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| J- E Rice, Prtmident and General Manager.
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BENJAMIN & KENTNOR COMPANY.
National Advertising RepresentativeFRIDAY,
SEPTEMBER 33, 19*1.
New York to Squeeze the Sponge.
IT WAS made evident during the recent
New York City primaries that no candidate
for office there could venture to go before
those people without indorsing the present fivecent
street-car fare. New York hasn't a five-cent
faife with universal transfers, but a person can
ride there for five cents a heap farther than in
the District of Columbia for seven. The reason
for the public feeling there as here, has been the
conviction that under a fair valuation and good
management five cents was enough, and that public
utilities, as all other kinds of business, must
meet periods of depression by reducing dividends.
They cannot expect to be exceptions from universal
business taws and always make a uniform
The New York City transit commission has
been investigating the street, railway financial situation
for six month*. It has arrived at the definite
decision that the only possible solution of the
perennial condition is to establish a fair valuation.
leaving rates to be adjusted to this. This
i* expected to create a storm among those financially
interested, beside which the commotion in
Washington over The Herald's plain talk on the
street railway situation, was but a whisper. However,
the commission announces in advance that
protest will be of no avail, setting an example
for the District of Columbia Congressional Council.
The stock which the report will virtually wipe
out. totals $215,000,000. It has a large paper
value, but the commission holds has no real
value. It seems that several of these corporations
are about in the same condition as the
Washington Railway and Electric, being bonded
to their full earning value and therefore not entitled
to earn on their stock capitalization. The
Interborough Consolidated is reported as due for
a cut of $123,000,000 and the Brooklyn Rapid
Transit, $76,000,000. Whatever is the paper value,
the holders are doomed to lose, though this will
not be until and unless the commission is upheld
by the courts.
The policy of the New York body is practically
that of the Public Utilities Commission of this
District. It is to establish a fair value on which
to base rates. But this wilt not settle any city's
transit difficulties until all the lines are consolidated
under a single operating control. Just
as long as two or more companies are allowed
to operate on a city's streets, there is sure to be
useless and wasteful duplication. This appears
in trackage, equipment, schedules, operation and
management. The car users have to pay for
all of it.
Here, as elsewhere, the remedy is to find the
fair' value on which the properties will be permitted
to earn dividends and force consolidation
on that basis. This can be done in Washington
by the simple process of establishing rates for
each company on its established value. The survivor
would be the fittest. It is absurd to fix
th< value on which the Capital Traction shall
be allowed to earn and then fix its rate above
Washington merchants, realtors, contractors and
professionals do not seem to realize what is so
plain to their New York brothers: that the fundamental
of city growth, realty values, trade,
labor, mobility and health is in cheap transit
rates. If this was fully appreciated here as there,
merger would be an accomplished fact and P.
E. P. Co. would be divorced from street railway
operation and ownership.
, Strange that all the ex-kings go to Switzerland
and none aspire to castles in Spain which
were once the home of all aspiring to kingship.
THE HERALD believes the people of the
District will learn with very real and sincere
regret that Col. Charles W. Kutz has been transferred
from the District Commissionership to
the regular service. If his ha4 been an elective
position, he would have retained it by popular
vote and would have fully deserved such recognition
of genuinely devoted service. He has given
the District every day, the best that was in him
and this was a far higher ability, more of unswerving
integrity and disinterested and wholly
impersonal judgment than it is the good fortune
o( many cities to gain from their officials.
The Colonel, while most likeable, has the typical
army man's absence of the popular arts. He is
direct, decisive and quick in conclusions. He is
Jar from unbending, but what he believes is
right, is right and that ends the controversy.
Hjr is not a clam, neither is he fond of his own
voice, but he is clear in statement and equally
clear in his mental processes. He is the sort
of man one likes, even when he refuses agreement
because of evident sincerity and impersonal
,The District 'owes him acknowledgment of
very valuable services outside the routine of the
large engineering projects undertaken during his
' long ^erm. As head of the utilities commission,
, put in operation the utilities law. Under
him, the utilities valuations were made. It is
dtje mainly to him that the W. R. & E. and P.
