Newspaper Page Text
WASHINGTON. D. C . THURSDAY. DECEMBER 8. 1864
FFlCE itALllMuK* ft UUlO RB. 00.,
Wa.-HfiioToii, November lith 1 Hi.
On and after Sunday. November 13, 1964. Passen
l? Trains between Washington an J Butinor#
will D? run an follows -
TRAILS MOVINO NORTH
No 1? BA I.TIMOR!. WAY STATION A HAR
R18BURO T RAIN ?Leave Washington 6:30 A.M.
Arrive at Baltimore f - JO a. m.
No.ii-NEW YORK A WBSTBRN EXPRESS?
Leave Wash, ug ton 7:30 a . connecting at Relay
vith Mail Tram leaving Baltimore at 9:00 a. u.
f? r tbe Wept. Arrive at Baltimore 9:10 A. M ;
Philadelphia. 1 36 r. * New York ($ 30 F w.
No 3 - JEW YORK MAILTRAIN?Leay# Wash
iogton 11:13 a * Arrive at Baltimore at 14
p. m ., PhEsdelphia 3 37 y, u., New York 10 00
No. 4?BALTIMORE TRAIN ?Leave Wuhlsi
ton 3:00 r. m. Arrive at Rsltiraore 4:30 f m
No. S-BALTIM^RB, PHILADELPHIA AND
UBW YORK COMMUTATION TRAIN - Leave
Washington 4:30 f. M. Arrive at Baltimore 6:14
?S-!r~.rr?>?72N? alb*NY ANBWYORK BT
FHBflS TRAIN ?Leave Washingtor 6:00 p m.
Arjiveat New Wk 5:00 a. h. Mai?and Passen
gers b? this train connect with all the early morn
rD? il*1"" L,a'iV, R/r York for the Bast, North
and Ww.. No Philadelphia or Baltimore tickets
?i!d hy thli tram
No. 7-BAl.TIMORB A nARRISBUnO TRAIN
Leave Washington 7 :00 p. m. tnd arrive ax Balti
more **:40 p m
No t<? NEW YORK. PHILADELPHIA AND
WESTERN T ?'i AIN ?Leave Washington at **:30
F. M.. shopping at Rt ay House t-r Western passen
gers to take Express Train for Grafton, Wheeling)
rarkersburg, and all points in the Went
FOR ANNA P0I.1S tne connections wftl be made
with the 6:'?0 a m and th? 4'3rt p. m. from Wash
ington. No trains to or from Annapolis on Bun
TFIE ONLY TRAINS Ff.OM WA83INGTON
for passengers en Sunday are th? 7:t0 a m and
3 F. m for Baltimore. aud *":SO p. m. for Balti
more and Philadelphia, and the 6 pm. for New
PL Eh. 1' I NO OAR5' direct to New York on 6 p. M,
and h:30 p. ? train daily, except on Sunday. On
Sunday the Sleeping Csrs ou the *:3o p. m. train
run to Philadelphia mly.
tV Passeng-rs leaving Washington at 7:30 A.
m , and 6 ?nd - .<0 p m., go through to New York
without ct angicg cars
For further information. tickets of every kind,
Ac, apply to GEO 8. KOONTZ, Agent at Wash
ington or at the Tick"" Office
W. P. SMITH. Blaster of Transportation.
L. M. COLE. General Ticket Agent. nov 14
/?EEAT PENNSYLVANIA ROUTE
&ORTUWEST AN i> SOUTHWEST.
ON AND AFTER November 15th trains will
leave Baltimore from North Calvert Station as
follows: . _ . ?
Fast Mail at . ?9 ? A. M.
H^rrisbnrg Accommodation?^?3.<J> P. M.
Lightning Express?? 9.30 P M,
the 6.3? a m train~from Washington
connects with the 9 2" a. m train from Baltimore
f?>r I'itvburg and the West, and for Elmira. Buf
fulo, Rochester, Dunkirk, Canaudaigua, and Ni
agara falls, and for New York citv.
THB 7 tfO P M TRAIN FROM WASHINGTON
connect* with the 9 3" p. m train from Balti
more for Elmira mod the North and Pittsburg
and the West.
SLEEPING CARS ON NIGHT TRAINS.
Boldibr? Tickbts at Gotrrsmbht RATK3.
t)NK THROUGH TRAIN ON SUNDAY.
LOW FARE AND QUICK TIME.
?y For tickets and any Information apply at the
c&ce of the Great Pennsylvania Rn^te, corner
!'? avenue and 6th Btre-t, under National Hotel;
And Dep..t Honse, No. 463 0 st.. near New Jersey
? verue, Washington. J N BUBARRY,
Superintendent N C R k
a j. wilkinJT,
Pa^s and Ticket Agent, corner 6th st.
J* >? tl aad Penn avenue.
* semi weekly.between PHIL
AP*L.PHlA Bn(1 ALEXANDRIA,
i/A2UINGT0N *ad (iKORGJ
T O n N .
nBt8toutr8 M*,a?wer' Philadelphia and George
W*r>NESDAYS and SAT
rRDAV8%fr?in No. 1 4 North Wh&rreft, Phila-iel
No. 39 Water st'eet, between Congress
and High, Georgetown.
For freight apply to
No. 39 Water street. Georgetown.
Agent In Philadelphia. WM. P. CLYDE. 14
North W harve*.
