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THK NORTH CAROLINA STAJSDAKD'; TUESDAY, OCTOBER 28. 1962.
. ,- ..-'' '.'., (''-
f - H
THE CAMPAIGN IN THE WEST.
Tho Richmond Examiner gives expression to the
following views in regard to our affairs in tho West :
- It can no longer be concealed that the campaign,
ta irWth2f proved a failure. Thesubs.dence
of the waters of the Western rive.-s, and the tinpre
cldtted Wt which prevailed many months
in that quarter, left the enemy high
.nterior, deprived of his gunboats, remote from bis
base of supplies, and liable to destruction at any
foment from a vigilant and act ve adversary The
Southern people saw this condition of things : with
perfect clearnep, and expectation was on tiptoe all
the summer for a brilliant and successful campaign,
of our armies. The season has passed, winter is
comintr on, and the enemy, without losing any
ground, is already acting on the aggressive, driving
our armies before him. -.'
That this disappointment of Southern expecta
tions is due to the want of generalship in the West,
is perfectly clear, and is the universal conviction.
The public were disposed to be charitable to Gen
erals Bragg and Van Dorn. No criticism was tit
tered upon their movements, no complaint was made
t their want of decisive energy, and the most chari
table feeling towards them was indulged in all cir
cles. They have been allowed a carU blanche by
the government and people, and the result is a
grievous disappointment on tho part of both. Ten
nessee, instead of being cleared of the enemy, is
still overrun and under his heel Kentucky, instead
of being relieved, is abandoned to his mercy ; tho
Mississippi is in his possession ; and in fact every
thing is in a somewhat worse condition than it was
in the spring. This, is the case, although the Gen
eral in command has had a' large army at his dispo
sal, as well conditioned as any that this continent
ever before saw.
The cause of General Bragg's failure is now suf
ficiently obvious. Instead of fighting Buell in a
pitched battle, when he had him at disadvantage,
near Chattanooga, inferior in numbers, and remote
from supplies, where defeat would have been utter
ruin. General Bragg adopted the plan of taking pos
session of the country in his rear by detachments,
and avoiding general engagements. The expedi
tions of Morgan and Smith into Kentucky, and the
achievements of Forrest, near Nashville, were bril
liant in themselves and highly creditable to the offi
cers in command, but in their effect upon the gene
ral campaign, they served but little other purpose
than to give warning to the enemy of the danger of
Buell, and to hasten the preparations for his rein
forcement Alter full time had been given to allow
ample reinforcements to be sent to Louisville, and
forwarded on the line to Buell, then General Bragg
began to move. The grand object of his strategy
being to get to Louisville and penetrate the base of
Biicll's operations, he found it necessary, as the re
sult of his combinations, to make at last a rapid
march upon that city, to interpose himself letween
that General and the new troops pouring in from
north of the Ohio; but Buell beat him in the race,
and the whole object of the campaign was thus
thwarted and defeatpd. Bragg then had no other al
ternative, confronted as he found himself by supe
rior numbers, than to fall back. This he has done,
ami it is greatly to be feared that he has taken a
route of retreat which will afford very little local
subsistence for his army. The very fact that be has
taken the route kading to Cumberland Gap would
teem to argue that he was forced into it and was
hard pressed by the enemy.
There is this encouraging feature, however, in our
affairs In the West, that whatever may be the defi
ciences of our Generals in that quarter, our armies
are in a good condition for efficient service. This is
not on i j uiu case uu uie array 111 ouuuicru ivcu
tucky under the immediate command of Bragg,
which has not yet fought a general engagement, but
is also the case with the army of General Tan Dorn,
now transferred to General Pcmberton at Holly
Springs, which has lately sustained a severe reverse.
With every disposition to indulge the largest
charity toward General Bragg, public sentiment is
now in favor of placing some General of larger brain
and more active talents in command of that impor
tant portion of the Confederacy. General Bragg' s
capacity for organizing and training an army may
be granted; but sou.cthing more than the qualities
of a drill officer and disciplining is needed in the
West. It is asserted in favor of this General, that
his army is in better discipline than any on the
continent; but all the advantages of the most per
fect discipline may be lost by inactivity or by re
treat; they must be lost in great measure by a
whole season of inactivity followed by a precipitate
The loss of a campaign in the West is a most se
rious affair to the Confederacy. It may protract the
war for years, by encouraging the Northwest to
hope that it miy succeed in the business of subju
gation, and by thus prolonging its alliance with the
fanttics of New England. We are to have peace
with the North only through the counsels and in
strumentality of the Northwestern and Middle
States; and every reverse or failure we meet with
in the West tends to identify the Northwestern
States more closely with New England. The cam
paign may yet be retrieved by a General of large
brain and active talents. It cannot be expected
that General Bragg can achieve in the remaining
month of the season, what he his failed to achieve
in the six months that have been lost
The Enquirer thus notices the matter:
We publish to-day the offiicial report of General
Brtgg of the battle of Peiryville. It confirms the
report of the victory to our arms in that sanguinary
conflict, and pays a handsome tribute to the gal
lantry of our troops. They drove the enemy for
twdfmilcs, and piled tho ground with their slain.
Night only terminated the slaughter and the pur
suit. Notwithstanding the victory, Gen. Bragg deemed
it "necessary to continue his retrograde march, be
cause of the greatly superior force of the enemy.