E.| P. Co. eggs are not so scrambled as to be
indistinguishable. He has planned the rebuilding
of" the Potomac commercial docks. The enlarged
water system has been under his charge
in| its preliminary plans. No other one man is
so^familiar with the larger District projects and
he will leave behind him ? splendid record, and
the grateful appreciation of the District.
Hi* successor is Col. Charles Keller, who comes
from the general office of engineer headquarters
in Washington. He is not only familiar
with the city from long residence here, but ha* a
wide acquaintance with its people and a great
many friends. If the District has to losf Colonel
-Kutz, no successor would be more warmly greeted
than Colonel Keller. The two men are personal
friends as well as army associates in the engineering
service. No change of policy is expected,
nor is this ever the cause of change in
this office, which is based on the army rule of
periodic reassignment. ,
Colonel Keller qpmes to the duties of Commissioner
with a fine war record and an equally
fine record in his professfttn. He will have plenty
to interest him and to afford professional profit.
It is one of the best assignments, not because
in Washington, but because it demands high
technical ability and affords abandant opportunity
to test professional skill and for professional
There will be very little change in trousers
this year.?Fashion hint in a New York paper.
Very little is quite correct.
United States u Middleman.
Great Britain used to be the world's
great middleman. A large part of her exports
were first imports. She was the international
distributer of raw and finished materials. Is the
United States to become her rival in this field, and
would this be an advantage, on the whole, or a disadvantage
to the British? If this should be a development
of the near future, it might be but temporary.
Ponzi had a scheme to grow rich playing with
foreign exchange. But a Massachusetts manufacturer
of woolen goods has a better scheme in which,
too, exchange has its part. He has found that
certain grades of European woolen* not suited for
this market, are salable elsewhere. The European
factors need raw materials and credit. He can
supply these as the British did. The manufactured
goods would pass through his hands to the markets.
The unusual value of the dollar in Europe would
help cheapen the price to him. The more stable
money of the countries of his patrons would help
the price he would get.
If this venture is undertaken and succeeds,
there is no reason it may not extend to many things
besides woolens. This country can furnish the
crcdit to ?4ie manufacturers; it can provide the raw
materials; it can advance the cash as an investment,
taking low priced materials in payment. It can,
also, provide the credit necessary in making the final
sale. In other words, the United States is in the
old position of Great Britain?we have the money.
The remaining question is, if there is the will to
venture and build up as the distributer or middleman
It was on this the British built up their merchant
marine. It financed production and marketing
and kept for itself .the carrying trade. The
United States could do this temporarily as to even
distant markets. It might do it permanently as to
South America. Anyway, it is an interesting thing
to think about, and it may have a tryout, piecemeal,
if not wholesale.
When a woman spends too much for a hat,
she is always willing to let the result rest on
her own head.
Pot Idle Money to Work.
WHILE the House of Representatives is
nerely marking time, waiting for the Senate
to catch up, it might consider the TownsendMaloney
bill to increase the annuities of the
retired Federal employes. This need not tax
the reserve force of the members unduly nor
steal appreciably from their deserved relaxation.
Being here, they will naturally want something
to do that is worth while.
This would be both worth while and easy. It
is not an intricate or difficult proposition. It is
but fair play and a square deal to a large number
of the former servants of the government who
ask to have paid to them a larger portion of
their own money now held idle in the Treasury.
It is money the employes of the government
have earned, that was withheld from their salaries.
It is idle money that should be put into
This is w-hat is most needed just now. This
idle money would be used for living expenses
and would go into the current, paying over and
over, as it passed from hand to hand, buying and
producing many times its gross amount. On!
September 9, there was a balance of $16,684,000
in this fund of which one-half is invested in government
bonds. The total disbursements for the
year to September 1, were $3,819,000.
It is the judgment of experts that the surplus
is now sufficient to warrant doubling the annuities
and at that they would but provide the bare
necessities of life.