Agents in Alexandria, FLOWERS Sc. BOWIN,
No. 1 King st. novi-tf
TYLER'S COMPOUND 8YRUP OF GUM
Well known as the
Most Pleasant. Safe, and Speedy Cure for
HOARSENE35, CROUP, WHOOPING COUGH
AFFECTIONS OF THE THROAT AND LUNGS.
Its superior effieacy in arresting stubborn coughs
a:.d th?> first stages of consumption has long been
appreciated Vy must families and physicians, and
it* success in giving immediate relief from a re
cent cough or cold, unprecedented.
For sale at the Drug Store*.
Price 26 and s>< cents a bctt'.e
For convenience and por'ahility the same com
b oation may be had in a mild lozenge L>rm, well
adapted to reliev" public sp-akers, singers, and
cbildreD, and knowr.
"TYLER'S GUM ARABIC COUGH LOZENGES.'
toy 1 eo3m*
OrriuK or CviU'i auuku wf thb Cobbbiot
, Washmttony (Jclobtr 4.18^4.
vrnereas by satisfactory evidence pre?eote4 to
the unaersigued, it has been m&'le to appear tfiat
IJit fiiiltoiiat ban,; i,/ iUr M-f i>poh.i, in tne Aly af
H ashiHgh n in tn? county of A???;<?* a^id D>s
,TU? ^ Coltmibia. had freen Juiy organised under
tnl according to the requireine its of tee act of
Cocgre^B entitle l ' An act to provide a National
Currency, secureo by a pledge of UniUd Stated
feonds, and provide for the circulation and re
demption thereof." approved June3. 18r>4.and has
rem pi led w;th all the provinions of said act re
<jj?it^d to be complied with before commencing
the business of bsnkiog under said act ?
Now,tnerefore. I. Hugh McUallvck.Comptroller
of the Currency, d j hereby certify that 2A? Aa
?u-mai Bank of ik- Mr'.ron lis. In the Cttv af Wash
tnrton. in the ceunty of Wasfitmton a: d District cj
Ce.umbin, is authorized to commence the business
of Banking unaer the act aforesaid
in tettimony whereof, witness my hand and i?al
of effioe this f>j\trik day of Orlo6*r, 1JM
^ HUGH MoCULLOCK,
_ oc5 dwT Comptroller of the Currency.
IMPORTANT TO t EMALES-I)(t _CHEe7e
MAN S PILLS ?The comhina ion ?( iugre
diente in these Pi,Is is the result of a l?ng and
extensive practice They are mi:d in their opera
tiou. and certain in correcting all irregularities,
painfui menstrua'nn'i, remuTue all obstructions. I
whether from e?la or oth?-r causes, h^ada?he pain
in the side, palpitation of the heart, white* all
nervous affections, hysterics, fatigue, pain in ttie
rack ac l liratis Ac.. disturbed sleep, which arise
from interruption of nature. l>r. Cheeseman's
Piiis was the cotnmencem* nt of anew era in the
t;>atui?u.t of these irregularities ?nd obstructions,
which have consigned so many to a premature
grave. *?'? female can er.ioy good health unless
shf i-< regular, and whenever an obstruction takes
P'aee the genera! health begins to decline Dr
Chee?eman p Pill-are trie most effectual remedy
ever known for all complaint* peculiar to females
To all classes tbey are invaluable, inducing, with
certainty, periodical regularity. They are known
to the usands who have used them at differeat pe
riods throughout the country, having the sanction
of noire ef the most eminent physicians in Ameri
ea Explicit directions, stating when they should
cot be used, with each box; the price, one dollar
per box, containing from ?0 to 6o pilis. Pills *ent
? y n.an promptly, by remittingto the ?ropri?tors
? old bv Drr g ?i?t? generally.
HUTCHING? A HILLYER, Pro>rietors,
nr v 1 Dl6tW9t "1 Cedar street, few York.
A N U R B .
M A N U B E.
THE BEST AND CHEAPEST MANURE IN TH
UNITED STATES. H
Tke undersigned, having contracted for* ti
Manure at Giesboro Point D O . are nowpr?
gaMKl to put en board vessels free of ex pease to
Captains at low rates. ^ ' w
Addrett No 310 E street, Washington. o? ?n
eiESBORO POINT MANURE WHARF t0
anjo tf JOHN PETTI BON B h CO.
rpHJ? OLDEST MuTKL. CONDUCTED ON THE
1 EUROPEAN PLAN.J
Is enlarged to double its former capacity
Cemtr Pa. at), and 11;A Waskm^ioit, H, C,
This hotel, the oldest son ducted on the Enrosean
plan in this city. Las been enlarged anl A . . A
improved in every wav ne<-??-*ry for theVfTnAS
a.xontmodation of t'.ie increasing guests jjoHl
11.ankfui for tl>e patronage already receiveJ^ffe
proprietor hop.s tt. it i.y attention to buiinest we
roBtiau* to receive patronage as heretofore
Ouents will only be charged with what they receive'
C arges are moderate. '
? 38-tf P. EMRICH. Proprietor.