Beyond the chastisement itself, and its relief to our
retreat, the victory, therefore, bears us but little
present fruit The great mistake of General Bragg
in his Kentucky campaign, seems to have been In
not striking sooner, and before Buell, who was in
his rear, got around in his front, and received rein
forcements. The Dispatch make3 the following remarks upon
the same subject :
The army of Gen. Bragg is said to be one of the
most highly disciplined in the service of the Con
federate States. To such perfection has discipline
been brought that straggling is said to bo almost
unknown. Gen. Brag is unquestionably an ex
cellent disciplinarian, and a very brave man but
he seems to have be?n greatly deficient in some of
the other qualities which constitute a great com
mander. No do-ubt, serving under some man of
great military genius, he would have made an ex
cellent subordinate. The talent of separate com
mand, however, is very rare, and he, at least, does
not seem to possess it
When Gen. BraSS arrived at Chattanooga, about
the 25th of July, it was confidently affirmed that
he would move in ten days. The greatest anxiety
was felt with regard to this movement, because
from the character of the army he commanded, it
was expected that a great blow would be struck.
Every body supposed he would attack Gen. Buell at
Nashville, because the water was so low that ho
could not be reinforced, and that special terror of
all our commanders, could not be employed. If
Buell were beaten at Nashville, tho Eastern portion
of Tennessee would be redeemed. Brag would be
placed between Louisville and Rosencrans. He
could either drop down into Mississippi, and, rein
forcing Van Dorn, fall with united forces on Rosen
crans, or he could march upon Louisville, which
was very slenderly defended. The main object,
therefore, was to defeat Buell, first of all. It ap
pears to us that, had he united all bis forces as
early as the 10th of August, or even a fortnight
later, he could not have failed to beat Buell, who
was greatly alarmed for his position and ready to
leave it upon very little provocation. Gen. Brag"
ZV,iT' con?eiTed altogether a different plan of
Mtoousr V89 si"" P"' a most dis
march wWe Mt Buel1 "berty to
S3? Sv1' P!W M. by his
there to receive wofl L?u;sv,,le firet. "d
the new Yankee to??
has failed because he is Z lloZ &7
What is called a camiou, General is the most
danous of afl Generals in tf world to his own
friends. He will make no meveme.H until he be
certain or success. He Btaods still, and permit his
enemy to manoeuvre as be pleases, from the fear ol
doing something rash. His enemy takes advantage
of bis slow motions, doubles on him, and at .last
compels him to move, whether he will or not This
seems to have been the case with Gen. Bragg. He
has thrown away the most glorious opportunity ever
offered to an American General. We very much
fear that whoever succeeds him will never find such
another. The winter is coming on and the river
will rise. The whole Southwest will soon be pene
trated with hundreds of gunboats and tens of thou
sands of Yankee troops. Who is to succeed Gen.
Bragg f Gen. Johnson, "of course, would be the
man but he is said not to have sufficiently recov
ered to be acle to undergo the fatigue of a cam
paign. Fall Dividend of School Fund- 100,000.
Office Scp't. Con. Schools or N. C, )
Oct 11, 1802. $
To the Chairmen of the Boards of Superintendent
of Com. School of the seeerat Cowties of North
Gentlemen : I am happy to inform you that the
Literary Board met on the 9th of this month, and
agreed to divide among the Counties of the State,
for Common School purposes, the sum of one hun
dred thousand dollars. This is nearly ten thousand
dollars more than any semi-annual dividend ever
made before from the Literary Fund and this sum
is in parfpay ment of a dividend and a half formerly
During the year 1861, only the half of one divid
end was paid out from the Literary Fund ; and this
was owing to the great and inevitable pressure made
upon the Treasury of the State from tho war sud
denly forced upon our country. This pressure was
temporary, and has been relieved ; and the amount
due to the Counties for School purposes has been
secured, and is now available for their use in the
method specified by law.
It was thought that the whole of this balance
would not now be needed ; but owing to the fact that
School taxes are not levied in several Counties, and
the price of everything is enhanced, it was supposed
that more than the usual dividend of ninety thous
and dollars would bo necessary to keep up schools
even for the diminished number of children who will
be able to attend them.
The amount still due from former dividends will
be paid out as additions to future distributions as
our educational wants may require ; and in the
meantime the Literary Board is now, as formerly,
anxious to keep alive our Common School system,
that great nursery of intelligence, energy and patri
otism among the masses of our people.
This strict adherence of our State to its plighted
faith, and its determination, under the Divine bless
ing, to fulfil all its contracts, and to commit no
spoliations on its former investments for moral and
industrial development, have not merely redounded
to the advancement of society, but have actually
lightened the financial burdens incident to the times.
North Caroliaa has, by her good faith, actually
made money, and prevented the taxes on her people
from being higher than they arc ; for, by her de
termination to meet all her direct promises and itn
nlied obligations, she has created such confidence in
her integrity and resources that she is enabled to
divide the burdens of the war of Independence with
future and more prosperous generations. Her fin
ancial character is the highest in our beloved Con
federacy and her bonds and promises to pay are
not only easily circulated, but actually command a
high premium over other issues of the kind.
Let us then be grateful to a kind Providence that
we are enabled at this crisis, not merely to furnish
means for the education of all our children, and
thus to lay broad and deep the foundations of moral
power but that in doing so we are enhancing the
pecuniary credit of the State and enabling her to
draw on that future for which we are fighting and
suffering for the larger part of the expenses of the
struggle for freedom.
The spectacle which our beloved old Common
wealth presents in this day of darkness and of trial
is one well calculated to fill the heart of every true
son with emotions of gratitude to that beneficent
Being who has given us this goodly land for a her
itage. She ranks among the foremost in the number, en
durance and courage of the soldiers she has con
tributed to the second war for independence she is
foremost in voluntary contributions to the common
cause, first in financial credit, and in the very midst
of this tremendous shock, tenderly and generously
providing for the moral training of all her children,
the hope, under God, of the future!
