattsville. |
Brentwood or such teams In this
section as might want representation.
and that a lower county leagus
.ouid be formed with Upper Marl j
hoio. Clinton. Fort Foote. Seat |
I'icasant and other towns repre- '
Pleasant and other towns represent!.
The winner In each league
v ould meet In a series to determine |
the county championship. Definite
action was postponed to February ;
'. when Edward A. Fuller, Jr.. of [
the Hyattsville Independent, will
mil meting of various clubs to !
I*lc.n for the season.
F. M. Robinson Gets Divorce.
roCKVlLLE.Md.. Aug. 13. in
th# circuit oourt here Judge Ed- 1
ward C. Teter has signed adecree 1
anting to Francis M. oRbinson,
t this county, an absolute divorce
from Mrs. Frances M. Robinson, now ;
cf Washington. on statutory i
standard units. R*
es. Never again w
POR SALES CO,
TO REPEAT RECORD
OVER PIKE'S PEA*
Greatest Effort in
tory of National Event
Now Beihff Made.
Beertuee of the overwhelming vie
tory of two Lexington spec tela li
winning first and aeco^J ptacea li
the annual Plke'a Paak hill climb
Inf contest on Labor Day. 1I1G. th<
greatest competition In the hlaton
of thla. premier motor event, la
pected when the care get away nex
Labor Day. September 6.
I,exlngton is already preparing t<
defend lta title of "World's Hill
Climbing Champion." In the hand:
of Ot Loesche and A1 Cllne. who woj
first and aecond reapectlvely laa
year, the two Lexington specials an
now at the courae being tuned ui
for the contest
Few people except thoae who hav.
witnessed the event realize wha
the Pike's Peak hill climb Involve*
Like other mountain roads, thi
Pike Peak course Is cut Into th<
sides of the slopes. To go over th<
unprotected edge *:uld meai
crashing Into unknown depts any
where from 1,000 to 5,000 feet be
Racing cars mount the long grad<
at 40 to 46 miles an hour, in place
reaching a speed of sixty mile*
Some of the sharp turns are takei
at high speed. The timber line I:
reached at 11.880 feet above sc.
level. From that point on tlx
character of the landscape change*
to chilling bleakness. It is her
that the famous "switchbacks' o
"hairpin turns" really start.
The average grade is 7 per cen
and the maximum grade 10 1-2 pe
cent, but it Is always up. up. up
No car goes very far at any tim
on high gear. It is practically at
second or low gear. No car can Or
scend with the use of brakes atom
The braking power of the engin
also must be used.
The race course starts at Crysta
Creek bridge and ends at the ver;
summit of the peak, 14.109 f*<?
above the sea. The course measure
exactly 12 miles and 2,000 feet. T
this distance It climbs over 4.00
feet and every inch of it is of ;
"WHIP" ELWINA TEL
One of the greatest advance
made recently in automobile engi
neering has been the use of a great
ly improved crankshaft, with fou
bearings, thus minimizing the vl
bration and noise which occur 1
For several years auto builder
have been adopting heavier crank
shafts, made of better quality ma
terlal, in order to reduce vlbratlof
It Is believed that many will go j
step further, as the Liberty engl
neers did, and practically eliminat
vibration and noise by giving th
crankshaft the extra support sup
piled by an additional bearing.
The so-called "whip'* In a crank
shaft Is to blame for much of thi
noise and vibration, and it was t<
get away from this "whip" tha
many cars adopted a fourth bear
Ing. This added bearinir aids th'
crankshaft In resisting thr strain
Imposed upon it by the explosion
In the cylinders. It is on the prtn
clple of a bridge being supporter
In the middle by two piers fnstea<
How to Lengthen Valve.
With regard to valves, they ofte
become short in the stem fron
constant hammering. and if th
tappets are not of the adjustabl
type the proper opening or tn
valves canot be attained. There ar
several ways of adding a piece c
steel to the stem, but with the tool
ordinarily available the best way 1
to drill a small hole from 3-32 to 1of
an inch in diameter up the ster
and then flic a steel pin that ca
be sunk in very tight. Drill an
countersink a hole through a piec
of steel, strip and rivet into th
stem by the projecting bit of stee
pin. Finally trim off with a knife.
* j * < ?.
