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fSSS 36* Uas&mgfon jfecato ISSt
\n rmo ' WASHINGTON. P. C.. THURSDAY. SEPTEMBER 29, 1921.-SIXTEEN PAGES onv. rwr" I
CUT IN NAVIES
CHIEF HOPE OF
Agreement to Halt Building
Ships Held to be
WILL TURN DOWN
British Expected to Aid
in Solving Problems
of Far East.
Formulation of the American j j
policy In 'the international confer- j
ence on the limitation of armament
will be begun next week when Elihu i
Root will arrive i?* Washington to
confer with the other members of
the American delegation?Secretaiy
of State Hughes. Senator Lodge
and Senator Underwood.
It is now possible to outline the
considerations which will guide the
. American delegation in the negotiations
to achieve what is hoped
will be a notable step toward the j
preservation of world peace,
t To hold fast to the practical and ,
fhun visionary aims will be the con- j
stant endeavor of the American del- |
egation. In whose membership practicality
and absence of visionary
tendencies are a common trait. 1
The American delegates approach ( |
their task agreed that complete ;
naval or military disarmament is ; 1
impractical at this stage of the de- j
velopment of mankind. A measure 1
of national self-defense, it is con- j(
reived, will be imperative for gen- j
eratinns to come. No other nation 1
would agree to complete disarma- '
went, and manifestly the United |
States could not afford to disarm,]
alone. Hence, complete disarma- ,
curxan us uuiiuiiik prugram 10 me
name extent as the others. The Navy 1
Department is already drawing up <
various plans, under any of which <
an equal reduction of armament i
would be achieved. (
President Hardin? has taken a j
Arm stand against the pacifists who j
would have the United States reduce ^
armament even thousjh other nations ,
refuse, and his views are shared b> \
the American delegates. The other *
nations at the cotjncil board will *
It I'M that reduction of armament is c
acceptable, but not imperative from
the American viewpoint. If other r
nations are unwilling to enter into ! t
a fair agreement, the United States <
will continue naval building with c
resources that will enable her to ! j
outstrip Great Britain and leave i t
Japan far in the rear.
Advantage Lies With I*. 9. ^
An Indication of the advantage ( *
of the United States, if the naval I n
fmlldin* contest should continue )i
unabated. is afforded by the stafis- j I
tics which place the annual earn- ; 3
Ing power of the American nation h
at noo.noo.onn. of Great Britain J
at OOO.ftOO.Onn and of Japan at f
j?? ooA.ftrtO.OAO. The British burden
of navy buildine would be nearly ti
twice, that of Japan nearly eight V
times the American burden. ! r
Tf> remove the causes of friction *
in the Far East and the Pacific j r
which militate against reduction of .1
armament, also appear* intensely , i
practical. Pressure upon Japan to |
consent to the settlement of the t
questions relating to the status of n
China will be exceedingly strong
Great Britain presumably will exert H
powerful influence in that direction. J
for Great Britain not only desifes t
to achieve a basis for the reduction ,
nf armament, but would prefer to i Q
substitute a general international I j,
"? ? ?? nnnirini
questions for the Anglo-Japanese fi
alliance. _ I ^
If the conference proves a cus- j
ess we shall have a settlement of j j
soine. if not all. Pacific and Far t
Kastern questions and an agreement
on reduction of armament. It j D
It fails, we shall know where we L
re at and what we must be pre- I ^
pared for ^
The State# Department was ad- j ^
vised yesterday of the selection of , *
three of the jnembers of the Japa- ! n
nese delegation to the conference. :
The precis? nurrter of delegates I
Japan will have in the conference j '
has not been determined, it bein* J ^
assumed that the designation of tne
other member or members Is awaitng
the settlement of this question ;
by other powers and also the dec?of
Premier Hara as to whether I d
he will head the delegation from | s
The three delegates chosen ars ; 8
Minister of the Navy Tomosaburo v
Kato. Prince Tokugtwt. and Baron t
Shidehara. Japanese Ambassador to c
the United States. Minister Kato a
enjoys international celebrity as s
naval strategist. He was chief of t
staff to Admiral Togo at the battle v
of Tsushima, which resulted in the | p
annihilation of the enemy forces. ti
The State Department has not 1<
l>een officially advised of an increase t]
of the Br'tish delegation to six t<
member?", although it is the ex- li
pertation that this number will be ?
sent in order to afford representa- g
tkj.i to some of the British self-gov- h
erning dominions. b
i ' in 19 ciiiBMU as visiuniir). anu u |
i- 'le?ired that the people generally ,
* lould understand that this is to be
a <onftrence. not on disarmament. |
but on the reduction of armament
to the extent it may prove possible
t'* agree upon.
An international agreement to reft
rut and reduce armament grad- (
v rtv doe* appear to the American
! v. rnment to be intejwely practi- .
