Newspaper Page Text
31 f 7 ^ , hm
38Jdslutt]}t0tt jHfantRt IsrJ&sfjl
no. 54X8 11 ^r^rar.'i,'; , Washington. p.( g. monday. September 5. 1921 1
?? ? 11 : 1 !?? ?.?zrrz^s"* one cent
Demand Recognition of
Independence and End,
Of Force Policy.
WOULD AGREE TO
De Valera's Reply Held
As Adding to Grave
fiporiBl CabW to Tba Wathington Ha raid
and UalUd Maws.)
LONDON. Sept. 4? Eamonn De
(Talera has once more "irrevocably"
ejected Lloyd George's proposals
or Irish dominion home rule as a
Mtsis for peace negotiations and has
igain demanded "recognition of Ireand's
Indepndence and an abolition
>f the policy of force" as the only
>relimlnary grounds upon which he
rill treat with tha British governnent.
Tl\e gravest view of the situation
s taVen by some government oflldals.
"This reply." said a member of
the Downing Street circle, "removes
:he only basis upon which future
onversations could have been held,
n that It refuses absolutely the
proffered dominion status, and insists
ipon complete separation. It looks
as though the 'gunmen doctrinaires*
sere on top once more."
Would ApMiat Wiuwym.
The De Valera note does not aerially
break off negotiations with
the British government. In fact,
in its concluding paragraph. It rentes
a willingness to "appoint plenipotentiaries"
If Lloyd George will
roncede Ireland's independence from
Pe Valera agrees that definite
ind immediate progress Is essential
tf Irish peace is to be attained.
T therefore refrain from comventing
upon the fallacious hlstor'eal
references you made In your
iast communication." he declares.
Ovale* Volaatary I'stos.
"The people of Ireland." De Va era
continues, "acknowledging no
voluntary union with Great Britain
ind claiming as a fundamental and
mt'iral right to choose freely for
hemselves the paths they are to
ake to realize their national desiny.
have, bv an overwhelming majority.
declared for independence,
ir.d have set up a republic. They (
jr r*> more than one confirmed this
'-Great Britain, on the other hand
.ats as though Ireland wera bound
<Xher by contract in a union which
'nrbids separation. The clreum?tTnces
of the supposed contract are
itifffclently notorious, yet on t?e
toory that they are valid, the Brlt?h
government claims the right <o
-rle and lezislate for Ireland, even
the point of partitioning Irish
critorv against the will of the
ri?h people killing and casting into
orison every Irish citizen who refuses
Rp?rnt? Inferior Stataa.
pe Valera goes on to say that the
?r<>psa1s submitted on July 20 were
>ased on Just three premises.
"We have rejected those proposals.
and oar rejection Is Irrevocable."
Tha claim is made hy the Irish
President that Lloyd George's proposals
were not an invitation to en>r
into a free partnership with the
.ations of the British common.. |
wealth, but the offer <>f a status
definitely inferior." The other do minions,
he sets up. are guaranteed
leainst domination not only by
heir constitutional rights but also
by their distance from England.
Ireland, on the other hand, he po ntSd
out. has neither the ronstituIlonal
rights nor the element ofdis ance
to protect her. but would be
llvlded Into two artificial states,
each destructive of the other si nk
luence. and both subject to British
' -ntiftary. naval and economic con^
Iaatats o? FHa's View.
1 The main historical and geo'
graphical facts cannot be disputed.'
I r)e Valera writes, "but Great Brlt'
tin insists on viewing them from
,er own standpoint. Ireland must
se allowed to view t:-"? from hers.
The history you interpret as dictating
union, we read a% dictating
.eparation. We are convinced that
sura Is the true and Just interpretUon.
and are willing that a neural
and Impartial arbitrator should
Jeclde the question.
"You refuse and threaten force.
Dur reply la: If Too adopt that
sourse. we can only resist as generatlons
before us resisted
"Seven hundred and fifty years
?f history prove that force will not
iolve the problem.
Neat Set A .lie Threats.
"Threats of force must be set
uide at the beginning as well as
hey must be set aside during the
sctual conduct of negotiations. The
respective plenipotentiaries must be
antramroeled by any conditions ex- I
sept the facta themselves.
