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Published Every Moraine ?*> Year by
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SUNDAY, APRIL 30, iflaa.
PICTURES of children at play in the streets
belong to another and less enlightened day.
They have about them the atmosphere of
the dark ages in American education?fifteen or
twenty years ago before the present humanitarian
? movement was well under way.
Playgrounds have become indispensable. They
are as essential a part of an American city as a
telephone system or an electric lighting plant.
Without all these we could live. But to take them
away would change the entire complexion of our
lives. The playground no longer is an innovation.
It is an institution.
Yet, according to Washington parent-teacher
officials, thousands of children rove around District
streets because they have no other place to spend
their spare hours. They waste time which should
be spent in healthful recreation. They acquire
This condition, says Mrs. Giles Scott Rafter,
president of the association, "has become critical in
Washington because of insufficient playgrounds."
Children suffer in physique and morals.
There is another side to the question also. The
United States lost 48,000 men on the battle lines of
France in eighteen months. In exactly the same
period 25,000 children were killed in the highways
and streets of the country by automobiles. Play
grounds would not have saved all these lives. But
doubtless many of these deaths were due to the fact
that the children had no other playground than the
There is something pitiable in the lives of city
children. It is difficult to believe that these ever
arc able to enjoy the same thrilling, imaginative,
adventurous, healthful life which falls to the lot of
their country cousins. Childhood in the city is re
strained. There is little enough room for the ex
ercise oi a boy's natural impulses.
A playground constitutes a little touch of the
country in the heart of the city. It gives to children
many pleasures which otherwise they would not
We cannot do away with cities for the sake of
children. They will grow, we fear, greater and
more congested. More and more human beings
will be forced to spend the first years of their lives
in urban environment. But steps can be taken to
put more color in the cheeks of city children, to
make their days less drab and uninspiring.
The child needs play as it needs food. Any
civilization which fails to consider this is bound to
become more dull, stupid and physically degenerate.
The Fate of Animals.
FKOM Washington pulpits today conies an ap
peal for more humane treatment of animals.
Man's inhumanity to man has been the theme
oi Christian preachers for centuries. Only in re
cent years have they turned aside one Sunday of
the year to say a kindly word for the dumb and
.That much remains to be accomplished for the
welfare of animals is shown by the fact that over
100 men were arrested in the District of Columbia
last year on charges of abusing horses and dogs.
Agents of Washington animal societies inform us
that an occasional cock fight is staged inside the
District lines and that these arc quite frequent in
nearby Maryland and Virginia.
Dog fights are not uncommon in the suburban
district. Man. in his search for sport, gives never
a thought to the sufferings of the speechless crea
tures whom he trains for his pleasure. Just at pres
ent :'riends of the animal find determined efforts
nccessary to prevent the brutal Spanish sport of
bull fighting obtaining a foothold in the United
States. They report that several of these have
been conducted secretly along the Mexican border?
and not by Mexicans.
Yet that human beings should take any account
oi lesser animals is an encouraging sign. The world
grows more kindly as it grows older. Christ's mes
sage of mercy is received more and more literally
from yer.r to year while sects dftrote less time to
arguments over fanciful interpretations of unessen
tial texts. Just a century ago a member of the
British Parliament, many years ahead of his time,
was laughed at, hissed and hooted when he pro
posed a bill which would enable the government to
punish men wantonly cruel to dumb creatures. To
' day th<; man who abuses animals stands before the
law and before public opinion in the same light as
any other criminal.
Not all the sufferings of animals are due to
? man's cruelty or anger. Many are caused by his
| indifference or carelessness. Over 4,000,000 cattle
and sheep, we are told, starve to death on Western
. ranges during hard winters.
But a gradual change for the better in these
1 conditions is noticeable. Hard work will accomplish
much in the next few years to bring about a kindlier
fate for the winged and furred creatures of field
and forest as well as for the familiar beasts of bur
A New World War.
THREATS of another world war in the present
generation, voiced with frequency from
Genoa, fail to stir much excitement in the United
We appreciate fully the seriousness of the Eu
ropean situation. But we appreciate also how
much more desperate conditio** would be after an
other conflict. It> would be suicide alike (or the
conquerors and the vanquished.
Any old-world nation declaring war on another
would be in the position of a burglar breaking into
an almshouse. If one of them had something worth
stealing it would be different. A state which wages
aggressive war never has any higher moral status
than the highway robber or the pickpocket.