BOOTS AND SHOES
Tv SUIT THE TIMES
*?^?knv manufacturing all kindsof BOOTB
Ar d SiluES. and eonstanly receiving a sup
C ? of K?<terc ra<!? work of ev?r> a^scrip- Rl|
*'ou. c;a ? expresely to order, and will Nf Ml
??-d at * tnu'-b lower price than has been *
k*ret?fCr#charged in this city for much Inferior
Persons In want of BOOTS and SHOES of Eastern
o*C't? tn.nfe work.Vill always 9nd a good assort
?*pt in store and at the lowe-t prises. Giv# as *
UllfyiN k BROTHER,
?J0KsES WANTED.?I want to pnrchase a
Hn??V-'^?u p-;.rQCor.ditiened YOUNG WV
HZ? S t M * K K8 f,,r Parties North to
With rnarkg on ef^SQX
ID? iMTl pttOIi
yurcliasing Horses saitabl* for Goy
f f ?r "UV.,B? ia Horses to Government
fra r..mmis.!on P-rsons having Horses U> s#lJ
tioTel Stat ics. l?th .tree ?>T u-[m
AtL IINDBOFIIOTTLES BOI OUT AND 50LD
the highest price will be p?i<j for Ohaiaoa^nM
e sv?et* o? ii.im*
FOR RENT AND SALE.
C'OR BALE-A ne*t. and well fitted up BIL
17 LlAKu e A LOOM ? in a catral location, ail
now pa> in* a handsome income. A tea yearn lea*e,
the fljtures. and three Phelan tables can be par
chased for f3.00o.
MITCi* K1 L A PON'S, R?sl Estate Brokers,
Hnutbeast corner P? ?ve and 15th ?t.
FOB BEXT-Two nicely FUBNISHED ROOMS,
near Government Printing Office, 130 per month,
KOOftis P('R BENT?Three or four Furmsoed
CH AM I1ERS, also, with water and gas, andu'e
of batb and parlor. for r> nt to gentlemen. Apply
at 490X. north side ot Massachusetts avenue, be
tween 4th and 6th it*, ^ dec 1 tf
P^OR SALS?A new three story brick HOUSE,
southwest correr of 2d and Market ?ts, George
town D. C .containing 17 rooms, with all the
Utest improye&ent". in perfect order, A Brick
Stable. Ice Home and all neceasary outbuildings
attached. House 4i by 4i?, lot fcv 150. Price
$35,i 00, Terms ? aoy, and possession when required.
For further particr'ars apply on the premises,
nov 30 !m*
ITOBSAl.K-Tbat Handsome RE31 DENOE, No,
F 430 F street, between Cth aud 7th sts. This
house is moft eligibly situated in toe immediate
vicinity ef tbe Host Office and Interior Depart
ments. has a street railroad pa?*'Og directly ia
front of it, and is a well built, neat, commodious
residence. Apply, if before the 1st t>f December,
at 4K1 10th street, after that date, at the L*w
Buildir g's 3th St., near La. av , to W. B. WEBB,
Attorney at Law n<>v 21-tf_
t^OB BENT-A large three story brick HOUSE,
n on L street, near Hlh e?st. rrry suitable for a
reftaursnt and hotel or hoarding house. Inquire
of JO-KI'U RKPET1I, No. 4fii L street, on the
premises. no25 2w*
4 T rRi V A f K S A LK -
A On- DRUG STORE.
Inquire at 4 .">5 Massachusetts avenue, near ?th
street. nov 19 lm*
'F'O LET?Two 'arce BOOMS, on Pennsylvania
1 avrnue. No. 24suitable for stores or offices.
Apply on the pr*-rn:ses, or at No. '.266 EL street, be
tween 18th and l^th nov 83-tf
l/OK RENT?Two BOOMS, on second floor, salt
I able for fonr gentlemen, and one on first door
Inquire at 4 37 bth street, between G and Q
streets, west side _?oc
URN 18HED BOOHS TO R1NT, without Board,
to gfntlemeD only?34 7 K street, near 13th,
Inquire of Mrs A R STEPHENSON. au 31-tf
DENT!gTFLl-Lr* LOCKWOOD4 MERRILL,
Dentists, Room No. 3. Washington.
lSuiidiDg,corner I'enna. avenue and 7th'
nov m* "
nR. T- FRAY8EE. DENTIST, TENDERS
,. 5 Professional services to the pub-.
lie, atd will give bis unaivi 1-d attention?
t? treatinent ?f &n Diseases of the"1
? J Teeth inserted from one to an entire set,
at tfce shortent notice, wi:h little or no pain. Call
early and see that your teeth are-secured from the
ravages ?f disease.
No charge made for examiuation or professional
Office No. 423 Beventh st. boy 10-2w*
|)ENTISTRV.-Dr. W7F7MAB8HALL, Dentist,
?'No 23 4 Pennsylvania avenue, sec ^-as^^
fond door fr 'm 13th street, attends to 'I'TijTSTil
branches of the profession. oc 13 2m* >l'ii'
QREAL DISCOVERT II!DENTI8TRY~
r*tk JSrt,acud wutunu /'?$? wxtk tk* MnkttU U
> _ ,^ Otygtm.
I weald adyiss ali persona Earing teelh to si
to call at Dr. LEWI 11*8 office,
mto there taken out by tkLi Dew i
?nd harmless process. Also call andt
?xwslnt the Doctor's new and Im
proved method of Inserting Artiflcia! Teeth If
you once see the great Improvement in his teeth
you will bava them la ne other style than this new
.???!? "I?8- Pa. avenue, between
3th and 13th streets.
POT 13 8. R. LJEWIE, M. D., Dentist.
Ill T h ET H .
lvj ? LOOMId, M D.. the Inventor and Pataatea
of the MINERAL PLa'TE TEETH, at
tends personally at his office In this
oity Many persons can wear these1
ts?rth who cannot wear others, and no
person can wear others who cannot wear thee*.
