Newspaper Page Text
Wants $20,000,000 at Once
to Remodel Capital Ships
Under Five-Power Treaty
CITES BRITAIN AND JAPAN
Principal Need Is to Widen
Firing Radius of Big Guns
by the Increase of Elevation
By WINDER R. HARRIS.
Immediate action to modernize
the eighteen battleships of the
American navy to prevent this
country from falling far behind
the British fleet in fighting effi
ciency has been urged upon lead
ers on the naval committees of
the House by the Navy Depart
ment, it was disclosed last night.
ROOSEVELT AT CAPITOL.
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
Roosevelt went to the Capitol and
I atrongly recommended to members
^f ?oth the Naval Appropriations
Hkubco ??mittee and the Naval Af
?air* ->mmittee an emergency ap
?Tron a on of $20,000,000 for re
? modl'M? the capital ships per
mitted to be retained under the
This amount. Colonel Rooaovelt
emnh*stzed. is urgently needed to do
the preliminary work declared by
the Navv Ovneral Board to be es
sential if the United States Navy
Is not to bo h?**e!essly outclassed
by Br ? ?h battleships. The task
of reir."deiing those of the eighteen
?ess > which are gr-atly inferior
to modern zed British craft j
Will ?**/*H\000. The remain
dor ?as stated, could be de
fern d 'it til the new Congress meets.
I KG! S MODERNIZING.
Mod rn zing the battleships is the
mn?t importan* feature of the Gen
eral Board's plan to meet the naval
urMV'^s of Great Britain and Jap
an. The board also has%a program
for sixteen 10.0<*0 ton cruisers, sub
marines. gunboats, etc., to meet
construction of these types by the
other two big naval powers.
Formal reouest for the $20,000,000
ano^r^'ation is expected to go to
the House within the next few days.
It w II have to l?e taken up first
by the Naval Affairs Committee
and sn^cial enabling legislation en
a^t?*d before the Annrooriatlons Com
mittee can consider an appropria
tion. It is generally agreed, how
e\er. that this feature of the work!
should be put under way without j
delay and if the Naval Affairs Com-1
mittee favorably report* a bill au- j
1hor*zing the appropriation, it is |
probable that an effort will be mad?- I
to ta?*k it onto the navy bill now ]
T>"nd?n?r in the Senate. j
One of the difficulties is that the
present law limits to $300,000 the!
emount that may be exj?endcd on
r?n? battleship in n year. Great
Britain spent as much as 54,000.000
modernizing one vessel.
WIDEN FIRING RADII'S.
The principal work that Colon ol
Roosevelt ??aid It way proposed to
do with the U0.00ft.000 is to in
crease the elevation of the big guns, j
By raising her turret guns to a 30-1
t: crree firing elevation. Great Brit-j
win's battle fle^t now has a battle
tan> of 30.000 yards, whereas two
thirds of the American battleships
???*n fire only 21.000 yards. The j
British ships also are much faster I
than this country's, so that they
cur remain five miles out of range
?#f t!ie t'nited States fleet and still
fire on the American ships. j
The other modernizing work in
cludes strengthening deck armor for
greater protection against airplanes
and high angle firing from lone!
?arise; increase of anti aircraft guns]
from three to five-inch caliber:
equipment of all battleships with
? Miners" for protection again*t j
torpedoes and depth bombs, and
conversion of all coal-burning ships
into oil-hurners to Increase their
effective radius of action.
Plate Printers Present i
Dinner Set to Zihlman
Representative Fred N. Zihlinan. !
of Maryland, yesterday was the j
recipient of a handsome twelve- ?
piece silver dinner set presented i
by members of the Plate Printers
I'nion in recognition of his efforts
to have the House strike out of |
the Treasury Department appropri
ation bill a provision which re
quired the substitution of fifty-1
ej?ht power presses for 136 hand-j
plate presses. Although he failed
in his efforts, and ?18 men will
be discharged next July, the gift
was made as an expression of
Presentation was made bv a dele
gation headed by Frank .T. Cole
man. editor of "The Plate Printer"
and including Andrew J. Fallon,
president of the Plate Printers Un
ion; Frank S. Milovich. vice presi
dent; Thomas J. McQuade, chair
man of the executive committee;
James H. Windsor. Thomas A.
Jarvis. James H. McVay and Mau
Daughter of Banker
Saves Woman from Fire
CLEVELAND. Ohio. Dee. 2t.?
Miss Helen House. twentv-one.
Smith College student, daughter of
J. Arthur House, president of the
Guardians Savings and Trust Com
pany. played the role of heroine,
when fire destroyed their $125,000
home just before daybreak.
Awakened by smoke she rushed I
to the room of the housekeeper.,
Miss Olga Nordland. and dragged
the form of the unconscious woman j
to the street through smoke-filled
corridors. F. f. Mills, her eightv
y car-old grandfather was rescued j
Many valuable art tteasucrs were
Time Is Future Unit
of Commercial Life,
Henry Ford Thinks
World Is Standing on Threshold of New
Phase of Transportation, With Air
plane to Surpass All, He Declares.
Br l aivmtl 8mk?.
