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THURSDAY. tOCTOBER 6~ ign.
Japan at the Conference.
THAT the United States will be no worse off
than now, if the Washington conference does
not reach agreement, is true. But the ob,
ject of the conference is not wholly philanthropic;
it_is not just to save Europe from itself, nor Japan
from the error of her ways. So far as this country
is concerned its objects are mainly American?
_ to assure peace on the Pacific, to open the ways to
. trade and to lighten the enormous burden of taxa- I
, tion. It is true that this people can, if they must,
dump $1,000,000,000 a year in a navy and airplanes
and fortifications, but they will be mightily disap- I
pointed if they have to do this.
It is not so certain that Japan cannot almost
a& well stand the drain of like war preparedness.
The potential resources of Japan may be underestimated.
In her present position she controls Shantung
with its supply of minerals. She is penetrating
Siberia, another mineral storehouse. Industrially,
she uses American methods. She has an
endless supply of cheap labor and can produce far
more cheaply than any oiher industrial people.
Naval building is, with her, much less expensive
than with this country.
Her national debt is but $1,300,000,000; her an,,
nual revenues and disbursements arc about $500,000,000.
She maintains an army in the field of
300,000 and has a navy which in efficiency would
bother Great Britain as much as did Germany's.
With the expansion just in front of her, she can
look to a future of financial, economic and military
power which will rank her as the equal of any other
on earth. This is her ambition. Militarism is in
her blood. It is her tradition. She is groping in
the first steps beyond it, but is still in its grasp.
This is the Japan that will come to the Washington
conference, reluctantly, not wishing to
change, clinging to this ambition, and yet with that
other ambition to be modern; to be of the West
which she dimly understands; to be of a family she
rather resents, and of a civilization which is
strange. She is the problem to be solved, and if
< solved it will be only if made to feel really of the
family and secure in it, or if made to realize that
' she must be of the family or be suppressed. It is
well enough to realize that she does not especially
J fear the United States alone. Given another ten
1 years for expansion, consolidation and development,
she believes she will be at least our equal in
strength and more than our equal in readiness. Is
* she very much mistaken?
In any international conference this government
is always at a distinct disadvantage. Its delegates
can promise nothing, can pledge nothing. They
can agree only to recommend. Even the treaty
with Spain was ratified with the greatest difficulty.
_?tie treaty of Versailles involving most of the
world of nations, was conclusive to other governments
that no agreement reached at a council table
with our representatives had any conclusive value.
The triparty treaty for the protection of France, is
pigeonholed. The treaty of Berlin, negotiated quite
directly by the State Department, meets reservations
in a Senate almost two-thirds of the dominant party. I
But what the representatives of other governments
agree among themselves, they can have quite
complete confidence will be fulfilled. If this government
could, or would, form an alliance with Great
Britain. Japan, France and Italy, defensive in terms,
and including freedom of the seas, disarmament
would be practically assured. If it could, or would,
form such an alliance even with Great Britain
alone, the same result would quite surely follow.
Would this Senate, or any Senate, approve such a
treaty, one based on common interests, mutual sincerity
and confidcnce, and a spirit of international
If such a treaty cannot be made and approved;
ii disarmament must come only by threats, by an
alternative of war, by compulsion, by "You sign
here or rich America will work your ruin," then the
agreement would be one to be maintained only in
its avoidance. It would be a scrap of paper. Selfpreservatjon
is the first law and with both Great
Britain and Japan, self-preservation is freedom of
If jobs could be found for this country's
unemployed money, the rest of Us could get
THE statement has been published in Washington
that, "Washington leads in crime all cities
equalling it in size." It was also stated that, "Taking
population into account the National Capital,
despite constant denials of police authorities that
there has been a crime wave here, and more murders
and serious assaults than any city of its size
included in the compilation." Both statements are
based upon the report of the city police department
giving the year's criminal record with comparative
figures for other cities.
Both statements are false, as this same report
and its figures show. Washington does not "lead
in crime" and it has not "had more murders and assaults
than any city of its size." The animus of
the statements was to discredit the police department,
and to create prejudice against it. But in
fact it is a libel of Washington, of its citizenship,
its record for law and order, its good name nationally,
and holds up the Nation's Capital as dis
graced and a center of crime.