France threatens a further invasion of Germany
despite the sentiments of her former allies. What
purpose will it serve? Any additional payments the
move might bring would be more than eaten up in
the cost of her armies of occupation.
There is persistent talk of- a German-Russian
military alliance. To what end? If these countries
waged an aggressive war, even victoriously, the cost
would be greater than any booty (hey could hope
to capture or any ransoms they could hope" to exact.
We believe that both Poincare and Lloyd
George, representing directly opposed schools of in
ternational policy, realize this. When Lloyd George
speaks of another war in the near future he talks
somewhat for rhetorical effect. When Poincare
blusters about the rights and the honor of France
on his spur-clanking trips among the electorate he
knows in his own heart that he is talking nonsense.
The facts are that no country in Europe can
afford war. The most successful issue possible
promis-3 no profits. It would be like sowing a field
with witch-grass seed?much labor and not the
slightest prospect of a worthwhile crop.
The Genoa conference may fail to accomplish
its purposes. Premier Poincare seems determined
it shall. But it will not end in war or prospects of
war for many years to come.
War in Europe for the next twenty years would
be much like a hair-pulling episode among old
ladies in a home for the destitute. To sane men
it would be ridiculous.
The purpose of the Genoa conference is to
undo some of the evil of th? last war. That is
work enough. It need concern itself little with an
BeHef in Spirits.
SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE will leave i
Washington in much the same state of mind
as he found it in regard to spiritualism.
Those who wish to believe, believe. Their
faith may have been strengthened slightly.
Skeptics are in doubt as much as ever. The
spirit photographs, which either are real or are ex
ceedingly clever deceptions, fail to convince them.
The^ noted writer's own earnestness and sincere
faith have little greater effect.
It remains impossible to furnish instant con
vincing proof of the possibility of communication
with the personalities of the dead. We can prove,
without fear of contradiction, that the world is
round. The material facts are at hand on which
to base the argument. We can prove that light
travels so many miles per second. Exact mathe
matical calculations make doubt impossible.
But once beyond the realm of material evi
dence proof is impossible. One man's guess and
one man's faith arc as good as his neighbor's. Re
ports of isolated phenomena, which cannot be dup
licated by a scientist at any time, mean nothing.
1 People in Argentina claim to have seen the
Plesiosaurus splashing about in moonlit lakes. To
those who have seen the creature, whatever it may
be, its existence is proved. Until the antediluvian
monster can be produced at any time for any man
who wishes to see, however, its existence will con
tinue to be scoffed at by the majority of human
The same holds true of spiritualism. It would
require a man of strong mind indeed to sec a
ghost and not believe ever after in the existence of
spirits. To those of us who have not seen ghosts,
however, there is not a particle of concrete, avail
able evidence that one ever existed.
Mankind stands at the gateway of a great, un
known world. There are more things in heaven
and earth than our philosophy has dreamed of.
One by one marvels arc revealed?such as the
radio which almost eliminates the element of space.
But these things come as the result of slow,
exact calculation and experiment. Little is gained
and sometimes much is lost by blind faith.
A Prophet From Russia.
DOES Count Illya Tolstoy inherit has famous
father's gift for prophecy?
The great Russian philosopher's visions of the
world war still remain unexplained miracles. He
even foresaw accurately the condition of Europe
in the days following the conflict.
Now his son, addressing a Washington au
dience, predicts that the Soviet government of
Russia will fall before summer. Such prophecies
have been frequent from the lips of exiled Rus
sians during the past few years and they always
bring forth applause. Most of the world is anxious
to see the fantastic economic experiment now in
progress in Russia come to an end.
But the fact remains that the Central Soviet
which sits in Moscow has not fallen and seems
no nearer destruction than on the first day after
the revolution. Its power, if there has been any
change at all, has grown greater.
Count Tolstoy is a liberal and far-seeing
gentleman?a representative of the best type of
the old Russian nobility. But we fear he has
allowed the color of his own hope.s to creep into
his predictions for the future.
The man on horseback, foreseen in his father's'
dream, is still to ride out of the north and the
world will be fortunate if he does not come from
the ranks of the very Bolshevists whose downfall
is predicted. We hope his forecast is true. There
are no encouraging signs, however.
Gabe d'Annunzio, the poet and jigadicr
brindle of Fiume, is planning a lecture tour of
the United States. We have always looked for
something original from hiin.
One paper announces "No Vocations for
The Herald in New York
The** Hotels and Newsstand* in New York City
Have The Herald on Sale:
joo Fifth Ave.
