Newspaper Page Text
I'SsS Uasftmgton IHeralb IKSISi
NO. 5402 WASHINGTON. D. a. SATURDAY. AUGUST 20. 1921-SIXTEEN PAGES * ONE CENT
It Used to Be Customi
1 fore Killini
TO BAY STATE MOB
i Promises Strict Justice
For 3 Negroes Held
BOSTON, Aug. 1??C?a
tonight telephoned **"*"
I. L. at Bar..table
that If neeeaaary l? woo Id K"'
r.anlamr. t. ??" ! ?
lynching of three
tkrrr rfc?r?ed with ?ttKU?i
BOSTON. Aug. 19.?Gov. Channlng
1 Cox late today Issued a proclamation
to the people of Wareham.
Mass.. asking for a return to law
! and order, as a result of an attempt
I by 200 angry citizens to break Into
| jail and lynch three negroes accused
of attacking a wh,te, *,
The mob stormed the Jail at
Barnstable, but was driven off by
the Jail guards, who fired over the
heads of the attackers.
In his appeal Gov. Co* said:
"To the men and women of "areh*"The
whole Commonwealth Is
I shocked beyond measure by the reported
treatment of three of your
1 respected citizens. Every sood clti|
Zen will insist that those who have
, committed such barbarous outrage?
shall be brought to Justice. The
1 whole power of the Commonwealth
will be extended to apprehend and
\ punish those who are guilty of such
**n atrocious crime.
Rebukes l.fsch Law.
I "It cannot be. however, that any
man or group of men shall be perI
mltted to take the law into their
own hands. The eyes of the nation
I have recently turned to Plymouth,
your neighboring town, as the
President of the United States paid
i his tribute to those sturdy men and
women who established civil liberty
1 under our government.
"The nation has rejoiced with us
; of Massachusetts in our great
i heritage. Let us of today be
worthy inheritors of a glorious
past. Let us. In spite of outraged
feelings, rememberour duty to uphold
the law. Let the older counsel
the younger. Let reason rule.
I.et not the fair of Wareham
be stained by the act of an angry
Sympathy for Victim.
"However deep our sympathy for
the iprocent victim of despicable
savages, let It still be to the honor
and glory of the good people of
Massachusetts that they hove the
confidence In their courts, that they
believe in orderly procedure."
Stormed the Barnstable Jail.
The crowd, armed with crowbars
, axes and sledge hammers,
demanded the handing over ot
three West Indian negroes accused
of a brutal attack on Miss Helen
Butler and her escort on a lonelv
Cape Cod road.
The demonstrators were about to
storm the Jail in the hope of dragging
out the men when guards
fired. The crowd fell back and
within an hour had disappeared.
Three Men McstlM.
Miss Butler's statement that sh?
had no doubt of the prisoners being
the men who attacked her led th?
crowd to demand their surrender
by prison authorities.
Ten additional State constabulary
officers were rushed to Barnstable
after the attack to guard
the county Jail.
The officers were sent at the
urgent request of State Detective
Bradford who said that more
guards were needed in case of another
attempt to lynch the prisoaers
WAR IN IRELAND
Lords and Commons Both
Firm Against More
STAND OF PREMIER
Labor and Unionist
Chiefs Agree to Lloyd
CBfMial GaMa t? TW WuMactaa Xnld.)
IX>NDON. Aug It.?Sinn Fain
Ireland heard the rattle of the
British saber In the house of 4ords
this afternoon when Lord Birkenhead.
supporting Lord Cnrson's motion
for adjournment until October,
told the peers that the rejection of
Lloyd George's te-ms means civil
Conflict Is necessary, said Lord
Birkenhead, for the purpose of preventing
the secession of Southern
Ireland from the British Empire.
Premier Lloyd George In the
house of commons gave utterance
to a statesmanlike and carefully
worded warning of the government's
attitude If a breakdown In
the negotiations occurs. While the
premier was speaking. Birkenhead
and Curson gave voice to their bold
and warlike sentiments to the great
satisfaction of the Unionists, who
are strenuously opposing the liberal
terms of the government.
Says Feree T?e Small.
Lord Birkenhead said: "If the
events of the past year nave proved
anything they have proved that the
number of soldiers and police In
Ireland were Inadequate.