This government is not asked to pay the increase
from the Treasury, but it is not believed
necessary, nor fair, nor required by good business
methods to further increase the surplus,
nor indeed to keep it at the present total. This
is something the House may well dispose of
during its present leisure and these thousands of"
men and women would then have greater ease
of mind because of gaining justice.
The problem of unemployment is to find
jobs. The men are ready to take them.
It is not easy to make a revenue bill, but
it is a mighty sight harder for the taxpayer
to raise the revenue.
If some one would invent a self-paying
tax and not patent it, that would settle all
the world's troubles.
The human body contains twenty-two
pounds and ten ounces of carbon, or enough to
make 9,369 lead pencils.
It will be easier to pay the billions of taxes
when the millions of unemployed get back at
It is no proof that a city is literary nor
especially intellectual because it has an excessive
number of bookmakers.
As note-writers, Lloyd George and De Valera
have now both distanced Woodrow Wilson's
Skty by 2kry
NEW YORK. Sept. It?Thoughts
whll, (trolling around New York:
Broadway's beguiling Innocents basin
tha evening promenade. The
suit flush. Tha downcast eye. And
trailed by yogis of tha flesh. A
movie star smooth* tha recalcitrant
lock (Or the Times Square crowda.
Studied Indifference, but he knows
they're looking. Atta Apollo!'
Carla Carlton, the theatrical man.
Uaad to be Queen Victoria's trumpeter.
Street hawkers In shiny
blue serges and derbies. Roll
cigarettes In brown paper. Look
hungry. And iyoa!d rather be a
lamp post on Broadway than an oil
well In Oklahoma. The old Casino
has a success.
A new magic shop. Another half
hour wasted. 8tage folk gathering
at side doors for the twilight twitterings.
A dice game in full bloom
In a doorway. Club windows filled
with bridge players along Fortieth
street. There's Bill Johnston, of
the World. The smell of burning
Fifth avenue's necklace of lights
ftflcAn. Wish 1 could remember
Herb Roth's song. "She Was Only
a Lamp-Lighter's Daughter!' A
rich awelL Place- nel- Shiny topl-er
and everything. Probably
dined on gold Ash. The lonely private
policeman rattling doors. Tiffany's
clock 1? fast.
The long row of four wheelers
make their stand in front of the
Waldorf. I wonder if It's true
about the bon-vivant having his
trousers made with four hip pocketa.
Goah. It's hot. The old New
Orleans flzs palace now a sausage
shop. O Tempora. O Mores! Oot
to spill a little Latin now and then
to make 'em think you're educated.
Herald Square loafers walking
about like dumb sheep. The old
Sixth avenue escalator. Secondhand
Row. If you don't watch out
they'll pull you In. I like to hear
the old patriarch say: "Nlftlck
ciotbes, gentlemans." The constant
stream of taxis pouring Into the
Pennsylvania Station. wish I
could go somewhere. But I can't.
So home, James!
My complexes would amaze Mr.
Jung or Mr. Freud. I tremble at '
the rumble of thunder anil am Impervious
to flashes of lightning. So
at Forty-second street and Fifth
avenue when I saw a policeman
come quickly out of a steamship
line office and raise his whistle to
his lips I rushed up the steps.' Two
pien were bound and gagged Inside
and a safe was looted. My pulse
remained normal yet an hour later
crossing the street a taxi honked
behind me and for a few seconds
my senses blurred.
All of which Is remindful of A1
Jolson crossing Longacre Square
one day in a sea of heavy traffic.
He Jockeyed back and forth wltli
an oncoming taxi for some time
and as the taxi veered to one side
and shot by him the angry driver
leaned his head out the side and
called, "How do you like the city?"
