Newspaper Page Text
NO. 541.-, WASHINGTON. D. C., FRIDAY. SKI'TKMIiKB 2. HC2I -SIXTEEN' PAr:F? c^.., iiW
" 11111 iat nfi -f f-i n, : -sans*?** one cent \
U. S. TROOPS CALLED AS MINERS WAGE FURIOUS DRIVE
HARDING SAYS !
Declares It Is Possible to
U. S. NOT WILLING
TO SCRAP WEAPONS
Asserts Country Must
Not Render Itself
President Hardin* yesterday defined
the policy which will guide
the administration and its representatives
ob the disarmament ques- |
tioa at the coming conference of
the world powers.
With clarifying emphasis he dis- |
polled Utopias illusions that the
United States would enter the conference
prepared to scrap its weapons
and render itself defenseless.
Summed up the American attitude
as stated by the President Is this:
Tbe day of permanent world peace \
is far off. The ead of armed conflict
may never come. Civilised foveraseeat
sesy sever be able to ecrap
their navies and disband their
arnaftea. Nevertheless, it may be possible
to diminish the burdens of
lbm may sever be s time withwet
tie aeceostty for srmed forces
h ewji j government.*- said the
ProaMeet. -1 believe with all my
heart wa are coming to a time when
we are gel eg to diminish the burT%e
PreoMeat saado this speech
st the cpeaiag of the fall term of
?b? army War College.
taifeaei was made up of two
tarmlred army offkrm who are
shoot ta eater epos the fall term
mC the* army War College. The Pres
f cea. from my ewa experience,
rrmoarf jos that if the War Col?
the lnstitetioa which brings
knowledge of experience Into s
blead with theory. It Is one great
'""tltertee of practical value. The
*-?*rhle with / the world today Is
<>at too many theorists know nothabout
actualities snd havg
-eree.! nothing of experience, and
whoever In this life brings the wisdom
of experience Into s blend
with the teachings of theory makes
* contribetij^a to real progress."
*"I do not know what ought to
ho said about your profession for
the future, but men of the army, no
matter where the best aspirations
f the world may lead us, no matter
what tremendous and gratify,
isg progress is made, there may
sever be s time without the necessity
for srmed forces In every governsent.
I believe with all my
heart we are coming to a time when '
we are going to diminish the bur- I
dens of armament. I think there 1
will be less of armies snd less of
nav!es, wish it with all my heart, |
hut there never can come a time;
vhen there Is not requisite agency ,
for the msintenance of law ai}d au- I
thority and for national defejpse.
Deplore* Miego Riots.
~It Is perfectly futile to think
there msy never be conflict when
you stop to consider that in 2.000
years of Christian civilisation, and
4.000 yesrs of pagan civilisation,
concerning which we are informed,
we have only lstely come to a real
civilised stste of armed warfare
and that does not apply quite to all
the tuitions of the world. It has j
been a slow proceding and I believe
we of America, without unseemly
boasting, can say we have '
come the nearest to unselfish, con- I
adentious warfare of any people I
la the world, and 1 pledge you now (
yoa will never be called to service
during the present administration
for any war that you could not
enter with all your hearts and souls
as American cltisens. Now that
msy seem to be a strange statement
to make, but I want you offers
of the army to precede your
activities In the defense of our national
life with the insistent understanding
among people that we
must put furthest aside any possible
occasion for conflict.
I -I am a firm believer that there
are two essentials to the civilization
to which we all subscribe. One
la the understanding among men at
home. We ought to have no conflict
like that which is distressing us in
West Vlrginis at this hour. That is
a lack of understanding. There
should never be a conflict between
civilised nations ahd there will never
be if there are men |n authority
who will Insist on a full understating
first. I do not know how
yea will approve, but I want you.
for the time being, to be the advisers
of an administration that
seeks for American fullness of understanding
with the people of the
world, and If we have that there
will sever come s time when we
wlU be drawn into conflict that
America cannot answer with the
fullness of the hesrt and the depth
of the soul
"Gentlemen. I wish you well in
the year of study before you and I
know I can say with all my heart
that with the aid of knowledge of
the larger aspirations which will
*ome to this association and study
jroa will contribute in proportion to
the Inteligence. the power and the
glory of the .army, which Is one
of American reliance for na-**s*<
Villages of Living Death
Welcome Russ Relief Party
Mother and Babes Found Starving in Barren
Hut Where Weed# and Bark Provide
0akU t? The Vukiutn HersM sit* was ? double line of thatched
sad Ofcleace Tribune.) roofs separated by a broad unhroken
By KLOTD GIBBON*. village street. 200 feet wide and on.