Pennsylvania Schultz, 43d
Station St. & 6th Ave.
Hotalm**s, News Boy, 32d
Times Square St. & 6th Ave1.
NKW YORK, April IT--Jaded
movie fan* are on the brink of the
Big Thrill! Those who have
| watched with dog-like patience for
the great American drama have
| looked In vain but, the euper-fllm
has arrived. It has been the
writer*! privilege to be one among
| ten who attended the. private show
ing of the greatest spectacular
, moving picture drama ever pro
It is called "Nero." and the
bloody reign of the last of the.
Caesars Is, to use a press-agent I
blurb, "shockingly thrilling." Th-s1
picture was1 taken In Rome and vi? '
cinity, a few scenes are near Naples j
and In the Alps. An entire city j
was built -on the outskirts of Rome i
only to be destroyed by torch.
An idea of the stupendous cast
may be gloaned from the fact that
in one scene 65,000 people were em
ployed. Moat spectacular Alms re
sort to hokum for their effects.
This one tells a story with a care
ful fidelity to historical accuracy
that grips and holds. One Is trans
ported back to the days of bloody
tyrants and Roman orgies.
ft Is the kind of a film that will
still the artistic sneer at the cel
luloid drama. There, are moments
of terrifying suspense, remindful
of the days when Richard Mansfield
grippfd the imagination and sent
the heart racing with fear.
There was a scene, when the
despicable "Nero," In his lustfully
cruel moment actually brought a
hiss?followed by a blush, of
course?from a hardened New York
dramatic critic who sat in the pro
l Jection room at the private show
The burning of Rome sweeps the
emotions with the same fervor
that Nero plucks his Jyre during
the holocaust. The flfmes can be
seen eating their way while the
thousands upon thousands of tex
ror-stricken rush pell-mell to
Then there Is the storming of
the tyrant's citadel by an angry
populace. This Is the scene where
66,000 people are Aimed. It is mob
fury at Its worst. Buildings are
torn down, statues toppled Into the
street and a havoc of destruction
the like of which has never been
The. chariot race for the soul of
a girl Istsklllfully worked up to a
feverish climax. In the arena are
thousands upon thousands -echoing 1
the spirit of the Roman holiday !
The crowds at the Yale bowl at
New Haven look puny In compari-j
son. In this connection It is re
ported that the. American director
sought the "extras" by means of
advertising and as the crowds'
came each was given a costume.
They were entertained with
games until the time was ripe fori
the chariot race. They knew noth
ing of what was going to happen. I
bo it was- when the chariot race '
was actually staged the expres
sions on the, thousands of faces
were not acting but real. Some
idea of the extent of the assem
Tay be B'lean?'<J from the
Met that between 350 and 4u0 men
were kept constantly busy carry
Ing water to the crowds.
My interest in motion pictures.
tlm. 2 pa,"lve- 1 have gone!
time and again only to go away I
with a sense, of disappointment. Sol
it was that to ses what to |
nlTr ... the m'-h,lest spectacle I
ever produced, both from an ar- j
t'stlc and dramatic standpoint was'
when"" 5" p,!easure- I don't know'
city 1,1? , coming to your
Hut' When 7 3 5ear ,r?m
ut when it comes, see it.
1. How much of the metal In our
? 1!..mokel c?'n? is nickel?
2. Who mUht be termed the "vet
an vamp" of the screen** ?
rtJYh?-t J" ,hc ?ulf Stream?
.... vuii Mrfam"
Where In Its course could a dam
put that would make all Eu
4. What is a nonagon?
5. What is the amount of rash ad
missions paid dally to motion pic
ture theaters? i
6. What is the southernmost paint*
of the United States? j
7. When was the battle of Pull I
Run and where did It take placer |
8 Who were the young conquer-'
ors who attracted the eyes of the
world before they were 30 years of
9. When was the Smithsonian In-i
stltutlon founded at Washington'
and by whom?
10. Give two synonyms for pro-'
phylactic; for sardonic.
Answer* ,n Yesterday's Questions, j
1. Was Wallace Reld ever on thei
stage? Yes. He appeared In a:
vaudeville sketch written by hia.
father. Hal Reld.
2. Who was Isis? The principal;
goddess of Egyptian mythology.!
The cow was sacred to her. She
taught men agriculture and arts,
and symbolized frultfulness.