Persons Calling at my offloe can be accommodate*
with any style and prloe of Teeth they may desire,
but to those whoare particular and wish the purest
cleanest, strongest, and most perfect denture that
artean produce, the MINERAL PLATE will b?
more fully warranted.
Booms to this city?No 33* Pennsylvania arenas
between Stth and 10th streets. Also, 90T Arch st?
OLO T H I N Q.
GOING !?GOING!?GOING !
DOWN THEY GO.
AT LESS THAN GOLD PRICES
J. 11. SMITH and SMITH BROS.,
CLOTHING HOUSES OF WASHINGTON,
No. 460 AMD 464
BEVENTH STREET. orroaiTg Post Orrioa.
ALL GOODS SPONGED
Where vou can find all the
a y LATEST STYLES
PEG TOP PANT8,
DOUBLE BREASTED VESTS,
PLAIN AND FANCY CA8SIMER1.
Together with the
N. B.?We also have
All of wilich we o3er ?t
UNUSUAL LOW PRICES.
GINTt KMEN'S FUKNISHING GOODS,
HATS. OA PS, 8UIHI8. TIES. SL'SPENDEKS,
A c., A o.
J. H SMITH, No. 460,
SMITH BBOS , No. 464,
Ct'iTHIgR.t 1ND MkbCHANT TaILO*8,
SeveLth street, opp. Post Office,
piANOS AND MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS.
W G METZEB0TT, eorntr Pa. ar. andutk^t.
The largest Musical EstablishmentfaSBBI
and only imporiing house in tha Din-|f fill
tr-ict. Sole Agency of Steinway & Sons gra>.d aud
sqnare PIANOS, of which we have )ust received a
new assortment, making our stock 16 instrument*
of this celebrated factory alone, which is a larger
assortment than can be found at any other agen
cy of this house in the country. Besides these,
we bave a stock of Paven A Bacon, and Haines
Brothers make on hand. We are the sole agents
of klaxon A Hamlin's Justly celebrated CABINET
ORGANS, which we sell at factery orices, frem
8110 to StiK'. Prince A Co's MELODEONS.
Purchasing exclusively for oash. we are enabled
to sell at the lowest figure! fqr cash, and upon ac
Old Piano* taken in exchange, tuned and re
paired^ oc a
Out pawnbrokeb AND OQ?
LOAN OFFICE. ZOO
LICENSED BY AUTHORITY.
MATTHEW K. WALSH, . 2*4
C Smear, between li thaud 11th,
Becend deor from Harvey's Oyster Balooa,
In compliance with the wish of many friends, I
am oow prepared to make tib?ral Cash ad
vances on Gold and Silver Watches, Dia 11
rt'omls. Jewelry, Silver-ware, Hardware.!# V
Clothing, and Merchandise of every description in
good ( raer, ,
?VUavinir Lad twelve rears experience m busi
ness in the Oit? and favorably knewn te many of
its citizens Ian confident that to all who may in
trust me wRb I isiness, (which will be striotly
coofideiitial) I wit give satisfaction. Office open
every day (Sonday excepted^ from Beren o'cloek,
A. k . until Nine o'clock r.?. sep IS-3m
/HEAP WArrilK?J AND JEWELRY AT
Butiers, Country Merchants, Pe<ilar?. and gener
al traders supplied at i-nirSsnHe bargaiu*. Watohes
and Jewelrr of evert description iu any pattern
?ir quality- aod in ?oy n':niitity, constantly oo
hani and ms?l4? t? ord. r. Ks'iiratesof any class
of work furnished (l"od Csnvaswiog Clerks
wanted PrififK *???! f"'t rt^^i-riptii.ns free. Al
dr?-f T. ?V II. GAUGIMN. 7 I't Broadway. N?-w
York. * 21-liU1
HI NANCE AND ARMOR; embracing Descrip
Iioi.- <?I kurop<-*n and Ameri sn Wuns for
Naval S?a Coast, ui.d Iron c!a?l Warfare, aid
ti e.r hltljrg Pr< jet-tiles and Breech loading. Also
F*fcerir: euro asaiift Arms', with an Appendix on
Gun Co'Ion. Hoopr.Minns Ac. Ac. By Alexander
L. ...? 'Vi'iNOS TAVL
?? ? . ?
MUSIC JOANTBRBURY HALL,I AND
HAL L f CANTERBURY HALL.i THBATBB
Mtar Corntr tj Sixth strut, Htar of National mni
SMlti !???*?~ Froprletoi
JOKH IIART . __ Stage
Looia SeoLLoer Bullet Kutsi
J*uw 1BFUTA Musical Director
HE HAS COMB.
HE HAS COME.
HB HAS COMB.
TONY PASTOR, .
TPB GREAT COMIC LINGER,
THE GREAT COMIC SINGER,
FROM 444 BROADWAY. NEW YORK.
FROM 444 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
Mr. Pastor is withou* a rival in the world. His
Comic Singing is superior to the late
and his Witticisms excel those of
TEE GREAT ARTEME3 WARD.
is engaged at sn enormous salary. Mr. Lea is de
termined that the patrons of the Canterbury shall
fie# all the best talent in the country.
MONEY NO OBJECT.
First week of
M1S3 IDA PARKER.
MISS MARY COT.8ON,
and MISS IDA COLSON.
Third week of
First week of the Serio-comic Drama of
which has been in active preparation for th" nuf
Ml88 LAURA LB CLAIRE
MI;8 LAURA LK CLAIR!