MORDOVSKAIA. BORXDVOKA. wUh e,ther P*Yln* or
State of Samara, (fifteen miles In- The thatch was rone from a num.
land and 120 miles by wagon from ber of the roofs. There wu no llvthe
nearest railroad station) Aug. ing soul In sight-no barking dog?
? Tr , nf llvinir no Playing children?no sign of life
27 ?Here is a village of living w(| appa*en, ComtnB up the ?id_
death. We first saw It from the dje of the ,trMt we looked into the
distance of a mile when our careen- wlndowa of the log huts on either
Ing droskles eme^e- from* silent side but not a single '-" peeped
. K out. Our two panting horses were
pine woods and plunged hun aeep th^ on]y anlmaIs ln the mr| over
into sand and chuck boles in the which hung a terrible .silence,
snake-like Russian road winding "Which house?" ray interpreter
across a rolling plain of bare, black- asked the secretary of the state's
ened fields over which hungry crows governor, who was accompanying
flapped and cackled. us.
Against the sunless slate-grey "Anyone. One is as bad as anj========_j======================"
other," replied the secretary.
1ili I" V UIUI lilta est, pushed in /a small door made
of hewn planks and stepped into
W\A1 11H DUlllUW a low c%illn*ed room with a flooring
ij ? f\|l\ | fllflllj. of loose boards. On some cleanly,
' scrubbed planks in the center of the
. ? T am || * mjn room was a brightly white washed
1/1 AM Ilk II A V\ brick oven, reaching almost to the
I Liiil 1/1 lift 1 U ceiling. In one corner was the
family iron and a collection of
brightly colored pictures of saints
Mail Head Looking Into ln?; m".om.n m the room
_ , m n j s She saw us as we entered and rose
LOSt OI Broadcasting from a stool before the oven. Her
head was covered with a white
Data Orally. handkerchief tied under the chin.
> CONTINUED ON PAGE THREE.
Postmaster General Will Hay. nr IITTV
has visualised, in the not far-dls- IIANiV |l|4 KhAIII V
tant future, the possible establish- WliwlJ Wl DuQUI I
ment of a government "radiophone- a ITplfrMTrn HIT n
newspaper"?not to print news, but AlllllYlclN I fcU |>I ?
to distribute it, by radio-telephone,
throughout the nation to newspa- VICITIM^ M AIHIiNC
pers, homes, clubs and other "sub- Vlulllllll IflAUJElIlO
Having seen this vision, he has
immediately set about to learn if Miss Philadelphia and
It would be practicable to put it f ^
into effect. The first step has been MlSS Atlantic City/Parto
compile the cost of the innova- take jn Festivities.
tlon, which he has found unlikely
to b? great; and the second has
been to pi^rove a voluntary trip to Two morf charming young women
Europe, by _R. B. Howell, chairman *were added to the court of -Miss
of . th? jr"--' radio committee Washington." who Is Miss Margaret
esUMstd by Hays, to investigate Gorman, of J015 Cambridge street
radio telephone developments in when Miss Nellie Orr, of Phllade!Germany
and the "telephone-news- Mls, Ethe, charle*. of
paper" in Budapest. Hungary. . , .v r. ,
Howell speaks of the dream thus: Atlantic City, arrived in the Capl"We
have the proven idea of the tal yesterday, to go with "Miss
woPd-of-mouth newspaper of Buda- Washington" to the White House
pest, and that of the lately arrived to extend an Invitation to Presiwlreless
or radio telephone. Why . ?.i??