3. How can one tell the age of
trees? Each year the tree records
Its age by adding a layer of new
wood to its bole and branches, f
When the bole of one of these trees]
is cut across and the surface made!
smooth these rings can be counted.!
so that It is easier to determine the'
age of a tree than that of any other
thing that has a long life.
4. Where did the name of "the'
United States of America" flrst ap.
pear In print? In Thomas I'alne's
pamphlet, "Common Sense," pub
lished in January, 1776.
5. What Is the name of the hypo
thetical volcanic peak supposed 'to
have once stood over Crater Lake,
Oregon? Mount Maxama. It Is sup.
posed that this peak was blown
away by the explosion that created
the lake basin.
6. Who are the lady members of
the British $fouse of Commons?
l-ady Astor. Mrs. Wlntrlngham. and!
7. Of what States does the Missis
sippi River form part of the bound
ary? Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri,
Arkansas, and Louisiana on thei
right and Wisconsin. Illinois, Ken
tucky. Tennessee, and Mississippi I
on the left.
t. What sixteen famons author*
suffered from mental or physical
afflictions? Homer, blind: Cervantes
had but one hand; Milton. ?Iln?t
Pope, a hunchback: Dr. Johnson,
scrofula and a touch of St. Vitas;
Cowper, spells of Insanity; Keats,
consumptive; Collins, iManlty; Nat.
Lee, dramatist. Insanity; Tasso, la.
ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS
Thi* department it conducted The Hrrnld toaneteer qnetttont ?f Ut renAere All
gtetrunu will ?? cmttrsrrd in these 10 himn?. Aidrett lettert to the friend of <k? People
fHR OF ARMY IN Mil
*0 tlM rriMd ?( dM PcopM:
How manir enlfettd men were In the United
StiUi army In 1114? " J. N. D.
There were M.000 men In the army then.
RIXSO-J AFANHOK WAR.
To tkt Frl.nrt of lh. Pnplei.
When did the Rue*o-Japanese war begin and
endT Where wai the peace treaty ilgned?
J. H K
..The Ru??o-Japane?? . war began in February,
ltol. and ended In January. 1905. The peace
treaty between the two countriea wai signed by
the reapectlve emperon October 14, 1?06.
NKBHAKKA AID TO SOLDIERS.
To the Friend of the I'tople:
.Has Nebraaka paaaed any cash bonua law?
V. E T
The Nebraska legislature rejected cash com
pensation bills for former service men. but
established a $2,000,000 relief fund, the interest
of which Is used to aid sick and needy veterans.
TIS TRI Ki Tin TRIE, TIS PITY.* .
To. the mend of the People:
Where does the line "Tie true; 'tis pity, and
pity 'tis, 'tis true." occur? j. E. H.
The line "'tis true: 'tie true 'tis pity; and
pity 'tis 'lis true" Is from a speech of Polo?ius
to the queen In the tragedy of "Hamlet/* It
occurs In scene 2 of act H:
Madam. 1 swear I use no art at all.
That he Is mad. 'tis true: 'tis true 'tis pity;
And pity 'tis 'tis true; a foolish figure;
But farewell it. for I will use no art.
Mad let us grant him, then: and now remains
That we And out the cause of this efTect,
' Or rather say. the cause of this defect.
For thlg effect defective comes by cause:
Thus !.t remains, and the remainder thus.
NATIONAL HEALTH COUNCIL.
To tb? Friend of the People:'
What Is the National Health Council?
J. E. P.
The National Health Council Is an organiza
tion composed of the nine leading national volun
tary health agencies of this country together
with the United States Public Health Service as
a conference member. The members are as
follows: The American Public Health Associa
tion. the American Red Cross, the American
Social Hygiene Association, the Conference of
State and Provincial Health Authorities of North
America, the Council on Health and Public In
struction of the American Medical Association.
National Child Health Council, the National Com
mittee tor Mental Hygiene, the National Organ
isation of Public Health Nurses and the Na
tional Tuberculosis Association.
ACREAGE OF ORIGINAL FORESTS.
To the friend of the I'eople:
What was the acreage of the original forests
of the United States? A. CARPENTER
The original forests of the United States
covered about 822.0SO.OOO acres and contained
6,200,000.000,000 board feet of timber.