Let us, for our encouragement, look on this
brighter side of our affairs; and if we would secure
the real greatness and happiness of that future for
which we are making such immense sacrifices, let
us exert every energy to train the hearts and minds
of the young to a true appreciation of the interests
for which we are contending. Are our people crim
soning with their blood the whole soil of a continent
to be inherited by a race too ignorant and brutalized
to value or hold the liberties so dearly bought?
In every struggle mere brute force is sure to
yield in the end before moral power ; and though
our enemies outnumber us in soldiers and in muni
tions of war, we need never fear the result, well
assured that as long as there are men and women
able to understand and appreciate a just and noble
cause, and no longer, there will be brave and wil
ling soldiers to defend it While this continue,
freedom's battle " bequeathed from bleeding sire to
son," will surely triumph at last, and triumph
Then let us, who have the care of the young heart
and mind of this new Republic, remember that our
camp of instruction is the most important all ; and
let us humbly and earnestly invoke Divine guidance
in efforts to prepare a future generation to maintain
the privileges achieved by the present and to gain
all that the present is unable to accomplish.
Let the schools be kept open find teachers in
females, and in others unable to serve their country
more effectually in a different way and with hum
ble trust in God, let us not faker for a moment in
the great work before us.
With much respect, I am your friend and servant,
C. H. WILEY,
Sup. Com. Schools for the Stale.
How to Make Chimsibs for Kerosene or Pal
metto Oil Lamps. Take a common sweet oil bottle,
cut off the bottom, by burning a string wet with
turpentine, around the bottle. Then make a bottom
of tin to fit the lamp and fasten it to the bottle with
plaster of Paris, and you have as good a chimney
as you can buy. This is something worth knowing
at the present time. When one chimney breaks the
same tin bottom will do for another.
MARcniNO to Deatii ! The National Quarterly
.thus depicts a remarkable scene that occurred some
years since on one of the British transport ships.
The commander of the troops on board, seeing that
the vessel must soon sink, and there was no hope
of saving his men, drew them up in order of battle,
and as in the presence of a human enemy, bravely
faced the doom that was before them. We know of
no more impressive illustration of the power of mil
itary discipline in the presence of death :
Look at that noble vessel in yon high sea! She
has sprung a leak ; all the resources on board have
been cilled into play for her release from the deep,
but to no avail 1 Tho waters arc (minimr l.,ct nn
her beyond human control. She must sink ! A
regiment of bravo, perfectly disciplined soldiers are
mustered on deck by a quick roll of the drum ; ofii-,
cer? nl soldiers promptly fill their rank and file
and shoulder arms J See them stand in serried ranks'
and completely accoutered for a long, long march
Not a mournful dirge, but tho national anthem, is
played by the band. The regimental colors flutter
in the air: the staff that supports them is as firm
as the Btout heart of the ensign that holds it The
array of battle 'is reflected in mournful appearance
on the lowering clouds, which seem anxious" to veil
the waters, rippled by the breath of death. Insid
iously docs the water leap at last over the bulwarks
of the gallant and doomed ship, and down she goes.
The martial voice of the commandant orders, " Pre
sent arms I n A rapid succession of orders is calmly
given and calmly executed ; the drum beata quicker
and quicker ; the muskets thump on the deck at the
last word of command ; a splash at their fall, a surge
of the invading waters, the drum is silenced, an
army of bubbles swarms on the surface, and calm,
silent and steady, the Inst
reflects a dying ray of mournfullight
:. j- : . For the Standard. '
.. .i r . A GOOD MOVE. ; . .
Our Eastern farmers and slave owners as well as
those in Virginia, are exhibiting some degree of
anxiety as to their present safety, and some of them
are already hastening towards the centre of our own 1
State in search of lands. To some, the rolling lands
of this section appear uninviting, but it la because
they are used to a level plane, and unacquainted
with the usual composition of hilly and red soils.
These are, by experience, known to be the most du
rable lands; and for cereals, are very superior, re
quiring little manure, and when plowed deeply, al
most certain of a crop. - Comparing the price of low
and up country land, farmers will find ours quite as
cheap, and in addition, the healthies) country.
But suppose it were not so, it is not a matter of
choice now whether our Eastern people stay or leave.
They see the danger of remaining, from what others
suffered last winter, and the same, if not greater
danger, threatens them tho coming winter. Many,
by being hurried off last fall and securing places of
safety, lost nothing, and now own property along
our Rail Roads of increased value. Others will no
doubt imitate them the present fall ; yet many from
their slow movements, are likely to be caught with
their negroes, cotton, corn, cattle, &c But can
they complain ? They see some provision should be
made for their safety and support as refugees, and
yet stay inviting the Yankee Army to come and
take them 1
For the Standard.
Mr. Editor : If the war now in the course of
prosecution between the South and the North has
taught the former one lesson more than it has an
other, it is this that the Confederacy is but too
-vulnerable through tho many rivers which flow
like so many arteries from the ocean to its vitals,
and that unless those rivers are well fortified and
obstructed, the enemy has it in his power to inflict
incalculable injury upon us whenever the waters
are sufficiently high to admit of the ascent of his
gunboats. Already have we lost millions of pro
perty and thousands of lives by leaving these ave
nues open to piratical incursions; and one would
suppose that such dearly bought experience would
have awakened both government and people to the
necessity of applying the proper remedy. But,
alas 1 a strange sort of lethargy seems to have fas
tened itself upon the public mind in reference to
this important matter, and but little, comparatively,
has been done towards securing ourselves in the
future against this danger, which is even now loom
ing up in the Northern horizon. Some are of
opinion, notwithstanding the past teachings of this
war, that forts alone are sufficient to prevent the
entrance of the enemy's fleets. But be not de
ceived. Vessels propelled by steam have passed,
and will continue to pass such defences with case,
particularly if their crews aio sheltered from our
tire, as is the case in vessels of the Monitor kind.