True, it may turn out to he
i-n practical to reduce land armament
on account of the attitude of ;
1 r tnce and Italy. France, particu- |
l-?rlv. would require guarantees of
protection from a restored Germany. I
hich it might prove difficult to
Would Halt >*i?val Building,
k Hut when the question Is narrow*
rt down to the reduction of ,
naval armament hy the three great 1
naval powers. the United States.
Great Britain and Japan, it appears^
etill more practical. The United j
States, therefore, will go into the
conference prepared to enter into a
binding agreement to halt naval
building, but by agreement only.
Each party to the agrement must
Dollar h Worth
128 Marks Now;
Press Grinds On
BERLIN. Sept. 2?.?For SI. you
can now purchase 12S Germm.n
marks. In prewar days you used
tc 'gft four for a dollar, with a
few pennies besides. The price
of a fraction over three quarters
nf a wa? rAirh#H tr?H v
First Sham Battle of
WILDERNESS, Va.. Sept 28.? j
With forces encamped in the !
heights north of Wilderness Creek,
scene of Cancellorsville. and other
desperate battles of "the civil war,
the Marine Expeditionary Force is
all set and in readiness to go over i
the top tomorrow against an Im- !
urinary foe in the first sham battle ;
Df the maneuvers.
The ground on which the sham
battle will take place is crammed
with sites and objects of historic
nterest. Near the headquarters of
Brig. Gen. Smedley D. Butler, commanding
general of the force, is
the headquarters used by Gen. ,
CJrant in the last campaign of the j
Army of the Potomac, which i
Krnnaht Q K .V- I
The steady increase of paper
currency has brought about this |
situation, and while German i
bankers previously mad some atterr
pts to bolster up tile mark's
value., lately there has been no
such tendency?possibly by de ipn
The approaching: installment
on the reparations bill has certainly
been reflected on the money,
market, and the decline in the
value of marks may be used by
the Berlin government* as evidence
of her inability tc pay.
aieanwnur me tuciai rcjerrc i
Is being withdrawn, and the gov- !
eminent pi esses are still printing
TWENTY MILES |
Forces Ready Todav for
? v. -D... iUO CUUtllg Wl iue
Near Wilde mens Tarera.
Within a few hundred yards of
Sen. Butler's headquarters also is
Wilderness Tavern, celebrated in
history. Two or three miles to the
north is the hamlet of Chancellorship
and near it the stone shaft
which marks th^ spot where Gen.
Stonewall Jackson fell, accidentally
?hot by his own men. while leading j
lis army corps after his nrreat j
<trategrlc success at the battle of j
'hanrcllnriwHU V-.- 4* t.
Salem Church, seen* |?f another
Moody conflict. *
Tomorrow's exercises will com>rise
operations by infantry, artilery
and the Marine Air Service,
rhey will be witnessed also by the
Irst party of quests to attend the
Hljtk Officer* Expected.
This party will consist of about
wenty members of ^Congress, offl?ers
of the army, navy and Marine
Torps. who will come as military
)bservers. Among the latter will
>e Maj. Gen. John A. Lejeune, comnandant
of the Marine Corps, who
ed the famous Second Division in
Trance: Maj. Gen. Wendell Neville,
vho commanded the celebrated
Marine Brigade-. Brip. Gen. Charles
HcCawley, Admiral Moffltt, head of i
ho Vavv \ 'W ? '
... . ? -j Kit i < ivt, aiiu a I1UII1UCI
Today's hike of nearly twenty
nlles from Fredericksburg, where
he men spent the night. to the Wlllerness
Run. was a Ions: and dusty
>ne. and proved a severe test of the j
)hys:cal fitness of the men. after
heir two rainy nights in the field. j
( mrral Leads Hike.
Brig. Gen. Butler, carrying: a
ilxty-pound pack and a rifle,
narched with the Marines on their
like from Fredericksburg. Gen.
Jutler has won two Congressional
Tedals of Honor and distintmish**!
imself in France by converting
Srest from a mudhole into the
inest camp in the A. E. F.
When the column left Fredericks>urg
Gen. Butler walked at its head
Vhen he had covered six or seven
niles of \he march, word came from
he rear-guard that many of the
nen were falling out of the ranks
md reporting theselves sick and
inable to walk further.
Sets Example to Marine*.
<Ien. Butler was himself footsore
nd fatigued by the bad weather,
?ut upon hearing the report ait once
aid, "Well, let's see what example'
fill do." Accordingly he went to
he extreme rear, where he found
group of men in a field, stretched
ut. and apparency feeling very I
"What's the matter?** said the
reneral to the first man of the
"We're pretty sick, general, and
... we can t walk any furh??r."
was the response.
"Do you think if I carried your
ack you could go on a way?" said
he general. ""Remember you are
Marines, and Marines never quit.
l good many of you hayen't been
(arlnes long, so I'm going to show
ou what a Marine can do. I'm 1
lore than 40 years old. and I've
1 ready walked further than any of
ou. but I'm going to carry your
ack and rifle all the way to the
wilderness, so come on boys, let's
Takes Slek Maa*s Pack.