"In the event of a breakdown In
the negotiations the government
will take whatever steps are nec ?*ary
to prevent secession and
take those steps with the spirit
and determination adopted by the
Northern States of American towards
the South In 18?1."
Still Has Hope.
In the house of commons Lloyd
Ooorgn appeared still hopeful, but
he left no doubt that If the teAns
w-r* rejected the government
would accept It as an unmistakable
challenge to the authority of the
enws and the unity of th. empire.
The premier naked for a free
hand for the executive department#
to take emergency measures
until Parliament can be summoned.
He divulged the fact that the government's
plan la. and that It la all
prepared, to throw unprecedented
military forces across the Irish Sea.
These Important statement* by
the two government leaders clearly
emphasized that Britain has placed
all her cards on the table.
They are believed to reveal a
solidarity of political opinion In
England where the offer la considered
very liberal?the only criticism
In fact coming from the
Unionist groups, which claim that
It is, if anything, too generous In Its
Wlas Labor Support.
This Is particularly Indicated In
the attitude of Herbert H. Asqulth
, and J. H. Thomas, of the Opposition
and Labor parties, both of whom
are usually found in bitter debate
against Lloyd George's policies, but
Who on this occasion are found
Lloyd George's speech Itself has
served to stabilise the nervousness
which has developed through the
lie opened his eagerly expected
statement carefully and cautiously,
"Nothing can be said at "this stage
which can be possibly helpful?and
there Is the danger that aome word
will be used which would be capable
"The Irish atmosphere at best Is
always full of suspicion which distorts
facts as well as fancies. Great
Britain must accept her full share
f the responsibility for this condition
of Irish atmosphere.
"All the government has to say
has been said in the two letters to
Wants World Sympathy.
The premier frankly declared
that the reason that the complete
terms were embodied In these lett?
ra was because of "the Importance
of ranging by the side of these proposals
all the sane opinion, not
merely of England and Ireland, but
that of the whole world."
Lloyd George defended the government
from the criticism that the
terms were too liberal by empasising
the government's desire to
placate the Irish people.
"In Ireland, as far as I can see."
he said, "there is doubt not so
much as to the terms, as to whether
the government really meant them
or not. That Is a question of explanation.
The outline cannot be altered nor
the basis changed."
The approval of Lloyd George's
Irish proposals by his political
enemy. Asqulth, was categorical.
Thomas, however, added that the
negotiations had "reached a stage
where the Irish question has ceased
to be a party question, and should
be Viewed neither from the standPoint
of party nor political advantage."
Means to Conciliate
Ulster Faction Sought
DUBLIN. Aug. 1?.?While the Dall
Elreann was taking a 14-hour recess
and the British government
?*s reiterating In London its determination
to stand on Its original
Proposals aa the maximum concession
to be offered Sinn Fein, the
Irish cabinet was drafting tentative
Proposals for consideration by tbe
Irish parliament at ita meeting tomorrow,
it Is believed.
. Qr??P meetings and semi-official
discussion of the situation kept
members of the Dall Elreann busy
throughout today, bnt officially It
? * day ?f inaction.
' gradually gaining
MBjraa> am taam sight
try for the Prodigal Son
I the Fatted Calf?By J.
Five Days Left
To Enter Lists
Herald Office Receives
Flood of Picture$ as
End Near s.
With only llrt dIra iriullln*
' ?'lck raadlditfa for the
distinction ( hflng selected
WnaklntROR-' may n?bml1
their pknlonnpki to the art
editor of Tkf Herald, the office
? literally belnB swamped with
j picture* of the Districts'! moat
benntlful yonnc nomen.
While It will be Impossible
to publish all of the photographs
|a The Herakl. due to
the time repaired la preparing
them for reprodactloa and the
fact that the aamber far exceeds
the space available, no
discrimination will be shown In
selecting the ones to be nsed la
It mast be stressed again,
however, that pnbilcatloa la the
?ewspaper, or omission. In no
War affects the relative standin*
of the candidates.
CONTINUED ON PAGE NINB.
PACKERS IN MOVE
j TO LOWER PRICES
Would Restrict Shipments to
Make Retailers Reduce
CHICAGO, Aug. 1J?A movement
by commission men and packers to
restrict Incoming shipments of liveI
stock, and which eventualy may
j have the effect of forcing retail
prices of meat downward, came to*ay
in an appeal sent broadcast by
Everett C. Brown, president of the
National Livestock Exchange.