After the theater-going public
likes hokum. And It swells the
box offlce receipts. Llghtnln,'" a
good play, but pure hokum runs
lor three years and Its successor at
th< Gaiety Is "The Wheel." a gambling
piece, with hokum In almost
every line. It is a pronounced success
Just as the 10-c?nt paperback
thrillers are sold for II.7S today
so are the taught ten. twent
and thlrt melodramas of the same
period playing to top prices In
Broadway theaters. Incidentally
one learns from "The Wheel" that
out of every $100 bet on the roulette
wheel the croupier gets back
<94.74. The percentage against
Rumbling house patrons is stacked
almost as high aa In the Broadway
& \li^) r
FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 23, 1M1.
According to astrology, this is sn
uncertain day, for while Neptune is
in beneflc aspect. Uranus is strong- ,
With the entry of the sun into
the sign of Libra today' Uranus is j
in the second house and the moon j
, on the cusp of the sixth, while
Mars. Jupiter and Saturn are In (
the eighth house in Virgo.
Saturn in conjunction with Jupiter
denotes much unrest among the
people and events of greatest importance
for the United Ststes.
Waste of public money will be
discovered despUe all efTorts toward
thrift in government affairs,
the seers prophesy.
Mars Is in a place that threatens
railroad strikes and even riots.
Venns is in a place that indicates
a mild autumn with recurring days
Despite warnings to conserve
capital there will be a great outlay
for amusements and theaters will
There is a sign read as presaging
the death of a famous woman before
the winter has passed
The Sun Is read as Indicating favorable
conditions for the advance
of religion and philosophy.
Again the seers remind the people
that the conjunction of Jupiter
and Saturn presair* "great and important
changes affecting the world
generally." This may be favorable to
disarmament, but Is not to Interpreted.
The effects of the conjunction
which took place September 10 do
not mature at once. has been
emphssised, but remain In force for ,
several years. As the conjunction ,
rose in Constantinople, the dismera. :
berment of the Turkish empire la ;
confidently predicted by astralogera.
Violent earthquakes are persist- i
ently prognosticated by astrologers.
Persons whose Hlrthdate It Is
should not travel or make any
radical changed In the coming year. :
Children born on this day may i
be restless and discontented. These
subjects of Libra are often Inclined ;
to be critical and sarcastic, but they
at* generally exceedingly bright.
Distribute the Load and Move the Good*!
? > .?
"Business cannot move when some of its workers axe carrying an undue share of the load,"
says Senator Smoot, of Utah, in proposing a genera* manufacturers' tax to take the place of
special wartime levies on certain industries such as dry goods, motion pictures and automobiles.
"Unless the burden is equitable, all suffer."
* - -?'
Open Cifmrt Letters to The HeraleE
Explains Origin of Evil. ^ |XrV.0^V.tlBd til
r. .h? Kdlto,. Tb, W..hl?.? H.r.;d: jn,Bars* ^or.iy the read.ng of new appoint1
feel that the reply of the writer VWBa ja a few vt tad Um ments and other trivial mattera, the
to whom Will U. Reason addressed kavs sssa?sd ear aetles. We wUl bore- biff and important questions having
hi. remarks I. not quite satlsfac
tory. I.Ike many Christians, this j *SgT usually last from one to two hours,
lady Is so full of her subject, and mtnt'of -p*-1? The public session seldom lasts
so well Informed upon the self 1 j over 10 minute* Therefore; you can
witness of It. that ahe forgets that Pibie story. Including the person- j ?**,*-?^"'hinnen.'YrfThe
_ 11, v _ _ j m.._ m sl . j . vit 1 icgicaiij happens in the executive
outsiders do not realise her baa< a,lty and ^JTJiCNOWN T FAMB. meettn*
and fail to see how her second ar- Itn?lrn Va*. ! Wh.v is such a thinff allowed In
ticle is hardly more than assertion our ,ch?ol system"* The schools
:?hrv pr,??f lnrt* *fn"- w|;mt Likes Dorsey's Criticisms. "'ion the boar^'take."ir"st '
si nse* It* Isn't. Tbelieve "that" whit Te the Edlwr. T?e Wasbtag.oa Herald: [hVnubMc"'' ,hould be known to
the lady says is fundamentally Being what miffht be termed a *?ain t* -?k ,?,#>
true, but she falls to produce the constant theatergoer, as well as a Waahin*ton ?h !
evidence demanded by Will U. Rea- reader of your paper. I cannot .fV"'
son. let the attack that appeared In your "* ?*me . th?