, . v . \ - ,
1 For $4,0C
L Award Will Go to Wi
"Good Roads and H
Three distinguished judges, each
widely known In hi* individual field,
will constitute a national committee
to award!the four-year universlt
ty scholarship offered for the best
s essay written on the subject "Good
Roads and Highway Transport" in
a national contest aong high school
pupils conducted under the auspices
; of the highway and highway transf
post education committee which has
J- headquarters here.
t According to announcement of the
committee, the Judges will be Dean
o A. N. Johnson, department of en.
glneering, University of Maryland.
b chairman; Harford Powell, Jr., edl-j
t tor of Collier's Weekly, and C. H. i
^ Huston, assistant secretary of the |
c Department of Commerce and pres}
ident of the Lee Highway Association.
e Ts Choose from Bent.
t Upon the decision of these judges
*. resfg the hopes and ambitions of
ft tens of thousand!* of high school
r boys and girls from every State in
b the HJnion. During the last six
n weeks offices of high school princi|
pals^ind city and State superintendf
*ents of schools have been deluged'
with essays and manuscripts. These
ft now are being sifted and sorted, the
: TRACE ACCIDENTS
:: TO FAULTY BRAKES
t New Scheme to t'se Engine
As Retarding Force
\ On Hills.
* Many automobile accidents in this
e country are due to faulty brakes,
according to reports of the daily
y In some sections hills are so steep
t that signs are put up to warn mo8
torists that ordinary service anil
n emergency brakes are inadequate.
0 | and suggesting that th?- engine be
1 ; used as a brake, act?** through
low gear. Even this precaution.
! however, is often insufficient to
hold the car.
r Particularly interesting in this
connection ire the unusual braking
facilities provided on a ?ar whtcn
n j has recently appeared on the market.
By means of an improved friction
transmission the drive may b<
r | shifted from forward to reverse
with no harm, resulting. Very pown
erful mechanical braking is thus*
obtained. the engine working
s against the forward motion of the
! wheels. It in even possible to bring
" ! the car to a complete stop on a hill.
Hand without any gear shifting go
4 j up the hill backwards.
" ! If an attempt were made t*> go
0 j into reverse while in forward nv*R
tion In a car with the ordinary typo
; of transmission, it would ruin the
gears. In employing this distinct'
ive form of transmission, this ear
the Kclsev six. built by the K*Ms?y
^ Motor Company, of Newark. N\ J..
1 does away with 123 heavy, complicated
parts. It comprises a straight
n line shaft drive, with transmission
s and final drive through a jack-shaft
* and internal gears enclosed wftn?n
" the brake drums on the rear wheels.
. i Hfc efficient is this friction drive
i in braking the car tlt%.t the wheels
? do not skid, as usually happens
' when brakes are applied -?n steep
e I ?
J BUICK TOURINC
It was an awful good bu;
5 and it's down $50 today?on ao
I Mid-August Sale.
There's no end to the "go" ii
They're regular bears for hard
one is the cheapest, dependab!
tatioti we know of at our Midprice.
I PAIGE TOURING
Just been reconditioned" intd
value you ever saw. We cut
size of the Mid-August Sale
A cracker jack at half agai
But fce got it cheap?and it's cl
ever at our Mid-August price.
| REO TOURING
I If 1 didn't own a llaynes, I
I oar myself It wears a hustl
1 tag. too.
I HUDSON TOURIN
Super-Six with three brand
tires. Give this job a coat oi
it will be worth three times w
in our Mid-August sale. ?
: r1 7T~ V
< I-! W fJ
v _ s
iter of Best Essay on
bast from each State bains chosen
by a process of elimination. It ia
these beat essays that will be presented
to tha national Judgea. together
with the beat esaay submit- 1
ted from the Distinct* of Columbia.
Porto Rico, ?nd AlMftta respectively.
The scholarship Hi the flft of R.
S. Firestone, of Akron. Ohio, a mem* ;
bar of the committee, offered at ;
the requeat of h'a associates on the ;
the committee. Tha contest reprenenta
the first renewal of the Firestone
scholarship, the first having
been won by Miss.Katharine Butterfield,
of Wetaef. Idaho, who attended
school last year under Its provisions.
! It Is believed a almllar contest will .
be held next year, tha committee
| being urged by eminent educational
authorities to repeat a contest that
: enlists the activities ? and sympathies
of pupils and teecberd*aint*.
The 1922 contest will be announced
j in February, accrdins to present
, plans, and closed* prior to eqfn- ;
mancement exercises in the schools.
Scholarship Worth W.WO.
Arrangements arr bains made by
, the highway committee to have each
i of the fifty-one essays typed unli
formly and given a serial number
i for the consideration of the Judges,
j In that manner the Judges will be j
i unaware of the sex of the writer, i
or the section of the country from,
whtch the essay comes. They will,
therefore, be swayed by no motives
except the inherent qualities of the
' manuscripts themselves.
After the Judges ha*?e eliminated
all but the best of the L*"t>'-one they
will read, a meeting will be called
st Washington, when they will
again go carefully over the. essays1
and make their final decision. -It is
believed the result will be known
To Cut Rubber
Has Saw Edge
j Ilubber canot be*easily cut witn
common shears, but by takintr a
pair of these and grinding one blade
to a saw tooth ?lfc an excellent
tool for this purpose will be projdurqd.
