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THURSDAY, OCTOBER 13, 1931. (
Street Railway Merger.
THE House in Committee of the Whole on
Tuesday, sent the so-called street railway
"merger" bill back to the District Committee
with instructions to submit a real merger bill,
one which would give promise of forcing a merger
of the two systems. For two days the Woods bilT
was under debate and had few defenders. Witji
an attendance unusually large, this measure aroused
more of actual interest, more of general discussion
than any local bill considered for years.
Supported by Representatives Focht, Woods
and Zihlnian, it was repudiated by other members of
the committee and was vigorously denounced by
Representatives Walsh. Madden, Mapes, Graham,
Saunders, Stafford, Johnson and many others, while
one of the strongest appeals against it was by Rep;
resentativc Oliver who made a careful analysis of
"tile bill, showing its weakness, its injustice to the
people of the District and its favor to the W. R. & '
E. It was on liis suggestion that the bill was recommitted
and t'lis included a proposal for a new
bill definitely fixing car fares at 7 cents or four for
LrS5 cents and providing for revocation of the fran*"'chises.
It is an interesting sidelight on the present situation,
that practically such a bill was drawn by
Representative Hammer of the District subcommit*
tee. but was not urged because of the hopelessness
*-?f its approval by the committee itself. Yet it is
what is now practically demanded by the House
and its adoption would give promise of an actual
merger. That this would be the result might come
the more surely from the fact that unless the companies
came to agreement. Congress would proceed
to order condemnation.
It is also apparent that any bill will have rough
going which does not keep the electric service distinct
from the street railway service, with at least
separate accounting permitting rates to be fixed |
:rom transportation on the basis of street railway 1
earnings, and for electric power and lighting on the
basis oi the earnings of that service. This is recognized
Every Congressman has had his own experience
with the street railways, their service and chargcs.
Thanks to this personal side, to the treeless agitation
of the citizens' associations and to the active
interest on behalf of the public of certain members
of the District Committee, there is now reason to
hope that merger will really result based on lower
fares. The Herald has had its part as a publicity
agency in this, and is gratified in having been a
lellow worker for a long sought and long denied
\ Canadian university professor declares
that long-tailed coats arc immodest and improper.
But we are glad to see that our Ambassadors
arc still wearing them.
The Other Side.
A Ml.RICANS have never been jostled by forZ*
eign peoples; they have not been elbowed
by their neighbors; they have not had to
constantly consider others in all their dealings, and
have not had to get the other fellow's viewpoint.
Foreign affairs is, to most of us, a good deal like
' .'airy tales. They are almost unreal, concern a
a holly different life than ours and are too far away
?like Mr. Baker's war?to ever get to us or us to
The average American seems to regard the com_ng
Washington conference as an occasion on which
~~*this government will offer to others the blessing of
its friendship and distinguished consideration. He
ultnows his country is unselfish, at least he has been
told so oitcn enough, and he knows by the same
book, that it is alone in this. Sitting on the pinnacle
of this spirit of beneficence, he reckons that we
'have the money and the rest of the world is broke;
that they all, except Japan, owe us; that debtors do
?*cl1 to hear their creditors, and that they will all
be tickled to pieces to follow wherever we choose
j But if the conference is to be the success all
Americans devoutly wish, we need to get rid of a
lot of our national cocksureness, see ourselves as
athers see us, and others as thev regard themselves
^jnd their own affairs, which are our foreign affairs.
- XV e need a new and broader view of other coun^4rie
It was just this Frank H. Siinonds gave in
" fiis article in the Sunday Herald. It is altogether
the tnoM valuable of the prc-confcrcncc discussions.
Mr. Simonds is frank, to the point, practical and
does not bother to feed our ego.
There arc few Americans as familiar as he, with
the motives, policies, public opinion and conditions
in foreign countries. He tells us what it is time all
-Americans should realize, that we approach qucs
tions as to our foreign relations "in the abstract,
without regard to the international relations. That
? ?s to say. we approach all questions from the
American point of view, or from the point of view
jfii our administration and we reason that this same
point of view will prevail in all other countries."