SPEED OF FALLING. ,
To the Friend of the People
A claims that a bail dropped from the Wash
ington Monument will reach the ground before
a ball which has been thrown from the monu
The ball which has been thrown will reach
the ground sooner than the one which has been
dropped. This agrees with the law of physics,
which states that the final velocity is the sum
of the Initial velocity and the number of sec
onds taken by falling multiplied by the accelera
tion of falling bodies, which is thirty-two feet
per second. Since the ball which is thrown has
initial velocity it# average speed of falling, ac
cording to the above formula, will be slightly
greater. Therefore, it will reach the ground
sooner than the ball which Is merely allowed to
HEIGHT OF PRE-HISTORIC WAN.
To the friend of the People:
How is the height of the pre-historic man
determined? F. J.
The length of the humerus?upper arm
bone?multiplied by 5.06. or the length of the
femur?thigh bone?multiplied by 3.66, equal*'
the height of the man. Thus the height of the
pre-historic man can be ascertained from skele
tons wich are ea^humed.
TREATMENT FOR SUNSTROKE.
To the Friend of the People:
What is the proper treatment for a person |
suffering from a sunstroke? H. E. F.
l>oosen clothing Get patient into shade and i
apply Ice cold water to head. Keep head In 1 j
other PEOPLES VIEWS ON TOPICS Of CURRENT INTEREST
Defense of Whisky.
To the Editor, The Washington Herald:
Permit me a few lines in the Open
Court. L read with much interest
the lady's article. "Thank the Lord
for Prohibition." With all due re
spect. though. I feel compelled to say
that I am neither selfish, thoughtless
nor merciless. Surely we all have
the right to protest against that
which we feel has worked Injury
and caused widespread unrest and
discontent. Certainly our fore
fathers were neither selfish,
thoughtless nor merciless when, to
protect themselves against unjust
taxation, they dumoed the tea in
Boston harbor. "Hie prohibition
amendment Is a taxation upon our
patience if nothing more. Further
more, I am accused of thinking only
of my own stomach and not of a
mother's feelings. The former 1
deny. I am not alone, I am sure, in
my contentions and I do not be
lieve in denying the many for th*
benefit of the few. The latter It is
certain no man fully understands,
but from present study of the sit
uation It would appear that the
coming generations are in grave
danger of injury, perhaps death
from poisonous whisky. Perhaps
the bootleggers will not be plying
their trade then, but this is far from
certain. With regard to the valuo
of whisky as a medicine, I fail to
see how anyone can say "all rot."
Doctors have spent years in the
study and practice of medicine and
they certainly are better fitted to
be a judge of what Is beneficial
than other people.
The Volstead act and the "prohibi
tion amendment are unpopular. The
referendum in Ohio proves that and
I might also call attention to the
vote for delegates to the recent San
Francisco convention when the
Bryan ticket here was overwhelm
ingly defeated 2.868 to 354.
I read the recent statement by
the governor of Oklahoma, himself
a prohibitionist, wherein he state*
enforcement of the law to be a fail
ure. the conditions existing at the
present time, and while he would
never willingly tolerate the open
saloon again, he has no corrective
measure to offer. Such frankness
is refreshing, and moreover an ad
mission like this carries consider
able weight. A corrective measure
would be to allow the sale of beer,
wine and whisky In wholesale
liquor houses under government
supervision, without re-establishing
the open saloon.
I am afraid the lady has small
faith In mankind. We are not a na
tion of drunkards or gluttons and
the percentage of men rolling In
the -gutters would be very small. It
Is quite similar to the time-worn
snd threadbare argument concern
ing the number of arrests in any
one year. For example: 2.000 ar
rests does not mean 2.000 men ar
rested: those making a practice of
becoming Intoxicated to such a de
gree were often locked up many
times during the year and upon
investigation this number would
boil down to three of four hundred.
Police court records will prove this.
The statement that we cannot ex
pect the law to be enforced over
night seems a little short of the
mark. It has been nearly three
years now since the saloons closed
?a very long, fretful, feverish
night for the dry advocates, with
Let us hope at the coming Con
gressional elections this fall, where
I understand the issue will be
raised, the first step will be taken
? R. P. S.
The Ladies Answer.
To the Editor. The Washington Herald:
We were Interested to resd Mr. F.
B. A.'i comments on chivalry to
women. It seems that chivalry Is
given iif direct proportion to the
latter's modesty In mode of dress.
The modern girl has received her due
share of censure and criticism due
to her choice of clothes, has offered
no defense, but has gone on sub
Hmely wearing just what she
pleased in ,spite of men's shocked
During the centuries she has gone
sanity; Swift. Insanity; Byran, a
deformed foot; De Maupassant. In
sanity; Sir Walter Scott, lame;
Coleridge, opium addict, and De
Qulncey, opium addict.