The Herald is not a special pleader for the
Washington police department; we have no license
to act as its defender, but being of Washington,
we are for Washington, and cannot silently hear
this city slandered and falsified by anyone, least
of all by an agency which owes its being to th^
city'i law-abiding, loyal citizens. The figures given
disprove the statements and show them to be false.
Washington has a population of 437,000, and
there were 44 murders here. What of other
cities? Taking the figures of murders as given:
Kansas City, population 324,000, had 33 murders;
Cleveland, 796,000 population, 69 murders; Los
Angeles, 575,000 population, 53 murders; Detroit,
993.000 population, 141 murders; Atlanta, 200,000
population, 28 murders, Louisville, 234,000 population,
25 murders; Savannah, 88,000 population, 13
murders. In not one instance docs this show
Washington as having materially more murders in
proportion to population, and in several instances
this city's proportion js less.
Moreover, the Washington department makes
public every day every crime committed of which
it has a record. In many cities it is the policy
of the departments to refuse such publicity and
to hide, so far as possible, the record of crimes.
In New York the newspapers have made a feature
of publishing the crimes committed there
and denied by the police. The Washington
department is fair and honest with the public.
More than this, the police are not primarily
responsible for crimes committed. Indictment
for Excelling in crime is an indictment of citizenship.
It is arrests and convictions which show
the quality of a police force, and we doubt if
any department in any large American city can
show a better comparative record in this than
does that of Washington.
The hunting season will progressively open
from now through the winter, and the undertakers
will bag their share of game.
IT has taken many years to bring general
agreement that in any railroad system profits
must be reckoned as a whole. Not every station
could be expected to show a profit, not every
line which served as a feeder, nor even every
part of a main line. Not all railroad managers
now agree to this. But it lias been recognized
in rate-making and it is recognized and used by
railroads in financing. It has worked out from
railroads to all public utilities.
It is the principle underlying the proposed new
grouping?that and geography?of all the railroads
into nineteen great systems, as proposed by the
Interstate Commerce Commission. The plan is
rather tentative or suggestive, though authorized
by the Cummins transportation act. Of course,
the railroads object. But objecting, it is for them
to agree among themselves as to changes, especially
as it is in the main what they have said
As far back as when railroad regulation became
a determined policy, it was realized that there
were too many independent lines. Merger was
sought, but denied, though regulation of rates
logically pointed to it as an essential. What
would be sufficient for one line, or system, might
bankrupt a competitor. The rule of parallel and
competing, but with identical rates, argued for
consolidation, or pooling. It has taken years
for the public to concede this, and now the railways
Even now the public, or commission representing
the public, is not willing to go far enough. The
fewer the railroad systems, the easier and the
of terminals. Competition ha<> now resolved itself
fairer is rate regulation, financing, extensions
and improvements, with all the manifold problems
to service, and in promoting consolidation the
only practical objection would seem to be with
the shippers, as to whether or not this would
not do away with all effort to provide efficient
service. It might put the railroads in a class with
municipal ownership, which is nearer "the public
be damned" than Col. Vanderbilt ever reached.
But with this result in view, it would seem
evident that the more complete the consolidation,
the better, if only rivalry in service or some other
sufficient incentive to service could be maintained.
Maybe the nineteen systems will do this. Maybe
less than nineteen would do it. But in any event,
the great number of independent lines should be
put where they belong as feeders, and where
they could be carried as such by the systems
as a whole without being unduly present burdens,
and with promise of future increased value.
Briand's only cause for hesitating at coming
to Washington is that he has never been
so far away from Lloyd George.
Artist and Evangelist.
IN THE passing of David Bisphani the musical
public will feel a keen loss. For the great
barytone wr.s more than a gifted and sincere artist.
He was a-i evangelist who went into the highways
and byways to preach the gospel of good music for
the masses. After a quarter of a century of brilliant
success in grand opera, on the concert stage
and in oratorio, he went for a season on the
Orpheum circuit that he might prove his theory
that average Americans are capable of appreciating
the best in music.
David Bisphani fought for opera in English
long before the world war made it a popular issue.
He worked for the nationalization of opera, for a
national school of music and gave himself wholeheartedly
to any effort that meant the advancement
of musical culture. His generous appraisement of
fellow artists in "A Quaker Singer's Recollections"
is a wclcome proof that the artistic temperament
can be free from jealousy and unjust criticism.