"Our proposal is unilateral, they are to follow our
views, and virtue will be its own reward."
* This is more bluntly what The Herald has tried
to impress. We cannot deal with others on a jughandle
basis. If determined to get results, we must
Jpe ready to match demands with obligations. All
? agreements carry considerations, which are mutual.
\re Americans ready to endorse the considerations
which must be granted to gain considerations? So
far we have not been. We have refused to join the
. |eag?c of nations. We have refused to ratify the
* franco-British \merican treaty. We hav? picked
; Ljom the treaty of Versailles what is to our own
profit minus any oblations. We put our own interpretation
on the Panama canal treaty, th<jugh it
is not that of the other party. .
The value of Mr. Simonds' article is that it
speaks plainly the facts as seen by one who thinks
plainly and who is thoroughly familiar with the
multiple other side. Nor do Americans have to
apply to the problems and varied interests which
will be mingled at the confcrencc any other rules
or any other knowledge than those recurrent in t e
settlement of our own conflicting industrial affairs.
There is practically no difference today between internal
economics, internal conflicts of interest, internal
industrial and financial problems and international
affairs. The latter is but the broader field of
conflict and so somewhat more complicated.
No nation can express its good will toward
men through the agency of battleships, big
guns and torpedo tubes.
IF the American people can learn by demonstration,
they must begin to realize that the time
has come for a radical change in the transportation
theories and practice of this country. As wit i a
others, this country's early development war. along
the waterways. But since the advent of the steam
railways, it has followed the rails. Interior water
transportation has been almost abandoned with a
resulting nearly sole reliancc upon railroads.
This is an abandonment of the cheaper for the
dearer, the exact reversal of all transportation rules
as applied to development. This worked fairly well
until other new countries developed their productive
capacity to competitive rivalry, on the water
transportation basis. All of our rivals in land production
have clung to their waterways. Their products
arc close to the ocean ports. Ours are 1,000
to 1,500 miles inland.
No tariffs, no restrictive legislation, no reduction
of rail rates can meet and equalize this condition.
It is a fact to be met only by fact, and the illustration
is the Panama Canal, which is now saving the
economic life of the Pacific Coast States. Their
products in increasing variety arc reaching the
Eastern markets by this longest way around, which
is proving the shortest way in cost and not so materially
longer in time. These States arc prospering.
while the Middle West agriculture, the bulk of
I the farm area, is enduring slow strangulation.
Yet that vast region has three oi the greatest
waterways in the world, the Mississippi, Ohio and
Missouri rivers, while above where they would
serve with their broader and deeper waters come
the Great Lakes, the far largest body of inland
waters in the world, capable of being to this continent
what the Mediterranean is to Europe. In j
these waterways lies the solution of the prosperity,
indeed the very life, of one-half our area and the |
foundation of our wealth.
More than this, they arc the solution, if Congress
will, of unemployment. Productive expenditure
is the truest economy. As the transcontinental
j railroads were built after the civil war in a time j
of stress, so after this war like wisdom points to the
development of these waterways. Any such cxI
pense will pay for itself in increased production.
I It is just as the farmer who borrows to buy a cow
I that pays the debt and regains to produce income.
The waterways plans arc made; the projects?any
or all of them?could be at once undertaken; tens
of thousands could be given employment and the
country would be the richer.
The new fall styles will be popular if
I enough people fall for them.
VOCATIONAL training for service men still
waits upon a settled program. It is not true
| that little or nothing has been done. On the
I contrary, much has been done, with the net rcI
suit of proving what was mistaken, inadequate,
j inadvisable or effective of more harm than good.
' It has been a process of elimination. One thing
| should have been apparent from the start: That
farming these men out could not fail to be a
failure. It has so proved. There are a few
who can best be placcd in special positions or
in vocational schools. But the great bulk -must,
it would seem, be handled in bulk.