. .. .. . . ? . . dent Harding to attend tne Allannot
combine these ideas and broad- tjp city car?lva|
cast a state?yes. a nation?with Tho party arrived at ,h# Union
vocal news, borne upon the wings station at 3:25 o'clock. "Miss
of etherlc waves just as the Hun- Washington." her chaperone, Mrs.
garlan capital is served today William Atherton DuPuy and the
through the medium of wires? Such Misae(( LuIu McGrath and Alice
a service would be a tremendous Touart. who have been her constep
towards the elimination of stant companions since she was
agrarian Isolation. selected, found themselves .on one
Met for Private Capital. side of an immense crowd with
"Such a novel enterprise would l*1" ty" *nd
have little attraction for private Philadelphia on the other. Police
capital, as anyone able to set up a f fflccr8 cleared a walkaway
receiving apparatus oould listen in BO that the representatives of the
and there would be no practicable different cities might exchange
way of collecting tolls. As a mat- greetings.
ter of fact, if the benefits of such a They walked from the station
promising development are to be en- to where a battery of cars from the
Joyed by the public generally, co- District Haynes Corporation were
operation must be invoked and. waiting, and were whisked away
moreover, compulsory co-operation to their hotel. Later in the even?that
form that government alone ing they all went for a drive around
is in a position to organize, usually the Speedway, returning in time for
referred to as public ownership. It dinner at the Washington. Last
! is properly, if not necessarily, a night they were guests of the
I development that the national gov- management of Poll's at the perernment
can undertake. formance of "The Four Horsemen
"It is proposed that radiophone of the Apocalypse."
sending stations should be estab- f..
lished about 400 miles apart G,T'" Tremendons Ovation.
throughout the country, and it is Here again the pretty Washingprobable
that their cost would come ton high school girl and her comwell
within 125.000 each. The cost panions received a tremendous ovaof
operating such stations would tion. Crowds banked either side
probably not exceed $1,000 per of the long lobby as the party went
I month, and the additional expense through and again after the per}
involved would be that necessary formation. The young woman se|
on account of the collection of news lepted as the most beautiful and
and the preparations for broadcast- attractive in Washington, with
nK the two young women who were
Small Private Bxpease. her close rivals for the distinc"Here
expense to the government tion. was cheered again and again,
f should end. as all who take advan- All the way down from Atlantic
tage of the proposed news service City the party which will extend
should establish receiving stations an Invitation to the President was
at their own expeose, the cost of cheered by crowds gathered at the
which would probably vary from stations. At Philadelphia, where
$50 to $60 for ordinary apparatus, they stopped for nearly an hour.
The expense of maintaining a re
ceiving set probably would not be CONTINUED ON PAGE NINE.
more than from $1 to 92 per month."
Of course Hays is not going to ^^^^^^ZZZZZZZZZZZ^^ZZ!^ZZZ^3
start such a radiophone newspaper
until he has thoroughly investigated ^1% rfk
the whole question. Hia ideals an g I ^ JLM ^ I \
outgrowth of tha present Postofflce 1 JII ||7 I I I |1
Department radio market service, Jmi1 Vv vCvll)
inaugurated April 15. which Is giving
market reports daily to news- BDTn.v unouiur.
papers, commercial clubs and other fKIUAY MUKNINu,
Institution, all over the country. wise readers afc ^ b,
Appropriation Diaienities. wise readers. Consult the i
An appropriation from Congress chants and institutions of
would probably have to be sought. rfav'e HcraM
which would open up vast political *
back-fire. Postofflce officials, how- Page
ever, say that initial trial of such Albemarle Investment Co.. 3
a service might be made without Atlas 6
a Congressional appropriation be- Automotive Accessory Co.. 7
cause the radio-telephone could be Thos. W. Brahany 11
set up with the same machinery C. H. Bready & Co 11
now distributing radio market Cfaflin Optical Company... 8
news. Colonial School for Girls. 5
The possible scope of such a Hotel Continental 8
service Is indicated in Howell's Delta Tours 8
revelation of what the government Educational 2
'"telephone-newpaper" in Bndanst Stanley W. Finch ... 7
did before the war. It established J. m. Gidding A Company 5
a daily routine of ?ews, sent from Glenarden Realty Co ?