We have proposed the principle
if government by the consent of
:he governed. We do not mean It
is a mere phrase. Thla la the only
tasis on which we see the hope of
reconciling the considerations govirnlng
the attitude of Great Brltitn's
representatives with the conriderations
that must govern the
ittltude of Ireland's representatives.
"On this basis we are ready at
>nce to appoint plenipotentiaries."
Here Heats Phrase.
A question may arise, of courae.
is to the exact meaning of the De
/alera term "tha doctrine of
oree" and there Is still hope that
ipon thla phraae may arise a-reiewal
of arguments between the
3rltish premier and the Irish leader.
who may lay aside the main Issue
for the moment In order to thresh
>ut the minor phaw.
It ia pointed out that even up
o the present moment the debate
>as bee? largely one of-phraaa mating
on both sides, and that even In
hi. lateat note De Valera la WillCo
XTINCXD OK PAOB TWILVm.
The W&shl&dy's Compromise. ?By J. N. Darling. ]
-1Y5 ALL V?KJOV 1
' sf&s shrink anvthimc, ?
j$hr jif i
^ "^\ |t makes IT
~ ~z2\ ] save 'em till 1922
//r\ i / ma-^be 5ke'll afters
RESTING AT HOME
To Take Her Leave
With every detail of her visit as
Atlantic City's guest of honor arranged.
pretty little Margaret Gorman,
3015 Cambridge street, in the
I role of "Miss Washington," is en:
Joying a complete rest until tomorrow
noon, when she leaves her home
for the District building, where the
commissioners will bid her farewell
and send by her a message to the
mayor of the New Jersey resort.
hile there will be no formality
" ding the farewell, hundreds of
the friends of the charming high
school girl will be on hand at 12:15
Pk m-^hen ph? meets the heads of
the District government on the
steps of the municipal building.
Hundreds of government workers
will also be permitted by the lunch
hour to see "Miss Washington." who
twice within a few months has been
adjudged the most beautiful young
woman In the Capital, and who Is
to be its representative in a pageant
and celebration of nationwide
Otkera Will Go With Her.
"Miss Washington ' will leave her
home Just before noon, accompanied
by her chaperon. Mrs. William
Atherton DuPuy, and a number of
the young women who were candidates
for the unique distinction she
won. Avnong them will be Miss
Lulu McGrath, Miss Alice Touart.
Miss Mabelle Talbert and Miss
Elisabeth Roach. The party will
ride In the new model American
Miss Gorman win depart for Atlantic
City at 1:05 in the afternoon,
leaving the District building for the
Union Station immediately after shebids
farewell to the District Commissioners.
Here again a large
crowd will be gathered to bid her
Hudson Maxim, world famous inventor,
will appear as King NepCONT1NUKD
ON PAGE TWO.
WHEAT IN POLAND
(Special Cable to TTi. Washington Herald
and United X.W1.)
LEMBERG, Sept. 4.?Russian
peasant* living close to the Polish
frontier are carrying en a profitable
wheat export business with Polish
traders In nearly every village along
the Oallcian frontier. In exchange
for salt, oil and all kinds of manufactured
articles, the Russian peasants
are bringing potatoes, wheat and
other grains and the bartering is going
on almost openly along the Zbrucs
River. In many cases the RusslaA
cross the river on bargee at night
with produce and return with Polish
At one frontier station a Russian
woman crosses the river twice a day.
bribing the Polish sentry with a
pound of butter and the Russian sentry
with a bottle of vodka. She carries
wheat In bags hung under her
skirt, selling It for 400 Polish marks
aad 10,000 Soviet roubles.
British Veteran Brought
To Full Consciousness
After Mental Lapse.
While relating: wir experiences
William Jscksoa, 22 years
Id, of Falls Church, VaH uho
carries a metal plate In his
sknll aa a remedy for Injuries
received while flffhtlng in the
British lavr, suffered a total
lapse af memory Saturday and
waa revived last night after
tweaty-faar hours* work on the
part of Washington Asylum
Hospital physicians, using hot
aad cold water treatmeat.
^ When JhcksOn wns brought
to the First Precinct police statloa
Saturday night by his employer,
George A. Lester, of
Falls Church, Va., he was able
to speak oaly Indistinctly. He
was removed to the Washington
Asylum Hospital, where
mental tests proved futile. Yesterday
Jackson wns given hft
snd cold wster baths throughout
the day. Toward evealng,
according to Dr. J. T. Mahloney,
the v|etlm began to dlsplny
emotion aad at 10 o'clock last
night his mind suddenly became
Jackson, who came here a
week ago from I* or a Scotia,
told physiclaaa he served six
years la the British aavy, aad
durlag the war was struck on
the head by shrapnel.