MISS LAURA LB CLAIRE
in her rreat character of JANE CHATTERr wv
atterwa.tis 'he KARL OK RICHMOND, in which
character she will execute a wujca
BRUADBWORD CUM BAT
who will appfar in fear different characters.
MISS JENNIE J0HN80N
>Urd JEN NIK JOHNSON
MISS JENNIE JOHNSON
who. by request, will sin*
First week nTthe beautiful Billet Divertisesient
arranged by Mods. Mathieu, entitled '
THE BBLLB OF MADRID,
THK BELLE OF MADRID,
THE BBLLB OF MADRID,
THB BELLB OF MADRID,
in which will appear a Corps de Ballet of
TWENTY YOUNG LADIES 1
The Prin:e of all Ethiopian Ceuiedians,
appears every night, assisted by
DICK COLLINS AND CLARKE.
The public will please remember that
SOMETHING NEW CAN ALWAYS BE SEEN AT
appfar tyery week.
A GRAND MATIITEE
A GRAND MATINEB
A GRAND MATINEB
A GRAND MATINEB
FOR FAMILIES, EVERY
BAT UK DA Y AFTERNOON,
Special attention in called to the fact that we do
NO CURTAILMENT OF PROGRAMME
at the Matinees, the Performance being identiaal
with that of the evening.
Mr. Lea has just received from England a
which will be produced
FOR THE HOLIDAYS
with New Scenery, Tricks, Wardroh-s. Ac. Man
a(ter? of theaters can purchase a copy b/ applica
tion to Mr. Lea.
Look out for the Great Brama of
THB BRIGAND'S OATH!
THE BRIGAND 8 OATU !
CARD.?Are engaged and will shortly appear
MURRAY AND HUT0HING80N,
MURRAY AND HUTOHINGs N.
MURRAY AND HDiCHlNGHON,
MURRAY AMD HUTCHING80N,
ACROBATS AND GYMNAbTS.
tbe matt wonderful in the world.
Due notice will *>? of Ui*!r first ajpear
REPORT Or TH K SECRETARY OF THE
The elaborate report of Secretary Fessenden
furnishes a well-disested retume ol the pas1
and a thoughtful exposition of the present con
dition of onr finances, with important sugges
tions for their future management.
Before proceeding with the operations ot tue
Department since fie v as called to take charge
of it, be reviews the financial measures of his
predecessor, and the various acts of Congress
in connection therewith, in order to show the
dithculiy, in limeB like the present, of ascer
taining accurately the prospective demands
upou ihe Treasury, the most liberal estimates
having heretofore oeen fonnd inadequate, and
also the impossibility of determining a fixed
pellcy in a condition of affairs subject to so
many changes and con'ingencies In the
tormer case it is properly intimated that the
large increase in the military es'ablishnaent
and ihe rite o? price* consequent upon con
ducting operations on a scale ot tmmenge mag
nitude, were such as to render the maintenance
of the currency in a sound and natural condi
tion a matter of impossibility. In the latter, it
is said that in a Government lll*e ours public
opinion is the controlling element, but that
opinion is not under the r rol of those who
administer pubiic affair* ence, amid such
vast lluctuHiions it has been found impractica
ble to sustain tinancial operations ot sucti im
measurable character upon a specie basis. This
course was suggested not only as a preliminary
to a lair com prehension of Mr. Fessenden's
own acts, but as a matter of justice to the era
barrasements which beset Mr. Chase during
the trying period of hie Secretaryship.
For ide convenience of our readers we con
dense below the principal items of the tables
whi cb are present* d in the report.
The national debt amounted on the 1st of
The inter* st on the national debt for the cur
rent year amounts to ?91,810,215.18.
From taxation and other sources, the reve
nue of the current year is estimated at SU9,
Of this amount customs yield 870,'2< 1,09 1;
internal revenue, ?249,562,*50; "miscellaneous
The interest payable in coin now exceeds
Cfiy six millions per annum.
The daily expenditures is calculated at two
and a quarter millions.
The cailv receipts amount atpre?entto near
ly a million and a half, and if Cougiess lays
certain additional taxes, they can be brought
np to two millions per day.
There must be borrowed during the year
I $620,727,508. Fifty millions of this sum, how
ever, the Secretory thinks can be raised by
I additional taxes to be laid by the present Con
gress Deduct this, and also 8Wv353,3*20 of the
I public debt to be redeemed during the year,
and n results that the national debt will be in
created during the year ending June 30, 1^65,
The Secretary remarks that the high duties
have prevented importations and caused a fal
ling cff of the revenue from customs; heexpects,
however, to make this up by gains irom inter
nal taxation He desires to have such a sys
| tem of taxation as shall bring the internal rev
ecue up to thiee hundred millions per annum.
He recommends a tax on tobacco in leaf, a tax
on sale, and that the income tax be collected
without exemptions, as the law as it is opens
the door to innumerable fraud?: and, iu a young
and growing country, the vast majority ot in
comes are small, while all participate alike in
the blessings ot good government. Ttie adop
tion oi a scale augmenting the rate of taxation
upon incomes as the rise in amount, though un
equal in one sense, cannot be considered op
pressive or unjust, inasmuch as the ability to
pay increases in much more than arithmetical
proportions as the amount of increase of in.
come ? xceeds the limits of reasonable necessity. I
From the results of experience, as well as Irom
i alt the inrorrnation r?c??i*ed, the secretary is
I well < ;>nvinced that much revenue was not
| collected through an imperfect execution of the
| law, and more through a fraudulent evasion
of its provisions. He wisely suggests a com
mission to examine the whole question of taxa
ll?Mr. Fessenden advises the issue of interest
bearing notes?the interest payable in curren.
cy?to be convertible at maturity into gold
bearing flve-twnty bonds.