There are in this country a number of indusi
trial plants which have been closed, or are
! close to abandonment. They are equipped for
! varied trades. These could probably be leased by
the government on reasonable terms. There are,
also, training camps with buildings which could
be equipped with machinery and which have housing
facilities for any number. Enough of both
or either of these could be used to care for all
the service men entitled to rehabilitation, in large
It would seem than these men could be provided
for more economically, and cared for more
efficiently; that they would be more contented
and have* better advantages if grouped in this way
by themselves in considerable numbers. They
arc at a disadvantage when mixed jn with men
wV> are in perfect physical condition, are in their
usual vocations and have avocations and amusements
in which the service men could not join.
Their program should be* for them. They alone
should be considered and they should'not have to
adapt themselves to others who have not had
their experience and inisforjgne.
Grouped in considerable numbers, they would
find congenial companionship, and entertainment,
amusements and sports,suited to them could be
provided Very many of them need school work
down to the primary grades. All should have
school advantages adapted to their chosen vocation.
They should have a wide choice in crafts
and should produce for the market things the
market demands. They should form a complete
industrial entity, with wholesome surroundings
and an encouraging environment.
There must be plenty of locations where these
group units would be welcomed and every outside
advantage provided. In these localities are certainly
the needed plants, largely of war industries,
easily transformed to peacc production.
They would be wholly under government control
and management. It would make what should
be: Government responsibility, while everywhere
are Legion posts to act as liaison agencies between
the men and those in authority, to be father confessors
to the men, to bring congenial comradeship
and to see that no grievous mistakes were
Food prices have fallen to the extent that
ham and eggs are keeping company again.
Now that summer is over, it is entirely
logical to conclude that fall is here. 9
Skzy by 3)ay
NEW YORK, Oct. 13.?Burlesque
Boulevard runs a block off Broadway
In Forty-seventh street.' The
Columbia Theater on the corner Is
a beehive of burlesque booking offices
and the home of the burlesque
wheel. Over a Mexican eate near
the stage entrance is the Burlesque
Strewn along the block are at'
least a dozen Inns given over to
people of burlesque?knights of the
slap-stick and ladles of the spangles.
The sidewalks and doorways
are filled from noon until midnight!
with "piff-awmera" from what1
Broadway calls the "burley one."
The girls are a merry razzle I
dazzle of color. Red hats. Gay1
fringed frocks. And zebra shoes.
Three hutch-like drug stores in the
block thrive on the sale of cosmetics.
Every lip is carmined and
all eyes shadowed. The men run to
striped collars and one-button cut- i
tons that flare out from the armpits.
There is a brutal frankness about
the comradeship, yet under the surface
burlesqueness is a firm attachment
for each other. The chatter
is of a personal nature and
somewhat biting in its sarcasm. 1 j
saw one girl walk up to a fellow '
in a quick-lunch entrance.
"Hello. Frank!" she called Jauntily.
He didn't lift Ills hat. lie merely
rubbed a finger across her cheek.
Whadda you smear all that war
paint on your mug for? ti'wan
wash it off. Vou look like a bull
flglit." She only laughed and went
on her way.
Women are "skirts" and "Janes"
and the men "Johns" and "Biscuit
Buyers." It is not unusual In the
evening to see the women smoking
cigarettes In the little street
groups with the men.
There is a spirit of buoyancy and
of reckless living. The women
seem giddy-brained and the men
Pitiless in their human fellowship,
and yet when one of the crowd falls
on evil days all extend the helping
It is a short step today from
burlesque to the average musical
! ?'onifd.v. The performances are free
from the smut that once made them
i a haven for slummers. The women
; patrons do not sit in curtained
I boxes. And the visiting buyer from
Altoona is not even shocked at the
display of What is known in the
better circles of Altoona as limbs.
1 ranklin P. Adams, tho humorist.
as always amazed at the brevity
of the headline writers. He
wonders if it would be possible to
talk in headlines. For instance
two tennis players:
"What do you say to a Net Tilt?"
"All right. I'll Clash with you."