Accordingly the general shoul- ,
lered the pack and rifle of the
ick roan, and with the whole ,
;roup set off down the road.
ath^Hnn' ' -? ?
-k ausfgiera as incy
rent, all of whom were ashamed
o fall behind while their general,
arrying rifle and pack. went
Accommodating his pace with
hat of the tired and footsore men
rho were with him. Gen. Butler's
rogress was very slow, and from
ime to time he would halt and
>ok over his men, picking out
hose who were worst used up and
filing them to wait until ambu- ,
inces could pick them up. It was
ot until nearly 7 o'clock that the i
eneral reached the camp, after :
iking the whole distance, but he i
rought with him every straggler. I
OF MURDER FOR
Released Under Bond for
Trial on Manslaughter
WOMEN IN COURT
SMILE AT VERDICT
Fatty Silent On Plans
Before He Will Face
SAN FRANCISCO Sept. 28 ? Rotcoe
("Fatty") Arbuckle, famed
movie comedian, must face trial for
manslaughter, but not for murder.
Police Judge Sylvan Lazarus so
ruled In the Police Court here late
today at the conclusion of Ar
uuv.i\io o |/l CIIII1IIISI JT CABIIIIIIBIUU.
The court's order was that Arbucxle
be held for trial for manslaughter
and that the murder
charge against him be dismissed.
Soon after adjournment of court
Arbuckle's attorneys had completed
the preparation of papers
and the numerous formalities of
furnishing bail, and Arbuckle was,
given the bit of paper which per-1
mittcd him to walk the streets
with his fellow men.
Outside the hall of justice his big
car was awaiting him and * it
whisked him away to a hotel.
Arbuckle's attorneys said that he
intended to leave for Los Angeles
in the morning, but there was a
belief that "Fatty" might seek rest
and seclusion elsewhere?that he
was not too anxious to have those
not directly concerned know where
he would spend the next few days.'
Arraignment in the Superior
Court will be the next step to be
taken in the prosecution of Arbuckle.
At that time he will pl*ad
and the date of his trial'wlll be
Arbuckle, was plainly pleased and j
courtroom spectators seemed to be,
Fix Hall at $5,000.
Judge l-azarub set the bail at
$10,000 bonds or $5,000 cash.
When the decision was announced,
club women from the audience
swarmed to the rail, which stbod
between Arbuckle and the audience,
began wringing his hand, patting
him on the back and congratulating
Arbucltle hardly changed expression.
He looked about as sober as
he has always looked since his arrest
two weeks and a half ago.
Minta Durfee, his wife, broke into
tears and wept with Joy on the big
Arbuckle shook hands with the
club women with one hand and with
the other caressed his wife.
Clafc Woman Flays Proweevatlon.
Mrs. Emma Phillip Ina, one of the !
ClUQ women buciiuhik i no mat, i
pressed a book into Arbuckle's j
hands. Its title was "How to Be |
Mrs. W. B. Hamilton, chairwoman
of the delegation of club# women
watching the case, bitterly attacked
It was expected that an immediate,
assignment of Arbuckle's case to the
court of Superior Judge Ward
would be made.
The summing up of the case by
Judge Lazarus was leisurely, during
which he reviewed the fatal party
at* the St. Francis Hotel.
Arburkle*? Smile MImIbr.
Arbuckle listened intently. His
fate was in the balance. He played
do part. He was all human being,
anxiously, waiting to hear the verdict.
"Now. gentlemen." said Judge
I?azarus. "before making a decision,
the court will indulge in' a little
"There is Just enough evidence
here, I may say barely enough, to
justify me holding the defendant
without further facts and circumstances
which the district attorney
said would establish the fact that.
Arbuckle is guilty of the crime of
"This is an important case. We
are not trying Roscoe Arbuckle
alone. We are not trying the screen
celebrity who has given joy -and
pleasure all over the world.
"We are trying ourselves, in a
large sense. We are trying our
present-day conditions, our presentday
social life and lack of social
Says Indue Is Universal.
"The issue is universal, and grows
from conditions which are matters
of comment and apprehension to
n ?orv true Invcr anH nPAta/itnr /"? t
our American institutions. <
"In this is a public lesson greater
than the district attorney would f
have us understand.
"Much ilquor was drunk at tne
fatal party, despite the recent addition
to the United States Constitution.
The complaining witness, who was
not put on the stand (Mrs. Delmont),
has been described as being:
in an inebriated condition.
"Some of the witnesses have been
absolutely worthless, particularly
Semnacher, who occupied two days
of the court's time.
