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WILLIAM W. HOLDEN,
OITOB AND PBOPKIITOB.
Torm nf the Standard
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R A. LEIGH : TUESDAY. VCH 7, 185.
At the time of writing this we hava ro further
. reliable intelligence from Gen. berman. Rumors
ire numerous, as they always are at such a time
as this, but we will not trouble our readers with,
them. We atatedii buu IfcVt.at Sherman was no
donbtatlh.! time at Ciaasr and -ij seascs now
to be known that on Thursday last he was four
miles from that place on his way towards Fayette
ville. It-is stiteil that a part of his army crossed
the Pedee at Cheraw, and a part lower down.
It is also surmised that he had . turned to the right
at Cheraw, and was passing through Robeson
County to EHzabethtown, Uladcn, where he ex
pected to foiui a junction with Sehofield from Wil
mington. Elizabethtown is some thirty-five-miles
The Richmond Dispatch of the 1st says:
"We are still without official intelligence of
movements now taking place in the Carolinas, and,
for reasons hitherto stated, do not care to repeat all
the reports that reach us. We heard yesterday
that Sherman was stuck in the mud in one of the
Southern States. If it has rained half as much
there as in this vicinity, there can be no doubt of
the truth o! the statement There have been many
widely-different? estimates of the strength of Sher
man's army. By some, his forces have been esti
mated as high as sixty thousand.
We learned, on yesterdav, through a trustworthy
source, that General Ilampton reported h:s force to
consist of four corps of infantry, of seven thousand
each and a body of cavalry of from four to five
thousand men. His artillery will, perhaps, swell
the number of his main column to thirty-five thou
sand. If we give Gillmore, at Charleston, ten thou
sand mcD, and Sehofield, at Wilmington, fifteen
thousand, we shall estimate the whole Yankee force
now operating in the Carolinas at sixty thousand
men. This, we think,, is not far from the mark.
The Yankee papers make the figures much larger,
and give Sherman an immense cavalry force."
We think it hardly probable that Sherman would
have attempted so long ana important a marcti
with no more than thirty -five thousand men. Ilia
force is probably near sixty thousand; and if he
should succeed in forming a junction with Seho
field, he will probably be at the head of eighty
thousand men. The point at which he is aiming
the ohjectite point, as it is called is no doubt the
Piedmont Road. ' To reach that he. will attempt to
make his way through Cumberland, Harnett, Chat
ham, Alamance, and Guilford; and if i ohouid
sweep over as wide a belt of territory as he did in
his progress through Georgia, his right wing would
touch Fayettevilli and Raleigh, and his left wing
the western line of Anson and Randolph. The in
dications are that be will be met long before he
can reach the North-Carolina Railroad. A general
battle will most probably be fought in Cumber
land, or-Harnett, or Wake, or Chatham ; bat the
decisive battle for the possession of the Piedmont
Road may take place near the Company Shop3, in
Ala-nance. It would not be proper for us to state
what we know or what we have heard as to the
number or disposition of our troops, but we feel
sure that the "clans are gathering,"' and that a
powerful blow will be dealt to the enemy at some
point in this State. If Gen. Sherman's force be no
larger than it i3 said to be by the Dispatch, he
will, ia all probability, encounter defeat and disas
ter in North Carolina. Our people are awaiting
tbe result with intense interest.
We have heard a report for several days that a
formidable forj of the enemy was marching cn
Kinston on both sides of the Neuse, from Newbern.
At the time of writing this wo hear no confirmation
of this report. The federals are said to be repair
inS the Railroad from Core Creek towards Kinston,
ana it may be that they have sent out a regiment
P twn in Pnro PrAolr nrpnaratftrff In on rIvinrA
rardj n..l.tV.rt.iCTK 'Phn
r . li -.1 :
. Sherman. It is stated that the federals
mg mil l lii gs atiu auuic oi&.een pieics
a l :
Core Creek. .The latter point is
some fifteen mi!csoiow lv ins ton.
Everything was iei afthe latest -dates at Pe
tersburg and Richmond, owing to the bad weather.
It is expected, however, that important movements
will tuke place in that quarter soon.
The federal papers seem to be of the opinion that
a heavy concentration of troops will ba, effected at
some point in North Carolina by the Cjioiiiiiirati.
"We have a report that the evacuation of Petersburg
is going on, but nothing is certainly known as to
this by outsiders.
It seems that Staunton, Va., is threatened by
federal cavalry. We hear nothing more of the ru
tnored advance of Stoneuian and Averill from East
Tennessee, with cavalry. B'lt every thing seems
to point, as above stated, to a great battle in the in
terior of ibis State for the possession of the Pied
We learn from the Richmond Dispatch that the
House of Delegates of Virginia, a few days since,
passed a resolution to submit to the people of that
State, at the general election on the fourth Tnurs
day of this month, vsheiher or not a Convention of
the Stale thill be called. Owing to certain ma
lign influences" in this State, Virginia arrd Georgia
both seem to be ahead of North Carolina in the
peace movement: A la.-e and patriotic minority
of oar Legibl tture wert anxious to submit the ques
tion of Contei.tion to the people, but the enemies
of popular government, together with the patronage
of the Richmond and Raleigh administrations, were
too strong for them.