The concert public may be fickle and the artistry
of a great singer is at best a fleeting thing;
but the musician who has given of himself for the
advancement of music will not soon be forgotten.
Congress should have a fellow feeling with
organized labor in the effort to restrict the
period of labor. Time was when a- Congressman
only had to account for what he did, or
didn't, about six months of the year.
Once more the chemists are going to make
something valuable out of corn cobs, besides
The modern attitude toward marriage is not
so much that it is a luxury as that it is an
Prohibition liquor frequently prohibits itself
a second time. No man cares to die but
How can those New York ball teams make
home runs at hon^
Skty by 3)ay
NEW YORK. Oct. 5.?New York
is blowing South Sea bubble*:
Those far-away patches on the
outer rim of the world are furnishing
Inspiration for countless pictures.
books, plays and photographs.
They have gone through
the coral reefs, blue lagoons and
soft waving palms with a finetooth
comb for new ideas.
The Polynesians are being glorlFed
In innumerable dances whose
exponents need only a nickel's
worth of straw a>ul a strand ot
beads. The Indolent beachcomber
Is supplanting the pomaded stage
tea hound who used to chase virtuous
wives through three acts.
Harking back a c?uple of harks
to the days of "Zaia." when Mrs
Leslie Carter tore passion to tatters
In throaty outbursts, one marvels
now at the hue and cry of
that day over the deradence of the
orama. Today on liroadway "Zaza"
would be tame stud.
Even Mrs. Carter in her latest
South Sea Island play strikes a
bolder note. The costuming ot
South Sea Islanders furnishes a
peg upon which theatrical manager*
may hang their Ideas ?(
scanty dress A current musical
comedy has a Marquesan bull* r
w.th tatooed lassies who are shockingly
en deshabille. Yet the police
are passive. If, South Sea stuff'
These particular costumes arc
oeautlfully fashioned girdles of
I carls and coral beads with pendants
of Iridescent shells. Their
insufficiency makes the ballet a
mere anatomical exhibit. Sorrwag
calls it the Atab.M ballet?to
give it the Aloah flavor.
New York for three years t.is
been flooded with risuue dramas
ileginntng with the so-called Ort.
moor dramas?where twin beds auJ
* liemise-clad ladies occupied the
stage center and ending in the current
bit of filth which emblazoiioJ
in electric lights ou Forty-second
street heralds "Getting Uorliu s
All of which brings to mind a
half page ad in morning newspapers.
Rrook Pemlierton frankly
ac'.mits his romantic play. "Sword*."
has failed. He thrills to a forlorn
l ope and begs the public to come
t" Judge. Here indeed is a remarkable
drama in a word, superb.
There Is vivid romance In the tamoic
pentameter beat of the lines
For instance this?taken at random:
I* ni>' l*?t nisrht in Italy. To horso
Tomorrow, and the windy road ar.d
Maybe, Madonna, but tonight
Is only Italy.
I resident Harding selected the
musical comedy. "Sally." as tni
only show he could attend on his
recent visit here. It has been tunning
ten months. One reporter in
speaking of the President's choi-e.
wrote: "We suppose he had a good
t.ine. To our way of thinking
Keon Krrol is much funnier than
anybody In the entire Senate."
Beefsteak John. at Chatham
square, on the fringe of Chinatown,
has restored the I5-cent dinner?a
soup, meat, two vegetables, coffee
and pie. In the old days John's I
patrons brought their scuttles cf
suds with them and John furnished
the buckets and kept them hanging
on individual pegs. His place
is carpeted with sawdust and had
only one light, but it has done
much for Bowery derelicts In keeping
soul and body together.
NOT IN THE NEWS
?FARMKRS \KF.D MARKKTft. \OT
t RI.DIT," HA YS VROOMA N.
What the farmer requires primarily
is not more credit but
more markets.' declared Carl
vrooman, former Assistant Secretary
of Agriculture, in criticising
the outcome of the export bill.
"The treacherous slashing out of;
the pr^rision to extend credit to
products was a
betrayal of milHons
of farmers I
sentence of finan-1
< lal ,leuth by the
X. slow but sure
Process of being
\ their own surplus
/ I The export
U J credit feature of
f t I the bill was
jMi I eliminated late
"1 I jfm i before the recess j
A\.*y of Congress,!
when there was
Carl Vrr .Hia.. no quorum present.
according to Vrooman's state-1
ment. It had previously l?e?n paAs- j
ed, he said, by a unanimous vote
of the House and had been slated
for final passage before recess by a
gentlemen's agreement between accredited
leaders of both houseu of
"The emasculated bill as passed
will give no direct help to the mass
of our farmers," declares Vrooman.