"The only witness in the entire
case who gave any direct testimony *
on the guilt or innocence of the defendant
was the nervous chamber- *
m>l<l I *r -
ittaiu, itoocpiiilie rveza. 1
"The question for me to decide i* p
whether I am justified In holding j
the defendant for murder. And I
do not believe I am justified in 3
sending him to trial on this grievous <
"Therefore. I hold him for trial 1
on the charge of manslaughter." j
ARMS RESOLUTIONS J
OF CECIL ADOPTED i
GENEVA Sept. 28?'The third [
commission announced today that I
I? Urn* -j
it ? ?.? auuj/ieu two resolutions introduced
by Lord Robert dell, who
represents South Africa in the
league of nations assembly.
The first expresses the gratiAcation
of the league at the holding
of the Washington conference on
limitation of armaments, and the
second requests all governments
not to exceed their contemplated
naval budgets during the coming
two years. ~
Nippon Sailor* '
16 Day* Adrift
Found by Yanks
PORTLAND. Oreg. Sept. Jl.?
Storm-tossed at Ma, their little
gasoline oceaa-gotng ateamer
waterlogged and helpless, ten
Japanese sailors were rescued by
the steamer Abercos on her voyage
homeward from the OrtMu.
The rescue, according to the
chronicle. In Capt. K. P. T.
Wood's log of the.journey, was
made after the boat had auffered
many dancers. The Japanese
mariner* had peen drifting for
sixteen days, and had been without
food or water for alx days.
The Abercgs reached here
today after having been held up
for a week by heavy weather and
by tog for two days outside the
Heads. \ /"
After the men had been taken (
on board the Abercos and fed,
one of the Japanese sailors, true
to his religion. Went to the rail
and threw rice and flsh Into the <
ocean for lost seamen.
TO DELAY REPLY TO
DE VALERA'S NOTE
Disagreement by Cabinet
** * i n #
Hinted as cause 01
LONDON, Sept. 2H.?A. par ty
of mourner* who were retarnl*K
from the faneral of (he
victim* of Saaday*a rioting In
Vlelfaat were ambuahed today,
aeeordlnx to dfapatehea reeel
vert la Loadoa.
Revolver abota from the am- hoahera
led to deaperate flghtIbic
between the two faetlona.
One maa was killed and foar
l<ate la the afteraooa a number
of Proteataat workera in a
iSrire brlek worka were attacked
nad driven from the
plaat by a party armed -with
LONDON. Sept. 28. ? The unexpected
announcement from Gair
Itxrh that Lloyd George's reply to
De Valera would not be dispatched
until tomorrow save rise to rumors
that a new hitch, possibly a cabinet
disagreement, had caused the
postponement of the premier's action.
It is now blieved that the note
will undergo some alteration before
it is sent.
In announcing the postponement
fhe Press Association gives the official
version of the incident, which
is that 'no hitch has occurred, but
Lloyd George derided to .wait another
li hours in order to' give
opportunity to all the ministers to
make known their feelings regarding
DUappolatmrnt la Dublin.
A rlvien f re\m ftoklln ???H ??
Sinn Fein cabinet was waiting,
ready to consider the reply the moment
it waa received, ahow disappointment
in the Irish capital at
the new delay, but the belief persists
that the peace conference will
hp held, regardless of present developments.
The Irish delegates to the con'erence
will be those already named,
with Arthur Griffith heading the
Several views of the premier'a
withholding his reply are expressed
n political circles. One is that v. f.h
the unemployment situation temporarily
overshadowing the importance
of the Irish question. Lloyd
3eorge may have decided to scevt
further for a solution of the eco
nomic problem before proceeding
Speculation concerning: the sus?e?ted
eleventh-hour alteration in
the text of the note is particularly
ictlve since the government allowed
t to become known previously that
ill the ministers had submitted their
/lews that the reply was satisfactory,
suggesting only minor word
The note as originally drafted,
it is stated, was much shorter than
tow contemplated and consisted of
two parts?reaffirmation of the government's
position refusing to admit
Sinn Fein delegates to a conference
as representatives of a
iovereign state, and, second, welcoming
De Valera's appointment or
lelegates "to ascertain how Ireand's
association with the British
empire couici be .reconciled with tiia
Irish national aspirations." It also
nuggested new arrangements for tha
Thus the way would have been
opened for. a meeting without conlitions
and without expressly demanding
repudiation of the principle
of Irish independence.
SELLS GOLF CLUBS
TO AID CREDITORS
WHITE PLAINS. N. Y.. Sept. IS.
?With Hps quivering, fcewis Gouvirnour
Morris, bankrupt stockholder,
old the court here today that he had
*ven. sold his golf clubs to mpct ?><?
lemands of his creditors.
When a?ked if he had any money
>r property, by counsel for Charles
Morgan, on* of th? chief creditors
>f the brokerage firm- of Morris and
'ope. Morris covered his face with
lis hands and replied:^,
::I have stripped myself of everyhing.
I have disposed even of my
)fiHonal effects, my golf bags Included
Mrs. Morris testified that her tai*>and
had be?n living for the last
rear on what she fias given him, in-1
luding $600-for eluh bv.. ?i??
estlfied that Morris had given every
>enny to creditors and the only
>roperty transferred to her was their
louse at Newport. R. I.