TO HELP FRATS
Petitions Urge Revision of
The Board of Education's
Sonority girls from all the Greekletter
societies in the Washington
high school, probably will be drawn
into the campaign to secure a' revision
of the Board of Education's
ruling against fraternities. , Such
was indicated Saturday at a meeting
of the Interfratsrnity Council
held in the Washington Chamber of
Commerce rooms. Homer Bufldingy
when the motion carried to supply
ths gills with petition blanks and
ask their assistance In bombarding
the District of Columbia committees
with endorsements of high
school fraternal societies.
The meeting was attended by representatives
of fifteen fraternities.
It was decided to hold another
meeting in one week, to which
former members of these societies,
now prominent in business or office,
will be invited and asked to speak.
Two weeks ago the Interfraternal
body took up the idea of
backing their friends In Congress
with a popular petition to be
aigned by citizens of the District
f.??orlng the continuance of high
school secret societies. Partial reports
on the progress of the petition
wer, heard last night. One organisation
reported SO# signatures.
Many prominent men. It was announced,
had signed, among them
Commissioner James F.' Oyster, Inspector
Clifford L. Grant, JIaJ. Harry
L. Oessford, Senator BaHT~~Senator
Knox, Former District Attorney
John E. Laskey.
WAR IN MINGO IS
' Bandholtz Reports Min- '
ers Surrendering and
President Harding and Secretary
of War Weeks hope and believe
that the first Labor .Day of the present
administration will pass without '
the need of Federal bayonets being
fixed On workers. ]
The concern of the administration
in the West Virginia trouble
has been not only humanitarian
but also, political. There is frenh 1
in the memory of the political i
counsellors of the pvty the slogan
of their Democratic opponents in
the last Presidential campaign:
"A Republican regime will mean,
to labor, arbitration by the
Mlaera Would Suffer.
And the circumstances of the
West Virginia rebellion are such as
to make It inevitable that, if Fed|
eral troops were called upon to
quell the uprising by means of
bayonets, guns and shell-flre. the
objects of such Iron measures
would necessarily be mine-workers,
The political danger in such proceedings
Is well known and has
played an important part in the
stolid resistance of Harding and
Weeks against Federal martial law
in West Virginia and any operations
to date that meant Federal
forces firing on the- miners. This
is one of the main reasons for the
almost prayerful hope of administration
leaders that the West Virginia
"war" is being terminated
without bloodshed, insofar as Federal
troops are concerned.
Prefer Troop? To Police. (
The administration spokesman
have repeatedly pointed out, in connection
with the West Virginia
trouble, that union mine workers'
leaders have joined with the State
officials in recommending the dispatch
of Federal troops to the "war c
area." Labor's argument in suppprt j.
of such action, however, was not c
that the miners be quelled by force j,
of arms, but ratfier that the pres- ^
ence of government forces in the
State would assure the miners of
their only chance for a square deal
under existing conditions there.
They look to the Federal forces for *
effective influence to bring about a V
peace based on Justice and equity a
for both vsides, rather than the c
"peace" which they claim has ex- t
isted, when forced, for years in West
Virginia by the "autocracy" of the ,
mine operators. '
Harding's position /In resisting Issuance
of. a Federal martial law
proclamation and the actual use of
Federal arms against the miners has
been due to his avowed belief that:
1?State officials must recognise
their own responsibilities in keeping
order in their respective States
and not feel free to call for Federal
aid every time there is unusual
2?The use of Federal forces in
a labor dispute is to be avoldsd to
the limit of patience and safety lest
there ever arise any dOubt that rovernment
forces are for use only in
extreme emergencies and then strict*
ly for tactical and neutral purposes.
It was empasized at the War De- ;
part men t by officials Sunday that 1
CONTINUED ON PAOX TH&SB. i
OPEN WITH RUSH
Predicted Boom Starts
Wheels Going as Demand
PARTLY THE CAUSE
Many Plants Running on
Double Time to Fill
BOSTON. Sept. 4.?The predicted
all boom In the textile Industry has
It developed almost overnight
The government report of a 49.J
>er cent cotton crop and a great Increase
In wool conaumptlon are the
>rlnclpal factor, which have stirred
JP markets, with consequent atlmu.
atlon of manufacturing.