Its offices over telephone wires to Golden & Co 2
13,000 subscribers, who paid two Goldenbergs Li... 1
cents a day for their service. The The Hecht Company 6
news .disseminated included for- W. B. Hlbbs It Co ... 11
elgn and domestic events; local Horning g
and foreign exchange quotation.; Intl. Shoe Heil Corp'.'!."!! 7
financial, sporting and theatrical g Kann Sons
news; parliamentary and provin- t>" j &
COVt. political and Frank Kldwell " i!! i!! X! 3
military dispatches; fashion stories . T.?.k?.,h ?, J
and even provided means whereby * Bro,her ?
band concerts and opera could be t
heard in the horn^s, clubs adn elrt
where via the telephone distribuL
ing. system. '
Special Train Reinforces
Line Where Desperate
Attack Is Continued.
SCOUT PLANES SEE
Strikers Dominate Towns
And Tie Up Railroads,
Trlfcaae News Service.
MADISON. W. Va.. Sept- 1.?Prosecuting
Attorney )fullen, Boone
County, declared at 9 o'clock tonight
that the battle between the
miners and the Logan "troops" now
covered a front of twenty-five miles,
, fcand is raging all along the Coal
River Valley ridge in the region of
Sharpless and Blair. Logan County.
From a miner who came into
town today, it was learned that the
loss of the attackers has been very
heavy. "It will take a week to I
bury thiir dead," he said. Other
reports are that fifty or more of the
invading miners have been killed.
Heavy fighting between the miners
and sheriff's deputies. State police
and citisen volunteers broke out
again this morning .at 11 o'clock.
Th? only information received from i
a reliable source was given by j
Sheriff Don Chafln, of Boone County, I
who declared the miners have lost :
at least threescore men.
Defenders Lose Three Men.
Very little information has
reached here from the miners' side. j
'According to Sheriff Chafin. the loss I
of three men has been suffered by
the defenders of Boone County.
These men fell in the first clash
early yesterday morning.
According to observers in scout
planes who flew over the battle today,
/rom Blair to jAffr^v *V
miners *re ** ./;> TV?r*dr aw.r.r th? ~
forces .roir roov- '
lng t? the rear, A **nsid'irj.w
force,' however, r*:a airv n
mountains !n the t-civ hb<
Blair, where the y?* .
of a Rj;u H^f.4uin*ri ohdtr*?
Dun.is ihe aay a steady mt . 'r*- j
gun barrage was thrown on
miners' hiding places at the 1
of th? ridge in the sec to
which pf?Fvented the hordes of heavily
armed miners from sallying ;
forth in an effort to reach the t?P j
of the ridge where Sheriff Chafln |
quicsly mobilized troopers who arc
fairly well entrenched behind crags,
rocks and trees.
Reinforcements hj Trnin.
A special train from Blucfield and
Welch carrying reinforcements of
volunteers for the Chafln army arj
rived this morning. The men were
j quickly rushed forward to the ad- i
vance positions on the ridge to re- j
j lieve a large number of defenders i
who had been steadily "at It" for j
Word reached here that a large
i number of striking miners from
Whitesvllle, Boone County, had
been able to effect a junction with
the attacking forces near Blair and
that during the day they had In- |
termittingly poured a hot rifle fire j
on the defenders' position at the '
' top of the ridge.
News received from the entire j
battle frost as well as those areas
which have seen but little fighting-,
is to the effect that the striking
miners are in possession of nearly all
the wires leading into the battle
area. Many of these have been cut.
others torn down for miles, and the
few telephone and telegraph lines
left Intact, are practically useless.
Several small towns in the Coal
River Valley are now completely
dominated by the miners and, while
I little depredations from these sec!
tions have been reported, the miners'
hordes.refuse to permit any person
not favorable to enter the district,
or any ner s not censored by them
Train Service Tied I'p.