Besides that, it is next to an impossibility to bit a
moving object designedly with the heavy pieces of
ordnance which necessarily constitute the arma
ments of forts .They cannot be managed with the
facility with which a sportsman handles his, fowl
ing piece and brings his game to the ground ; nor
can a vessel of war be disabled by one shot or by
many, unless a shell chance to explode in her
magazine and blow her up, and this is an occurrence
that rarely happens. And what if, in consequence
of some extraordinary lucky shots on our part, the
enemy loses one-fourth even of his gunboats. He
expects to make such a sacrifice when he enters
into battle, and is well satisfied in getting the
balance safely by and reaching the city or other ob
ject of his desire. No, as I said before, be not de
ceived. Batteries alone, unless immediately sur
rounding the place sought to be captured, as Vicks
burg, for example, (and it is well known that the
batteries there were passed by Farragut's fleet,) are
insufficient protections to the country above, un
less there arc obstructions also in the water, close
under their guns, strong enough to bring the at
tacking force to a halt, and thus enable its oppo
nents to tire with accuracy of aim. Nothing but
the combination of battery with oMruction saved
Richmond ; and there is not a river in the Confede
racy, (I will not even except the Mississippi,) which
cannot be obstructed in one way or the other, and
made impassable to the enemy. "Most of them
can be made impassable with massive-rafts, strongly
bound together and kept in position by stout chain
cables or other appliances, or by cribs filled with
stones and placed a few feet asunder to allow the
current to How through, or by very large and tight
diamond-shaped boxes of timber, filled with sand
or gratxl, then decked over, (with holes bored in
their decks to allow the "scape of air in sinking,)
and sunk wherever desired, care being taken to se
cure them, by proper means, against displacement
in the season of freshets.
It is useless, however, to specify any further the
various ways in wh'uh the blocking up of water
courses may be accomplished. They will occur to
any practical, intelligent man, who is cognizant of
the powers of vessels of war for offensive purposes.
I will, therefore, conclude by saying that, if jossi
lie, batteries should be located on Mill's, and the
obstructions pi iced so as to be immediately under
their control, to prevent removal by the enemy, and
that no battery should he without its corps of sharp
shooters, as they are of inestimable value in demor
alizing the crews .of uncovered vessels, in especial
by "picking them off" at their guns.
' b DIXIE.
From the Savannah Republican.
HOW TO MAKE THE SEA-COAST SALT MEA T
Mr. Editor: Your correspondent "Westpha
lia," furnishes the public with excellent directions
for curing meat but leaves them with a very dis
couraging impression about our sea-coast salt
After reading his article, the public will be apt
to think that the different kinds of salt he mentions
(as Liverpool, Turk's Island, Seacoast,) are essen
tially so, while they are one and the time sail, only
more or lest impure. Chemistry has furnished us
with an exact analysis of sea water, (in 1000 lbs. of
it 27 lbs. Chloriite of Sodium or common salt
lbs. of Chloride of Magnesium or Bittern, 2 lbs. of
Sulphate of Magnesia or Epsom Salts, 1$ lbs. Sul
phate of Lime or Plaster of Paris, and traces of
other substances th .t need not be mentioned,) and
pointed out that the presence of the highly hygro
scopic (or water attractors) Chloride of Magnesium
(Bittern) in the sal manufactured from sea-water,
is the impurity so injurious in curing meat The
Chloride of Magnesium attracts constantly the
moisture from the atmosphere, and imparts it to
the meat and thus eventually spoils it It would
not be of much use to take double the quantity of
tho impure salt because, at the same time, double
the quantity ol tho hygroscopic substance would be
added. The only way to succeed, is to tako only
iho purest salt and if you have not got that to pu-
Tho following process is at once simple and ef
fective : It is apparent that " there was a fluid that
would not touch the pure tall, but readily dissolve
the Chloride of Magnesium, it would bo the easiest
thin" in the world to wash and cleanse the salt
Nowthero is such a fluid and it scarcely costs
anything it is a hot saturated solution of the very
salt that has to be purified.
Let us suppose that 100 lbs. of salt had to be pu
rified. To do this 9 lbs. of the salt have to be dis
solved in 25 lbs. or 2 J gallons of boiling water, (ma
king thus a saturate '. solution, i. e., ono that cannot
dissolve any more salt) and this hot solution has to
be poured upon the 100 lbs. of salt The salt to be
purified may remain in the sack, or better yet in a
C diical filtering bag of some coarse stuff, but the
bac must bo put into a funnel shaped box, that may
easily be made from any old boards nailed together.
It is better to pour on the hot solution gradually, or
in several instalments, and not to move or disturb
the wilt until the whole of the solution has com
pletely dripped off. It is also well not to consider
the lowest layer of salt (i. e.r that nearest to the
point of the funnel,) as perfectly pure, and act ac
cordingly. Afterwards the salt has to be dried in
the sun or in an oven.
The longer a sample of salt exposed to the air,
keeps dry, the purer it is ; and samples that dis
solve completely during damp weather, need puri
fying badly indeed. "
Mr. J. E.. Thorn has been appointed P. M. at
Greenbboro,' vice B. G. Graham, deceased. 1
Brig. Gen. Echols has been put in command of
our forces in the Kanawha Valley. Gen. Loring
has been ordered to Richmond.
; NEW ; ADVERTISEMENTS. "... -
HORSE TAKEN CP. ' -
TAK.EN CP AND NOW IN MY POSSESSION, A
HTRAY HORSK, on Thursday tat. The bona ia a
large bav, with black mane and UiU two bind bet white,
'with white place on his back under the saddle. - He has
a too a acar on hia left wither. "He ia about 6 feet 4 or 6
inches bijrh, and about 8 year old. . The owner must come
forward, prove hia property, and pay charge at ooce.