Cotton brokers and manufacturers
who were apurnlng 11-cent cotton a
nonth ago are now scrambling to
t>uy at IS centa a pound and betting
that it will hit 22 within two months.
The Woolen and worsted manufacturing
Industry haa come out of the
lump, wool consumption In the United
States, having Jumped from approximately
24.000.000 pounds a
"?n'h to approximately 60,000.000
Expect Rttirs ? .form.|.
Textile authorltlea believe that
*T'8, "cover>' la but a forerunner of
Jfh.r retnrn to normal in the
lnd0"tr,e* ?f the country.
?Ut th,t th? chie< handicap
igainat such a return hat been a
general lack of confidence and absence
rm.?Tv- fr?Jn tha ?reat ?? !!
J J tw En?l?n<1 ?>"? thst the
demand for textiles has reached such
rloM8^ l? br'ng ml" operation
10 90 P*r cent normal. The
rreat majority of the mills are run.
hi.f ?r ? t0 run' on '""-time
nM *?"le of them *re running
day and night
h.i" x"" Rly\r- co,ton """Is which
m h * on Part time or
closed down completely, will reopen
on full time after Labor Day Merchants.
recognising the arrival of
the boom, have notified clerks laid
off during the slack period that
their Jobs will he ready for them
again September 12.
Lawrence Mills RMpn.
Following the annual ten-day varatlon.
all the Lawrence mills will
reopen on full time for the first
time since the nation-wide business
repression began neary two years
The great mills of the American
??!" CoTany, employing about
-0.000. Will be on full time again.
with more than 90 per cent of all
departments running. It was stated
President Wm. M. Wfood declares
that his company Is assured of capacity
operation throughout the
winter The United States Worsted
Company's mills at Lawrence and
elsewhere are operating at capacity
ind some of them working overtime.
After the holiday. It Is believed!
less than 10 per cent of the 40,000
mill operatives In Lawrence will be
unemployed, as the cotton mills
R-hich have been harder hit than
the woolen concerns, will be running
Other Points Improving.
In New Bedford, where they make
the finer cotton goods, recovery has
!>een somewhat slower, but present
production Is estimated to be
running from 80 to 90 per cent
Condltons In Lowell have been improving
steadily. Several mills are
working overtime and the indepenlent
concerns are generally on full
time. Some of the latter have anflounced
day and night programs to
take effect soon.
The big Amoskeag Cotton Hills
it Manchester, N. H., are working on
i full-time basis and business Is
rood for the other mills. A shortage
of skilled operatives la reported.
though many unskilled workers
are still unemployed. The Stark
Mills are working about (0 per
sent of capacity. The big boom has
iffected the smaller textile com"unities
as well, at a time when
nany of them were looking forvard
to another winter of idleless
raises rum prices
NEW YORK. Sept. 4.?Best Bourlon
whisky went up to 118 a quaH
looking liquor up to $12. and horse
inlment to $9, when word was reelved
that another anti-rum crusade
? about to besln In New York under
"16 direction of Roy A. Haynes,
lead of the national prohibition
Ha.vnes, It is reported;" will make
few Yortc "bone" dry and keep the
lace dry by attacking the smugglers
nd retailers alike, with the purpose
if proving that the worst wet spot
n America can be reformed.
Viscount Grey to Get
Back in Political Ring
LONDON, Sept. .4.?Viscount Grey
>f Falladon. has consented to enter
he political arena again after an
ibaence of several yeara. Me will
iddress meetings, and has promsed
to devote his energies to the
'estoratlon of liberal principles. In
'lew of the much-talked-of general
suction, the return of this liberal
statesman to active politics prom?*a
James E. Ridgeway.
HYATTSVILLE, Md.. Sept. 4.?
ramea E. Ridgeway. T7 years old.
?ho died at his home near Ritchie.
rinca Georges County, was the son
>f the lata Warren Ridgeway. He
a survived by one slater.