Morris is confined to "the Jail
fmits" of Westchester County unler
the poor debtors' act.
J. N. DARLING ILL
J. IT. Darling, whose nrtMu
re a feature of The Herald's
froat pa|?i haa heea f?m< tr
Illa?*ss to take a complete rest
far two weeks or Bare. Darlas
this period F. G. Cooper, whaae
rarteeas la Ciller's have wsa
hlsa a aattaaal repatatlaa. will
draw a series far The BaraM.
_ *?. - 4 -J- -"Yrr-r-T ;
TO UNITE ROADS
Wants Discussion of
WOULD BE FORMED
Consideration Aimed to
Keep Competition and
^ Avoid Wastes.
The Interstate Commerce Commission
In ^he near future will
hold hearings -on its proposal to
consolidate the railroads of the
country into ^nineteen great systems.
The consolidation plan was made
nuhlfc Kv --?? - -
, <j \.uiuuii?ai^n jreiciday,
following in the main a report
prepared by Prof. William Z.
Ripley, of Harvard. Its preparation
was at the direction of trfe transportation
act of 1920.
The consolidation, the commission
explained. "proDahly wo(ild be voluntary'
if carried out!
To Eliminate Waste.
Th* object of the consolidation
would be to eliminate competitive
i waste through unified operation,
and provide a basic reorganization
J for the improvement of transportation.
Weaker lines would be
linked to stronger. Competition
would be maintained, however.
"We have sought to minimize
dismemberment of existing lines
j or systems," said the commission.
"This tentative plan is put forward
in order to elicit a full record
upon which the plan to be ultimately
adopted can rest."
Objects ?f the Plan.
The pain seeks, according to the
commission: An inherently natural
geographic scope for each system,
a sound operating adaptation of
each unit to its surroundings, administrative
competition between rival
roads, in order to Insure the continuation.
of an alert and accelerated
service to the public, and an
equalization of earnings among
competitors to perpetuate rivalry
on an even-handed basis.
The systems suggested are New
York Central. Pennsylvania. Baltimore
find Ohio, Erie, Nickel-Plate,
Lehigh Valley. Pere Marquett*
New England, New England-Great
Lakes, Chesapeake and Ohio, Norfolk
and Western, Southern, Atlantis
Coast Line-Louisville and
Nashville. Illinois Central-Seaboard,
Burlington-Northern Pacific, Milwaukee-Great
Northern. Santa Fe.
Southern Pacific-Rock Island.
Frisco-Katy Cotton Belt, Chicago
Govenuscst Owaershlp Isaae.
In its report the commission
[ points out that the issue of government
ownership of the roads
i "l? constantly pressing itself on
the attention of Congress and the
| onouia xne poucy or voluntary
J crnfcolidation not prevail, after due
encouragement by government authority,"
said the report, "it seems
clear that an added incentive to
government ownership will be afforded."
A well-ordered consolidation proI
gram, it is suggested, may offer
"a way out."
The report stresses the necessity
of maintaining competition, but
points to the need of eliminating
the wastes incident to the present
methods of management.
NEW YORK. Sept. 28.?Three
men and a boy were injured, one
of the men so seriously he may
die. in an explosion of firework*
bombs at Bath Boach, Brooklyn,
James J. Buthe, inspector fcfr the
bureau of combustibles. Are department.
had his left arm blown
off at the shoulder, was blinded
in both eyes and sustained other
injuries which may prove fatal.
William J. H#?any, another inspector
of the bureau; Patrolman
Arthur McLaughlin, of the Brooklyn
force, and Salvatore Seril, a
Brooklyn youth, were wounded. 4
The inspectors were opening,
preparatory to throwing in the
bag, several bombs intended for
use in an Italian celebration,
which had beeji seized. One ex
pioaea wniie Buthe held it, and
set off another.
NEW YORKr Sept. 28.?Columbia
University begins its 168th academic
year today with an enrollment of
about 15.000 students in the various
schools on Morningside Heights and
in other sections of the city. A
number of graduate students are
still enrolling today, but registration
for undergraduates closed last
The opening exercises were held
mis aiiernoon with the traditional
processions. President Nicholas Murray
Butler welcomed the new students,
^nd spoke on the conditions
In Europe as he saw them on his
trip this summer.
. CALLS ON HARDING
Garbed In the picturesque robes of
his high office. Seklsen. archbishop
of the Buddhist temple of SojuJI.
Japan, called on President Harding
yesterday with a message calling tor
pesos and love between all mankind.
Seklsen was selected to carry the
message of good will by all the Budd
I"B? vwu oi japan.
The archbishop was accompanied
by five Japanese from the embassy
here. Th'e fl*e were In formal mornIns
attire and offered a sharp contrast
to the colorful and hearily embroidered
robe and purple silk head(W
of the archbishop.
ft rttTnltr jtfjitfffiiV'riff' int: i?rm
Rejoice as ,
Hungried Watching ai
, Relays Now Ended a
Bf FLOYD GIBBONS.