"Ilencefi rth time, not diaUnce, is the unit of commcrcial
Henry Ford asserted this in a statement on the future of
aviation made public yesterday by the National Aeronautic
Association in the United States Air Service Magazine.
"We are standing on the tnresn
old of a new phase of transporta
tion." said Mr. Ford. The state
"The real champions of the peo
ple at large are engineers and
inventors. The Inventor stands
with the greatest benefactors of
humanity. His work is permanent
and the benefits thereof accrue \ill
the end of time.
Centuries hence the times In
which we live will be remembered
as the period when automobiles
began to contribute their econ
omic service to mankind, and
when man first began to fly.
Today- the motor car Is the
greatest example of how an in
dustry can influence the every
day life of millions. Automo
tive development has brought to
a stage of reliability and econ
omic performances the automo
bile. the motor boat, and is now
being used in the large ocean
In view, however, of the con
stant search for a means of
annihilating time and space, the
most .serious attention and con
sideration are being given to
aviation. Here is something
new. We are standing on the
threshold of a new phase of
transportation. There is no
doubt of the continued develop
ment in the navigation of the
'air ocean' and such develop
ment will far surpass in rapid
service any other means of
transportation on land or water.
Aviation does not compete
with surface methods of trans
portation. It is a supplementary
agency. It is the conquest of
the last element in th?* chain of
man's control of natuml forces.
Henceforth time, not dis'ance, is
the unit of commercial life.
The new art of flying brings
new problems to, automotive en
gineers and inventors. When
airplanes reached the speed of
approximately four miles a min
ute at I>etroit recently, the lay
man could lie excused for think
ing that the ultimate had been
reached, but there is still much
room for improvement. About
all that we have learned so far
is that we can fly: the rest is
yet to be learned.
The inventor and engineer have
HARDING TO PARDON
12 WAR PRISONERS
Various Wardens Expected to
Get Telegrams Directing
Release of Men Today.
By I nirfrMl Service.
At least twelve of the men held
In Federal prisons for violating the
war espionage act will get their
freedom as a New Tear greeting
from President Harding, it was an
The President is studying the rec
ord In each case and will select
those in which the offense was
: slightest and the families of the
| prisoners are in greatest need, it
: was said.
i He will not make the names pub
lic until today, when the wardens
of the prisons will receive telegrams
directing the release of the men.
The White House let it be known
that this action on the part of the
i President is not to be construed as
J a general amnesty to political pris
oners, but as decisions in specific
I cases which have merit. From time
I to time, it was said, others of the
I prisoners will be pardoned.
Surety Firm to Finish
Bell School Contract
' The contract of the H. D. Watts
I Company for the construction of
the Bell School, on Second street
between D street and Virginia ave
I nue southwest, has be*n changed
| so as to provide for the comple
tion of the srhool by the Fidelity
and Casualty Company of New York.
| surety for the contractors. It be
came known yesterday.
j The contract of the Watts com
pany was cancelled last week. Un
I der an agreement reached at a con
ference between the surety com
; nanr. the contractors and the Com
missioners. power of attorney is
I to b^ given to the surety company
by the Watts company and the
i former agrees to rush work on the
S AND BEDDING
W* Oannla AkMlau MMhUm
BOYS'SCHOOL SUIl S
Z CREDIT Z
Dodek Clothing: & Furn. Co.
S?9 7th St. K. W.
No Branches la Hit City
the 5ob of making improvements
which will guarantee economic
performance, reliability, longevity
and safety in automotive equip
ment as applied to air navigation.
And then the people of the coun
try will have the Job of adapting
aircraft to the economic and com
mercial phases of our national
life. Once given the safe and eco
nomical air vehicle, the public
will find many uses for it.
The Nationl Automotive Associa
tion at the same time made public
a statement by Col. W. Jefferson
Davis, special counsel for the War
Department at the Congress on In
ternational Aviation Legislation at
Prague, declaring that the United
States must have immediate uniform
legislation governing aviation. He
Congress is faced with the Im
mediate necessity of enacting leg
islation, providing uniform air
laws. The surprising thing is
that this country', pioneer in fly
ing, should be so long without
vision In solving fundamental I
questions of jurisprudence for the
control and regulation of flying. ]
Such a bill, when passed, will j
become the charter for civil avia
tion and will be a basis for the
control and sovereignty wh ch the
Federal Government could and
should properly exert over the
In 1917 the nervous energy of
the American pepole expressed it
self in preparing its young man
hood for service at the front. In
the immediate future this same
energy* and activity should be ex
pressed in training the youth and
talent of the country for effi
cient service in the air. not only
for national defense, but for com
The airplane will be the most
important link in future national
defense. Commercial projects,
with airship* and airplanes ply
ing between the larger cities of
the country, will spring into be
ing as soon as Federal legislation
Commercial aviation has lone:
since passed the experimental
stage and there is immediate ne
| cessity for well-defined laws gov
| erniner aeronautics Early action
by Congress will have a market!
! effect in tiie development of a
, new trarsnortation industry.
' Presbyterian Bible Class
Will Hold Spelling Bee
A spelling bee will be held ??y
the Young Ladies Bible Class of the
Western Presbyteriap Church. Nine
teenth and H streets northwest,
January 2. The program will be in
j charge of the members of the Wash
: iifgton Choral Society.