The expert nee of the past few months he
says, cannot have tailed to convince the most
careless observer that whatever may be the
eflect of a redundant circulation upon the price
of coin, other causes have exercised a greater
and more deleteriouB influence. In the course
of a lew days the price ol tUis article rosu from
about sl.50 to $'2 in paper for one dollar in
specie, and subsequently fell In as 6hort a pe
riod to SI >7, and then again rose as rapidly to
??2.50, and all without any assignable cau=e
traceable to an increase or decrease in the cir
culation of paper money, or an expansion or
contraction of credit or other similar influence
on the mavket tending to occasion a fluctu
ation to violent
It is quite apparent that the solution of the
problem may be found in the unpatriotic and
criminal efforts of speculators, and probably
of net-ret enemies, to raise the price of coin, re
gaidless of injury inflicted upon the country
or desirable to inflict upon it. All such at
tempts should be indignantly frowned upon by
a patriotic community, and the efforts of ail
good citizens invoked to counteract such nefa
rious schemes. A law providing for the ex
emplary punishment of combinations for such
a purpose might tend to vindicate, if it could
not protect, the public rights in this regard,
and should be, so far as possible, rigidly en
forced. Hut whatever success might attend
any ettort to check speculation in coin, or to
I counteract its injurious eflect, it is still obvious
that so long as there reuiains a large and in
creasing necessity for its use, and a limited
supply, it will command a price commensu
rate with the necessity and difficulty of obtain
ing it. This necessity arises from the demand
for foreign exchange, for customs duties, and
to pay the interest on the public debt.
Tbe matter ot foreign exchange he does not pro
pose to discuss. Tbe demand for duties on im
ports and that to pay the interest on a lar^e
portion ot the public debt are so tar identical
that one is dependant upou the other. Ihe law
authorizing the issue of bonds bearing interest
in coin, specifically pledged the revenue from
cuatoms to the payment of that interest, and
provided lor the collection of these duties in
the same currency. In the opinion of the Sec
retary that, pledge should not be violated; a
departure from it could only be vindicated by
one of those State necessities which justify a
nation in temporarily postponing its obliga
tions in order to preserve the power to dis
charge them at a into re day. When the pledge
was given no one anticipated a possible con
tinuance of 'he war for >uch a length ol time
as would Involve the increase of the public
debt to the point It has already attained, or
the possible payment of interest in coin to an
amount bey ond the ability of duties on Imports
11 will be noticed, however, tbat our annual
coin interest now exceedsS5t>,00<),000. Should
the aoditional amount required lor the expen
ditures of the present fiscal year be raised upon
tK>r.ds bearing interest in coin, and the revenue
from customs not exceed the estimate predi
cated upon the receipts of the first quarter, it
is quite niariiest that resort must soon be ha t
to some other source of supply, or recourse
must be bad to the emission of securities of a
different character. It could not be expected
tbat such securities would stand on a level
with those the interest upon which is payable
in coin, unless an increased value sbould be
given them by a higher ra'e of interest, or tneir
payment should be secured by a specific lien
npon revenue. In view of tha senous consid
eration presented by this question, whether a*
atleciiug the market value of coin or the abili
ty of Government to meet its specific Interest,
sbouM the war continue, from the revenue
now specifically appropriated to that purpose,
tbe Secietary is forced to the conclusion that
we should in the future rely, for the most part,
upon securities bearing interest in currency,
convertible into bonds, the interest of which is
pay able in com. ISo'es bearing an increased
rae of interest, payable m currency, redeem
able in three or five years, and con vertible a<,
maturity Into Five.tweuty bonds; would be
preferable, in the judgment ot the Secretary, to
any other form ot security. Bonds at long
dates, the iutere>t of which is payable in cur.
jei cy at the usual rat-, would be less attrac
tive. and in the eud involve a much gre&'.er
In giving the history of his experiences in
regard to the government loans since coming
uite office, he 8?? th-se negotiations have af
forded sail^factoiy evidence not only of tbe
ahOity of 'he people to furnish, at a short no
tice. such sums a* inny be required, but of th??
entire confidence felt in the national securities.
After uearly four years of a most expansive
and wasting war, the mean* to continue it
teem apparently undiminished, while tie de
termination to prosecute it with vigor to the
end is unabated
Sectetary Fessenden notice* the inadequate
raw ol compensation given to tbe DeparMnont
employees, and recommends an Increase of
He sntrgests discriminating legislation again =t
State banks; notioes organized attempts at
smuggling across car northern frontier; aud to
detect and prevent smuggling desires the or
ganization of a regular ??preventive" force.
The Heads ef Bureaus are complimented for
efficiency, and the value of the c?ast survey
REPORT OF THE RE( RETARY OF THE
We yesterday published some extracts from
the report of Secretary Usher, bearing upon
District matters, and now give some more
general r otice of his report.
In regard to the public lands, Secretary
Uther reports that about one thousand millions
of acres are still the property of the Govern
During the last ten years the income from
lauds was less than during the precediug
decade. This was occasioned by the large
quantities ol land?granted for internal im
provements ar<d for military and other pur
poses?which have competed, in the market,
with the lands of the United States; and. mora
recently, by the passage of the Homes e id law,
under which large quautines have been entered
at nominal rates.