M. 1). UOLLOWAY.
Wake Co, Oot 88, 181 : " - 44 w6tpd.
ON THURSDAY, 20TH OF NOVEMBER NEXT, WE
will sell, on the premises, one LOT in Foreitville con
taining two acre. Toe improvement consist of one large
and cmnmodious Store House, sufficiently roomy and well
arranged for a business house and family residence, with
necessary out-houses, crib, stable and a good garden, with
a weU of delightful water. There ia also another store
bouse on the lot, beautifully situated, and well arranged
for a business bouse, with. good cellar, and two out bouse
that can be u&ed for various purposes. To any one desi
rous of getting a delightiul situation that may be improved
for various purposes, situated on the Raleigh and Uaaton
Railroad, aud wilbiu one mile of Wake Forest College,
this lot present inducements that will not again be offered.
The community are justly celebrated for Ibeir sobriety and
intelligence, and the church and school privilege are very
We will also sell, at the same time and place, (and, should
the bidder prefer, will offer both together,) two acres of
wooded laud, on the Raleigh Road.one mile below Forest
Title. Teems Cosh or satisfactory bond, with interest from
date. MlCUAtL THOMPSON,
J NO. U. CRENSHAW,
Executor of W. Crenshaw.
Oct. 23, 18G2. 44 wtd.
l-tfTbe Registerand Biblical Recorder copy three time
weekly aud seud cccounta to tbia office.
VALUABLE PROPERTY FOR SALE.
WILL BB SOLD, IF NOT DISPOSED OF PRI
VATELY, on Wednesday, the 19th of No
vember, to the highest bidder, at Wake Forest College,
the beautiful residence whereon I now reside The lot ia
well improved, having a large and convenient dwelling on
it, containing a lare parlor, sitting room and bed cham
ber, and two halls below, and four bed rooms above. It
also baa a good basement for dining room the full length
of the building, and an excellent dry cellar. There is oo
the premises an excellent well of water, a good kitchen,
aervauta' housed, barns, atab'ea, Ac. ; also, a tine selection
of grape vines, bearing well and a fine selection ol the
most choice Apple, Peuch, and other fruit trees.
This properly offers more inducements to purchasers
than any property now offered for sale in this country.
As money is plentiful, the terms will be CASH. I will
take pleasure in showing the premises to any one desiring
to examine it For particulars, inquire of or address Maj.
W. I). Jones, who is tnv nut burned agent, at Forvsi
vi lie, N. C. A good BLACKSMITH and a goou CAR
PENTfcR for sale, also. JOHN A BATTLE.
Wuke Forest, N. C, Oct. 28, 1862. 44-wtd.
Biblical Recorder please copy.
WAS TAKEN UP AND COMMITTED TO THE
jail of Randolph County, North-Carolina, on the
Vtb day of October, 13H2, a runaway slave, who say a bis
name is HENCE, and that be belongs to John Thomas
alebane, (if Bertie Count y, North-Caroliua. The said alave
ia black, fire feet aix inches high, and appears to be about
twentr-one years old The owner is requested hi come
forward, prove property, j-ay ail charge and take him
away, as he will be disposed of as the law directs.
B. F. STEED, Jailor.
Oct. 28, 1S62. 44 wBm.
ALL MEMBERS OF COMPANY D. 12TH REGI
menl N. C. Troops, now absent will, wiibin ftur
weeks alter the publication of this order, rep irt to Ibeir
company either br a surgeon's Certificate or in pcrsou, oth
erwise they will be published as deserter.
J. C. HESTER, 1st Lt Commanding
Company I), llh N. C Reg.
Oct. 2S, 1862. 4-wt.
PROPERTY FOR SALE.
I SHALL SELL AT THE LATE RESIDENCE OF E.
P. MILLER, deceased, in Caldwell County, on the 2Mb
aud W.tb of November, several likely negroes, H head of
borne, xo head of cattle, a line Stallion, Jack and Jeunett.
Terms will be made satisfactory.
"N. A. MILLER, Ex.
of E. P. MILLER, deed.
Oct 28, 1S62. 87 Id.
TClTOIlTII.r AROT.IW 4. "i"1 r ' t-t3
I Catawba Coanty. ' Term5'
J. D. Caldwell, Adni'r. of
Cathabins Basov, rial.
Heirs at law of S'y. Bandt.
Petition for sal of land.
It appearinir to the satisfaction of tht Court, that Eli
Johnson and wife Catharine, two of the defendants in thi
case, reside beyond the limits of this Stale: It is, there
fore, on motion, ordered by the Court that advertisement
be made for six weeks successively in the Raleigh stand
ard, a paper published in the City of Raleigh, notifying
the said defendants of the tiling of this petition, and lhat
unlets they apjiear at the next term of this Court to be
he'd lor the County of Catawba, at the Court House in
Newton, on the 3d Monday in January, 1K3, and answer
the petition, the same will be taken pro onfso, and beard
tx jxirtf as to I hem.
Witness, M. L ('line. Clerk of our said Court, at office,
in Newton, the lid Monday in October, 146'i.
M. L. CLINE, c. c. c
Oct. 28, 1862. (pr. adv. $:.(.) 44-w6t.
WE HAVE JUST OPENED A CASE OF GARDEN
V w ' SEED, new crop, from Peter Lawson A Son, Lon
don. I.I5T or coxrrsrs or cas.
60 lb East Lothian Purpl Top Turnip, I 00 pr. lb.