"More credit^without more markets
is a grim A large percentage
of them were given wore credit last
fall and winter than was good for
them. How many of them would not
be money ahead today if they had
been given less rredit and had been
forced to sell their crops six or
nine months ago? Holding eropt
on a falling market is*the costliest
"Unless we finance the sale of a
part at least of our own crops in
foreign markets the present crisis
must go from bad to worse until
through years of suffering and
catastrophe we finally adjust ourselves
to our unthinkable, stupid,
self-imposed limitations upon exportation
In pointing out some of the dangers
that may come from striking
out .the export credit provision,
Vrooman says that America has a
billion dollar agricultural surplus
for which there is neither a domestic
nor a foreign cash market, and
that this surplus has depressed the
prices of the rest of the crops approximately
$5,000,000. It has left
this country with about 95 per cent
of its agricultural surplus and every
dollar's worth is doing the farmer
at least $5 worth of harm, he
Trouble does not end witll the
low prices of the farmers ' surplus,
and he is convinced that "they are
clogging and damming the whole
current of our domestic life. The destruction
of the buying power of
the farmers, constituting 40 per
cent of our population. Is sawin*
off the lfmb on which the retailers,
wholesalers, manufacturers, the
rallroadb and labor alike are slttlnsr."
Defends Ku Klux.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
A letter In The Herald of Septem- J
ber 29, signed "A Virginian," was I
unique in that It presented the
other side of the subject regarding I
Ku Klux Klan activities. Is not the
organization an excellent method
of bringing to belated Justice a certain
class of moral lepers, with
whom the entire nation Is greatly
overrun? This large clans of nuisances
has genius in regard to protection
for self. In fact, too often
laws are enacted to protect them,
and since such is the rase, these i
benighted heathen" actually believe
that they are doing rightmerely
because they are often with- j
In the pale of the law covering
their particular offense! _ I
In instances of this kind the Ku j
Klux Klan Is the only moral suasion
that can bring them to their senses. j
The only danger would seem to be
the liability that a few member*
in a clan might form unfair preju- '
dice against some innocent party. I
doubt, however, if this happens j
often; probably not so often a* in
the case of persons in public office. I
It is very improbable that, during
the existence of the Ku Klux Klan. ;
there have been as many innocent i
people unjustly punished as there i
have been by other so-called law-I
ful agencies, comparing, of course. '
the different scope of the two
methods. 1 do not think I am exagKerat:n?
to"* any foolish extent,
when I honestly believe that the
| Ku Klux Klan was organized In
' strict support of the maintenance ,
j of essential moral laws, which ourj
statute books >eldom recognize to:
I the fullest extent.
| I beg to disagree with "A Vir- .
jginian," however, where he (or shei
! reems to emphasize the point that j
| the Southern negro and the carpetI
bagger were the main just targets j
j for Klan's activities. Many white'
jmen were also punished: and among
them were some of more or less j
I prominent families in the South.
I Doubtless, many such cases were >
never published, since it can not be
denied that the Southern landowner .
has a peculiar prejudice against the
| colored race. Thus it will be seen ?
the Klan is rather impartial in ;
dealing with people, regardless of (
race or creed. This, at least, is one j
quality for which to admire them; ;
a qualify which is too often sadly
lacking in our present over-zealous
manner of making laws favoring i
political "clan" and personal some
what narrow views.
Says KlanWill Stay.
To the Editor, The Washington Herald:
I would like to reply, in a very
few words, to your correspondent,
"A Virginian." Just so long as the
press of the country is throttled;
just so long as ran editor?quoting j,
in his paper from the London Times
? can be suppressed as .follows:
"Finally, Mr. Editor. I wish to tell
you that we will * not stand for a
repetition In your paper of such j
statements as the above;" j?st s?
long will the Ku Klux Klan remain
with us, and do an increasingly
valuable wortf in this country.
MARGUERITE DU PONT 1-EE.
1075 Jefferson street. Washington,
D. *C., September 29.
No Need ofltii Klux Klan.