"We are glad to see in Iowa Cap. J. M. Benson,
of the 14ih N. C. regiment, on a brief absence from
duty. CapL II. entered the Oak City Guards of
this County as a private in April, 1861, and has
distinguished himself in scores of battles. Our
army of veterans contains no braver or more wor
thy veteran than he is.
The election for members of the Legislature of
Virginia will tike place on the fourth Thursday cf
the present month.
- Let us all go to the front M. S. Robins.
(Tune, We arc all going very soon. j
We are well aware that there are large amounts
of provisions at various points in the' country that
through the neglect or inefficiency of somebody, is
spoiling and going to waste, while our army sadly
needs it. This should not be so. And those who
are responsible for this waste should be brought to
a strict accountability for it. Let the people see
this evil corrected. Conservative. ,
Through the inefficiency of somebody " large
quantities of provisions are rotting, while the sol
diers are starving and many of the people are in
wantl Vh is Xhis "somebody I" Is it the same
undiscoverable "somebody," who stole those four
hundred millions of dollars from the Confederate
Wo learn there. are hundreds, perhsps- thousands
of bushels of com, in bags, at the Western depot
in this City, exposed to the weather and rotting.
Whose corn is it? Who is responsible for this
waste ? If Confederate corn, why does hot Gov.
Vance telegraph the fact to the Secretary of War,
and meanwhile ta!:e cire of the corn for the gov
ernment, until tiio agent who has it in charge can
be removed and better one appointed in his
place ? Every grain of corn is precious at this time.
The Consertntiec calls on "the people" to "seo
thia evil corrected." The people have eslablishcd a
government, and it is tho duty of the government
to see this evil corrected. The people cin not at
tend en masts to sadi things. Besides, '; the ;eo-
pie " have Ion sinceeuscd lo be respected by the
rulers in this State and in this country. If they
were to hold meetings and denounce this evil, and
call for reform, they would be held up by their
rulers as disloyal persons. " The people " indeed !
Is there any life left in the old North State? Con
tentative. The " old North State" has sent about one hurt
dred and ten thousand tuon to the war, cf whom she
has lost about seventy thousand killed or crippled.
But " there is life in the old land j ct." She will
acquit herself qiito as well, if hor soil should he
invaded, as South-Carolina and Georgia have ac
quitted themselves ; and the State that docs as well
as South Carolina has done during the recent inva
sion, will need no eulogium. If the secessionists
will all go to the front with Mr. R )bbins, Gen. Sher
man will soon feel that th-jre is " life left in the old
Our respected coteinporary of tho Conserratire
expects stirring news from Grant " rs soon as the
mud subsides." Rather a muddy idea. Will our
coteinporary be good enough to tell bis readers
where all the mud goes to? Robbins can make a
good retort just here, if h will put on his spectacles
and mend his pen. We are willing that he should
dc so. Let us have it before you " go to the front,"
The Charlotte BalUlU of the 26,h February,
"There is no necessity for fright or a hasty
abandonment of home. Ve say to a!l whose duty
does not call them away, siay. Go and you will
but swell the current of relugees elsewhere, and
add to your own discomfort. At home you may
not e;en be molested.
From a source we d.em truthful, wa learn that
Sherman when in Columbia is'ied an order requir
ing of his troops a rigio rejr-id ol all the proprie-
l ties of life, consistent with the u-aes of war.
placed guards around various houses, a-id would
not penait the destruc'ion of any public stores
whose burning would have tndan-ered private
property. " :
Read the beautiful and touching lines in our j a
per to day, "A Father's Dream of his Soldier Son."
We have no very late intelligence of any kind
from Fayetteville. Who would have thought,
three years ago, that we should be locking for in
formation as lo the movements of a large federal
army, from the far South, in the neighborhood of
Fayetteville ? The heavy firing at Pig's Point has
long since ceased, and Fayetteville is now tbe great
object of anxiety and interest.
Are our provisions all gone ? Hundreds qf thou
sands of bushels of grain now rot at the various
depots of the South for want of transportation.
Gov. Vance i proclamulfrin lith Ftb. 1855.
See the last proclamation of Gov. Vance, in our
paper to day, in which he says that " our all de
pends" on the private contributions which the peo
ple may make to support Gen. Lee's army. -What
has becomo of those "hundreds of thousands of
bushels of grain" that wjr-e rotting at the various
depots on the 14th of last month ?
The patients do not improve, let us put them
on a new Diet. John A. Gilmer.
From the Macon Tekraph k Confederate.!
"No Mosey J" This notice, stuck prominently
on the windows or doors of Qaarteriniiers and
Paymasters, has a wofully depressing effect upon
the i-pirils of poor, barefooted, ragged, hungry and
pennyiess soldiers. Fresh iroin the fk-!d of battle, or
the exposures of active service, tluy hopa to enjoy
some of the comforts, perhaps luxuries of life, w lien
they get home ; end ttieir lir.st vi-it gen.'ruily is to
the Pay or Quartermaster, for funds and clothing
to enable them to do so "A"o Mouiy!" salutes
them, in staring capital-, as they approach the sa
cred precincts of these Confederate army riigniu
ries, and thcj turn- away, siok at heart and despon
dent Is it any wonder? Why should the.-e poor
fellows, who have borne " the beat and b-irihen
of the day," be turned away without th-ir just
fompensation, while the eleventh hour men, who
are mostly at home, enjoying the privileges of ease
and comfort, though ostensibly in service, manage,
some how, to get money, not only for necessary, but
j. iat loAuiiuus expenses! Ts u a fact that tlie Gov
ernment fails to furnish its Pay and Quartermasters
with funds for the prompt and equitable payment
of her soldiers? The wiiler heaid an anecdote.
the other day. wlncv. may gi to elucidate the se
cret of this " No Money " matter.