(tpscial Ctbto U Tte Wukiaffton HsnU
tad Chiotfo TriVwM.)
KAZAN. Ruasla. Sept. 22. (Via
Riga. Sept. 28.)?Llckej} and polished
to a tongue-smooth finish, ;
fifty-seven wooden spoons, comprising:
the principal equipment of the
largest public institution In the Tartar
Republic, joyfully welcomed reinforcements
to the number of 364
of their like late today.
For the last four days 423 undernourished
and starving children
most of them shivering from the
cold In scant cotton dresses and
TO HELP FIND JOBS
Public Works Favored as
Desirable Means to
Every city in the country must
open an unemployment agency at
once and find jobs for the idle men
in each locality before winter comes.
This will be one of the principal
recommendations of the National
Unemployment Conference to meet
I'lrncni rmciRriK j. AH Vl'rai
| to all governor! and mayors for
j such action has been decided upon
hy the conference committee on
The plan Is to revive the Federal
employment service with an emergency
appropriation from Congress
and co-ordinate all th4 municipsl
agencies into one nation-wide employment
Mast Divide I'p Jobs.
| Another emergency measure dei
elded upon by a committee of the
conference is that m?n who have
! work must share employment with
i those who have none. Such a recomi
mendation has been unanimouslv
approred by the committee on
J emergency mea?ure? by manufacturers
and it is significant that Sarai
uel Gomper*. president of the
American Federation of Labor, is
a member of this committee.
#Under this plan, a manufacturer
who employs 2.000 men full time.
?will be urged to give employment
\ to another 1.000 by allowing all of
th*m to work part time. In this
" manner, "everybody can eat.** a*
one hiirh official expressed it. and
it is considered imperative that stich
action be taken to prevent suffer- ,
ing during the winter.
T* Aid Railroad Work.
It is considered certain the conference
will be a?ked to recommend
to Congress the prompt passaee of
the railroad refunding bill, atrainst
I? men Birun^ is
Effort* may be mado by the administration
to obtain an agreement
with railroad executives that th#?
bulk of the $500,000,000 to be paid t
them under the bill for claims they
have against the government be
spent for new equipment or improvements.
This, according to pome semi- I
official estimates, would provide
work for from 200.000 t?? l.nOO.OOO
men now Idle, and preatlv stimulate
the entire industrial situation.
Public Work* I'rgert.
The committee on public works
yesterday adopted a recommendation
for the immediate construction
of all national. State and municipal
building projects for which appropriations
have been made.
Mayor Peter*' of Boston, the com- ;
mittee chairman, announced that
the recommendation will be made
the piajor proposal of a formal report
to the full conference today.
According: to Mayor Fetors, statistics
gathered by his committee
I disclose that $600,000,000 is a\;ail!
able for these projects, exclusive of i
appropriations for national con- i
i struction which would add approximately
$200.000.000 to the
| total. In the opinion of the committee.
he said, if the expenditure!
of this sum can be begun at once
it will give employment to thou-!
sands and effect a revival in the
Will Hear Report* Tomorrow.
Because of the rapid progress
made by the committees that are
formulating emergency relief meas.
ures for the various lines of industry.
it was announced yesterday
that the full conference will con
vene tomorrow to pass upon their
reports. The original dat? for receiving
the reports was fixed as
October 5, and the five-day advance
in the schedule was taken
as an indication that the conference
may wind up its work late
i Men Employed Here
L.ack of employment noted In
Washington by the conference now
bclag held may be partly credited
to the .District Commissioners, according
to Engineer Cotn'tiiesior.er
Kutz, who yesterday pointed out
that the commissioners have been
awarding contracts for street re
po'.r work twro a w*?k advertising
for the construction of the superstructure
of new iSust'tr. Hitfh
School, and will soonstart |>u(J4ins
eipht graded schools.
75 ANIMALS PERISH
IN ATLANTA EIRE
ATLANTA, Ga . Sept. S8 ? Property
damage unofficially estimated
at 1100.00# wai caused by (Ire which
early today swept the National
Stock Tarda here, destroying several
Between fifty and seventy-five
horses and mules were -burned to
death in the fire. Hundreds of them
were released and driven from their
tables into the streets.
Wremen were unable to determine
the origin of the $)ase.
.Iv.ea.- ... 5L_ _ ^ .
sian Children |
i Victims Were Fed in
is 57 Wooden Scoops
makeshift apparel, have J>een workI
ins on the original fifty-seven
I spoons in hunrrv r?ln
While overworked, the fifty-seven
I have conveyed American relief adj
ministration rice, milk and sugar
j from the wooden bowls to the eager
! mouths set in pinched fsces. 364 sets
[ of eyes following the steady up-anddown
movements of the wooden
scoops and expressing without the
need of word* the thought:
"Why in the name of Sam Hill
den i those kids finish up and let us
show them sc-me real speed?"