That evil originated In the way ex- columns under "Open Court let- e "** not
plained by her is In keeping with ters to The Herald." September 16. ^
both Scripture and reason. The ex- upon your very able dramatic ARMY OHDFR* AMD ASMGX*
stence of two contending forces in the critic. Earle Dorsey go unanswered. MEKTS
world?good and evil?is. of course. The letter which appears over the
Inconsistent with the supposition that signatures of William Waddlngton. sieaicai torp*.
there is only one being in control Charles Oraney and W. R. Pember- Capt. Ralph H. Simmons, to Camp
Since God is good, he cannot ton wa" bo,h unwarranted and un- Meade. Md.
be the author of evil. The argu- kin<'. 1? ,he first place many mla- 1 Capt. John H. Dawson, to New
ment for the existence of the devil is. statements were made. Mr. Dor- yori( city.
therefore, as conclusive as is that for **y a" pra 8' a Kr** t ma"' MaJ Walter J Bristow to Walthe
existence ?f Ood. That the devll \tTo^pfalU"^ "r Hosp, 'wJUJ^SL.
S? ZZ 'V" k#ep- P^lse Is earned and his opln.on D" ?
^ pr"'r-10 camp
be'nrSadeWthk.n^rho" '5? "T'lvTBrutus." with William Gillette and Col. Paul 8. Halloran. to
Ui^ll. 5 f J , ??' own little Helen Hayes. Mr Washington. D. C.
said that the evil w, know originates Dorwv Iike(l that piay and did not 1 Mai Raymond W. Bliss. to
In our own hearts, one is hard put to hesitate to ?av so It ran close to Washington. D. C.
account for the tremendous lmpulae a New York < ity and gtlu | MaJ Richard K. Cole, to Baylor
of it?an impulse for which humans .ervinc as a starring vehicle for University. Dallas. Texas.
sre not and cannot be justly conald- ^jr Gillette. Another cane. "Irene/* MaJ. Walter F. Macklla, to Fort
?r*d entirely accountable. Look at It. **e a|i know what a wonderful sue- MacPherson. Ga.
however we will, man Is only the cess that ha* been. Mr. Dorsey Field Artillery
secondary, and not the primary, cause liked that musical production and runt Jnhn \f i..win. *# ?
of his own depravity. Every one M|d ao. These are but cases, many. w^h ^nkinm, to Tacoma,
knows how manfully the most hard- many others could be mentioned. ? . . .. .
ened sinners exclaim. "Well, who put Now. on the other hand, take thoseJ Pp JTohn J* Atk,Dlon' to
me here??who Is to blame?** There play* he h** ' knocked" to use the , ,' #* T" .. T
Is somewhat of Justice In that cry. expression of thc-e three ffentlemen. Bark?r- *?<>?Can
It be answered that God is to -other Lives' that Mr. Dorsey said Ueut WNbu^ S NV. o ^
blame for this depraved state? Cer- wouldn't do at all. lasted Just two Wa.h
tatnly not. If God be considered a week* after leavtnff here. Last week's , . * c , John w K?.
Belnff of Just parts. Ther? Is only one attraction at the National. "A Wise Fort sin 0k,a KUbreth. to
answer for It?the devil Child;* was not liked by your critic.