1 "The dressed beef trad? is In a demoralized
condition,'* It was ex
plained. "Although wholesale prices
of beef have dropped until forequarters
are selling In soma, places
at 4 cents a pound, retail prices
have not come down.
"With retail prices up, the public
<s not buying. With that condition
existing the retailer, of course. Is
not selling and Is consequently not
buying from the wholesaler, who In
. turn has restricted his orders from
the packers. .Meanwhile, from the
Western markets the usual shlp.
ments of cattle for this time of
, year are being shipped and the
packers force are converting the
shipments Into dressed meats."
The solution of the situation, according
to commission men and
packers, lies in the hands of the retailers.
The wholesale price of beef
1 has ben steadily declining; the retail
price has been held practically
on the same level. If the retail
SL'iVL" .Z""le 'owered in comparison
with the decline In wholesale prices
, It is argued that the public would
be stimulated Into buying the
, cheaper cuts of meat thu* opening
the market for distribution all along
The Sunday Herald
| Will contain a long installment
of "The Fortune Hunter,
the enthralling serial by
Ruby Ayres, which has been
appealing daily in The
Herakl. This installment will
i appear in the magazine section.
i to Return Home BeN.
iii/ihl i.in in
AID TO PRESIDENT
PROPOSED IN NEW1
* .. A
Would Take Big Load of:
Detail Off Chiefs
j The scheme for executive reor-J
ganization, now nearlng completion,
will call for creation of the office
of "assistant to the President/* It
The object of the new office would
be to take from the shoulders of the
President a mass of detailed executive
labor which overburdens hirti
with work and distracts his attention
from the biff problems of government.
Creation of the post has been discussed
for some timo and the,
scheme of reorganization, shortly to
be put before the Congressiohal
Joint Commission on Executive Reorganization
by "Walter F. Brown,
will provide for It. Brown is the
President's personal representative
; on the commission and has actcd as
I its chairman.
Broad Powers Proposed.
The President's duties a? the administrative
branches are now con:
stituted, Involve direct responsibility
for a largo number of estabj
lishments which are not under the
j control of any Cabinet officer such
as the Shipping Board, the Interstate
Commerce Commission, the
Federal Trade Commission ana
i about forty other offices of various
; kinds. They give rise to a larg*
amount of routine work, which It is
thought an assistant with broad
1 powers could properly discharge.
Perhaps of greater importance in
adding* to the work of the President
are the multiplicity of duties con|
ferred upon *hlm by various laws,
j Where Congress desires to give
discretion to the adminstrativt
| branches, that discretion Is vested
as a usual thing in the President
And there are scores of routine
! transactions Involving participation
j of the President as the Chief ExI
ecutive Officer of the government.
Aci as Buffer.
The assistant, proponents of the
project argue, could likewise act as
a buffer for the President, and act
for him In numerous minor questions
which come to the White
The new officer. It wag explained,
would be an "assistant to the
President," and not an "assistant
President."' There is no intention
CONTINUED ON PAGE FIVE.
PARIS, Aug. 19.?Prince Alexander
of Serbia, regent of the new
kingdom, is not in a hospital at all,
but in the Hotel Continental here,
and his worst illness is what might
be termed a "diplomatic broken
lefc." However, the doctors who
were reported to have operated on'
him for appendicitis, are sfill trying
to maintain the bluff that he Is in
the hospital at Neuilly.
Just why the Prince chose to represent
himself as unable to return
to Belgrade for the funeral of his
father. King Peter, whose body still
lies in state there awaiting burial
on Mondiy, i:' a matter of conjecture.
Some observers believe he
did ?o because he tears to return
to Belgrade. His elder brother,
George, who renounced his right of
succession under pressure of Austria.
may now re-assert his claim
and It Is understood that Alexander
would rather let him make the first
move. - Or the political powers may
decide to award tlve crown to the
family of the late king's trother.
King Peter's body will be taken
to TeooU^for burial.