A plain soldier, apparently, called on one of our
Post Quartermasters with his accounts, desiring
payment. He was peremptorily, if not insolently,
informed that there were no funds. The urgi-ncy
of .necessities were pleaded to no purpose. "No
Money!" was the terse and dUhcuKning reply.
Finally, the claimant asked to have esdorsrd upon
his claims, "No fundi at this post" The Quarter
master indignantly and in high dudjeon, refused to
make the endorsement ; whereupon his persecutor
unbuttoned his coat and exhibited the maiks of
ratik and authority which entitled hiin to lespect
and deference. " No Money "at once smoothed his
"wrlnLIed brow," and supercilliou-ly informed his
tuperin.' that he would pay the account", and op. n
ing an iron safe drew therefrom Co ifed -rato bdls
largi ly in excess of an ordinary deiuwid! May it
not lie possible that tobacco, cotton, and oih'.-r spec
ulations, in the part of government disbur.irfg ffi
cers, have something to di wi'h the shortness of
funds, when a needy soldier calls lor his p:y ? The
writer has a inkling of the t.iod ts p.:rttnli of these
latter speculations, and may, if justice is notspeedi-
ly done tho Soldier, enlighten the public on the sub
ject . BURR.
In the House of Representatives, cn the 1st March,
Mr. Fuller, of North Carolina, olfercd a series of
resolutions of thanks to (Jen. Whiting and Col.
Lamb for their gallant defence of Fort Fisher against
the attacks of the enemy. Referred to the commit
tee on military afliirs.
Mr. J. T. Leach, of N jrth Carolina, offered joint
resolutions of approval of the appointment of Gen.
Lee to the chief command of all pt our armies, with
the recommendation that he he clothed with powers
to treat for peace. Referred to tho military com
mittee. " .
Mr. Logtm, of North.Caro'.ina a n;jj t0 facilitate
the settlement and payment or the claims of deceas
ed 6oldie. Referred to the military committee.
CAROLINA STANDiDi4trUESDAy, MARCH 7,
THE LATEST NEWS. :
From Gen. Sherman. ' '
We have received no very late intelligesce of the
movements of Gen. Sherman. On Thursday last;
it is known that he had pushed one corps of troops
over the Pedee, four miles beyond Cheraw. Thp
mud probably retards the.celerity of his movements.
Cheraw contained some 1,500 or 2,000 sick and
wounded Confederates from Charleston and Flo-,
rence ; and we suppos, an amount of supplies from
those places also. .
From Wilmiugton. " "' -
We take from the Progrest the following items
copied from the Slate Journal.
The Yankees have established a paper, the Eer
aldotthe Union, printed with the material of the
Carolinian, but no name appears. Among the aoV
vertisements is a card from O. S. Baldwin, Broad
way, N. Y., to his former patrons in Wilmington,
and an appeal from. Geo. Myers in behalf of the
Union prisoners returning through Wilmington
The paper is dated March 2d.
Gen. J. M. Sehofield has assumed chief command
in General orders; and Brig. Gen. Jos. R. Hawlj'
command of the post of Wilmington.
Provost Marshals have been established and are
authorized to administer th. oith. -.The. same rules'
ana rpguis-jnrs are aoW-l. -.r-
Savannah and othr captured towns.
The theatre ia open and the former actresses and
actors are announced to appear.
Stores are closed at 7 P. M., and no one is allow
ed to sell hquor to soldiers under severe penalties.
There were no new movements on these lines up
to the 3d instant The ground is very muddy, and
in consequecce no battle is immediately looked for,
but it is nevertheless possible that the enemy may
attack at any moment
The New York Herald says:
" Unusual movements and activity have been
observed in the rebel line, atound Richmond
during the past few days, ind.cating desifns of some
new enterprise on tho part of Gen. Lee; and it is
surmised that, alarmed by the progress of Sher
mans and the other national forces, he has conclud
ed that the time for giving up both Richmond and
Petersburg, nd falling back to Lynchburg, or some
other defensible position, has at last arrived
General A P. Hill's corps of his army is said to
have been under orders on Thursday of this week,
to be prepared to march at a moment's notice and
considerable commotion within the rebel lines was
displayed yesterday. There are also rumors that
Lee meditates an attack on Grant All these mat
ters taken m connect.on with the fact that the
rebel journals havo received orders from the au
thorities to be particularly reticent regarding mi!i
tary ailairs, give color to tBe belief that som" thin
more than ordinary is in process of execution with"
in their lines."
The enemy's troops are still massed at Hatcher's
run, and our forces are expecting an attaoi. in tbaf
quarter as soon as the weather clears.
Since Gen. Lee has left Petersburg, we have not
been informed who is in command of the army of
Gen. Meade left Washington, Monday night, Feb.