60 lb. Kangholtn Impr'd Purple Top Turnip, 3 00
20 lbs. Yellow Attringham Turnip, 3 00
20 lb. Select Altringhatu Cariot, 8 00
40 lbs Best Parsnip, 8 00
1 lb. Bed Celery, 4 00
8 lbs. Dwarf York Cabbage, 4 00
10 lbs. lioldcn Ball Turnip, 8 oo
4 lbs. White Dutch Turnip, 3 00
20 lbs. Salmon Colored Radish. 3 00
1 lb. Seymour's While Celcty, 4 00
1 lb. Stradtholder Cauliflower, 4 00
10 lbs. Wood's Frame Radish, 8 00
4 lbs. Early Horn Carrot, S 00
12 lbs. Mixed Turnip Radish, 3 00
4 lbs. K.ir!v Cauliflower, 4 00
40 lbs. Prir'klv t'pinuge, 2 00
1 lb. White' Cabbage Lettuce, 4 00
lo bs Dru-nliead Cubbaee Lettuce, 4 00
2 lbs. Hrown Dutch Lettuce, 4 00
I lb. Hnidy Green Lettuce, 4 oo
lo lbs. Snow Ball Turnip, 3 00
10 lbs. Round Spinuge, 2 00
4 lbs. Select Drumhead Cabbaze, 4 00
1 Ih. Enlield Market Caobage, 4 00
2 lbs. Red Surry Carrot, 4 00
10 lbs. Drumhead Savoy Cabbage, 4 00
All orders over twenty-fire dollars, twenty-fire per cect.
off ; all under one pound, fifty per cent, added to the list
of prices. The case was received by a late arrival; seed
all warranted pure and good.
II. N. BROWN & CO.
Ilillfboro', N. C, Oct. 28, 186i. 44 Aswl2t.
SALE OF VALUABLE PROPERTY.
1I7E WILL SELL TO THE HIGHEST BIDDER ON
w V Thursday, 20th of November, at CAREY,
B miles West of Raleigh, on the N C. It. R , one excellent
strain Engine of 20 horse power, with Siw Mill attached,
all of which is ol the latest patterns an l nearly new.
Also, 4O0 acres of hear v wooded land lying in a quarter
of a mile ol the N. C Railroad, at the point where the
Chatham Coallield Road intersects. Terms made known
on day of .sale, PAGE & ALLEN.
Oct. 28, 1S62. 67 61 pd.
.DESIRABLE RESIDENCE FOR 8ALEi
1 OFFER FOR SALE A LOT OF FOUR ACRES OF
land in the town of Franklinton. On the lot is a good
dwelling house with seven rooms, each with a fire place,
a good kitchen, an office, dairy, smoke house, crib, graaa
ry, ice house, stables, Ac - Also, a choice collection of
Adjoining the foregoing is a tract of one hundred and
eleven acres of good land, which I will also sell.
If not sold privately before the 14th November next, I
will on that day sell -the said property in the town of
Franklinton at public sale.
For the foregoing property I will take a fair price.
Addresa J. B. WINSTON,
Franklinton, N. C.
Oct. 23, 1SG2. 44 w3t.
IHLIUORO STREET, RALEIGH, N. C.
HAVING PURCHASED THE PROPERTY IN THE
City of Raleigh, recently occupied by Major Phillips,
and known as - Phillips' Hotel," I hare opened it for the
accommodation of the public nnder the name and style of
The extensive improvement now going on, and which
will be completed as soon as possible the erection of new
buildings and the thorough overhauling and renovating of
old ones will render the Exchange. convenient and com
fortable; end the proprietor i determined that it man
ageraeut and intarnal arrangements shall be such as to
compare favorably with the first class hotels of the conntry.
The table will be abundantly supplied with the best the
market and the country affords, and no efforts or expense
will be spared to render the house in every respect com
fortable home to its guests.
The Exchange ta located on Hillsboro' street, some two
hundred yards west of the Capitol.
Thirty to forty large and commodious rooms will be
ready for occupation by the assembling of the Legislature.
A liberal share of public patronage ia respectfully soli
cited. Give ns a call and we will endeavor to treat you
Oronibnsses will be in attendance at the ears to convey
passengers to and from the Exchange.
' W. H. CUN1NGGIU, Proprietor.
. ' L. Bbaksok, Superintendent. "
Raleigh, N. 0., Oct 2?, mi. 44 wAswlm.
- ; . DISTRIBUTION OF THE SCHOOL FUND.
2 ' i- -"i. '" ;'. rC-'" , . ; Office of Literary Board. I
Tim PrHM.nt and TlinixnlnM t IV. T VnrtA J. - . - . n . .
rected the following tabular statement to be published showing the Fall distribution, to- eaeh Count?
TKa inuimt nf ta uairl V 11 HiotviKittin will K. n.M a Vm J . jm r '
. V VT ; r-" iioiwuuw,u w inc sane oo appi cat on
to the Treasury Department. r-r--uon
The CVtllntioa Af ("Tim? MitaKnll and Tptnovlvftnit w1f mmI.. L.t- nV . 11 r.
...n .cj. ...... , mwiig men snaica iruni me uounties out nf
wbicb they were respectively formed, there having been no report from said Counties under the l
the General Aacomklv - . . . . w 01
R. II. Battls, Jr., ' ' : . V
Secretary of ' Board. '.
Codktiks. Fed. Pop. Fall Dis. !