All these mattera Would neces- piece clo?e<l Saturday* niffht here. I?faatry.
sarily remain nebuluous and theo- i coM KO on indefinitely along these Capt. Martin Ackeraon. to Camp
retical, of course, were there no i|n?.* but do not desire to take Up too Sherman. Ohio.
better demonatration than lofflc. much of your valuable apace. Capt. Perry L Baldwin, to Camp
And mere assertion, even thouffh j would, however, like to sdd one Meade, Md.
it be backed up by all the texts more paragraph, and because the gen- Capt. Thomas G. Bond, to Camp
of the Bible, is not convincing: un- tlemen have used rather "extravagant" Devens. Mass.
less we go a step further and show terrns lo express themselves, I, too. The following to Camp Jackaon.
something (to a doubtful mind) wm use them. A ffreat many of us do S. C.?Capts. Edward W. Budy.
that seems to demonstrate the au- care f0r Mr. Dorsey's criticisms, they Philip T. Fry, Thomas W. Galthorlty
of the Bible. Aa stated. aro not only literary gems, but always breath. Jr., Joafph J. Gofford, WiIIfee.m*
to b th? tendency of ju,t and fa|r He has. and is being i?m E. G. Graham. Wllllg A HedChristlans
Jo take It for granted constantly quoted by the New York den.
that everybody thinks the Bible paper8 and is recoffnis?d by the Capt. Thomas G. Carlln. to Camp
is true. I think It la the least thoa(r|Csl producers and managers. I Dlx, N. J.
popularly accepted authority now wouj^ uke to congratulate the man- Capt. Leslie J. Cartwright. to
in existence, though many (and I arement of The Washington Herald Camp Lewie. Wash.
among them) believe It is true, they have been fortunate Capt. John H. Church, to Camp
Once thia belief la settled, all its eBOU(rt, to secure and hold the Dlx. N. J.
statements, properly Interpreted. ?erv|ce8 Gf such a brilliantly cap- Capt. George O. Clark, to Camp
must be accepted. No proper and bJe writer and critic. Pike, Ark
TmPiI322 lnterPr?t*t]?n ?ver, H,s crltlci?ma are not by any Capt. Macey L. Dill, to Camp Pike.
I believe, varied far from the meanB -the laughing atock of the Ark.
J wIioV wii r?Wo the art,c'e ashington theatergoera" (to ,Capt. Victor E. Domenech. to
to which Will U. Reason objected. uote t^ gentlemen) and who Douglaa. Ari*
The trouble. I opine, is that Will knowH but that yet the "Great Capt. Alfred G. Eritsland. to
I. Reason doeant believe the Bible. Am(,rjcan" drama may come from Camp Grant. Ill
I will ask him one question: How .. Capt. Simon Fostiak. to Camp
do you account for the origin of ' B. DE SALE. Lewis. Wash.
the earl yChrletian church and for Waahlngton. D. C. Capt. John F. Hsnley. to Can?P
the motives of those who founded Travla. Texas. *
It and for the sublimity and purity ?u_ret School Board Sessions Capt.v Dan D. Howe, to Camp
of the story they relate and for SCCrel ;>Cn0"1 S?eoo?WIB. Deyen> u...
(he rapid spread, against the flres To the Editor. The Washtnsti* Hersld: Capt. Harry M. Henderson, to
of persecution, of what they taught. The Infamous star chamber pro- Camp Travis. Texas.
except upon the theory that they eeedings of the board of education Capt. Grosvenor M. Wotkyns. to
believed (mind. I say bellev.-d) have often been crltlciaed by aev- Camp Bennlng Ga.
that Christ rose from the dead? rral of Warhlngton'a most promt- Allen Fletcher. to San
I will ask another question; If nent men. their remarks being re- jej^nci.o cal
they believed It to be true, how corded In the press. The matter, how- ^ t Harold K Potter, to Tank
could they have been mistaken? ever, apparently failed to be taken CorpB ' camp Meade Md.
If lh?e questions do not flt Will seriously by the cltlsens of the Na- i.|?ut Frank M. Owens, honorU.