27th, on his way to the front
A yankee letter from Hatcher's run of the 25th
says that they were then under marching orders,
having received instructions to be ready at a no'
ment's notice. They expected to have another tilt
at the Southside jmilroad, and anticipated a heavy
The Senate passed tho House bill, on the 3d, to
change tho mode of filling vacancies among officers
in companies, battalions and regiments in the
army ; also House bill authorizing the promotion of
officers pJPWs for distinguished valor and skill,
or for competency and general merit ; also passed
Senate bill relieving from duty in hospitals all stew
ards and other male employees between the ags of
18 and 45 who have not been disabled or declared
unfit for service.
The, House adopted a resolution to adjourn, with
the consent of the Senate, on Wednesday, the 8th
yeas 31, nays 26.
.Tho Richmond Ditpitch says that " the taxjjl
is the only really important measure before Con
gress, and an adjournment will immediately follow
its passage. The negro soldier bill, however, may
be again dug up, and if so, it may prolong the ses
sion several days."
This seems to bo an admission on tho part of the
Dispatch that the negro soldier bill has been dis
posed of. It will be seen in the paragraph above
that Congress adjourns on the 8th. We trust the
time is so short that the question of negro soldiers
will not be revived.
The Committee of conference on the currency
bill tas been discharged from further consideration
of the su! ject, which is equivalent to its rejection.
Gen. Singleton and Judge Hughes have arrived
in Richmond from Wa.shingion City.
The Lipulch says that they ure Commercial
agents ol the United S.ates government and not
Peace commissioners. That they have come to ne
gotiate a trade if possible between tho two sections,
iheyankecs exchanging beef and bacon for cotton
A letter in the New York Herald, relative to
Gen. Sing-leton, says that neither by word or deed
uoes he permit thn nature or extent of his mission
to transpiie.hc National Intelligencer says "we
have reason tobelieve that he has gone to Rich
mond, not uponrivate business, but to fee what
may be done by him to bring about peace."
' rom Mobile.
The city cf Mobile. was in our possession up to
the latest dates, though it Will be remembered that
the forts at the mouth of the harbor were captured
last year by the enemy.
They are said to bo again fitting out an expedi
tion against the city.
Our troops, it is said, have been ordered from
West Tennessee and North Mississippi to concen
trate at Mobile. - -'.
The Yankees are reported to have sent down the
Mississippi some 40.000 troops, and to have also a
force at Pensacda, Vicksburg and in North Ala
bama. These forces are all to move in upon Mo
bile, surround and capture it if possible.
From East Tennessee.
It being apprehended, at the North that General
Lee will evacuate Richmond and retire upon Lynch
burg, elm ts are being made to destroy the rail
roiid in East Tennessee, and mass troops in that
locality to prevent such a movement
The expedition now moving from Knoxville is
said to be for the purpose of destroying the rail
The enemy were reported, advancing in this di
rection. The rumor seems to be unfouuded, as we
have beard nothing more of it
From the North.
OFFICIAL REPORT OF TUB CAPTURE OF WILMIWTOX.
, War Department, i
Washington, Feb 24. J
7oMrj Gen. Due, New York : The following offi
cial report of the capture of Wilmington has been
forwarded to tht Department by Gen. Grant :
Edwis M. Stamos, Sec of War.
Fortress Mohjiok, Va., Feb. 24.
To Gen. TJ. S. Grant, City Point: Our troops
entered Wilmington on the morning of the 22d in
'stant After the evacuation of Fort Anderson,
General Schofied directed Cox to follow its garrison
towards Wilmington, while Terry followed Hoke
on the Eist side of the river. The latter took up a
new line, four miles from Wilmington, but was so
closely pressed by Terry that ho could send no
fops to the West side. On that side the rebels ,
de a stand behind Town Creek, but on the 20th J
crossed bis troons below them on a fiat boat !
.attacked them in the rear and routed them, taking
wo guns ana 81KJ prisoners.
Vet the 2 1st Cox pushed to the Brunswick River
pposite Wilmington, where the brideres were on
fire ; and onht3 arrival the rebels beean burnine
be cotton and rosin in the city, and left 'it that
Our captures, including Fort Anderson, amount
about 700 prisoners and 30 guns.
Citizens state that the rebels burned 1,000 bales
cotton and 15,000 barrels of rosin.
The Union feeling saowed itself quite strongly in
a citw . '
'-fTerry lollowed Hoke northward.
0 C. C. COMSTOrK,
J jLieui. CoL, A. D. C. & Brev. Brig Gen.
'The' papers received contain nothing from Sher
toan. The following paragraph is fi'm the Tribune:
- .iThe Richmond papers which have hitherto fur
nished us with accounts of Gen Sherman's advauce
arp compulsorily Silent, and we. know nothing of
hi position later than a reported movement on
W nnsborouph oh the 18th or 19th.
' : toger A. Pryor had an interview with Lincoln.
' H is to be exchanged.
: V correpondent with army of Potomac writes
to he Tribune of the 24th ult as follows:
' 7 This evening a report came in from the front of
tha1 Ninth corps that the enemy showed some signs
'of leaving that point of their lino, and. moving to
tncrXi:nt inev nave beirunm luovment to tto
.xa "Sttc5"'uJba oarJefe'w
a movement towards North Carolina. '
From deserters who came in to day; it is learned
that a part of Hill's corps the 3d ia under orders
There are many rumors North of the evacuation
A letter in the New York Herald of the same
date as tbe above says :
Ii is sur.nised by many that the increased activi
ty on the part of the rebels for the past few dnys is
to cover some important movement Reliable in
formation has been received S3 ininy times of the
evacuation of Petersburg thai we are very skeptical
on that point, but that some movement is on foot
there is hardly room for doubt W e learn from
various sources that a large part of the rebel army
havo been under marching orders for a number of
days, and that a portion have alrea ly left to rein
force Beauregard. Gen Lse will be compelled to
make a move of soiuj kind very sooa, or he will
find himself without an army.