Gain In Industrial Activity
Marks Turn to Better Times
Thirty-Eight Out of Sixty-Five Centers Report
Decrease in Unemployment, Federal
HKW YORK. Se?t. 4.?*??rl7 crease the ranks of organised workSM
Wew York working an aad era. believing that unionisation will
their brides are away taking a beat aerve to relieve the great nui
Lsksr Day honeymoon. Intending of unemployed.
to retara to asmalcy and the Agricultural and manufacturing
treadmill Tuesday. interests are engaged in a deterSaturday
was a record day at mined campaign to bring down
the marriage Urease bureau and freight rate* and stabilise prices of
the majority of the applleaats ^arm Products. Railroads are seeksaid
they lateaded to Moacymooa ln* adequate measures for l^creasover
today aad tomorrow at business and staving ott banV aearby
aeaalde or moaataia re- ruptcy. Manufacturers also are
aorta, aad retara to work Ties- equally Intent upon equalizing cost
day morala*. prices and accelerating marketing
Lahor Day. according to govern- ln *?Ptemb?r the Secretary
ment official*. finds the country "'Commerce will summon to Washemerging
from an almost unpre- inrton labor representatives, manucedented
period of Industrial depres- fe^turera. railroad managers and
slow and "getting under way on the to aacertaln tke cauaea of
long uphill climb to normal condl- unemployment and to take palliations
and better times." Uye meaauraa.
From a half-doxen different angles. A decided note of optimism Is
variou/munJcTpafmea. "radeTnlons OOVT-XCKP ON l-AOB at TEN
jmskt^ arku-un- THOUSAND IRKH
Labor leaders, from President 1 IIU U AHll 1/ U\ 1 Oil
Samuel Gompers. down are camCOMING
REPORTER FELLED FOR ARMS PARLEY
BY BULLET AS 4
ENTED WAD ADCA De,<sat" Wi" Insist
til ILK WAK AKfcA That U. S. Collect
Both Factions Open Fire ^<1
<\ ci j e That the Irish in America plan
On Squad of Corre- to de.?nd ur>on w?hlnrton lB
spondents. ^orce at the time of the disarma
ment conference In case the pres_
ent peace negotiatlona with the
By MILDRED MORRIS.
_ . British government fall, was dlsHUNTINGTON.
W. Vs., Sept. 4 ? , . . .
Four newspaper correspondents who r,oeed at the meeting of the Padhave
the memorable expedience of rale Fearse council. American Aspenetrating
th* mountainous regions aoclatlon for RecogniUon of the
where war between the miners and , . . . _
State police has been raging for IrUh republic, last night in Gonnearly
two weeks and being the saga hall. Instructions to that*effirs,
to obtain an eye-witness pic- fect tt ,u ,tat,? M
ture of the firing line, were alive
Saturday night by the grace of God. c?*ved from the Chicago headquarUnder
a shower of bullets from tera. and members were advised to
both sides we convinced ourselves get to receive at lnst 1.000
that real war has been going on in v *
West Virginia. Three times a fusil- delegates for the entire period of
ade of bullets poured on us from the ***e conference.
Springfield rifles of the State gun- Ready te **St*rm Cs?ium"
! m*n aad three times we were fired
on by tha miners. And after It waa Raymond Kirk pa trick. of tha aoall
over we were taken with our <**** executive committee. de
wounded to Logan under guard. I <"l*red from the floor that in case
I the peace negotiations fail repre_
I s^ntatives from practically all the
Boyden Sparks. New York news- ,7(K) chaptera of the society in
p.perm*n was shot through the leg Am,rlc? would b, here .^0 ,tPrm
n 1 ,'Vk t Penetrated his , Co .. t ,ime of d?.
Edner.^aded ,o I* '.V armament conference in a demand
naa persuaded to act a* a guide, was i . . , ... ?
shot in the ankle and is seriously thAt America insist upon pa>m*nt
wounded. When we were able to j of the foreign debt and ln oppnconvince
the State police that we sition to the Penrose bill, which
were non-combatants merely on a proposes to permit substitution of
sightseeing tour, all military opera, j other securities.
tions ceased while officers stared at There was no concealment of the
us in amazement, and asked: j feat that they expected thereby to
"How in h?11 we had got there seriously embarrass the British deland
what we meant?" egates to the disarmament conferMllitary
passes we presented | ence.
from Gen. Bandholtz. represents-1 pln? gjn.nnn.ooo.
tive of the War Department, were . .