A chill rain fell over Bryant
Park. One thousand Jobless men
stood in the slashing downpour.
The picturesque "Mr. Zero" was In
the center trying with his orator/
j to lift tip their spirits. In all the!
| years I have been prowling around
New York to see what I could see
1 have never seen a sadder sight.
I saw one young boy, coatless and
in a ragged shirt, grab a sandwich
from a basket and bite through the
paper covering. He was too hungry
to wait to unwrap It. And
shortly afterward I saw him with
hl? face upturned singing with the
Park tip >our troubles
In your old kit bag
Goats still roam the Harlem hills.
Coming from a ball game at the
Polo Grounds the other day I saw
a herd of eleven, driven by an Italian
who drives them through a
squalid Italian section and milks
them at the door for customers.
BRITISH RULE HELD
THEIR ONLY HOPE
"God permits England to -continue
to rule India because British government
there is the only hope of
the underdog." says Commissioner
Booth-Tucker, former head of Salvation
Army Work in India. Commissioner
Booth-Tucker and his
wife are on a two months' tour of
the I'nited States, having arrived
from England on the Adriatic recently.
"I hold no brief for the government
there by reason of any prejudice
in its favor, for I was cast in
prison by British authorities for
holding open-air religious meetings
when 1 first reached India with
four companions forty years ago in
Salvation Army work I stayed in
prison a month. We obtained the
right to hold such meetings as a
result of the fight my companions
and I put up.
"If It were not for fear of the
British government and the power
It exerts for internal peace, it Is
my honest opinion that hundreds of
thousands of Hindus would be
massacred by the fighting Mohammedans
in the present state of
unrest in India. The Hindus are
Before entering the Salvation
Army Commissioner Booth-Tucker
was assistant government commissioner
in the Punjab for five
years and is familiar with the work
of the government from that experience.
Mrs. Booth - Tucker'*
father was governor of Bombay for
For nine years after he had begun
the work in India Commissioner
Booth-Tucker was In charge of Salvation
Army work in this countiV
with headquarters in New Yoi4<.
Mrs. Booth-Tucker is on her first
visit to this country.
Gandhi will ultimately fail in hi?
self-appointed mission to drive th
British out of India, In the commissioner's
opinion, but he may accomplish
a certain amount of gooc
in the process.
Gandhi's policy of passive resistance.
civil disobedience, or non-cooperation,
as it has been variously
designated. Is not as thoroughly
successful as Is generally believed
according to the commissioner.
Call of Duty Wins
Over Lure of Parit
PARIS. Oct. 12?The call of dntj
as monarch of a poverty-strlcker
people has overcome the siren son*
of Parts pleasures, and Prince Alex
ander of Serbia Is going home U
be King of Jugo-Slavla. The Jugoslav
Legation in an official com
munique today denies the report tha
the prince has decided to abdlcati
in favor >f his brother. Oeorge, am
' X ?.
Discusses Japanese in China.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald.
While the Washington con|niil'T
is drawing 'near, the Mikado's
spokesmen have repeatedly declared
that Japan's policy of commercial
and territorial expansion is based
on an economic necessity, as she
must And outlets for her surplus
population. For the last two decades.
her emigrants to various
countries have amounted to large
numbers. Unfortunately, several nations
have recently enacted laws
prohibiting Asiatic immigration,
("old regions such as Siberia and
I tropical countries such as Java are
inot particularly attractive to the
I Japanese, as the Japanese race haa
(shown small capacity to acclimatisation.
In force of these circumstances.
the Japanese have a strong
J tendency to colonise In Manchuria,
i Shantung and Fukien. where climate
is relatively more agreeable to;
I them, and where folkways and sojcial
usages of the people are funda.
.mentally similar to their own.
i The question then arises: "By so
|doing is Japan able to alleviate
materially the pressure of her population?"