Desertions continue to increase instead of decxeis
ing, nd the class of men now coming in arc supe
rior in intelligence and dress to any I have pre
viously seen. Not less than one hundred have
been, reported at the headquarters of tho Provost
Marshal during the last twenty four hours. Of these
a lare proportion bring in their arms and equip
ments, for which they are paid a. liberal price in
greenbacks. Many of the ctvalry bring in horses
also.; To day fifty seven of the chivalrous sons of
Soutl Carolina c viie over in a body. They style
themselves "peace coiumi.-siontrs," and say that
as Jiff. Davis was unsuccessful in establishing peace
for taem, they have come over to try it for them
selves. Each and all confirm the story that to cv
ery'O ie wii) entsri ojr liuii tnore are ten w:;o d-j-sert
la the rear. At this rate, without fighting an-,
other battle, the rebel army would be dissolved in
A letter from Memphis says:
' There ara no rebel troops at Corinth and only a
few at Tupelo. At Verona there are two regi
ments and a part of a third. Tbcse are the 7lh
and ioth Tennessee regiments and a body of cav
alry. Lee's corps and Cheatham's corps have been
scattered and rent to Georg'a, South Carolina and
Virginia. Co!. Jese Forrest hs again returned to
the vicinily of Verona, picking up conscripts.
There are rumors in Memphis of the intended
evacuation of Mobile. It is on the sea coast, and
is tV only city no y 1-jft, similarly situated, except
Gaffes ton, ia Texas.
The New Yo: k Tribune of a late date has tho
following speculations iu relation to tho fall of Wil-
Tu?few troops left in the town have gone to join
the gathering forces of Beauregard in front of Gen.
Sherman. But it would be a mistake to suppose
any considerable number is thus .released. Since
the capture of Fort Fisher by Gen. Terry, the sur
render of Wilmington has been a foreseen necessity
to the rebels, and it will be found that Gen. Seho
field garners only the empty husks of what was
once a fruitful town. The military stores and the
cotton have been removed or burned, and the ship
ping destroyed. - We do not believe that the rebels
held on to the town a day longer than was necessary
to enable them to complete their arrangements for
giving it up.'
But that does not impair the military significance
of the surrender. Savannah, Charleston, Wilming
ton have fallen in quick succession, and the policy
of abandoning the coa-.t line, wh:ch has long been
debated among the rebels as a question of expedi
ency, is now accepted as a necessity.- Theirs is not
commonly an indecisive purpose, nor do they shrink
from gbmg" to the end of a business upon which they
once enter; hence we infer that Richmond is soon
to follow the examp'o of Wilmington, and that Lee,
whether or not he tights Sherman in the heart of
North Carolina, has made up his mind to defend in
future nothing but the interior portion of that ter
ritory which the rebellion claims as its own. It is
already intimated that Petersburg is to be given up
at once. The policy o! concentration did not in
volve the surrender of tho coast line, but tho policy
of fighting to the bitter end, and of maintaining an
army in the field after the capital and the political
hopes of the Confederacy are gone, dies.
Meantime, the Richmond papers which have hith
erto furnished us with accounts of Gen. Sherman's
advance are compulsorily silent, and we k low noth
ing of bis position later than a reported movement
on Winnsborp' on tho lSih or 19th.
The Herald of the 27'.h February thus speaks of
Twelve days ago pirt of General Sherman's force
was evidently near Charlotte, N. O., as that town
was under martial law, and was filled with iugitives
from South Carolina, driven up by Sherman's ad
Vance through the Palmetto State. Part of hrsTorce
was als.yipwr Onmta. This is the msi. duilnite
intellige.-.cu we have of his whereabouts, as tho re
bel press has suddenly ceased to report his move
ments. But there is not the remotest probability
that he has yet encountered any obstacle to his pro
gress. If Beauregard could not hold Branchville,
or t:y to hold Columbia, he cannot hold the line of
the Catawba or the Yadkin ; and Sherman is, doubt
less, before this, east of those streams. He may now
be at Fayetteville, cr better still, be boldly push
ing on (or Raleigh. It seems obvious that he will
fix upon some point near the centre of North Caro
lina from ".vhence to open a line to Wilmington, and
at which he may form a juuitiort with Sehofield.
The constitutional amendment abolishing slavery
was adopted by the Louisiana Legislature on the
14th insti in the Senate by a vote of eighteen in
favor to only one against it, and in the House of
Representatives' unanimously. Tho amendment
has now been ratified by eighteen States.
For tbe Standard.
Mr. Editor: Gov. Vance professes to be a great
war man professes to wa.it every man that is able
to shoulder a musket to be in service, 'hy, then,
does he exempt a Colonel to each regiment of home
guards or- militia in the State? In this way, by
this Strange and uncalled for exemption, the State
loses about two companies of able bodied men.
Again, why does he exempt commanders of brig
ades? These officers have not a single man under
their command, and riot a single duty to perforin.