Alamance, 10,475 $ 1,217 69
Alexander, " 5,778 671 69
Anson, 10,884 1,205 20
Alleghaney, 8,507 407 59
Ashe, 7,800 906 75
Beaufort, 12,428 . 1,444 76
Bertie, 11,036 1,282 92
Bladen, 9,664 1,146 68
Brunswick, 6,954 808 39
Buncombe, 11,882 1,381 27
Burke, 8,288 963 47
Cabarrus, 9,330 1,084 60
Caldwell, 7,064 821 18
Camden, 4,492 522 20
Carteret 7,398 860 02
Caswell, 12,473 . 1,449 96
Catawba, 10,064 1,169 92
Chatham, 16,607 1,930 53
Cherokee, 8,958 1,041 36
Chowan, 5,357 622 75
Cleaveland, 11,495 1,336 27
Columbus, ' 7,612 884 89
Craven, 13,797 1,603 88
Cumberland, 14,037 1,631 77
Currituck, 6,406 744 69
Davidson, 15,371 1,786 85
Davie, 7,537 876 17
Duplin, 12,936 1.503 79
Edgecombe, 13,333 1,549 94
Forsvthe, 11,985 1,393 24
Franklin, 11,278 1,311 05
Gaston, 8,431 980 09
Gates, 6,883 800 14
Granville, 18,962 2,204 29
Greene, 6,346 737 72
Guilford, 18,606 2,162 92
Halifax, 15,301 1,778 71
Harnett, 7,005 814 33
Haywood, 5,676 659 83
Henderson, 9,895" 1,150 28
Hertford, 7,726 893 14
Hyde, 6,617 769 22
Iredell, 13,676 1,589 82
Jackson, 5,416 629 61
Johnston, 13,690 1,591 45
Jones, 4,365 507 43
Lenoir, 8,158 948 36
Lincoln, 7,349 854 31
Macon, 5,796 73 68
Madison, 5,823 676 92
Martin, 8,463 984 39
McDowell, 6,593 70701
Mecklenburg, 14,758 1,715 60
Montgomery, 6,929 804 44
Moore, 10,420 1.211 31
Nash, 9,815 1,140 98
New Hanover, 17,582 2,043 88
Northampton, 10,653 1,238 39
Onslow, 7,457 866 87
Orange, 14,905 1,732 68
Pasquotank, 7,747 900 58
Perquimons, 5,820 676 57
Person, 9,143 1,062 86
Pitt, 12,691 1,475 31
Polk, 3,795 441 17
Randolph, 16,135 1,875 67
Richmond, 8,828 1,026 24
Robeson, 13,307 1,546 91
Rockingham, 14.219 1,652 94
Rowan, 13,014 1,512 86
Rutherford, 10,617 1,234 21
Sampson, 13,812 1,605 63
Stanly, 7,333 852 45
Stokes, 9,414 1,094 36
Surry, 9,881 1,148 65
Tyrrell, 4,304 600 34
Union, 10,304 1,197 88
Wake, ' 24,334 2,828 78
Warren, 11,506 1,344 53
Washington, 5,371 624 38
Watauga, 4,915 571 87
Wavne, 12,726 1,479 88
Wilkes, 14,206 1,658 40
Wilson, 8,321 967 81
Yadkin, 10,138 1,178 53
Yancey, 8,510 989 28
Oct. 23, 1862.
The Raleigh Register, Wilmington Journal, Fayettevillo Observer, Wadesboro' Argus, Salisbury
Watchman, Greensboro' Patriot, Henderson Times, Charlotte Democrat and Asheville News will publish
weekly three times and forward bills to the Secretary of the Board.
mjORTH-CAROLlNA, I COURT OF EQUITY,
i Wake oonty. ( Fall Term, lctf'2.
Lauba I. Cotton and others.
PURSUANT TO ' A DECREE OF THE COURT OF
Equity, of Wake County, at Fall Term. A. D., 182,
in the above entitled case of' Laura K Cotton and others,
the undersigned. Clerk and Master, will proceed to sell the
land and premises in the pleading mentioned and describ
ed, on the Vilth day of November next, at public suction.
The bouse aud lot are located in the City of Raleiph, on
Newborn street, about a half mile from the business part
of th City, and is one of the most desirable places to be
found. The dwelling house is large and commodious
containing thirteen rooms, with about 15 acres of land at
tached, having all the necessary outhouses, and a well of
the.Jfaot water. There is also a fine stable lot and a well
of water on it. Po session will be given immediately.
The sale will take place on the premises, commencing at
13 M., upon a credit of one year for one third of the price;
two years for another third, aud three years for the residua
of the purchase money, the purchaser entering into bond
with two able securities.
R, G. LEWIS, C. M. E.
Oct 2Uh, 18S2. 44 wAswlOt.
SALE OF VALUABLE LANDS AND NE
KOES. BY VIRTUE OF SUNDttY DEEDS IN TRUST EX
ecutcd to ns by N. 8. A. Cbaffin, we will sell at pub
lie auction, on the premises, on the 80th and Slst days of
November next, about 1,600 acres of most valuable lands,
lying in Davie County, on the Yadkin River, of which
about SnO acres are very fertile lo- lands.
Said lands are situated in a healihy section of the State,
about 14 mile South-west of Salem, and IS miles North
west of Lexington.
W will also sell a number of negroes, some horses and
mules, a large number of cattle and hogs, wagons and
gears, fanning tools, several stills and tuba ; one-half of a
threshing machine, together with many other articles.
Further particular will be made known on the day of
sale. I. O. LASH, I
TdOS. J. WILSON.
October SI, 1843.
THI SUBSCRIBER RESPECTFULLY INFORMS
the pnlilic, that be has, in successful operation, a
BRASS FOUNDRY, in the Citv of Raleigh. All those
wishing fine BRASS CASTINGS, will pleae give him a
ca!l before bargaining elsewhere.
The highest price will be paid for old copper, brass and
J3T Office opposite the market house.
Raleigh, Ang. 22, 18A2.
. LONG HANDLE SHOVELS !
WE ARE NOW PKEPARED TO FILL ORDERS
forLOSO HANDLE SHOVELS, at our Manofac
torr in Kinstnn. Lenoir Coitn'y, N. C.
Farmers, Railroad Companies and Miners attention i
called fo examine a sample at James M. Towlea'. Raleigh.