?. What Is shoddy? It Is woolen
goods manufactured from old
woolen rags, or the refuse to which
new wool Is added.
10. Give two synonyms for mlti
gative; for propitiate. Lenient, as
suaging. Conciliate, appease.
Commusloattenewill net he m*
turned unlets specific request fer such
return is made and stamps inolesed.
Letters tkould be typewritten when
ever possible Communication* ex
tremal? difficult to read will not he
considered. No communications signed
with fictitious names will he used.
through varying periods with vary
ing degrees of success in h*-r appeal
to men's aesthetic sense. She, how
ever, has never turned a hair,
flickered an eye. or offered a protest
an her lord and master has traveled
the same route?from the sklnclad
age to the Roman robe age. through
the vain, foppish. knee-trousere?d.be
buckled age to the business-suited
age of today, which attire is spiced
only with a sometime deviation into
the uncomfortable, ridiculous evening
dress or beplumed regalia of lodge
uniform, or even into the scandalous
attire of running or swimming
trunks. Woman has meekly accepted
the decree in fashions without com
ment. evidently thinking It Is man's
privilege to choose his own attire. If
his clothes do not conceal enough of
his ungainly figure and she 1* not
thrilled at the sight of his manly
muscles, heaven offers its vast hozi
*en upon which to fix her gaze.
The clothes of today while pos
sibly. as our critic says, a little untra"
modern, are the most comfortable and
the most sensible that woman has
wor.i throughout the centuries. From
her modish hat to her low heeled
brogues she is the acme of com
fort. While it Is true she does not
wear the stays and whalebone collar
or the unsanitary dragging skirts of
a generation ago. she is able to ex
pand her waist line to Its natural
extent and to swing out into a com
fortable gait. She does use cosmetics
indeed?wq think they make her
more attractive, and we think it is
her privilege to use her own discre
tion in matters purely feminine, how
ever. we acccpt the challenge and
would ask you to draw a comparison
between the "flapper'* and the "cake
eater" as to which would offend the
more. And even "regular" men will
use bay rum. cheap face powders an?l
oil preparations on their hair which
are obnoxious to our taste.
TWO MODERN GIRLS.
Back to John Brown.
To the Edltur. The Washington Herald:
Apropos the farcical trial for
treason being staged in Charles
Town. W. Va., by the "State," oth
erwise the coal and steel barons,
fcome fugutive lines come to mind:
"Why doth treason never prosper?
If It prosper none dare call it
treason." In those few words lie
all that need be said anent the sub
ject of treason. Thanks to the
"fates" those "Whom the gods
would destroy tlicy first make mad"
in their frantic efforts to get back
to "normalcy" are using every
meanr society has provided for its
protection, as a means of repres
sion of the workers in the attempt
to drive them back to the mines
and continued industrial slavery.
Will they succeed? My guess is,
they will not. All he judicial auto
crats and servile lawyers owned by
the coal and steel barons will be
unable to drive these American
workers back, and whether they
call It "treason" or "reason." some
more equitable rules will assuredly
result to govern this basic indus
The appetite whetted by war
profits seems to have driven these
"Christian men whom God in his
infinite wisdom gave control over
the natural resources" mad. and
their hatred of any organisation
among their "slaves" tending to
lessen their profits, brings on a
frensy comparable only to wild
beasts. If these gentry had to
bare their breasts to the fray, w?
could the better enjoy the melee,
but nO, they hire a bunch of plug
uglies and denizens of the under
world from the large cities, arm
them In the name of "the State"
and turn them loose to shoot tip
defenseless women and children.
American workers have In all con
science been docile and prone to obey
the "law/* but they are beginning
to "wise up" to what the much
overworked "law and order" pa
laver means, and as is generally
known, the workers in the West
Virginia mines are real Americans.
j very few despised foreigners among
? them, and for the sake of real
Americanism all fair-minded peo
ple should wish these real men all
isuccess in their tight against en- ,
t trenched greed.
Sixty years ago. there was an- i
| other trial for "treason" in this
staid old town of Charles Town.
They convicted and hung that
American, but history tells us it did
not quell the spirit of thAt agi
tator. and if history teaches any
thing. let those who are trying to
stop the wheels of evolution, take
warning from the success <?> of
stopping what old John Brown
J. WEBB RICHMAN.
Protection for Birds.