Reason's frame of mind, perhaps tlonal Capital, aijd particularly thoM >Mr discharged
they may flt the minds of others, who should have been Intsreated and" j )eut William A. Welnberper to
If the anaWers to them may be as taken some steps to force the school HoJ Bprlnr,. Ark., for treatment,
useful in clarifying and steadying board to adhere to the law?the par- u.ut Carj jr. Duffner. to Waland
convincing some one aa they entg Cf SOme 0.000 children. t.r HA?oital for treatment
have been In convincing me. this The organic act of !? ? sped- Hospital for treatment.
llSaf01 b^n written i?t fi^Hy stipulates that executive ______ IPftB
vain. With the answrs to these conferences, aa the star chamber *** * COWW **D*" pom
quesfoas stands or faUs the whole m?rtlngs of the board are referred THK EKKBlbla
story. It la a pity that those to by m mhers. shall bs held only September 1*. 1?1.
who wish to deny the'resurrection. to jiacu?# the character of a school MaJ. T. S. Clarke, to Quantlco.
UHr , 'v 1 do not come emp]oye. J have attended virtually Va.
? ' * ?p*n th*'[ every meeting of the school board Capt. L. H. Miller, to Camp Ben.
Produce their evidence to withjn th# iut two years and know nlng for duty student field officers'
I. I. . ...I positively that other matters be- school.
?lnd wh^h It.h. "T.-llTf Id" the character of teachera and Capt. W. W. Walker, to Syracuae.
"ad Tn hu^li M^ev ^^ Z,\\ others ar. brought up for di^us- N. T.
."m*-*^..hl*t0Pr "I,"III siqn. In fact, former school board Capt. T. A. Secor. to recruiting
Impulses wm ?,lf. .hllT ,h. ~Tur members have Informed me that station. Oklahoma City. Okla.
rTct"?r cannitT. ellmlni^d from the so-called executive conferences Second Lieut. H K Darr. to headthe
facu of theb^i and if not. ?? held for the sole purpose of ar- quarters Marine Corps. Washington.
He who demonstrated this power is ranging what mattsrs shall and D C
sufficient authority for anything shall not be *"* ??*? over in the g??t?-fcer IT. IMI.
He sanctioned, and He certainly public session which follows th? Lieut. Col. J. McHuey. to San
gave repeated emphasis to the whole meeting. Consequently, when the Francisco. Cal.
Thsrs 1* twry possibility of
utilising tbs Urg? quantity of seed
bow being produced on rubber
plantations In t^s Dutch East la- j
dies, according to quotation from
Holland's East India In Commerce i
Reports. In tke early ef
the rubber Industrjr In these Islands
the seeds were used mostly
for raisins planta In making new
plantations, but as there are no*
more than l.SSS.SSS acraa under
rubber trees ths quantity of seed*
available Is much In caress of the
planting requirements Investigations
made many years ago by the
Imperial Institute showed that the
kerasls of Para-rubber seeds yield
a large amount of oil similar In
r roper ties to 11 n seed oil. and that
this oil can be used for paint making
and other purposes for which
linseed oil Is employed, while ths
cake which is left after the oil has
been removed from the kernels is
an excellent fodder for livestock.
Until ths laat year or two the oil
was only used dn an experimental
scale, but at least one oil mill is
now eatabllahed In Malaya for
ctuahlng rubber seeds snd small
commercial consignments of the oil
have bean sold la Europe at good
Whether It will pay the planter
tb supply the seeds to an oil mill
depends very largely upon the cost
of collection, a point upon which
experts differ. In view of the
present necessity for the exercise
of rigid economy on rubber eststes
and of the anormous demand for
oils and feedstuffs, It Is highly desirable
that serloua efforts be made
to organise the collection of Parsrubber
seeda wherever It may prove
profitable and so prevent waste of
risterlal which is undoubtedly of
| considerable value.