Hungry Audleaee Witcbra.
In the larger assembly room of
j Kazan's largest school house?s
five-story brie* building?American
food was beinc spooned its way nto
the y.ung Tartar stomachs. Children
I were ranged twenty strong around
! bare wooden t'- ;?le* whil? *nm#n ?t
tendart* officiated it the serving taj
bleu in the center of the floor. Along
three walls a ^tilery of l^acer|
njuii'-d fac?'S ii ..'ntalned - Con<V?i.i
| vigii over th* wrvtif tables -?n
I which large flat pans of rice pudj
Speed has dominated all the plane
of the American relief administration.
with the result that actual
feeding started in the capital of
*he Tartar Republic the day after
the first train with supplies ar- It
Continued on Poge Two.
GIVES $7,500 FOR
Additional $500 Alloted
. to Place Markers on
AtI appropriation of for a
reception by the District to delegates
and visitor* to the arm* c^>n- 1
ference to be held early In December
was allotted by the Citizens'
Central Coir.mittee yesterd*\ An
additional allotment of |5?0 for
placement of markers on historic
*ite* in the District ??? also allowed.
Alexander G. Hamilton. * fttjrant
aerretary of the commits
announced last right.
I Humiliation cf the city during the
first two nights of the conference
which hi: been adopted as thn i??airivt's
ma tr contribution *o the
c?-lifer*me program, will re |wtr?r the
expenditure of all other 'unds r? m!vM
by the committee, it was ri?d.
Although the full desir?*d mill
not be increased, campaigning for
funds will continue after I25.00r?
have been received. It was learned
from the office of Milton K. Ailes.
chairman of the finance committee.
Additional funds will be used for
the illumination, as the lighting
originally offered will cost $50,000.
and the committee will attempt to
adopt as much of the first plan a?
possible. Receipt of $19,011 was announced
by Chairman Ailes yesterday.
Concerts may be held in the large
auditoriums of the city on Saturday
night. November 12. C"omirii*Kinn#?r
Rudolph, chairman of the dtisens'
committee, said yesterday. Mr*.
Frederick H. Brooke is preparing
the musical program for the conference.
Sixteen transportation heads have
been appointed to handle the conveyance
of thousands expected to
visit Washington during the conference.
W. V. Shipley, division
passenger asrent of the Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad, was appointed
chairman of the committee and
will be assistted by C. E. Thorney.
cltv passenger agent. Baltimore
and Ohio Railroad; T. L. IJpsett.
district pasenger agent. Pennsylvania
Railroad; W. H. Callahan,
traffic manager. Norfolk and Washington
Steamboat Company; E. I.
Ober. tourist agent; George W.
Vierbuchen. district passenger
aeent. Seaboard Air Line; S. E.
Pursress. division passenger agent.
Southern Railroad: D. P. Aub. district
passeng;er agent, American
Express Company; George P. James,
assistant peneral passenger agent.
Atlantic Coast 1-lne; C. R. Edmonds
general aeent, Pbesapeake and
Ohio Railroad: Thomap J. Stead.
Cunard Line; John W. Keane. Bureau
of Navigation. Navy Department;
C. F. Stewart, manager Troop
Movement Pureau. War Department;
I M. Hick*. International
Mercantile Marine; MaJ. Henry P.
StanclifTe. depot quartermaster'*
office. War Department, and C. E
Phelps. city passenger agent. Canadian
UNITE TO FIGHT
RAISE IN RENTS
NEW YORK. Sept 28?Charging
' that landlords were in a new plot
to maintain present high rent levels
by demanding increases effective October
1 and then compromising to (
rates now operative. 3.00A Washington
Heights tenants banded together !
I lUUa.V IU IIfilll llir uj'l" cfouc urearj
Many landlords have Riven notice
j of raises. in some instance* reach[
ing $100 a month under penalty of
( not renewing: leases. Tenants will
| refuse to pay the hipher prices un]
less ordered to do so by judicial decision.
r.nRinffra irom every wcuon 01
the country will gather In Washington
tomorrow to attend the opening
session of the executive bosxd of th?
American Engineering Council.
National problems. Including unemployment
and Industrial waste will
be acted on. Advance reports from
committees show Increased activity I
In matters affecting reconstruction T
problems and the public service.
Large rains In membership have j
been made ?ince the society was organised
nearly a year ago. It now
represents the organised engineers of
America. Calvert W. Tomley, of |
New York, first vice president will
preside at the meeting.
SENATE IN LATE
SESSION TO END j
Leaders Make Determined 11
Fight to Hapten I
Peace Pacts. I
DEMOCRATS CT JM 1
OPPftsmnv ro, iu c 'I
?? * 4
Germany Said to )W Ojv I
posed to Present I
Unless Senators exhibit s 4eerr*
to speak on the peace treaties with
the central empires, now pending,
a vote will be asked v ithout further
delay, according t? F??nitor
Lodge. Republican leader.