To the Editor. Th* Washington Herald
.In your issue of April 15 1 note
an editorial on the damage done by
forest fires. The reference to fires
set or carelessly started in our lo
cal parks is. it seems to me. most
timely, since the great destruction
wrought by such fires has received
little or no attention from the pub
lic. You have done a real srvire in
calling attention to this source of
danger and in urging all concerned
to aid in its elimination.
Not only do these fires destroy
the succulent flowering plants, but
the young shrubby growth suffers
as well. As a consequence there i*
left in many parts of the parks al
most no undergrowth that is suit
able for the protection ?t?f small
wild birds either during the migra
tion or nesting season. It is par
ticularly important that certain
birds should have cover at all times
and the destruction of such by flres
or otherwise is naturally very det
rimental to the preservation of bird
life in the parks and elsewhere.
With a proper growth of under
brush in the wilder parts of the
parks there would be a good op
portunity for the breeding of many
species, including even the semi
wild mallard ducks that make their
home along Rock Creek.
It is thu* very evident that any
articles, such as your recent edi
torial. that will call attention to this
situation will be of much value to
the cause of bird protection in the
District of Columbia. J. F. W.
Army of Searchers
For Oil in Mexico
MEXICO CITT. April 29?There
Is a veritable army of geologists
and prospectors hunting for oil in
Mexico. These are principally
American and English, with prob
sbly more English than American.
Rut among them are also Belgian.
Spanish, French and Japanese. They
threaten to cover the republic dur
ing the present year.
SlTNDAY. APRIL W. 1922.
Neptune dominates this day in
beneflc aspect, according to astrol
i ogv. Mercury is in friendly sway.
The planetary government should
( be most fortunste to the clergy who
should .find quick response on the
part of congregations.
The rule is believed to quicken
the finer attributes of the mind and
to make for the apprehension of
There is sn extraordinarily fa
vorable sign for letter-writing,
which during this rule, should
bring quick and satisfactory re
Authors should benefit from the
aspect which stirs the imagination
and gives vision concerning human
j motives, the seers declare.
It is prophesied that important
books will be written by Americans
within the decade and thus the
forecast that the war would assure
an output of real literature will be
This is a lucky rule for all who
are interested in oil speculation.
New discoveries are foreshadowed.
Much ocean travel from this date
is prognosticated and a tide of
tourists to the Orient Is Indicated
by the stars.
Uranus on the cusp of the twelfth
in sextile to the luminaries and
Mercury Is read as favorable to
reforms in jails, orphanages and
Many fires of unusual magnitude
.will mark the summer, when great
care to protect property is coun
Grest excitement In London early
In June is foretold and the King
will face serious problems.
Crime in high life will mark
June, when a famous man will end
his life under peculiar circum
stances and other shocking occur
rences will be recorded.
The nary Is to suffer from an un
fortunate state of affairs owing to
an unexpected demand upon It.
Persons whose birth date It Is
may meet with numerous obstacles
In the coming year, but they should
make no business changes. Those
who are employed should be care
Children born on this day may be
high-strung and rather erratic, but
talented and able to win high place.
IIMDA1 . APKIL ?. ???*?
MKI'T 434 KKICT OF ICE.
Jf there were * layer of lc? ?I?
feet thick completely surrounding
the tun the iub'i i**s shinln* on
It continuously ?t rl?ht ancle*
only one year could melt It and
thua five up aa many heat unite
as the burning of
000 000.000.000 tons of anthracite
coal. Theae are figures announce*
by Dr. C. O- Abbot, aeeletant sec
retary of the Smltheontan Institu
tion. aa the result of twenty years
of observations on the eolar con
stant of radiation.
Since 1*02. about 1.000 obaerra
tions of the suns heat have been
made at el.ht widely eeparst^d
places and the flnal mean result
has been >.?? calorlea per square
wentfmeter P?r minute. This la the
scientific statement of amount of
heat that In a year would melt
the 4J?-foot layer of tee. which if
It wer* around the tun would
welch 40.000.000.000.000.000.000.#0(1 -
"This Is a measure of the sun *
yearly output of radiation" said
Dr Abbot. In presenting his con
clusions jointly with F E. Fowle
and U D. Aldrlch. "It can be com
pared 1.000 or 10.000 years hence
with the values which prevail
then. If In the meantime our rec
ords are preserve^ ss faithfully for
posterity as the Babylonian clay
table** have preserved for us the
records of the past. How unfor
tunate that the Babylonians did
not observe the solar constant!" 4
When nr. Abbot's work mi be-'
tun In ISO" the best instruments
for observing the solar hest at the
eurface of the. earth differed by st
least 50 per cent In their Indica
tions snd the vslues of the eun s
heat as It Is outside the atmos
phere. published In the best t'?i
booke. ranged from l.W to 4.0 calo
rie* per square centimeter per
minute Sothin* was known si to
the limits of the solar variability.