The fossil shells of the esrly Invertebrates.
or splnelerr cresturo,
are of great Importance to gee
glsta. for they Indicate the geologic
period In which the rock beds containing
them were formed?in othet
words, the age of the rock Ea<t
' fosslliferous rock bed contains
chsracterlrtic forma or group*
forms that determine the permd in
which it waa mud or sand Former
Director Powell, of the I'r.iied
Statea Geological Purvey, once
tersely explained to a Concessional
committee the value of paleontology
by aaying that It .r "t ceologlat'a
clock ' hy whi< h he t? ?
the time In the world's history
when any rock bed was formed
The economic Importance of paleontology
has been repeatedly
ahown In this country In the
earlier exploitation of anthracite
coal thouaands of dollar* w re
j frultleealy expended In New Tork
; In search of coal berfe. until the
New York geMogirt* ahowed that
the beda in that State could contain
no coal. The fo?*ii? in the
New Tork rocks exploited are of
Devonian age whereas the four
of the Pennsylvania anthracite coal
beds belong to the carbon if era u* a
much later period. Ths* discovery
at once stopped a useless expenditure
In times of doubt and perT>lex*>r
the geologist therefore turns to the
paleontologist for light on the age
and original order of the rock bed*
he la studying. The gtudy of the
animal and plant remalna that are
embedded In the i*ocks has thus become
an important part of geologic
work, and although the special ?
who are engaged In this studv ar*
few. their work la of high importance.
Capt. E. H. Jenkins, to Quart co.
Capt. I* O. Melville, to Hawaii
Capt. G. H. Martin, to M-mla.
Capt. J. F. Moriarty. to Perartment
of Pacific, San Francisco, Cal.
Capt. H. W. Holt, to Guam
The following to active duty
Second Lieut (prov) p. S. A.
Gladden, 8econd Lieut, (prov. i C. J.
Eldrldge. Second Lieut, (prov.) L. D.
Christian. Second Lieut, (prov.) D.
H. Da via. Second Lieut, (prov.) F.
C. Hall, Second Lieut, (prov. I R.
' *rC. Pate. Second Lieut, (proyi. E.
I A. Pollock. Second Lieut. (pr?s t R
;s. Roberta. Second Lieut, (prov I F.
M. Wulbern. Second Lieut, (prov > W.
|0. Brice, Second IJeut. (prov.) L j
Whltaker. Second Lieut, (prov ) Q.
K. Landon. Second Lieut, (prov.) ?.
; iLi Street.
September IS. lSJl.
Capt. M. Kearney, to Guam.
First Lieut. C. W. Henkle ?o
i Flrat Lieut. E. B. Moors, to San
! Diego. Cal
| First Lieut. E. W. Garvin, to Cam,
Flrat Lieut. D. Kendall, to Second
j Brigade D. R.
I First Lieut. A. Ogle, to Second
Brigade D. R.
Second Lieut. H. B. En v art. to
Second Lieut. J. D. Waller, to Second
Brigade D. R.
Second Lieut. F. P. Snow, to Second
Brigade D. R.
September M. 1K1.
Lieut. CoL Ck Bishop, to duty as
OIC.. Western recruiting division.
Maj E. P. Fortson, to Department
Capt O. T. Pfelffer, to Depsrti
of Pacific, Cal.
Capt. R. B. Pries, to Quantlco. Va.
Capt. J. W. Thomason. to Hampton
Second Lieut. William H. Faga.
to C. 8. S. Niagara.
September XI, 1SS1.
Capt. H. K. Pickett, to Second
Brigade D. R.
Second Lieut. D. A. Stafford, to
September R. 1S31.
First Lieut. H. B. Alban, to Portsmouth,
The following to Quantlco. Va.:
Flrat Lieut. F. B. Geottge, First
Lieut. B. McArthur. First Lieut. K
A. Cralge, First Llsut Wlllett Elmore.
First Llsut. C. M Portia.
Second Lieut. R. E. Simpson, to
Second Lieut. L. E. Marie, to **
S. S. Nevada.
Second Lieut. E F. O'Day. to U.
8. S. Delaware.
Second Lieut. W. W Wcnalager.
to Department of Pacific. Cal
Second Lieut. B A. Van Moss,
to Portsmouth. X. H.
Second Lieut, (prov) E S. Patchock,
Capt L e. Woods, to Pittgbarsk.