M. W. CAMPBELL A CO.
Oct. 24, 1 863. 43 wAswlm.
X AM BUYING BEEP.
I WISH TO BUY ANY NUMBER OF GOOD BEEVES
that may be delivered to me at my Slaughter Pen, near
Kaleigb. I will pay UJf cents per pound for good beef on
the foot a pries nigh enough to induce owners to sell.
WM. R. CRAWFORD.
Raleigh, N. Oct. 84. 18SS. 44 w&swSt.
TOBACCO I TOBACCO 1 1 TOBACCO 1 1 1
I HAVE PURCHA8ED ABOUT ZOO HHDS. OF TO
BACCO. I would like to sell about ion bhds. suitable
for manufacturing. can sell in lota to suit purchasers
price varying from $10 to $30 per hundred pounds. Would
deliver st Franklinton, Henderson and Littleton.
Address me at Louisburg, N. C.
. THOS. K. THOMAS.
Oct. 1, 1862. " ".' 43-watswSt.
t2f The Oreensborougb Patriot and Charlotte Demo
crat will each pubbsb three times weekly and forward bills
tome. T. K. T.
ZEBULON B. VANCE,
: Piden, officio of Literary Board.
Deduct for Deaf, Dumb and Blind.
( Deduct for Dfj Watson, Eliza J. C. Watson
( and Jos. Watson (Deaf Dumb) $75 each, '
be deducted for Sarah W. Bushall (Blind,)
be deducted for Caswell M. Cobb (D. 4 D.)
be deducted for Sarah C. Foushce (Blind,) '
f To be deducted for Geo. W. Hartie, (Blind,) and
John R. Strickland and Harriet Strickland
( (Deaf & Dumb,)
To be deducted for Enoch Orrell, (Blind.)
I To be deducted for Ellen C. Johnson and Nancy
J. Blanchard, (Deaf and Dumb,)
be deducted for George L. Jones, (Blind,)
f T be deducted for Jasper Jamison and Mary M.
Nichols, (Deaf and Dumb,)
To be deducted for Christopher Euvers, (D. & D.,)
iTo be deducted for Isabella Pcgram and Zilphia
A. Pcgram, (Blind,)
be deducted for James C. Lane, (D. and D.,)
!To be deducted for Hiram Merritt, (Deaf and
Dumb,) and Lizzie Hall, (Blind,)
f To be deducted for Narcissa J. Dupree and John
j Simpson, (Blind,)
To be deducted for Joseph J. Reed, (Blind,)
be deducted for John L. Summerlin, (D. & D.,)
f To be deducted for David F. Wiseman and Mar
j tin Singleton, (Deaf and Dumb,)
THOS. I). SLEDGE'S,
FA VETTEVILLE STREET.
HHDS. CLARIFIED SUGAR.
bales Sheeting aud Shirting.
2 casks of Rice.
8 boxes finest Chewing Tobacco.
12 reams Blotting Paper.
6 dozen Ivory t ine Tooth Comb.
A little more left of that pure old French Brandy and
Madeira Wine, all of which will be sold a low as th
times will admit of.
Italeigb, Oct. 14, 1862. 42 wAsw4t.
LO AND BEHOLD !
THOMAS CARTER, THE RALEIGH NURSERYMAN,
offers for sale the finest stock of FRUIT TREES, h
baa ever bad. He wilj sell them at the old prices, viz :
1st quality apple trees.
15 cents each.
12J4- 4. -
10 u -
25 - "
" Peach Trees,
Catawba and ScuDDernoncr Vines.
Raspberries and improved Blackberries. $1.00 per daz.
Strawberries, 1.60 per 190.
Apply early and get the best. Terms cash.
SepC 30, lt6i. 40 wAswlm.
SAVE THE SCRAPS.
SHAY, WILLIAMSON i. CO., AT "THE NORTH
State Iron and Brass Works," (formerly Burns' Foua
dery,) will pay for scrap cast iron 8 cent per pound. Fnr
wrought iron scraps, scrap brass, scrap sink and scrap
copper, the highest cash price will be paid. Tbey will
pay the highest market price for a large quantity of char
coal Will also receive proposal for delivering two hun
dred eorda of wood.
Kaleigb, Sept. 19, 1SC4. T6 wAsw3mpd.
I AM NOW PRODUCING, AND KEEP CONSTANT
ly on hand, the best quality of CAROLINA SALT.
Price 12 per bushel muurtmenl. No order received
for lea than &0 bushels, and payment must accompany all
order. - THOMAS EVANS,
Wilmington, N. C.
Sept. 9, le2. 87 wAsw2mpd.
PILES, FISTULA IN ANO, TUMOHS,
OF THE WOMB, e.-Da- J. A. CLOPTON, of
Montgomery, Ala,, gives special atteution to the abv
diseases, and guarraoiees perfect satisfaction in every ease.
His friends proposed In bet 1100,000 that be could cur
the worst case or PI LES.
He ha operated with perfect success in several esses
pronounced hopeless by distinguished surgeoas, H ba
ever had an accident to happen.
Persons writing most enclose a ten cent stamp to ensar
Aug. 12,1862. 83 wAswtf.
60 BALES OF COTTON FOR SALE.
WELL BALED, IRON HOOPED AND TAR BOP
ed and in good order at Tarboro'.
' 300 bale in like order, which will b delivered st Wil
son, Tarboro', or Musely HalL Confederate bonds takes
in part payment . W..H. JONES.
Raleigh, Oct $. 1862. ' S7-wAswif
WAGONERS, WITH TEAMS, CAN GET
loading from FayetteviU to Ra'eieb, by spplytfl
to JOHN SHAW,
Fsyetteville, N. C.
October 21, 1862.