The saw teeth grip the rubber
and prevent its sliding between
I the blades as it usualy does.
Tighten Lugs Slouly
When Fastening Kims
It is very important after a ttre
! has been changed that the rim shall
i be properly replaced. In this ry?'
nectlon it i* not Rood practice t??
| tighten each lug fully before going
to tl?c next. The proper way Ik *?
j tighten one lug a little, then thr
'one opposite a little, and so on until
they are all snugly in place. If
each lug is tightened all the war
j the rim is likely to go on a Itttio
I askew an?l this makes for squeak*
and general loosener, perhaps t"
'the extent *>f the rim's u??rkii?g ?*rf
Removing a Stubborn Nut.
A nut that refuses to l?e moved
i In the ordinary course- may he cenjerally
started by heating an ??pcn\
end wrench which tits ttic nut an*
I letting it rest thereon for a few
minutes. The wrench may be heatled
with a blowtorch, but do not
heat the nut with the torch, there|
by defeating the object of the creation.
ve Tumbled in
y yesterday Just now
count of our
tioned cars a
ii s Haynes. offered?the
SlUe partment ha
flock of then
this week. ^
i down the them move ou
Mr we have gasl
TER the limit.
n as much.
has been thr
-,.k.thu Conditioning I
e-out price . . . .
know it is rig!
G Just come
ha * wl ? Pare values!
"You See the New He
EN, SAYS MID-WEST*
Id time (or tbs successful od*tt?laat \ senior in high school. Ot i?1 ,
to snter college ths ooming school of the scholarship will bs *mt<
ysar. If tbs winner Is a senior until the winner ts M<r !?
student. In ths sTtnt ths national advantage of It. TV* ssMf"
prise l? given any pup'l othsr than has a value of aot Mas ItaS PC'**
CLEARING SALE J
Absolutely Firsts '
SPECIAL 30x3Vi at $9.80
We are offering to the public a well-known make of ?jr
with a 6.ooo-mile factory guarantee at the following ndiculosk ! "
low prices. Century Tires are sturdy, hnsky tires bnftt b
expert workmen of the .best* material '
30x3 $8.25 .. 30x3 $1JS
30x34 1.(9 30x3Vt 2.M
, 32x3 J/2 13.75 ^2*3Mr 2H
3,x4 ' 15.75
32x4 K-ST 33x4 IM
34x4 17.75 34x4 3Jft
32x44 , 20.ftft 32x44 3.M
33x4'/2 - 20.00 ' 33x4>/2 3.M
34x44 20.N 34x4'- 3H
35x44.' 20.00 35x4?/2 SJft
30x4' ,- 20.0ft 36x44 3 ?0
35x5 24.50 37x5 3.H
37x5 24.50 1 37x5'/2 3 N *
LColumbia Auto Supply Co
13th and H Sts. N. W. Phone Fruklm Zlt
What comes after
the purchase price?
a ? '
-?M i yTocrtni
C?r MS Rotdner MS! MmHW Comp* tlftV
PtBf! Budnm Car |1 US Brrm BnMerM C? r 9YMB
F. O I rm&ff ? '
semmes motor company
1132-34 Canaecticat Athh
Telephone Main 6660
? e _
Our Mid-August Sale of
we have the .Nut ev?-n broken in. Run less than 4.- l
(Ktu mile*. A trprnfndouf bargain tHat
of recondi *on't last long at our Mid-August figure t
?e have ever . OVERLAND SEDAN f'
new car de- Oin- of the kind that take all the bounce
out of th?? road, and give you more miles ' . .
I per pallor, h"n you pay cents for cas
~ The price i* just H good 'penny-aate" ,
is turned a stake, too.
n over to us
to make ^ne ^;yOU*u ^ proud to h4*
in. But don't ever tell anyone how little
it just as fast, i it cost, causa* our Mid-August sale price r
" is mighty fmall.
led prices to ?
, A 'little dandy that you are bound to
like. And the price is one of those figures
easy to say, too. It's a six cylinder peach
it, every one
ough our Re- hupm0b1le touring i
^Vinrfc anrl wp Here s a mighty gooj car*that you won't I
^Uur WC have to spend a cent on?and you'll be I
tickled to get it at our Mid-August Bar
. gain counter. The price dont amount ts I
|t! v much. |
in and com- buick roadster j
Handled an am-ful lot of these cam the
last couple of months. Folks seem to like .
>m too. We've had to ask more for moot
of them than for this one In our Mid- I
August sale. I
AR SALESROOM J U>
i Street N. W. JPy
iynes Everywhere9' h9 q to3p' m'&