All train, service between St.
Albpns and Logan has been suspended.
It is also leported that all
vehicular traffic along that r?ute
has been stopped by bands of armod
miners who are patrolling the loads
in the Coal River district in a thorough
and filitary manner.
All ammunition and firearms and
a great quantity of provistons^ave
CONTINUED ON PAGE TWO.
SEPTEMBER a, 1921.
uycrs. Herald readers arc
ids of the below listed merthe
city, appearing in toPage
Chas. E. Milder, Inc 6
Palais Royal 7
Peoples' Drug Stores 6
Wm. S. Phillips 11
Railroads and Steamships. 8
Riemer A Company 11
Riggs Natl. Bank 11
Wm. Rosendorf 3
Rudnlck-Wllliams Tir? Co. 3
C. R. Simpson 3
The F. H. Smith Company. 3
Stag Hotel g
M. Stein e
Sterrett & Fleming 3
Stock Exchange Securities
Theaters j g
Union Savings Bank .... 11
Wal ford's 7
Wallis' Cafe .. 5
Wash. Loan & Trust po.. . . 11
Woodward & Lothrop 16
Dr. Wyeth 8
Calls for Federal Troops
S^JpfpBsB WBB&8k swH'
g^iliaM * #-r.4 c-. >:f<W?gg&^
I^h|^^H| > >gg
BRIG. GEN. H. H. BANDHOLTZ,
Who was sent into the mining regions of West Virginia by Presi-" |
dent Harding and upon whom devolved the calling out of Federal
troops. Gen. Bandholtz will be in command of the United States j
Gen. Harris Awaits Order
To Send Troops Into Mingo
P.rr^i, Tements Made for Movement of Forces,
-lent Holds Midnight Conference
Vith Weeks and Fletcher.
Gen. *5, Adjutant ] o'clock this morning, whrn the
General, i -lock this President retired, it was stated.
! Dispatches from the Stat" Canfmorning
h roops at t.., ^ ... ... J
tai at midnight declared the *!tuCarnp
Dix N. : r 'erman. j ation to be more acute than any
O.. to be In n - f..- rs t? t,mc sinc* 'Tuning of I,utilities
move to the V . battle Kir'"K l,rcn 'nc *sai.t throtighfront.
II, declir ,t time he 0,1 . ^ and wr.* .nCnulng
had heard no wore ... Crn Har-h 1'""1 ?* reports
hord. who would com ,nd movement I J n'mn oflJciaIs ?prrll?,, Rr,at
of troops. . i feiir over the situation with reThc
troops at Camp l>ix and Camp ,)orts that tn<1 mlmrs haJ 1>a.s?ca
Sherman comprise about three regi- the nine-lmile line and were adments
of infantry. Cert. Harris vaticing steadily. Reinforcements
said. He declared he was in com- of American Legion wen were bemunication
with Gen. Harbord's 1 ing rushed to th?* battle front at
headquarters and would be in a a late tu>ur while reports indiposition
to get the troops on the cated the mienrs were being remarch
withir^ a moment's notice enforced as rapidly as they suffered
from Gen. Harbord. It is estimated fatalities.
troops from Camp Sherman may be
sent to hte fighting line within llJAIff 1 WT CDATTCD
eight hours of notice while troop- If lllll IX In III I |2.ff\
may be dispatched from Camp Dix
to the Logan fields wlth.n fourteen j ACCICTC MffJCDC
Troop. Number *000. /UJiJ 1J l?iiilLl\J
With three regiments on the r* a Tvmvmti .... .
scene the batleflrlds will be thrown Til I1 A DTj IDC |||| I
under Federal control, giving Gen. i \/ Vill 1 UI\L fllLL
Handholt/, control of approximately ,
6,000 soldiers, in addition to the !