During the year ending June 30, 1 ~t?I, public
lands have been disposed of as lollows:
Acres sold lor casti 432,773 90
Acres located with military war
Acres located with agricultural scrip 211,418.14
Acres certified to States for rail
roads ..... 857, ISO S7
Acres taken under the Homestead
law 1,2(51 ,592.6 I
Acres disposed of during the year..3,2^1,865 52
During the quarter ending Septem
ber 30, 1-61. the aggregate quantity
taken for the same purpose was... 939,176.!H)
Making a total of 1,221,312.12
The cash re eipts for sales, homestead and
location fees lor the same five quarters were
The aggregate quantity of public lands sur
veyed, but not disposed ot, was, on the3(Rh
September last, 133,517,587 acres. This has
been the average quantity for several years
past. The amount surveyed annually has
been about equal to that disposed of annually.
Nineteen States have accepted the provisions
of the acts donating lands "for the benefit of
agriculture and the mechanic arts," and have
received land and land-scrip amounting to
4,950,IK 0 acres.
The jurisdiction conferredon this department
by the act of Congress of March 3, 1851, for the
definite location of confirmed private land
claims in California was tuken from it by an
act approved June 14, 1^60, but has been re
cently restored under the act approved July 1,
1H31. The quantity of land embraced in all the
confirmations to the present date is 4.3(36,!?74
acres, of which 2,430,906 60 acres have been fi
nally survey ed and patented. What remains
to be done, in the important work of severing
the private from the public lands in that S ate,
will tie prosecuted with diligence, and brought
to completion as rapidly as possible.
Under the acts of Congress of July 1, I-G2,
and July 2, 1^61, making grants of land to aid
the construction of railroad and telegraph 'ines
to the Pacific coast, theini'ial point of the main
line of ralroad irom the Missouri river west
ward has been fixed at Omaha, Nebraska, atsd
the definite location of the road for one hundred
miles west from that point has been approved
by the President. The route ot the Pacific rail
road of California has been selected, and a map
oi the preliminary location thereof, from Sac
ramento eastward to the great bend of the
Truckee river, in Nevada, has been filed in this
department. The land along these routes for
twenty five miles, on both sides, have been
?iibarawu from market, pursuant to tae re
quirements ot the act of 1862.
During the pastyear additiocal discoveries of
precious metals, particularly of silver, have
been made in the region fianning, on the east
ward, the extended mountain ranges ot the
Sierra Nevada. A vast belt of some one or two
hundrrd miles in width, and ei?ht or ninebun
dred in length, embracing portions of Idaho,
Nevada, and Arizona, is rich in silver ore.
Owing to the remote locality ol th?se mines,
and the difficulty of transportation thereto, but
little machinery well adapted to the rapid and
economical reduction of the various ores has
been introduced. In that portion of Nevada,
thiough which the Pacific railroad will pass,
many rich .veins have been found, and it is es
timated by persons familiar wi'h the subject,
that, if the mines now opened there were sup
plied with the proper machinery, they would
yield ten millions of dollars per month. In the
same region vast beds of salt have also been
found, which from its value in the process of
separating the silver in the ores, has given a
fresh impulse to mining.
It is recon mended tuat careful mineralog
ical surveys be made of these regions, and
various suggestions are made in regard to pro
tect:ng the interests of the Government in min
The mines of New Mexico and Arizona are
probably not inferior in richness to any within
the limits ol the United States. Owing to their
inaccessibility they are indifferently wrought.
All efforts to make tbem available must neces
sarily be feeble, and attended with but partial
success, until roads shall havp been construct
ed through these Territories from the Atlantic
States, or from the navigable waters of the
Grants of land to epen railway communica
tion with the Pacific is recommended.
'?The management ot the Indians during the
past year has been attended with difficulty.
In addition to the war against that portion of
the Sioux that committed the massacres in
Minnesota in 1H32, and who are yet tinpun
ished and unsubdued, military operations
have been curried on against the combined
bands ot the Sioux of the plains and of the
Upper Missouri, as well as against a consid
erable portion of the Cheyennes and Arapa
hoes, particularly those who have been accus
tomed to inhabit the country of the Upper
Platte river, and who were parties to the treaty
of Fort I.aramie.
It is recommended that all trade and inter
course with these aud other hostile Indians bf
interdicted until tb??y yield to the will aud di
rection of the Government, ai-d a law be passed
making it a penal offence for aiiy person to
carry good or supplies ot any kind whatever
into their conntry for traffic.
Of those patriots, to whom pensions for ser
vices in the revolutionary war had been
awarded, five still survive at very advance 1
ages. At the beginning of the year twelve were
living, and 1,41? wilows of revolutionary sol
diers were receiving pensions, making !,43J
pensioners of (his class, the aggregate of who?e
yearly stipends was $115,217.43.
The number ot army pensioners (other thaa
revolutionary) who were paidduringthe four
teen mouths ending the 3()th of June last was
22,767, and of widows, (other than revolution
ary,) orphans and dependent mothers, 23,433.
TTte total number of persons who received
pensions during that period was therefore
49,630, and the amount paid lor army p/usious
during the year ending June 3d, was $4,340,
The number of navy pensioners who were
paid during the lourteen months preceding tbe
date mentioned was 1,505: and the amouut of
money paid them during the year was $lt>4,
247.92. The whole number of pensioners ou
the 30th June last was 51,135, requiring tor
their annual compensation $4,585,376.33.