To the Editor, The Wsshlwtton Herald:
In reply to a Virginian, I will
say there is no need at the present
time for a Ku Klux Klan. It has
no reason for Its being and is
libel on i the Southern gentlemen
who after the civil war found it
necessary to form themselves Into
a klan for the protection of the'r ,
homes, mothers, wives and daugn- (
ters, and for no other reason. ,
And I think our officers of the |)
law, who do not belong to the (
present klan. are upright honest
gentlemen and uphold the 'aw. (
I was born In the south, lived
there before, during and after the ^
civil war. i
AN ATLANTA GEORGIAN.
Likes the Horoscope.
To the Editor. Th? Herald:
I have.been reading The Herald I
over two years and enjoy reading I
= 11 1 ' '
R MODERN SAUL IS
?By B.G. Cooper
t Letters to 1
The Open Court In rfrflv.
n* unuaual number of letter*
wkirk arr unalgned. They
cannot hr uaed- A|| letters
mu*t have the names and addreaaea
of the writera. A fletltioua
name will he naed If
requeated. when a letter la
printed, hat The Herald mail
have the trne name for Ita
protection and aa evidence of
the wrlter*a good faith.
the editorial pa*e. eVen the horoscope
In fact, that is one reason I
take The Herald, and I know hundreds
of your readers enjoy it as
well. Therefore. I can't understand
the narrow-minded view of Fred J.
Schwab on the few inches of space
y<?u trive the horoscope. When reading
I pass over what doesn't interest
me. Let him do the same. I
am not a fanatic, but I enjoy The
Herald horoscope, and all, and I am
sending the paper right from your
office out of town to a friend, who
can also enjoy it.
A. It. SHILLING.
Knew G. 0. P. Plank.
To tne Editor, The Wmailing ton Hera In:
The following extract from an
editorial appearing In The Washington
Herald on September 29 impressed
me very much:
" probably not one
voter n 100.O0'1 knew it was in the
platform and it is safe to say it
did not influence one vote at the
election. Every platform hag some
surplusage, and this la it."
To an intelligent voter, partisan
or otherwise, statements of thia
kind are nauseating. Not one voter
in IftD.Ona knew that th s plank was
contained In the Republican platform
Then, sir, I pride myself with
being that particular one.
I am safe in saying tfHat The Herald.
of all sheets, would have been
the last to dismiss this Canal Tolls
plank a. mere surplusage before
the eelction. However, as per custom.
the 7.000,000 majority seems to
be suffic ent reason for doing great
many things afterward.
GEORGE A. WHIPPLE.
Complains of Policeman.
To the Editor. The Wafthinftou Herald:
Is there any reason why a policeman
should be so very discourteous
to the public, when they Infringe
some petty regulation?
Should they be treated as If they
were criminals of the deepest dye?
Not long since a Maryland farmers
wife who was driving in the
city wa. held up and berated by
a policeman because the Maryland
tag was put above the D. C tag
on the ear whuh wu the correct
place for It at the time It was put
there. There has been little effort
made to apprise the pufcllc of the
change in the regulations, and
about one car .n six ha? the tags
improperly placed. Was it necessary
to be brutal to her? Also
w hen a person |s arrested for
vlTil f a ',ttle OTer the apeed
limit, is not that enough without
addinc abusive talk and treatment
I see Judge Mattingly does not
approve of the policemen beating
up and shooting violators of trafrlles'
and 1 hoPe he will call
policemen should enforce regulations,
where no resistance is made
MRS. R. L* FORSTER.
Sins Blamed on Devil.
To the Editor, The Wsshis?ton Herald:
.. 'hA J 1*1 geeker" forgot to InJude
in his remarks about "an lmarinary
devil' that without this Satanic
majesty we would need no prisons,
no reform schools, no policemen, no
burdensome taxation to maintain law
and order, etc.. In order to defeat
ihe acts committed by men and womhy
th* d?T"-. Numerous
other things could be mentioned to
?how that thia old world?-that la
Its Inhabitant*?are being assailed
from all aide, by a pow'er
the author of confusion, distrust,
murder, robbery, Tlclooa attacks upon
innocent, helpleaa women, deception,
bribery, graft. Jealousy, covetousneas.
f selfishness And everything else that1
i is contemptible and work# against
the enjoyment and pursuit of happiness
anions the human family.