Jaeut. Jadwin, Gen. Harbord's DlSSPPCSFS On EllCm}
aide, reported at an early hour this o*j 4 1*4 r>
morning the general had received j ulOC, Altd* 1)6111^
no call for troops from Gen. Rand-I .
holtz on the West Virginia battle KGCOgltlZecL
President Harding kept in direct j ~
touch with the situation until 12:30 j LOGAN, \V. Va? Sept. 1.?The^
this morning. He was in conference | defenders of Logan Thursday had
until tl.nt time with Mrs army and'rcason lirl(,ve |liat a wom.?
State Department ollicial.^ mclud- 1
ing Secretary of War Weeks and W has becn assisting the miners.)
Under Secretary of State Fletcher. I iThe woman was seen on the "en-!
Call Ifot RefflvH. emy- side and is believed to be
11 . . . . recognized as one who circulated
No call ?r troops had been re- on ,he Logan side. It is thought
ceived at the White House at 12:45 that lnform,tjon ?.nablf.d
~?~ * miners to catch the defenders off
niv Apr 111 I Ilirno ! guard at Blair Hill and capture
\1a III h AN I IINIphS the rise. Capt. L E. Uwion. of
iJlA vvlirtli LIllLlilJ 1 Williams, and afew men later took
TNPAfF MD DftPT "cations are that them iners
111 ilXlvL lUIY rUuI will. not atempt a frontal attack on
f^ogan, as the defenders had an
Immigrant Ships' Contest Due tJ* STfS,? 1 ZTZ'Ji
To the Racial-Limit
Ruling. advancing to meet a file of men
?# whom-he saw approaching his poN
~ sit Ion. Gore permitted the men to
NEW YORK. N. Y., Sept. 1.?Six come within thirty paces before
big ocean liners took part in a challenging them and when he did
thrilling race to reach this port be- ?o he and his comrades were shot,
fore midnight last night, in order Them iners are believed to have
to get their human freight into the suffered from five to ten casualties
United States and save them from in a dash across a road near I^ogan
deportation under the September im- Wednesday. Observing the miners1
migration quota ruling. The race ""J"','"'11; ?"?*? open
be frail at Ambrose Light and ended "in?15' the defenderswaJtind until
contest was between two Cre<* * *rouP the dasl. and
< ?w Kftiri__ then opened on them with a maliners,
the King Alexander, bearing cj,|ne gun
1,133 passeiy^ers and the Acropo
lis with 444 passengers aboard, g^wnr Df r%i ATf I//1DCT
All the way to Quarantine the IriilL* it I Ul /Vlr tlUK&Ej
ships were only two minutes apart. MYSTERIOUSLY SHOT
the King Alexander winning by
that margin. WHITE PLAINS. N. Y.. Sept. 1?
The Chicago of the French Line. Miga A|iCc Agnew, 17-year-old daugh.
entered into the race, although her ter ot Cornelius Agnew, was mysteripassenger
list showed a,TTlost every OUf;iy shot today while horseback ridnationality,
but with scant danger \nfr or the outskirts of her father's
that the quota would bo exceeded estate near here. She was accorain
any instance. The Greek quota panicd by her brother. According to
for September has. been set at 657, (he brothe- ?he two wore riding in a
so Home of those on the winning lane bordered by trees when Alice
boat and'all on the loc.er will be de- wis struck In -the neck bv a byllet.
ported. Her condition was sai4 to be serious.
MACHINE GUN FIRE FAILS
TO HALT STRIKERS, WHO
SPURN OFFER OF PEACE
Second Dix Regiment Bandholtz Prepares to
Ordered in Readiness Hurl federal Force.
sr ? informed men ,;?j
will not i held
trlct. Am a mult of tkk late.I ___
rdrr kf hns tfcalfMtri tfce fl*- I _ _ _ . ^ . _ __
tmth Infantry to prcpart for OfllO Soldiers, Only FOHT
i. .r*+T f kf ? tmu . Hours Away, May Be
quota. 400 urn of tkr Elffkt?*Bik
mm4 Tw?>7-rtarktk r.?- First to Reach Scene.
Intra ta wrrr reerwited Into tkr
Mxtrrntk this nftrrnoon. ~"
BV * CI I I?