First, let us consider the
i density of Japanese and Chinese
population. Kloto-fu and Nagasaki-ken,
from which a large body
of emigrants is drawn, are peopled
at 304 per square kilometer or 118
jper square mile and 252.7 per square
;kilometer (or 98 7 per square mile)
respectively. Many have emigrated
to Shantung whose density is 528
to a square mile; and to Fukien
whose density is 282 to a square
mile. The Japanese have thus
come to places where the struggle
for existence is appreciably severer
and yet they are telling the world
that they are solving their surplus
|population problem! In ManchuIrian
villages where the density is
.low, the Japanese are not able to
compete successfuly with the
,Chinese farmers, as the latter generally
surpass them in efficient
| management and cheap labor. In
I other "spheres of influence" sharp
practices of Japanese exploiters are
far more ruthless than those of
Western capitalists. This Induces
the grieved Chinese to say that
"though both the European and the
Japanese bleed us. the latter
Moreover. Japanese emigrants to
China have moved from a relatively
hinder wage-level to a lower
I wage-level, as the following table
Daisy (South Japan (arerMuarhurla)
daily age daily*
J Orcupatioaa. wage in Yea. wage in Yen.
Blackamitha 83 .91
Brieklnyer* SO 1.22
Carpenters BO .97
'Day laborers 80 .70
! Htonecutters 50 1.11
jTile roofera 44 .99
j Tallora ?. .50 7*-.97
Even giving some allowance to
small differences in the cost of living
in these two regions, the
Japanese are actually receiving
much lower wages than their
! brethren In the same occupations
in Japan. Furthermore, in Japan,
wages and living cost keep pacc
' with each other fairly closely, as
the Osaka Department of Industries
has recently shown that tak.
ing 1914 as the base year, wage*
I have up to 1920 Increased to 163 per
i cent, while wholesale prices have
J advanced 170 per cent. In China,
j the Chinese Ministry of Agriculture
and Commerce has found for the
i corresponding period tbat the
s wholesale prices In Shanghai, foi
example, have Increased 140 pei
cent, whereas the increase In wagea
1 hardly exceeds 80 per cent. The big
gap between the rate of Increase
' in wages and In living cost hai
' caused serious maladjustments ir
\ the Chinese population, and hai
vitally affected Japanese in China
Generally speaking. Japanese colonisation
in China today Is not ar
economic success. There appears nc
great Inducement? for further int
flux of Japanese emigrants in anj
' large numbers. In what ways, then
r can Japanese emigration relieve
l overcrowdedness in Japan?
i I am thus led to surmise that th<
population arrument, like man]
) arguments advanced at the Parli
conference. Is designed to cast i
- "smoke screen** behind whlcl
t Japanese diplomats will play th<
s real drama of "Dal Nippon." Hen
I are a few indications. Promln?n
Japanese are constantly sunplytni
ON OF ARMAMENT
.r?x. kr rw ouw> Trtkaa*
If It It Suceuful.
If It' Fails
t Letters to'
TW HsraM ka. f?u4 UK omit*
> Wtoi il(ii IctiUtua aura u tMl
?* 1> ? (? Ilium n M U*m
ban hmH >?i aetlc.. W. wtU k?r?
aftei .TKUlre HI ealy U> lui hat Ue
dlr.ct.r7 tddr.M. Tk. OfM Cwl UK
ut . It U In fur. la par
"*s lilmullti tltcaMiea u< lUtonwM
ammunition to riotous Chinese i
the Yangtso Valley to create dii
turbances so as to postpone tn
definitely the unification of th
Chinese Republic. Japanese finar
clers are inducing Chinese businea
men in Hongkong and Shanghai t
organize Sino-Japanese banking i?
terests to enable Japan to contn
.shipping between Chinese sea port
and South Sea Islands, ultimate!
tightening Japan's economic strar
glebold on th* Chinese Sea and tR
Indian Ocean. Itinerant Japanei
"doctors'- are usually found to t
expert surveyors of topograph;
configuration and natural resource
of China. Japanese postofflcea I
Shantung are serving as morphlt
distributors to demoralise pe
manently the Chinese populatlo
All these are preliminary to tl
realization of the Asiatic Monr.