TO END CHAOS
President Slashes Ancient
Manners in Battle for
ASKS U. S. TO PICK J
"Man With a Program"
Seeks to Yank His Land '
From Slough. j
IQUIQUE. Chile, Aug. 19.?Peruvian
cuatoma are to be managed by
an American administrator at soon ,
as the United States government j
recommends a man for this place. 4
This action will be followed by com- 1
plete reorganisation of Peru's entire
administrative structure under the
direction of Americans, according 1
to an interview with President j
"We are only awaiting the United
States government's recommends- 1
tiona before ordering a thorough
reorganisation of the customs house J
under an American administrator/'
he said. **I am convinced that we
can materially increase the republic's
revenue if the customs are in
the hands of Americans. My hope
Is to put an American in charge of |
every branch of our government's '
Americana There Now.
The navy already Is being organized
under a United States naval
mission; an American educator is
reorganizing our school system, and
nation-wide irrigation and sanitary
projects are in American hands.'*
Asked if this was not one of the
reasons for political opposition to
him, he replied:
"Tee. my enemies are making a 1
political issue of this part of my 3
program, saying I plan to deliver
Peru to Americans. This is n6t
true. I only desire an efficient business
administration and I am convinced
that this is best possible
under Americans **
Concerning the deportation of
many Peruvian citizens, he said:
"1 am compelled to use these
methods because these men are continually
blocking every move and
making it Impossible to concentrate
my attention on the administration.
I was honestly elected In
a fair election and they attempted
to prevent my assuming office. I
was forced to resort to a revolution
to get my rights, since which they
have not given me a moment's rest.
They went so far as to set Are to
the government palace on the eve
of the centennial celebration to embarrass
me In the eyes of visitors.
I am the only President of Peru
who ever had a program or policy
of government and I am determined
to put it into effect. My opponents
have no program and no grounds
for wishing my overthrow except to
get control of the country.
"The trouble is, they have plotted
for revolutions all their lives and j
everyone else has been too lenient'
with them. I Intend to break them
of the habit"
Seeks U. S. Loas.
Asked why it was necessary to J
ignore the courts If he had proof I
of revolutionary activities, he aaid: |
"It is not necessary to consult
the courts because we have a law
permitting government deportations!
without trial if anyone is caught)
in revolutionary activities."
President Leguia blamed hla political
enemies for the country's
present desperate financial condition.
lie states that tha present i
congress will approve creating* a
national bank which will solve the j
difficulties through being a bank of i
issue, and In the meantime he hopes '
to float a loan in the United States1
which will tide the country over I
until the bank is established. The j
last congress refused to establish i
the bank on the ground that it
threatened an uncontrolled issue of!
President Legula aald New York
bankers had offered to lend con- i
siderably less than the amount re- j
quested but he rejected it, stating;
that the country must have the entire
amount in one loan and that
If It could not be floated In tha
United 8tates he would taka It
SKILL AS PAINTER
Lends Hand With Brush
To Union Workmen at
KnrybNr In tt, country
probably known by thl. time
that Warn, ?. Hnrdla?. before
he became Prenldeat. waa aa
But few ean rcmrmbcr when
he waa a painter, a'd a good
ae. He proved hla rraft.aaaaahlp
yeaterday. On hla way from
the Kaeeatlve Mansion nrroaa
to hla office thla afteraooa. he
atopped to watch a?e of the
painter, eaxasrd la the bo.lae.a
of maklas the White Houae
"Here. yo? don't know how to
do that." the Prealdeat jokingly
remarked to one of the astoaad d
workmen. "Let me ahow you.**
Taklas tkt branh. be dipped
It la the palat pot and want to
' When did yon loar? the
trade. Mr. Prealdeat V aaked the
"Why, oa the <*ay Prealdeat
Garfield waa ahot. I mot my flrat
coatract. It waa far palatini
a Baptlat ehnreh ifear Martoa.
1 did It. too." aald the Prealdeat.
"Have TOO ^ot yowr aaloa
card P he waa aaked.
"Tfcey dldat have painter.*,
aaloa. la thone days Mt la my
ooantry," aald the Preatdeait. aa
fee waa fareed to fftTe >p hla
palatlag Job for aa Important
"Peace by Um
Observers Believe Lloy<
Instead of AmericanMust
A co-operative understanding, |
lubscribed to by all powers inter-j
istcd In tha Pacific, would and
probably will be the counter-proposal
of the American delegation
it the armament conference to |
Unglo -Japanese suggestions of
American participation In any Pacific
Premier Lloyd George. In his;
ipeech to the house of commons;
i?n the present pact between England
and Japan, made tha follow-,
Ing statement regarded here as j
ilgniflcant in its possibilities:
"If the alliance with Japan could
be merged into a greater understanding
with Japan and the United |
States on all the problems of the'
Pacific, that would be a great event |
ind it would be a guarantee for the
peace of the world."