' rHiBTJWTOX, W. Vn- mm**?
(Friday)?-A call for Ttltnl
PRIVATE GUNMEN IKHlEHTL^
IN MINGO WAR
i j 'I was disinclined to nnmofi thn
Mines Last Refuge of A.-1IZTZZZ X-tTST*
tocracy, Says Labor I ?Bpo,r;' T* .**" T**
I ins told of cotnlnued lis U Hug
Chief in Statement. 1 Th* flrst ,ro?p" ?? "*? xnk *
U Mated, will be from Okl?L fk^r
! are only four hours away
Samuel Gompers, president of j would move in Uirougk
the American Federation of Labor. MM
urges the government to put an im- rcarc Whkrat Roswfe' *" ?
mediate end to "an autocracy up- "I am satisfied.** said q>n
held by a private army of gunmen," ' Bandohltz early this morntac*
in a atstement issued last night on ^ ^U^L^ntZt
.. .. . ... . . tneir aims as i'resident nanMg
the situation In West Virginia. hu requeuwd.
The mines of the affected area, "My request for troops west IS
Gompers says constitute the last Washington shortly after nudnt?fct
refuge of autocracy In the mining ; "1 expect that Federal troops
industry. He charges that the peo- will be sent in here Immediately-"
| pie have been consistently mislead The situation is now in th*
on the facts of the situstion. The h*nd? of the Federal government.*
I statement traces the history of the Gov. Morgan to t nited Newa.
I conflict between the mine owners e recommends Hon of Ge?n.
and the workers which hss led U> Bandholt* that Federal troops
the present recourse to arms ?*nt in followed Ineffectual ?
Gompers charges th* mine own- to
era with deliberate drying, the
< *' '"Tl ; lTn,Zr".^X - I
*?~gh the Fnited stmte. Oo?I ?County to ,.y dowTKelr am,..
Commission. The mission sent by Gen. Band.
He charges that the State govern- bnIts ,nto Boom, county proceeded
ment of West Virginia ha* hopeless- (| far M ghllrpi,? Th,,, Phillt*
Iv broken down because it has failed Murray, union vice-president. met.
to stop the mine owners from en- ti,ero an<j advised that It would be
forcing their own laws in defiance to talk to the miners Gov.
of the State laws. , Morgan. Gen. Bandholtz. Murmr
Hold. Fart. Uninterpreted. and others went Into conference at
"The great mass of news relating a '*,e hou''' _ _ .
to West Virginia." Mr. Gompers Thr result was Oen
says, -convex. the impression that 10 Wa?h'n?to" ?
lawless bands of miners are roving ps* 4 *
the State without reason except an ' Operations Yli lona.
unjustified bitterness against the \ Sniping was vicious alt day l<fei&
mine owners. "Uneducated moun- J along the Blair front. Three army
taineers' they are called. .officers headed by Capt. Picks took. (
"There are" four basic farts which ! charge of the lllalr section,
are consistently ignored. These are: Families were fleeing the region.
"I. The mines of West Virginia Offer? of aid from ne ighborin* '
constitute the last refuse of au- towns were received.
tocracy In the mining industry. In ***^e Creek sector of the
these mines an unrestrained, un- firing line resenibled a battlefield,
limited greed dominates absolutely Ragged holes torn in mountain
Absentee owner? hold immense indicated where air botnba
tracts of rich mining land, demand- had b**n dropped to check th? ading
onlv dividends. vancing miners.
-2. The appetite of this private Thursday the miners flanked
greed Is upheld by a private army "defenders army and forced
of killers the like of which no *he opposing party to retire a mite
longer exists in any other State the mountain A jamnsd n.This
private armv is paid by the jW gun hsmpered the i-ogaa demine
owners and naturally seeks V party of flfty defenders at one
to justify its presence by making |||t wu owtnumbmd l# w
business for Itself In the form Two afrvkip, Mrry?ng TK.T.
of trouble. The naldnln-Felts de- bombji Wert> ji.patched to halt the
tectfve agency recruits this army. \ rt-treat.
but the mine owners pay the Mil. ( n sectors were reinforced during
Deputy sheriffs, paid by mine own- the day. J
ers. form another wing of the pr!-[ The "miners advanced to witkin
vate army, equally dangerous. f seven miles of Uogan Thursday. Two
"3. The present strike is a dl - defenders were slightly wounded.
rect protest against the action of while several among the miners
[the mine owners of West Virginia were reported wounded.