Doctrine, as firmly cherished ?
chauvinistic militarists of Japan
, TA CHEN.
Washington, D. C.
Bryan, a Credit to U. S.
To the Editor, The W.shiBttoB Herald:
There are several old adages thi
your correspondent. Charles Woo
ter. should consider. One Is "thi
men should be judged by the
strength of character and not 1
their weakness." Another, "*T
b"1 """ ar' molded of the
faults - William Ewart Oladsto,
was heralded for many years of h
latter days a. "The grand old m,
of Kngland." tor he. like our Ame
lean commoner, was more than
talesman; he was an ,va?gel|.t
elite righteousness an.l Chrlstli
principles. I am tempted to sa
shame to the citizen of Nebrasl
that is blind for any reason to tl
fact that William Jennings Bryi
Is a distinguished, good America
ies any man that received tl
nomination of the gre*t party
Thomas Jefferson three times ai
that around 7.00,000 voters want
him for President, is not a d
credit to Nebraska, the Unit.
States or to the civilised world
P\Mical vagaries are coram
among our greatest men; it's t
the chaff off the genuine whei
True, indeed. Mr. Bryan's politic
reforms looked radical at times, y
strange to suy much he advocat
is now Incorporated into amen
ments to the Constitution of the
I nited States. He is yet accus
of visionary cure-alls, but If sot
mind didn't look up into the sta
to find uplifts for mankind civills
tion would stagnate. We may n
reach the high spheres, but we ?
j get out of the mire of ancient no
One of the strange habits of o
citizens is decrying our public nu
Other nations make demigods
their distinguished statesme
build monuments to tbem almc
before they pass out, but we on
do tt when they are dead. If we
It at alt. Hundreds of patriot
men In Congress and elsewhere a
at heart striving to make Ameri
a better place to live In. a happl
place and a place of full justli
Such men as Mr. Bryan may ha
idealistic dj-eams. but Mr. Woosl
or any man will not find them a
archlstlc* militaristic or Bolshevl
ELIJAH K. KNOTT,
Favors Open Shop.
To tb? Editor. TW Washlsftoo HoraM:
Having been furnished a copy
John H. Klrby's statement on ti
employment. I wm surprised
notice the following in your isi
"An appeal for the unemplc
ment conference to declare in fai
of the open shop, or American pi
of employment, wai made In
statement last night of John
Kirby. Houston. Kirby a*
the conference to declare for *1
right of a citizen to take emp!<
ment and be protected In the peai
ful pursuit thereof regardless
nCONFERENCE | ^
r|L" _ ~ ~~. . = i cei
his membership or nonmembership j nu
in any organization.' " int
Does Mr. Klrby's declaration th<
seem revolutionary to you? There of
is nothing new in it. It is contained,
in substance. ;n the Declar- fin<
ation of Independence. The "pur- ha
suit of happine?s" is the right to! est
?ngage in any occupation one ter
chooses. Every American has the wa
n right to be protected in the pea ?- ! w"
ful pursuit of his employment, re- . lea
gardleas of his membership or non- I .
" membership in any organization.!
You and I. as writers, enjoy this
liberty. Why should we help those]
lB who sell men by affecting surprise
0 when a two-fisted person from
'* Texas says something that has been
>1 true since the stars sang in the on
^a morning of Creation? 1 poi
7 EDMUNDS TRAVIS | fiei
1- 1 tul
Interprets Abdul Baha.
To tb? Editor. Tb? W*shicftoa Herald:
Like a rose found covered by na
ss the weeds of life, like a well of us?
n Leathean waters found in the des-1 an
'r? ert's dusky heart, like the rustle of' j*'
n the wings of love is the revelation'
le of Bab. Bahaolla and Abdul Baha., ns
>e Baha (the Walt Whitman of the jth
,y East) is hastening the flame-1 th
winged day predicted in Tennyson's ^
"Locksley Hall " "Consider the M
candle how it weeps its life away 1
drop by drop that it may shed lts;gu
light," says Baha.