Nat An Alliance.
It was noted In nfflcial quarters;
that Lloyd George did not advocate
America joining an "alliance"
but, on the contrary spoke of an;
MISS ABBOTT FOR
Urged as New Chief
By Miss Lathrop.
Presidet Harding sent to the Sen-'
ate yesterday the nomination of j
Miss Grace Abbott, of Grande Island, j
Nebraska, to succeed Miss Julia
Lathrop. fo Chicago, as chief of the
Children's Buresu of the Department
The resignation of Miss Lathrop j
was accepted August 19 by Secretary |
James J. Davis In a letter In which
he expressed his keen regret that f
she was leaving the bureau, and his j
appreciation of her "conscientious j
and devoted service."
"To you," he said. "Is due the
great credit of building up. the j
Children's Bureau, and what a wonderful
work you have accomplished*
I am today recommending to the
President the appointment of Miss
Grace Abbott, of Grande Island,
Nebr., who has been living for
a long time In Chicago, and is thoroughly
familiar with this kind of
work. However, it does not seem
that anyone can really fill the place
that you are leaving, and I want
to express again my appreciation of
what you have accomplished In
building up tne Children's Bureau
and my regret In accepting your
Intone* Her Sneeeasor.
Miss Lathrop was appointed by
President Taft as chief of the Chil- j
dren's Bureau upon its creation nine
years ago. She has wished to resign
ever since last October, remaining
at .he request first of Secretary of
Labor William B. Wilson and then
Secretary Davis. She expressed yesterday
her deep sense of gratitude I
for the confidence and support she
has had from the President and
Secretary of Labor of each successive
administration, and warmly indorsed
?iss Abbott, whose appointment
ar her successor, ehe had recommended
to Secretary Davis.
"The apointment will be an Inspiration."
she said, "to all those
who believe in the merit system.
The President and the Secretary of
Labor have given another proof of
their fine attitude toward the scientific
branches of the government."
Has Served as Director.
Miss Abbott is a daughter of Mr.
and Mrs. O. A. Abbott, of Grande
Island. Nebr., and a sister of Miss
Edith Abbott, who is a professor
in the graduate school of social
service In the University of Chicago.
Miss Abbott has served for nearly
three years in the Children's Bureau
as director of tl-e child labor division,
and as the secretary of ths
child welfare standards conferences
of lilt. During the war she served
as an advisor to the chairman of
the War Labor Policies Board.
She is a graduate of the University
of Nebraska and the University
of Chicago, and has served as
director of the Immigrants' Protective
League of Chicago, executive
secretary of the Immigrants' Commission
of Massachusetts, and was
appointed by Governor Lowden as
executive secretary of the Immigrants'
Commission of Illinois She
has an international reputation as
an authority on immigration, and
her book. "The Immigrant and tne
Community." published in 1917. is
one of the best studies of the foreign-born
In the L"nited States.
Miss Lathrop has made no plans
for the Immediate future, save that
upon leaving Washington she will
go to her home at Rockford, 111.,
for a long vacation and rest.
The list of local mercl
Herald is printed as a p
desire exceptional values a
Hotel Arlington 6
Bleber-Kaufman Co 6
C. H. Bready 11
Churches .... I
Claflln Optical Co 8
Delta Tours 8
J. M. Gidding & Co S
Hadleigh Hotel 5
The Harlow Co I
W. B. Hlbbs & Co 10
A. A. Housma-n
\im in Pacific
i George Realizes This
"understanding." Right there hi
drew the distinction which he mijh
well be expected by this time t
know was necessary if America!
participation was to be expected
The United States will enter 0*
"alliance.- It has been repeatedl
pointed out by administratioi
spokesmen that the idea of an al
1 lance, Implying, as it does, meas
ures to protect the mutual interest
of those allied against outsiders, f
abhorrent to the American peoph
"Understanding." however, is t
word which Secretary Hughes, fo
one likes and uses frequently.