The home guard law makes these officers as liable
to duty as others, and why this discrimination?
I can imagine only. one reason, and" that is, the
Governor is disposed to show favors to his partizans
who hold these offices. Nearly all of tlrese officers
kre his favorites and p?ts. Nearly all of them
worked to secure hi3 re election last August, and
helped to sibjugirte the p'eople so as to secure his
re-election ; and . now I suppose they must be
screened frt tn performing those duties that are im
posed on- fibers, as good men as they aro. . For
one, I protect against such favoritism. It is neither
just fair, nix honest
, HOME GUARD.
March 4, 1865.
Communication from tjie Secretary or War.
In retponte to a Resolution of the Senate, asling
certain information in regard to Conscript toU
diert in each State, and the execution of the
Confederate States of Auerica, 1
Richmond, Va., Feb. 18, 1805. )
Son. R M. T. Hunter, President of the Senate:
Sir : I have received the following resolution of
the Senate, adopted on the 16th instant:
"Hetoleed, That the Secretary of War be in
structed to inform the Senate, with as little delay
as possible, what number ofconscript soldiers have
been levied in each State of tho Confederacy and
placed in service in the fiell ; whether there has
been any failure to execute the law of conscription
in any State by reason of any cau'.e other than its
occupation by the enemy ; if so, why it has not'
been executed with uniformity in all localities when
the operations of the enemy have not prevented."
In response, I have the honor to transmit here
with, a report from the Superintendent of Conscrip
tion containing the information desirtd by the Sen
ate. Very respectfully,
JOHN C. BRECKINRIDGE,
Secretary of War.
Report of the Superintendent of Contcription.
' ' Bureau of Conscription, " )
-' Richmond, Feb. lisfe
Hon-ljohn C .Hfatini'iJge.'-Sfcreitry H' Var;
Sir: Your reft rence of the following !lt-solution
was receivcl at t';i olfice on the 17th instant:
" Roxdccd, Thst tlic Secretary of War be instruct
ed to inform the Semite, with as little delay as pos
sibte, what nuuihcr of conscript soldiers have been
levied in each State of the Confederacy snd placed
in service in the. Geld ; whether there ha been tiny
failure to execute the law of conscription in any
State, by reason of any cause other tium its occupa
tion by the enemy; if so, why it has no.t been ex
ecuted with uniformity in all localities, when the
operations of the enemy have not prevented."
The following table exhibits the nutnbt-r of con
scripts assigned to the army from camps of instruc
tion, as furnished by the reports of the command
ants of conscripts of the respective Statrs:
Conscripts unsigned lo the army from Camps of
Exclusive of operations of
Excli;siv of operations of
Since January, 1S64.
Forp irt Ju-y, Ausustand
It is conj?cttired that nearly an equal number
have gone into the service, and been placed on rolls
who are not recorded in the -ramus of instruct ion.
The returns are accurate in the four St.Ues of Vir
ginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia.
In the month bf June, lSf3, tua matter of on
scription in tbe Stales of Florida, Alabama, Missis
sippi and Tennessee, was tuken f:om the control of
this bureau and placed in the hands of Brig G.m.
Pillow, who coii.iiiu.'d to administer it- until Janu
ary, 1SG4. This bureau has never been able to
obtain any record or report of the operation of con
scription in those Slates during that period of seven
months. It is believed none exist. Mu:h of the
year 1SG4 was exhausted in the endeavor to pet rid
of the system of General Piilow, and re establish a
more uniform and illieient service. It is believed
the returns, sir.ee March, 18ti4, from those States,
are nearly correct
In tho States of Florida, Alabama, Tennessee
and Mississippi there has been "failure" to exe
cute the law of conscription for the reasons stated
above. In the other States it has be n executed
with as much uniformity and vigor, as the agencies
assigned to the duty and the circumstances of the
country would allow.
Where there have appeared diversities, they have
resulted from the difference in the efficiency of offi
cers, the opposition of State authorities, the resis
tance of communities, and the exercise of the dis
cretion vested in the Executive. In many cases
localities bordering on the linca of tbe enemy, have
required different proceedings from those applica
ble to the interior. In some of these, great lenien
cy was necessary, in some, such rigor as induced
the Executive to charge military commanders with
the service. In some sections the condition of the
populations demanded leniency, others admitted the
utmost rigor. Since January, 1S64, in all the
States east of the Mississippi, the same general sys
tem has prevailed. .
Instructions to'Iocal officers have been uniform
with the special variations indicated. The differ
ence in the returns of four Eisiern States is fully
accounted for, thus: In Virginia and South Caro
lina there has never been t-xhibited the slightest
opposition to the conscription law, and after its pas
sage, large 'numbers of men passed into the service
without being compelled to go through the cmps,
thus evading the law on one point to obey it in
another way. In North Carol. na and Georgia,
there was popular and constituted resistance. The
consequence was that while in Virginia tin-re were
but 14,000 conscripts, there are supposed to be 10,
000 qniti volunteers. While in North-Carolina,
there arc 21.500 conscripts and perhaps less than
8,000 quasi volunteers. In Georgia the case is dif
ferent, and presents this aspect : That so violent
was tiie prejudice gainst conscription, that only
about 9,000 have l-fii returned, and vet, tbe peo
ple choosing their own modo of goin ir.to service,
have sent, it is supposed, about 2(i,0U') qvuni volun
teers. The constant and persistent eflort of this j
bureau has been to preserve uniformity, and palli- j
ate ad mevitaolc disturbances in tho aduimisti alien
of tbe law.