And consider humanity how it
st Vreeps its eyes away in search of1
s- light. No material organ can play1 45
at the hymns of Bahaism; the harp of m
ir the universe touched by the fingers
>y of creation chants it. When people ba
is embrace this doctrine, no longer, th
ir the martyr chains shall rattle, no in
ne more will mankind "drink wine salt is
with tears." Gold will he toppled
in from its lofty throne, sex-lure will h;
r- be poetic, pure. Joy will be so prev-i
a alent that pain would be a luxury; r*
of the only wars declared would be
in against wars; the only hate would al
i>*. be the hate of hate. We would;
ca commune with the Infinite, to learn **
he that beaufr is eternal. We would
in judge a man by what he is. not s|
n. what he has. We would deem art ja
he of life the heart. There would he hi
of no anarchists. Communists. Social- j*
ists or capitalists, but only brothed
ers and sisters, or in other words.; t*
Bahalsts. Jews and Gentiles, whites bi
e<s and blacks, would dwell in har- j ir
mony as perfect as the music of tl
on the spheres, for as Abdul Baha. o'
>ut says, we will obey; "beware of in
it. prejudice; light is good in whatso-l
al ever lamp it is burning. A rose is.
et beautiful in whatsoever garden it|w
ed may bloom. A star has the same VJ
d- radiance whether it shtnep from the;F
se East or from the West."
ed EDWARD J. IRVINE. 11
rs Defends the Horoscope.
a~ To tbe Editor. The Washington Herald
By all means let the Horoscope 11
111 remain in your columns. Perhaps! *
n~ Fred. J. Schwab takes it too erl-]l!
ously. Remember "ttie stars in-1
kur cline, but do not compel."
" We were afraid you were going, \
? to discontinue publishing the horo-1
' ' scope. We invariably send the pa>sl
per to our friends on their birtb-j
' * days and **tt creates talk" if noth-'
m. .!? >
LIBRA. THE SCALES. *
Washington. D. CL
er | ?
Ce. Another Horoscope Friend.
ve Te th. BdHor, Th, Wsstiagtse HrraM:
er Certainly retain the Horoscope.
? Most people like a funny column.
I*- Once we war* told that the day
was not propitious (or making bets
Menken was right when he said
that "a geological epoch Is not sulB-!
clent time In which to get one error
out of the )>uman mind."
' E. C. HELM
of Mount Rainier. Md. ,
10 Last of the Puritans. \
"" Te tke Editor. The Ws*ia?toe BenM:
? The Puritans lived long ago
r*^ And suffered much, I'm told.
From raids by savage Indiana
t From hunger and from cold. <
^a They bore their lot with fortitude. t
the And I don't Just see how
>y. We've any right to dig 'em up tt
te- And make thefa suffer now. r
01 T. T. T. n
IIRIDAT, OCTOBER u,
?rte?| IMrlr .( |
oamoe Club, this evemnT^
r th a^Pr' Kdwln E ??"?
... nc? 8*p?lc?. will n
rem the meeting on Th, Con
ructive Chemi.f Thert
1^1 m M""'?' r?P?rt on tht ? ?
ylrl ' 0t ,ht B?cl*ty .,
<ltIRE( liTor .
DIO DiaKc-rio* nvi.KR '
k'h.t ? coll of . f.? tura. ^
e on frame three or four f?, 1
re attached to a condeneer win
lion of the Bureau of Standard.'
the meeting of the i?cal
rulde marine navigation as an
to aviation, and as a wLl- *"
tiding Interference from other
nemittlng .tatlon. and from the
uhleaoinc .tray. - i, tn,bl
Hon to determine the direction
a radio tranemlttlng i>tat,or,
m which he I, receiving
The direction finder ,,,
h frequency electric current.
nely. Herta, Braun and BIm*
rre h.jre been, of coCSi.
d u. tJ?i ? # wh'tltnore
fit <!f t?? ? th? '""O"""*"..!
th* Bureau of *t?nd?r,|. m
thl, apparatus and des.rii "
_type of direction finder devel*
by the Bureau of 8Un<iar(:uae
on .hiphoard *? <i?r<..