Now a larire mass of data on th?
flckleness of the sun has been ob
"Our observations have
that the sun does not vary so
much as many of the other stars.*
pr. Abbot said "Its ran** of va
riation within the last twenty
years has apparently not ed<-1
12 P*r <*??*. ?n lhe ?Wlfr
fluctuations from 1 to i P?r
appear to occur frequent'.* at
irregular intervals with irregular
ranees of variation. Vor Instance.
? t the time of the great nun-M" t
group of March 22. 1*2* * faU of
solar radiation of ab-?ut 5 t?er cent
occurred, corresponding t?? the I*'*
sage of the sun spots a?-r?*ss ?hc
center of the sun. There if a low*
period of ?olar variation attending
the change* ?-f aolar MtlvHl r*
vealed by sun spots, prominences
and other visible solar phenomena,
so that high values of solsr varia
tion occur at tl?ie? of high sular
activity. The range is about 3 per
,-ent for 100 Wolf sun-spot num
??Clearly, if the tun la thus va
riable. the planets i^hich shine by
reflected light must vary corres
pondingly tout not necessarily at
the same instant as the earth, since
the earth and the other planets
may He In different directions in
the heavens as seen from the sun.
A few highly accurate observations
of the brightness of the planet Sa
turn. made by Dr. Guthnick. of the
Berlin-Bablesberg observatory, have
been compared with the solar ob
servations of the Smithsonian In
stitution. Tt is found that 1 per
cent rhanfe in the sun appears to
produce 1 per cent rhang-e in Sa
turn. due allowance being made for
the rate of rotation of the sun
which carriea the rays of variable
intensity aroun<l at the rate of one
revolution in about twenty-seven
"A connection between the varia
tion of the sun's heat and weather
here on earth has been worked out
by the Weather Bureau of Argen
tina.*' Dr. Abbot announced.
"Regular forecasts, a meek In ad
vance. are made there based upon
the solar observations of th?
Smithsonian Institution at Monte
zuma. Chile, telegraphed in from
day to day."
FAR MORE *E\*ITIVF.
THAS ANY IK*TKI UK XT.
"The ear must differentiate be
tween sounds so nearly alik' that
no existing physical apparatus 1*
capable of separating them." said
Dr. R. L. Wegel of the Western
Electric Company when he demon
strated to the National Academy
of Sciences new instruments for
examining the hard-of-hearing and
aiding them to hear better
PRODI CE* I.IIKAT MEAT.
That hydrogen gives ofr fc.oon.oort
times as much heat when It is
transmuted Into helium as it does
when It unite? with oxyger to
form water, was stated by Vrof.
W. P. Harkins of the University
of Chicago to the National Acad
emy of Sciences meeting.
Hitherto the hottest chemical re-i
action known was the burning or
hydrogen, but this is ln?icniflcant
compared with the enercy evolved
when four hydrogen atoms unite
to form one helium atom If four
fjranis. only one-seventh of t"
ounce, of hydrogen is transmuted
info helium ga? the amount of
heat produced is ?70 aOO.OftO 000
calorics. This would be enough t?
supply a man with muscular en?rg>
for COO years If the humsn body
were capable of so using hydro
gen in the place of !nod.
Fortunately this transformation
of hydrogen gas into helium
does not readily o *cur otherwise
there would be langer that the
er.tth wou*. 1 melt lr fei\ent beat
Prof. Harkins explained thst th?
nucleus of the helium stom is
posed of four positive electrical
particles called protons and two
negative electrical particles c*lle?t
electrons This altogether consti
tute. the alpha particles such ss
are shot out from radium s? ?
disintegrates into lead.
Atoms are stipposed to be bunt
up of unita of two proton* ana
one electron with other protons
and electrons more or less loosely
attached. This makes It ^osslW*
that atoms of the same cfcemW
element way have dinefi?"i
weights. Such cases are celled
laotopea. Prof. Harklna has act?M
ly separated chlorine Into two
isotopes of diiTcrent veifht^ ^