scorned. A further suggestion was msde
-We don't know nothing about th" Perhaps the delegate euld
him. Nobody has told us Federal! come ln ,,me for th? demonstration
troops are here and we haven't Panned tor October 27. first anniseen
them, so we don't know n?1th. versary of the death of Terence
ing about them." the youns offlcer i MacSwiney. former mayor of Cork
in charge Informed me. plans for a new popular loan In
Charged with being spies and America to raise JJO.OOO.OOO for the
Ted-necks." we were taken to I Irlsh cause ere announced It was
State military headquarters In stated that but ten days would be
Logan and after an Insulting ex- Mowed, when the campaign for the
aminatlon by Sheriff Don Chafln. of ?al? ?t Irish Republican bonds beLogan
County, we were ordered *'?? ot subscribe the entire amount,
taken to a hotel. Each of us. In-'
eluding the wounded member of our COUNCILORS /.V JAIL
party, was p1ace<f in charge of a ^ _
guard, who was given orders to STIR FOLLOWERS
accompany us wherever we went.
None of the rest of us was per- _ _ .
mltted to establish our identity, and LONDON. . ept. 4 ?The sixteen lm_
our passes from Gen. Bandholtx j Prisoned members of the borough
were received with the sai*te scorn j council of Poplar, the east end section
by Sheriff Chafln and his attaches of London, where huge unemployment
as the officers of the State police , doles by the council caused consteron
the battle front had u^own. j nation of financial authorities, held
Saw War Wttkoat Merev. ; * meeting in Brixton Jail this mominc
w. tK-. ^ under the chairmanship of George
We saw enough on the firing line ^ltor of the Herald
to take away the impression that 1 1- \ .w.-the
war in West Virginia has not ~th? flr" "" h"d Under lh"'
ended. And from what I saw and ?tr*n?e conditions. ...
from what we ware told, we were Badical followers of tha wrancll
left impressed by the horror of the members are now planning to make
fact that It was not war. as civilized * great demonstration *"en^ nve
nations carry against each other, women members of the council are
but war without mercy, carried on arrested by appointment at S o'clock
by men lusting for blood. tomorrow afternoon. Thousands of
people will escort the women mem"LOCAL
TODAY'S FORECAST that the councillors will be held for i
364 days. ,
The proverbial belief that It always ?
rains on holidays will be confirmed TRAIN KILLS FIVE
today, according to the Weather Bu- ... iotlivr A f'T/1
reiu. The forecaster last sight pre- /1\ LiCyiijII/iV(j AU1 \J
dieted that the showers occurring
yesterday would be repeated today OCOYA. Til.. Sept 4?A Chicago
"Local showers and thunderstorms ft>r and Alton train crashed Into an autoMofcday
with moderately . variable mobile near here late this morning,
winds." is the forecast. killing five persons, three of whom
However, the weather man did not have been identified as Carl Johnson,
say how long these showers will last. Charles Crawford, and Miss Augusta
thus allowing ample leeway for the Reed. The men are from Waukonda
carrying out of th^ many events S. D.. the woman from Sioux City,
listed for today.' Ia. They were tourists.
(Hie Hetalbs HMnbtx j
MONDAY MORNING. SEPTEMBER 5. 1911.
The following listed local merchants and institutions
may be found represented in the advertising columns
of The Herald on this Labor Day.
w?. Page" Page
C. H. Bready h Co ? C. Loughran Co.. Inc 6
Claflln Optical Company... 8 ^5'r"V8^I^f " V \
_. , Chas. E. Miller. Inc. ?
Educational 3 National Laboratories .... *
Federal Employee 2 Railroads and Steamahips.. *
General Motors Truck Co.. 3 Stag Hotel S
J. M. Gidding & Company i 8tock Exchange Securities
Harper-Overland * Corp 3
Horning 8 Vienna Hat Factory 8
Dr. Johnston ..........V.-. t Wallis- Cafe 5
Dr. Lehman ..........3^. 8 Dr. Wright 8
- ; ^ ? '
. ?. ft. - - '
TO COAL FIELDS
AS FIGHTERS GO
Federal Troops' Occnpotion
BOTH SIDES LEAVE
SCENES OF BATTLE
Miners Surrender Arms
To Regulars and Start
For Their Homes.
CHARLESTON. W. V*.. Sept. 4
!?There is peace aga'n in the coal
, fields of Weit Virginia
Federal troops brought It. They
1 hare effected a complete occupation.
! without molestation, of the entlrs
area In wfcldi miner* and deputies.