The radio direction finder mav
considered at operating becau.r
Ui preaence In a rapidly ?|?.r
' ng magnetic field |,,
hen the coll is turn.d In eucl, .
*?' on <?<?' IU plane i. MEJ*
the direction of transml??|on ?(
**** ;* m**lmum ?,gnai |? ?
it It. . ?*,il " ,urno<" ~>
' ' *'"? '? Perp.-ndl..u:.r t..
^direction r.f tran?miM.i,.? of th
waves a minimum (signal |.
*lved. USen the coil i. turne-i
?' maximum position thr
*ngth of the receiver signal iv
Pater. for colls having a larg*mber
of turna and for <-oi> hav'
'ar^r dim'n^ioTF, provided
' e do not change the resistance
Tfce coll antenna or dire-tinn
Her is useful in studying the l>* vlor
of radio waves. An interIng
example of this being a de
'mination of the position of thve
front in the vicinity of t1'.
lahington Monument. it w,!s
rned Incidental to experiment*
>ng this line that the natur.-!
ve length of the \Yash;ngt n
nument is approximately w
The usefu?ne&s of the direction
iee has been treatly increase l
a cor. tint of the avMilahUitv r W
verful amplifiers Th?sc amp J
s uso a device called an electro fl
>e uhich has been developed ^
fatly during and since the war 1
her Improvements on the simp1.* "
ection finder include the elim!tlon
of "antenna effet-t." by tfc**
e of "balancing condensers." thu-<
alixina the capacity of the tv .
-minals of the coll to the aroun.
is also important to consider th**
'eot of the detector since it ordlrily
increases the resistance cf
e antenna and therefore do<-rea*e?
e intensity of the signals."
NAT A Vt*R\ OWL
IK FOR DICKER.
Bird experts of the Wo'.ofrical
irvey recently investigated what
7 barn owls here in Washington
d for dinner. Here Is the menu
Meadow mice. 1.119; house mice
2; house rats. 134: other sma-'
ammals. 3 per owl.
And the service done man by th?
irn owl. they say, is typical
at performed by h.ixvks and owl*
general. An occasional chlckrn
consumed, but this loss is (a
it weighed by the destruction o
Here is their verdict on the vseties
of birds: 4
The sparrow is a b?-nefi. !.al
id should not be regarded as
kst. The single ex<epti<n is
*sky English sparrow which
kually a nuisance and often
irious. The introduced llnt::>V
arrow is but one member of th^Lpi
rge family of sparrows and .t^|M
ibits are by no means characto'tic
of the native species
Placed among the bad birds a
le Jays, crows, ravens, ?nd bla'VIrds.
Even these have some good
i them, and the damage they d
le farmer is largely because o*
i'er-population in the feathered
The "pontias" is a local nitfit
Ind blowing out of a narrow
alley near the town of Vyons.
ranee. According to a prevailing
tgend the wind was broug*h.
lither f^om the sea by a b>gone
aint in order to increase the fer
llty of the region.
In Ireland. Scotland ami the Faro,Oands
dried seaweed is ?m
'inter feed for cattle and horse
? Sweden it is fed to swine
IHVS WHO r\ 1
THE DAY'S SEWS
Count I^aszlo Siechenj I. of P.uda
est. It Is understood, is to be Hutiarj-'s
minister to the Fniled Stat? *
fter the treaty of peace is ratified
[e is familiar with the Fnited
tatea as h^ apent much tinv? here
with his wife, the j
? former Giadj ?
The count married
in 1908. He
the war and ha*
made one visit
here since the
the United States
enemy and the
| Countess Ssechenyi
became an alien
enemy adn the
tock4 and other property owned in
his country by her.
The countess made fc visit to her
amlly while the war wa? in progesa.
being adihitted by special permission
of the 8tate Department.