No one will want to admit that |
this ugly list of sins emanates from ^
the author of righteeousnss. but ,
j everybody who perceives that there
i are two forces at work in the eartn "
J will see that his satanic majesty op- '
! erates in a different manner from
| the Savior of men. who gave us an
I example of gentleness, peace, long- x
suffering, love, humility, patience F
and all the other attributes that go *
I toward making the human race het- v
ter. It is a trick of Satan to make *
! men believe that he does not exist. c
but the time is coming when all *
mankind not protected by the mighty *
power of God, where the second com- r
j ing ofChrist takes place, will wish v
| they had not followed the cunning '
devlsings of the devil.
W. L BI RGAX.
Takoma Park. *
Protests Movie Prices.
To the Editor. Ths Washington Herald: |
With your kind permission. IjJ
would like to write through the J
"Open Court" a protest against the 5
ever-increasing admission pricea of J
the photoplay houses In the District.
and see if there are any more ?
movie lovers who share my opinion, j
only in this present month have 1
two of tne most prominent houses \
again increased their admission
prices. Of course. I know they J
would say, it was necessary, due to '
the soloists engaged in their orchestras.
Well and good. I. too, '
like good music, but when I want tr> '
hear a symphony orchestra or con- '
cert I don't want to be distracted '
by a picture.
I cair enjoy any orchestra of fifteen
good musicians in the showing
of a picture. There are no more 1
than that many at the Nation.il
Theater this week, where a very ji
good musical comedy holds forth, i
and they arc all sufficient, too <
In these days when mil salaries
re being reduced I think it tv ridiculous
to boost the movie prices, he- i
cause, after all. it Is the workinc <
class who support these houses, and '
made It possible to erect the bc:iu- I
tiful ones that now grace the Nation
~A MOVIE FAN'"
Ingenuity Saved Situation, j
To the Editor, The Washington Herald:
A friend of mine was stranded In
a \\ stern town, hundreds of miles
from home and he had only 25 i
cents in money snd his chum had
the same amount. No one was employing
help in the mines at that
time, so they were obliged to do
They started a factory and a J
&0.25! bus,n*?s on 50 cents capital. .
They went to a drug store and
bought some small tin boxes with
,irJfn they bought white poajf
with the other 25 cents and then <
found a aoft brick which they re- 1
dueed to dust on the railroad track |
They mix?d this red dust with <
the soap and filled the boxes with 1
polishing paste" made in this out- 1
door factory. One took one side of j
a street and the other the opposite
and they asked the cooks to let
them scour a spoon to show how
this "wonderful paste worked."
A few rubs made the spoon look
so bright that they had no trouble
in disposing of a box of paste for
In a few days they had all the
caah they needed. Moral: If you
have no job, make one.
In Defense of Bergdoll.
To the Editor. The Waahlactoa Herald:
I (imply wish to statex that I
egree entirely with Edward J. Irvine
and that I admire hla senae
of Juatice in coming forth in de- t
fense of the Bergdoll boy?. t
If I were In Germany at the outbreak
of the war between tha }
t*nlted States and Germany, I d
would have done the same thing. *
I also wlah to congratulate Tha r
Washington Herald for printing a
letter which a good many people c
might consider anti-American. t
H. JAMES. <1
S>lMMl?flMl ?rtrtr ? WMk|M.
ton. National ltuaeum. lath >n< B
ati., thia crentni, | o'clock "ia.
aect collecting In Alaaka" by J. ft.
Alrlch. with lantern ?lldr? Notea
and exhibition of apeclmens.
OWE Of LARGRNT AMMAL
>IMO\KKKll IN ?KM MKXICO.
The larceat ahoulder blade of any 1
tnlmal on record, ancient or modern,
has been discovered in Ban Juan
>a?ln In northern New Mexico by
(ohn B. Reealde. Jr. of the V. g
Jeolorlcaf Survey. Ttila aeapula boa*
a part of an Immenae extlact
llnoaaur estimated to be over H>0
'eet long and markedly larger than
iny previously known to have exste'd.
Charles E Gilmore of the National
d use dm here ha* assembled the eoiectlon
of ptgcea of this f<?>stl scapula
iruJ has found that the total length
>f the bone in over rive feet, nearlv
ia tall a? a man This in Ave time*
he length of the shoulder biade of a
sow of today.