An opportunity will be given my
one present to compete for the
j prize which will be donated by d.
Kann Sons & Company.
mnONS 1B0UT SEX
Radio Lectures of Department
of Labor Give Publicity
"PIN - MONEY" ASSAILED
Has Wrought Great Mischief
In Keeping Wages Low,.
By i nWeml Service.
The Women's Bureau of the De
partment of Labor yesterday broad
cast to the world by radio that the
United States is going: to receive "a
good mental housecleaning" to rid
it of "antiquated" ideas about
It gave the first of a series of
radio lectures intended to accom
plish this housecleaning. Follow
ing is a part:
"We must fight the false ideas
and old prejudices about women In
industry which we find are firmly
rooted In the minds of many peo.
pie. These old-fashioned ideas are
a hang-over from several scores of
years ago. when a few scattered
women first ventured to work out
side the home.
"Now, when there are more than
eight and a half million working
women, when one-fourth of the
wage-earners in the United States
are women, these antiquated tradi
tions about women in industry are
as much out of place as hoop skirts
and spinning wheels, and just as
useless and cumbersome.
"The first to discard is the pin
money theory. What mischief it
has wrought in keeping women's
wages low! Are you guilty?
"Too often a woman's so-called
pin money is the family coupling
pin. the only means of holding the
As to those who believe that
"woman's place is in the home":
$3.25 Chester .
Sunday, January 14
Le*rn Uaahliigton (L'ntoo Station ?
7 30 a m
Arrives Wilmington 111 :?5 a. ra.. Chratrr
10 25 am Philadelphia 10 :5ft a a.
Upturning, leftves ftroad Strrvt Station
7 30 p m tt'nt Philadelphia. 7 :33 p
m. Cheater 7 5d put.. Wllmtnjtoii ?.i}
Tickets aa aala Friday >weXln
i ^'Similar Eieurtiaitt Sundays. Jan.
28. Fafc. II. 25. Marc* II. 25. A?hl t. 22.
Tba Raata af tfia Sraadway LI ? I tad
sale! g>octetj> 38ranb
High School suits
for the youth who is too
large for boys' clothes.
These suits are express
ly made for the youth
who hovers between boy
hood and manhood.
Made in specially de
signed models, but made
of the same fabrics with
the same custom tailoring
as goes into our finest
Single or double breast
ed form-fitting models;
also plenty of sports
styles. Solid colors and
For youths of 14 to 20.
Continuing the sale of
Men's &ouetp IBranb
You know they are worth considerably more
, The Hccht Co., First floor.
The Hecht Co,
7th at F
. .. 4 c r . ? r
Features in The
In current article of this exclusive series, England's Ex-Premier
presents a Review of 1922, discusses the outlook for world
peace and expresses his disapproval of French policy toward
Germany on reparations. And he praises American statesman
ship for originating Disarmament Conference.
"Your Happines in
the New Year" is
this week and she
gives some perti
nent hints on how
to achieve and re
tain that happiness.
Lloyd George and
Clemenceau made a
serious mistake at
ing to Daniels and
gives his ideas on
European debts and
the way out.
Stage folk in olden
times were looked upon
as vagabonds, "play-act
ing" was prohibited and
both actors and specta
tors liable to arrest. Plays
were then disguised as
"moral lectures," in
marked contrast to mod
Will Capt. Leavitt
Famous deep-sea diver
tells why he is confident
of success in his greatest
venture and pictures
thrills and chills of the
Federal commissioner defends
his organization on grounds that
no law is enforced 100 per cent.
Timeft-Hgrald survey of the boot
legging traffic indicates uncertain
outlook for Volsteadism.
A page of timely topics
and interesting person
alities from abroad?
Life Story of
The new governor-gen
eral of Ireland.
Picks the six greatest
Talks on Italy's debt.
Tells about French fi
J. D. Clifford
A glimpse of life in Mos
critic talks about
Polish art exhibi
tion which opens at
the Art Center Sun
day ? illustration?
of .Polish paintings
"Soap Is Best
Poison Gas" says
in article on dis
eases of the skin.
Another of the
How Coue Cures
An analysis of Dr.
Coue's methods and the
principles of psychoan
alysis, by a learned con
Building Plans for
Many new public and
semi-public buildings and
several memorials will be
completed or well under
way, among them the
Freer Gallery and Cham
ber of Commerce.
What Can a Man Do Without
Education or Trade?Go to Jail?
Wm. J. Sullivan, Late of Washington, Now In Sing Sing,
Asks This Question and Appeals for Aid.
* r?TTV T TT?I? All your old favorites and some new ones?McGurk,
X I I i 1 I1 ?j Powers, Mclntyre, George Ade, Lee Somers, Jim Ring,
Bill Price, Hugh Hennesy, a new comic "S'Matter Pop,"
S Jj] 1 (J ]\ and a bright new column, "The Stop Gap," by "Olio/
8 Pages Colored Comira"^*^*AMERICA^^^iEEKLY^lAGAZ^SE~^~~~~Book of *Magic"