J the latter aided by State forces.
; have been at active war for more
than a week.
Miners are taking the bark trafla.
The defense army of I>r>gan County
and her allies. McDowell and Mingo
Counties, has left the ridge It defended
for twenty miles up and
down the valley of the GuyandottaRegulars
took Its place.
? Way ? Home*.
Ten thousand men, arrayed In two
i hostile armies, are laying down
[ their arms and returning to th^r
homes. Six thousand of these. It It
conservatively estimated, wefe miners.
No regular has fired a shot and
no regular has been attacked.
The miners are returning from
th? front through the Coal River
area In special trains They gather
at the mountain towns where tha
detachments of soldiers are encamped.
and surrender. Some of
them turn In their rifles and revolvers.
Then they start h^me without
interference Other miners cross
the mountains. The disintegration
of their army !s rapid.
1,000 Miners SarreMer.
Army headquarters estimated
Sunday thai 1.000 miners had surrendered:
350 had turned in riflea.
and a smaller number had given up
small arms Many miners, it was
j thought, had secreted their rifle*,
or had sent them through ungusrd* I
ed mountain trails.
With the siege lifted, the town of
Logan rested. There was no fear
that misers would pour over the
ridge or fore# their way through
one of the passes It was the first
j time there has been security In a
Brig Gen. Randholt* Is trying to
effect the pscification with as little
disturbance as pos^ib1*. Civ' ag^*"- |
cies are operating in the occupied
counties, although all Sta'e facers
; are subject to Federal command
Regu Inr* I nmolem ?'
"Federal forces have er.tlrely replaced
miners and State a .? county
[forces In the disturbed are-.** said
Gen. Bandholtz. "So far a= kn*>w.
no shot has been fired h- -"edeaal j(
troops at anybody, and th?? *-'ede*s
troops have not been fired or '
Miners were glad to see :i.e soldiers
and freterntzed mith them
Equally glad were the Log^n CMIty
Detachments of the T^ nty-siBtli
Infantry took their stations Bandar |
Regimental hesdqusrters. 'ind^r
command of Col. T. M Andersor.
j was established here, with a ramp
on the edge of town. The second
battalion was sent to Rlalr. where
there has been much fighting A
machine gun company and a rifle
company went to l^ogan. Anotfc^r
j rifle company went to Marmet, and
still another to Cabin Creek Junction.
Only Onsen Doathn Reported.
The total number of regulars ia
now 5.000. They have established
patrols throughout the disturbed
When Col. C. A. Martin, oomI
manding the Coal River district,
i went with the second battalion to
Blair Sunday, there was still shooting
in the mountaina This died out
as Federal troops took over tha
front In Logan, across the ridge.
Afterwards everything was quiet
Efforts are being made to determine
how many men lost their Mves
in the week's fighting. The number
of deputies killed is not more than
si*. More uncertainty attached to
casualties among the miners, because
their headquarters. If they had
one. did not get reporta YfcBaths
reported, about which there Is no
question, are fewer than a dozen
Probably I nder Sesre.
The entire number killed, the
writer believes, was less than a
acore. But all sorts of reports are
in circulation. Some of these, coming
from seemingly reliable nouroes.
tell of miners having burled their
dead In groups of fifty Other reports
are that hundreds lost their
lives. But union headquarters, usually
well informed, can $lve the
names of only half A dozen "miners
who were killed, snd officials say
the number is not greater than thin
Guerilla warfare, with sniping at
long range, accounts for the small
caaualty list though it is considered
remarkable that more did not 'Hie.
Vast quantities of ammunition were
What nlll FollowV
Now that the trouble is over, all -<
West Virginians are asking what
will happen when the Federal
troops are withdrawn? It is freely
predicted the same conditions will
develop again. This has previously
been the case when there has bee?
Intervention by ^he Federal government.
followed by withdrawal.
Efforts will be made to settle tha
issues that have kept the State In
turmoil for years This will ba
difficult, for hatred 1? deeply Implanted.
and there have been many
deaths. Mountain law is an eyn
for an eye and a tooth for a tootlL
Mrvsale for I'stsslMtlss.
Operators Insist they will not
consent to unionisation af the mine
fields of Ix>gan. Mingo and VrTWitr*
ell counties. The TThlte? Mine
COXTINTO) ON P AO I THKU