! i n refusing to abide by the award, Wait all Day.
of the United States Coal Com- Throughout the day and earlj*
mission; If the United States gov- ! evening, as reports of fierce fight ernment
at this time defends the j |Bg among the mountains eheame
' mine owners and docs not destroy _ more frequent, authorities In Washthe
private armies ??f the mine ington wsit?yj patiently for word
owners the government is in the 1 from Gen. Bandholz.
position of sustaining a defiance of The War DepaVtment was loath
an order Issued by its own author- ! to move until notified that Federal
ity. J intervention was necessary to save
Sees Collapse of State. , the situation With reriments fully
"4 The State government ?f ! "IPPfd at Camps Sherman mud Tl*
West Virginia has broken down the War Department not only ho*d.
not because the miner, have pro- bu* be?"'d. that their departur.
tested against lawlessness, but be- w"u'd. t,rove ? "?"ry.
cause it has failed to atop the mine ?^y,.K.- J
, , . - . tended to confirm this view Thisa
owners from enforcing law as a pri- ^ ^ _ ^
. . . . . . 1 stated that the miners were revate
business at the hsnds of prl- wrW to h,v,
vately paid and privately-directed ,rmtt,rea ba?4. SU."
. . - , .. Bandbolx. however, admitted over
These four paramount truths th, t,lrpnotl, lo Rc-r^.r, of w.r
have been almost totally ignored w?k, that he had not h?d h ^
They have been found to exist by p?rtunity to examine the entire
representatives of the United States "War*' aera.
government. The government It- . . ^ self,
through the United * States Army sends Peaee Wer.
Senate, established these truths As the representatives of the W*r
"The Federal Bituminous Commls- j I>epsrtment. Gen. Bandholts seat*
sion rendered Its report on March officers and spokesmea for. th#
10.MS20. It carried with it an award halted Mine Workers among thn
of 24 cents flat on pick and machine armed forces Thursday niicht to (
mining to the bituminous * miners guarantee them protection on the
of the United States The coal op- President s assurance, if they lay
erators of Mingo County. West Vlr- doWfl lh*,r
ginla. refused to apply the award. Ford and MaJ. Thompson,
and instead they arbitrarily ap- representing the War I>epartplied
S. 16 and 15 cents on each ! and David Fowler and ^V.}
trine car rate, there being no coal 1 Kfy- representing the United SttHin
weighed throughout that field. The Workers, form the deputation awri
capacity of these mine cars varies j en route by motor to St. Albaau tal
from two to five tons, and the take a special train. They tricd-1
highest rate paid Per car was $1.46. to ln touch with Phillip^
This price for five tons of coal rep- ! Murray, of Indianapolis, national
resented and included all dead work vice president of the United M.ra
and tonnage rates. Workers, who entered the field aar?
"The miners sent committeemen ; lier in the day. They carried al^^
to the operators and requested that a letter from Gov. Morgaa. fiiTiuH
the award be granted in full, and the assurance of the State of Wtfl
the companies refused it. Every Virginia, in addition i- th*t or t
plea to the operators was met with United States, that if the ;ijfH
refusal, and finally the miners of should demohoiu* the * ??uH ifl
Sprigg, Stone Mountain and Red J protected
union would not orsanise them UNfv , ^
while they were on strike, to return _ .... . .
to work, put all the minea in op- bandholtr m ? lett^H
erstlon. and then they could l?e- to Murray expr?ssin^ t i?- h?j|?e *H^|
come members of the union. The*e he would do hie pari to pers ?a^J
CONTINUEDyON TAO? TWO. I CONTINUBP ON TWt^ j