The large foesil wan found in the
Mtrt of the -arth that ?u d.posit?-d
?nd formed in the Upper <Yejareou*
?ra. and this indicate* to the geologist
that the dinosaur* lived at a
ater ceolomc time than they had
Dinosaur* were large reptiles with
on* necks, little hend* and brain
and long tails Their bodir* lo?.k
onaewhat like that of an oversisr-l
-lephant with hind legs l"?p?r than
rore legs. They dominated the earth
in the day* when ths lime*tone b?d*
were laid but for some reason dvappeared
from the earth to pive
[dace to smaller snd llvehsr animal*.
tHOI'I.n TIIKRK RE
I PKDKH 4TIO* f
Should the scienter and et.gineerlng
societies of Wash
ington form a federation? ?f
you think they should, how
shall ^t be accomplished, and
what form shall It take? Or
do you believe that further and
broader scientific organizati u
would be a waste of effort *
Whether <?r not you favor a
closer affiliation of Washmcton's
your views are equally important,
.and to aid in the crystallizing
of federation quei.: -n
that has been dismissed dur:n?j
the past year here in \V**v
ington. your opinion is nerd^.j
for publication in this column
Send it in to the Scientifu
T.nKR 4T10* wot I.D 1% %*TF
AM AHI K KFFOHT.
From l?r. f. (.. Abbot. a??i?tsn(
leeretsrjr of the Smlthaon inn Inntiute
snd secretary of the \aitoasl
Lrsdemj of *eteneens
I find It difficult to see what adantages
will be gained by the protosed
federation of scientific and
ethnical societie* commensurate ^
rith the effort that go^d men wlU
ave to devote to it to make it su g
eed. The machinery of orgsnizaions
consumes much time of the.
est laboratory men already. Another
organization will. I fear demand
further unadvisabls *scrificcs
n the same direction.
1-114* HAKE* niPHTHKRIA
The X-ray is now being used t??
rake diphtheria-carriers safe citizen*.
These unfortunate persons aho
>ave diphtheria recover from it anl
ire well and happy and yet carry
?nd spread the germs to other people
are now being treated and caret!
The diphtheria germs rema n ?
rertain tissues of the tonsils.
iind ear passages of the victim
Dr P. H. Hickey. of Detroit. M ! .
at the meeting of the American
Roentgen Hay Society, repur*'-.!
that treating these tissues wth
light doses of X-ray rendered them
uninhabitable to the diphtheria
germs. Eleven out of fifteen tonsil
rases were cured in this way. vw l?
four out of five nasal and two irt
r>f four ear cases were also cured.
The X-ray treatment is cmpa.atively
mild and does not ompare
it: severity with'that used in treatment
Diseased tonsils and goitre *~e^
also being treated with the Koenttren
ray with successful re- :;micording
to I >r W. IV W
Knr v.'rk iity. wh" HW hit
>. -k at t;.?- oMfMHiM The 'Ntt M
n: I1 mill of light llt< : i >
pf X-ray* every two saeks
allows the normal cell* to *
Troai the effect of the X rav hut
the diseased cells arc n N ? !Live
and do not recover.
Oyster shells snd other object*
planted on oyster groun > to provide
points for the sttn * " ? nt of
the spawn are called **cult? h Tin
cans, bits of crockery, brush, etc .
were formerly much us? 1 t"?>r this
purpose, but nor eultch consists
nlmo*t entirely of shell*, ar.d especially
I\TERESTI\G ME\ A
IN WORLD flf.H
PRI\? K TOKt'CAHA.
The msn who will h'ad Upa^^H
lelegati^n to the disarmament n^B
'erence in Washineton i? a
>eace and one of the mo*t
intial flaures in his country. lie-^^H
ffince lyesato Tokugaua |
Thr P R ? ia
president f the l
house of peers, j
r He i? bettor 1
^ whom the era*
peror call? upon
to form n<w
* cabinets <>t
. times of gra -a
aU! crises ln%*olvin#
| chsnges in t?>? 1
i ministries. Hf
??J| I P?tntment of *
v ' Istry immediate*
Xs' |y after the c. n* ]
ference is seen i>
|ho Section ft
he prince. The present cabinet
expected to resign.
Prince Tokugawa would be tha l
?hogun today had not the imper aAj
lynasty been restored to pou
vhen the last of ths Shoguns ro
igned In 18C7.
The appointment of the prinoirj
onstltutes recognition by the Piffl
because of the fact that he is P'oi^H
lent of the house of peers. I