This government, then, may b
paid to be ready snd would b<
happy to particlpste liT defining a
"understanding" with all the Pa
OOXTIXUED 0!f PAG* EIGHT.
PILOT SAVES CREW
AS CRIPPLED PLAN1
CRASHES TO EARTF
Rights Plunging Craf
Near End of Thousand
Si* army aviator* narrowly e?
caped death yesterday afternooi
when one of the motor* of a twin
motor' Martin bombing plane froi
Boiling Field stalled. causing th
craft to crash to earth from an al
tltude of 1.000 feet, a abort dlatanc
from the banks of the Easter
Branch of the Potomac River abo?
one-fourth of a mile north of th
The landing of the crippled era*
without loss of life or Injury to th
occupants Is attributed to th
skilled maneuvering and Iron nerv
of the pilot, Lieut. Grabeal. H
succeeded In righting It Just befot
It crashed to earth. The plane ws
Crew > Plame.
Those who manned the plan
were- Lieut. Grabeal. Lieut. Bui
ess Sergt Galvln. Sergt. Goetc!
Corp. Pillow, and Private Flea
In*, all of Langley Field.
The wrecked plane had recenti
taken part in the bombing tests i
Hampton Roads, Ya. It ws
equipped with modern wireless a|
paratus. The craft was "?ntJ
ordered from Langldy Field t
Boiling Field for exhibition flight
leaving the field shortly after
oclock. the aircraft mounted to
height of 1.500 feet and circle
over the southeastern section <
this city and Anacostla. Aft<
being In flight for approximate!
ten minutes an 8 O 8 ?lgnal w?
received from the plane at tt
wireless station at Boiling Field.
This Informed the officials thi
one of the motors had gone de?
and that th* plan* was falllni
Two of the field ambulances wei
immediately dispatched to tl
vicinity given In the wlrelesa dlrei
CO?m*t1T> OS PAO* EIGHT.
STRUCK BY AUTO,
I BOY CYCLIST DIE
Leslie Pratt, 12 Years Oli
Hit by Machine of Maj.
Knocked from hi* hlcycl* wh?
struck by an automobile on Co
I orado avenue near Kennedy *tre
I northwest about ? o'clock last nlr?
Leslie C. - twelve ear. ol
1334 Longfellow street northwei
was fatally Injured, dying whll* b
Ing rushed to Emergency Hospit
in an ambulance.
The automobile was operated 1
M.J George Ruhlen. SIM Color.,
TvenuenorUiwest. MaJ. Ruhlen w,
arrested by Tenth precinct POlV
but later released by order of Co
oner J. Ranvsay Nevltt to appear
the Inquest at the morgue at
a. m. today.
MaJ Rw' 'en, police assert, wi
driving south on rolorado aveni
at a moderate speed The Weydl
was proceeding north on Colora<
The boy struck his head again
the pavement as he fell. He w
hurried to the office of Dr. Lewis
Battle. 1401 Kennedy street nort
west, where it was found he wi
sufferlne from a compound fractu
of the skull, concussion of the bra
and bodily injuries. x
Maj. Ruhlen is attached to the A
tillery Corps of the War Depar
ment. with headquarters In Was
G. AUGUST 20, 1921.
Iiants advertising in today's
lide to Herald readers who
I>. J. Kaufman >
' Meyer'* Shops !
Chas. E. Miller, Inc *
National Laboratories *
Raleigh Haberdasher '
Red Line Messenger Service S
' Riemer * Co Resorts
.* - *
Railroads * Steamships.. ?.?
Semme* Motor Co *
Stag Hotel v *
Swartzell, Rheem A Hen?ey 11
; LABOR'S CLAM
1 FOR OVERTIME
U. S. Board Modifies Part
I Of Working Rules
I For Shop Men.
EIGHT HOUR DAY
-| WINS RECOGNITION
Wharton, Labor Member,
1 Files Dissenting
n cincxod. Ad*. It.?IB * "middle
of th? road"" declilon, the Dalt*4
States Railroad Labor Board lata
today settled the overtime controversy
between practically all ef
the railroads of the country and
q the Federated Shop Crafta, repre
eentlng nearly tOO.Ott union shop
ITha employes were granted con|
tlnued tlma and a half overtime
; after eight hours; ? artlma on 6unI
days and holldaya. except where
i regularly enalgned to Sunday work:
and complete recognition of the ^
The railroads won Important
j modi cations of aeven of tha most
I important working rulee granted
k shop men during Federal edmlnls
w tratlon of the rallroada. part of
? which were enjoyed by tha emD
ployea before government oontroL
J ' Neither Side Claims T?et?ry.
k Neither the railroad executives
+ nor the union leaders publicly
n i hailed the decision as a victory, ellt
| though both were pleased with
# t many of tha rulingn.
It waa a "half loaf"* arbitration.