1 remain most respect f; illy,
Your oUidieot servant.
JXO. A. PRESTON,
Brig. Gen. &. Su;-t
Executive Department North-Carolina,
h, tcb. i-.lb, l;li). )
CaXKBAL ORDSRS, f
No. is f
THE FOLLOW IN'G XAMED SURGEON'S AND As
sistants hare beii appointed to ilia rinrjun Gen
eral, with the appr.Tnl cr li.e Governor, to coiistitm e the
Hedicul ExamiDiug B.iaids fjr their respective Cmjgres
lt IulrUt Surgeon W. R- Wood, Assistant Surc;u.ns
T. Yeates, J Brunch.
2i Uiitrict Surgeon Henry Jorner.AsMsUnt Surgeons
F. M. Knuotree, Dr J. K. linllin
Zrd Jjitiricl Aosiatant hurjjooDS Nathaniel HcnJer.son,
L. Hussev, J. li. Kol,erif-n.
4ih Di-triet Surgeons W. C. McDuCBe.C. W. Morrison,
Assistant Surgeon A. A. McKay.
6fA District Surptm E. A. CruJnp, Asi't Surgeons L.
T. Smith. Dr. D. T. Tuvloel
Gik District -Surgeou K. W. Glean, Dr. W. J. Courts,
th Dutrict- Suigeon W. W. Verdin, Ass't Surgrms
Hector Turner, R. L Fujne.
8;A Dtitrict Surgeon J. B. Alexander, Ass't Slirg-wns
M. Ij. Brown, U. Cosby.
rwi-Surjjeous W. W. Foole, C. Happoldt, W.
II Robert n.
104 Virtrict Robert Y. WeUU, Wm. L. Lrve, D. .
Sum trie? .
Tlipy will report to the Burgeon Gen-.ral bj letter for
By order of Gov. Vaxca:
R. C. OATLI.V, .
March 2, 1955. ' 18 ?u
SOLDIERS' CLAIMS. .
THE DXDEKSIGN'ED HAVING BEEN' APHOIXTCJ)
"Commissioner lo ii.visttgle, collect aud dislnb'jte
Claims of Deceased Soldiers," gives notice that alter the.
0th inst , be will be prepared to formsh the blai.kR
whereby the wives, children, executors or administrators
of d-ceied soldiers mar bave their claim placed in ur. p.
r form lit ba filed in the Auditor's olbce in i.ic'n
mond, and will usa every etl'.irt in hia power to haye d9
lame promptly paid.
Persons applying for blanks must forward a, 20 cent
postage stamp (or two 10 cent bills) to prep -y be postal
on the same. .
A Register of all claims will betcpt,- nd ., time the
state of a claim may be ascertaiue.l.
RY K COLTOX,
Fayetteville, N. C.
Feb 20, 1SS5.
Paper ofState please copy.
Y W. O. CPCHCRCB, GBOOBS.
March 8, 1SE5.
7 1 50
BACOX Hog rouad
' Exua superfine,
FODDER Per hundred,
" Green '
" CleariMl, per bushel
. IN IT A TOSS -Irish .
' It YK
tf-.iAT - - -SWEET
8 50 4
0 50 6
Panic Notes, f S 12.
Gold. ?70 75.
N C. Treasury Notes ones and twos. 10 per cent.
N. C. Treasury (lutidabte) Notes i tur 1.
Died, in Fayetteville, at 2 o'clock A. M., on tho
1st cf March, of bronchial disease, Hon. Eli V.
Hall, former Senator from New Hanover county,
aged 38 years and 2 days.
IVcd. on the 14th of February, at General Hos
pital, No. 24, .Richmond, Va , John W. Bakkek,
of Co. G.. 4Sth N. C. Regiment, in the 30th year
of his age.
He was mortally wouided on the 5th of Febru
ary, during the engagement with tho eneiuv at
Hatcher's Kun, belew PetersSurg. Mr. Barker
was a native and re-ide-.it ot Wake county en
tered the service of his country in the fall of 1802,
fought gallantly in many en-.i'ge'uients with the
enemy, and patiently endured the hardships and
trials incident to a soldier's life. Though physi
cally feeble, he was alike conspicuous for courage
a id fortitu ii', cheerfulness of temper and kindness
of heart. Judicious and devoted m his friendships
and scrupulously regardful of the rights of others,
he enjoy rd to an eminent degree the confidence of
all w; o knew him. Mr. Birktr had been for ten
ye-srs or more a consistent member of tho Baptist
Church at Shady Grove-. The day before his death
ha nquisied a gemlenian to write to his relatives,
stating that lie entertained sjiiio hope of recovery,
hut -as not afta d to die. "My peace," said he,
" is mad w:th God ;" " the? mnst he cheerful and
of o 1 heart, and try, if I should 3is, to meet an
unworthy son and brother in the better land."