Lodpe made this announrrment at
the conclusion of a short meht s*s
sion yesterday Anrthrr tiu ht session
will be held today, h- said. end
unices there i* ^peakii.e. h* wll
move for ratification.
Thirty-six Republicans and four
te* n Democrats answered roll
rail yesterday. Dcbat* \ra? tr. ha* '
started at 8 o'clock, but it was necessary
to delay for t?vntf-fiv?
minutes before a quorum ro?M
Srnat?r Kellofr* Speaks.
Senator Kellogrc mad* t%* M
speech, and no one indicated a desire
to continue the discus* - n n * ?-n
he had concluded.
K'!lop* attempted t > rer;*- K !
attack of Senator Borah on t??e
treatiea. He disputed P,or-. ?. ,
tention that ratification wouM in
volve the United States in Euro?*-::*
political affairs, and uphrH the Versailles
treaty as the means of p*rrentinp
chaos in Eumbp r>-?, t <? -
with the reparation? n
are BHMarv. he arrued. if > '
can claims against Germany to
Agreement to hold n!gt>t
was made aft*r a hrW vWt I
Senator Lodg*. RepuNlrart leader,
to the Whit* Hoom. wh^r?- fee m-en*
orer the situation with Pre^id^nt
Hardirf. it was under*^orwj. - Iterated
his desire f?r early
cation of the treaties, and exp~es?'d
satisfaction with the progress that
has thus far been made.
Meantime. Democratic opponents
of the treaties asserted their f?-?ht
is graining strength. Senator* -re
studying the treaties -with the
of finding flaws In ttterv and
Drepared to offer a ?umb>r of ad
ditional reservation* with ircn
menta in their support. Th#? <->pp. 5ition
to the Treatie? wwilfl ?
yet unorganized. and a mertinjr o*
the Democratic caucus to<" i > s
awaited to reveal whether - r, ?
the minority will adopt a nnil I
Say RHrhitag Oppo?r? Pe^t.
This is not NpKHfl Blaef
porters of the Wilson treaty a; ? rt
thoy will never approve th^ ?
tute pacts. On the other har^ ?uc?*
loaders ?s Senator MtfV
Senator Hitchcock favor the pi*,
Word from Germany that ?h"
Reichstag has received Ir'orrr ition
from the German government
that the treaty with that nation is
filled with defects will used |
-..-.J e nmnnp tTicn
Senator Borah. The Heichstae is
reported to have been told th*t ?ddittonal
treaties will be n^ces-arafter
the prevent part is ratifio.
in order to make it workable
Place* fiullt on GertaiBv
Germans are said to question th+
possibility of carrying out th- r" visions
of this treaty, which excludes
the authority of Jhe le*r ^
of nations, while Germany is
bound to re<*opnire the 1%a?nie tv.
the treaty of Versailles. Borsh
contends that this bears out his i
assertion that ratification will
the fist step toward joining th?league.
Private /advices to Senators indi- (
cate also that there is strong opposition
to sections of th<? ?r#ai\
which It is hold would make the
present German government acknowledge
guilt for the war. Germane
are said to be willing to assume
responsibility, but to be milling
to have war blame placed anywhere
exc? pt with the defunct German
COMISG IN MONTH
NEW YORK. Sept 28?Mrs
Enrico Caruso will sail from Havre
for the I'nlted States October 22.
Word wag received by friends in '
New York today that she had en- J
framed passage for herself and bab\ j
daughter, Gloria, on the steaaar J
Paris. Mrs. Caruso is now fti
Ko.HI sft^r - '
was announced that Mrwould
remain in Italy ut aa-jy
next spring to complete t }rvn.
tory of the Carum) *>stat? Ita'v. j
The inventory. In comp!ian< vitn
Italian laws, will not be . ip.ttad
for several months and is
thought probable Mrs. :na< 's '
visit next month is for j*' cipation
in listing American '
of the tenor and that she % ..I r%turn
to Italy for completio . of UM|
interest rr vrrpc
* ONNEW YALE HEAD
NEW HAVEN. Co?n.. ??i* ft?
Whtn Tale UnhrtriiUr begins
221 ?t academic year, tomorrow, attention
will naturally be focuae* on
ita new preaid?*nt. Dr. Jamea Rowland
Angel I. who waa inr.-igru rated
last June but took up hla residence
In New Haven only laat Week.
In view of the fact that the corporation
went ao far afield to chooar
the new prealdent and of the fact
that Dr. An pell is known aa a mnn
of action and imagination, it is
natural that th?re ahonld be a con
aiderable abount of conjecture c? 1oernlnc
his policies. It is -rv?-b?.h
however, tuat theae wil? for<
aelvaa on tAe public attentlo . ,. ,
HgSm, A . a; m.twm M