^' which Is expected to do much to
\ stop strike talk on tha part ?f tha
0 j shop employes and the bitter dee
i nunclatlon of the working rules mm
e? "inefficient. unjust and unreasonable*"
by the carrlera.
* | The fact that the board did not
| completely abrogate the aevan Wg
' rules regarding overtime, mm aeked
i. by the rallroada. la conalderod m
tu union victory In many quartern, all"
though A- O. Wharton, labor mem
y her of the board, aeverely criticised
it; the findings.
is | parara Overtime e??d?y.
>' it offers the groundwork of a ns*
' tlonal railroad working code which
a | tha carriers have atrenuoualy op2
a Thess rules will now tske effect t
J on practically every railroad In the
?r country except where the individual
y carrier and Its employes hsve
agreed to rules covering the same
|61 ground. Theae cases are rare
; Wharton aald In his opinion that
the board was taking away rules
enjoyed by the employes before Fedt
eral administration. He said that
f"'Sunday work by shopmep is never
" a "regular assignment" and should
ie alwaye be paid for as overt I ma The
?" decision gives the men regular pay
on Sundays when they are "regularly
assigned" to Sunday work.
The decision streets the shopmen
only and does not consider overtime
questions with the "Big Four"
| brotherhoods. The decision la re5i
garded, however, as Indicating that
the train aervice men will be gitinted
time and a half overtime.
Jewell Decline* Comment.
, "I hare not had time to study the
} decision and csnnot comment on it
I now," ssld President B. M. Jewell
of the Federated Shop Crafta.
"A mere comparison by an unbiased
mind of the seven rules
adbpted by the board and tha corresponding
rules embraced In th*
national agreements which were
I" proposed by the employes for roet
adoption by this board is eufficient,
lt the board believes. to convince that
the modifications are Just and reasonable
and that the complaint ma?lo
it. by the carriers that the national
e. agreement rules were burdensome.
. unreasonable and unjust waa well
founded.** the decision rulaa.
"The board has felt Impelled, how>y
ever, to decline many of tha rnoHSo
ficatlons of aald rules advocated by
is the carriers because they appeared
re to go to an opposite extreme that
r- is unjust and unreaaonable. In thia
at case. aa ao often happena in human
11 experience, there is a point somewhere
between the extreme posing
tions of opposing forces where Jusj*
tlce and reason may be found,
st Cats Limit ?n Penalties,
lo "Throughout theae rulea. the
aoundness of the principle of punlBt
tlve pay for overtime work has been
recognized, but not to the extreme
extent embodied In the national
85 The eight-hour day haa been
re given full recognition. The policy
4n of paying time and a half overtime
on Sundaya and holidays Is also apr"
proved, but an ln.portact exception
t- is taken. Certain- kinds of work
which are unavoidable and regularly
performed on Sundaya and boll?
days and which are absolutely ea
- sentlal to the continuous operation
of the rall.oad, are not treated aa
j overtime work. The carrier haa ao
choice In the performance of thla ^
work and dors not arbitrarily re;
quire it. It Is not Juat to penalise
! the carrier for that which It cannet
"In making this rule, we tried to
make plain that aotre shop wortt
Is necessary on 8i.nday. but where
I It la not neceessry we pensllse the
railroads for doing lt.H Chairman R.
| M Barton aald.
CsaretsUss to Kail rondo.
Besides the two rules governing
| overtime ofter eight borrs and on
j Sundays and holidays, the derision
| also Includes five others reguUtlng
1 overtime for shop men while ou the
| road, in terminals. In emergenclea
and sn call. Here the railroads
were given important ronceeeions
and the pay%of the men trimes*.I t
an extent that led to the disarm In*
opinion of a. O. Wlitrtos, lah**r
member and former pi tsllisl mi the
[federated cr^fte. ^