T his died, ere noon o life, a Christian hero a
devoted son and brother. An aged, widowed moth
er, and affectionate brothers and sister are sorely
chastened by this sad bereavement. Tho reinetn-"hin-ce
nf. his many virtues and his- unfaltering
faith in the final hour, are their only solace now.
rpiAKEIV UP A1SI COMMITTED TO TIIE
Jti. common j til ol Surry conniy, N 0 , on tbe -Jith d.y
of February, iS, a negro boy' who says his ni'neis
WILLIAM, and gays he bulo'i to John Irvin, of Geor
who lives neur Thornasville. Said b.v is a dark nm
lart.i, or 3H years old, about 5 feet U or'lO inches h'gh,
and will w-iph about li 0 pounds The own -r ..f said boy
is hereby notified to come forward, prore property, pay
cliarjes, and take him awav; otherwise, h will be dealt
with as tbe law directs.
WILLIAM HAYMORE, Sheriff.
March , 1855. n wtf.
rSinElE WILL BE A MEETING OF TIIE
B Directors of Ihe N. O. Orphans' Fund, in this city,
on Thursday, the 9th iust., at II o'clock, in tbe rear
ro jiu of the Methodist Bjok Store.
tiAMUEL H. TOUVO. Sec.
March 6, 1865. 19 td.
CONFEDERATE STATES DEPOSITORY,
Raleigh, X. C. March 2. 1S5.
"j.TOTICB IS TIEK 1'UY GIVl-.V, THAT FOR THE
Ivi present, the iniures;. due January 1st lS5,on nil cer-titi-"ates
of iiidebtedne-s of the Co lferl.!! a'e States of
America, piyablt! in .N'on'h-Cir.iiin.i, .yi I be paid at this
oliice on presentation nf said certificates
Consort-all vi. Progress and Standard,' Greensboro Pa
. trii.l, GoMsli ro Mtate Journal. FaveHeville Observer.
Salisbury U'ulc-hman imd Charlotte Bulletin, will insert
each six limes and send duplicate hoc rnnts to this olfice.
C. B. HARRISON',
March lBo. 19 t.
Post Quarter Master's Oliice, C. S. A., I
Rallkoi, N. C., March lib, !'.i. f
ARTIES HAVING CLAIMS AOUNST THIS DE
AL partnicnt are r, quested lo lot ward them without de
lay through ilie Agi uls cmitractiiisr t!ie indebtedness, in
oroer mat certibed accounts may be be given for the ,-ame.
Capt. aud A. Q. M.
.March fi, 18',5.
rrUiS SUBSCRIBER HAVING BECOME ADMI.VIS
A ii-atrix o( W. J. Long.., elee'd, at Keli'y stsnon, 185,
ol Wak County Court, hereby warns all itie creditors of
rtee'd to present their ciaitus for pavuient to me or
Austin u L Louee, of Raleigh
CAROLINE F. I.OUGEE.
J!crch i, 19-3t
ON TUT. 1CTU '!r M vise II, THE SUB
ertber, adiuinis'ra:.. .: it .Hon Knnklin, deceased,
will off.-rat public s leat !.! .i'e residenci in Wnke Coun
ty, seven mil ?s south vst ol Ktleih, all the perishable
p"io;i-rty, consisting r bors s. Catl'e. Ii"s, sheep, goats,
houeh.ild fiimiinre, bic m, turning tools, Li.
Terms made known at the sala.
Those having claims against the estate of Hnton Frank
lin are hereb notified to present them for settlement; and
all persons indebted to baid e;Uie are notified to make
I. II. ROGERS, Adm'r.
March 8, IStS. 19 td.
TOiiTII-OAHOLIVA, I SUPERIOR COURT OP
1 Jobnxton County. Law, Fali Term, 18CE.
LvniA P. Cox, )
r. V Petition fur Dower.
Jas Cox, tl. ol. J
It appears to the satisfaction of the Court, that James
Cox. t:nd W. A. Davis, and wife Marian, re non-residents
id' thisS'ate: It is. therefore, ordered that publication be
made in the North Carolina Standard, a newspaper pnb
hshed in the City of Raleigh, six weeks, notifving the
said defendants lo appear at tbe next Term of the Supeiior
Court of said Couutv, when and where, they can plead,
answvr or demur, or judgmeut pro eonfesso will be taken
a to them.
Wi-ness: W. H. J0TXER. C!rk
Feb. 7, IKS. T-wf.t.
AdjU and Insp'r GenN Office, I
Richmoso, Sept 11, lbSS
Gr.XKBAL Ortjkrs, ')
No 12-'. f .
ira ir THE FOLLOWING A CTDP CONGRESS IS
aM C published f r the inf inflation of all concerned :
' Erery jierv.Q, not sn'oject to the Rules nr.d articles nf
wr, who fhaij procure or entice a soldier of the Coufrd-.
rate States to desert, or who shill pureh-ut from any
soidie' his arms, uniform, clothing, or antf pa t tlifrwf.
ss'i -jpon 'egil conviction, be fined, at the discretion of
ihe Court h-tvinj cogninnce of the same, ia any sum not
exceeding three hundred daliafs, and be imprisoned not
txceedieg one year ' . .
Ut order ol the Secretary of War.
Signed ) COOPER.
" ' Ai'x and Iasp'r Gen'L
Headquarters Rksebve, N. C, )
Raleigh. Feb. 10.
JXO. V7. BIMrMLB.
Feb !. 1R65. l
. Slate papers copy seven timea.
MHS. MILLER CONTINUES TO ACCOM,
modate Hoarders by the day, week, or month.
August 1, 18. -