During the year ending September 3?, 1864,
1,812 bounty land warrants were Issued, re
quiring 2f-6.96!i acres of land to satisfy them.
The act of Congress, approved July 14. 1-102,
entitled "An act to grantpensions," is belieye.l
to be one of the wisest and most munificent en
actments of the kind ever adopted by any na
tion. Its beneficial provisions extend 'o the
disabled survivors, end to the widows, or
phans, depends nt mothers and dependeut or
phan sisters of the deceased soldiers and sea
men of every grade and rank.
During the past year mor8 than >3,500,0!*1
have been paid tor pensions granted on account
ot disability or death ensuing from service in
the war of the rebellion. During the continu
ance of the war, no reliable estimate can be
made of the amount of money that will be re
quired eventually to meet the obligations thus
a-sumed by the governraeurtoour soldiers and
The list of pensioners Is constantly undergo
ing both increase and diminution, and at pres.
ent, and for mouths to come, It must be rapidly
aogmented, even ebon id peace be restated
without further hostilities. It is estima^d that
more than 7,<XK),000 of dollars will be required
to t-atiefy the claims accruing under the dbu
sion laws during toe current fiscal year
The Secretary recommends to the considera
tion of Congress the suggestion of the Commis
sioner of Pensions, that an appropriation for
pent-ion purposes should be made of a portion
of the pioceeds of abandoned and confiscated
property on land.
The business operations ot the Patent Office
for the year ending September 30 last bave been
wry satisfactory Dunn* the period above
Dinifd, 6,/?!?) applications for p%teate and 1^9
cavenb were tiled. V9 (ppiU'uniQi also were
made for tbe enennon of pitet.t* pr*vloa*ly
gramert. Daring the same period 1 843paten'f,
including re^asaes andd>'si.M,?, were i?-ued
aud 4(i ex'enslons granted The number o. apl
plications awaiting the pa\ m^nt Qt the tlnal
fee required by law before patents can ^
I s-ued bus lareely increased, num^riD* now
over 1,0" 0. The fl^ai c ?of h> office are tn a
prosperous coi ditlon, as appears by the follow,
lug ?-hurt statement:
The balance in the 'reasnrv to 'he credit of
| the patent fund on Oetotvr !, IMH. wa?S.77,.
Tti 6:t The receipts of the office to September
30, It-64, amounted to Sv'.Ki,*:- 6<". mskinga total
sum of ?26S,5il 43. The expenditures daring
tt e same period were ?2l4,t.>3 *-t, imvinr a
ba'ance o' f5?,l t? *W on h-.nri on October t, IP6I,
^eirg 1 t?> more than the balance as ex
hibited 011 October I, IHfcl.
^ J1* Secretary gives Ma views npon la re
gard to somf District matters. a* quoted by n*
, Thp work np?n th? Potomac d im
in.t aqnednc', anth >rt*ed at the
Mw i F Wen ProeecuVd with ail prac
IkiltaH ??KPaUhJ Tl" extreme scarcity of
.killed labor and well known local caues
?1?HW-tT7' rrloai,y "mp^ed us pr'
t!i?. aud 1l0J"1'l'on is not 1-0 far advanced
as wa* confidently anticipate*.. An appropri
ation ol fifty one thousaud n.,.e hundred and
forty five dollars (951,915) is required to nay
for the work now under contract, and which
should be completed before the close o' the
present fiscal jear
The ninth ar.nnal report of the Boxri of
Visitors of the Government Hospital for the
Insane fhows that theins i'ution has rendered
ver y valuable service to the conntry during
tb* past ycsr.
The Columhia Institution for the Instruc
tion of the Deaf and Dumb and the Blind
appears, from the annual report of the board
of directors, to be in a prosperous condition
A collegiate department for the d??af and dumb
hss been inaugurated under the re-ent act ol
Congress authorizing the board to confer de
gree?. 1 he Potomac water ha-> been conveyed
to the premises, hut the arrangements for ligh'.
ti'g the buildii g wih eas have not been com
pleted. The approprianon of ?jfi,(M) made at
last session ot Congress for enlarging the
grounds has been expanded in the purchase of
nearly fourteen acres contiguous to the former
premises on the north and west
The State of Maryland hiving established
an institution at Baltimore for the blind, the
toard has expressed the opinion that the blind
ot this District, on account ot th.'ir email num
ber, could be better instructed at Baltimore,
and has recommended that their transfer to
and support in that institution be sanctljned
During the year a Are alarm and police tele
graph has been erected in connection with the
police system of thecity. This will prove to be
of very great value in rendering th? police
force more effective, and in insuring the safety
of property against the ravages of fire and the
riargers of riot Disbelieved that after this
telegraph has been used for a Jew montSe, and
the members of the police have become famil
iar with the very manv uses to which it m?y
be applied, the necessity of an increase in the
number of policeman will not b> felt as here
tofore. An appropriation is asked from Coa
gress to meet the expenses Incurred.
The clerical force engaged in the compilation
of the statistics of the census becomes gradu
ally less with the progress of the work devolv
ing upon it, and its duties should be completed
at an early period.
Pennsylvania Avenue. ne?r Wili?ri's Hotel.
LAST NIGHT BUT ONB MOST POSITIVELY
,.?SR?VERJ0,UN1> OfeRMAN OPERA,
LEONARD (iRO^IR DIRECTOR
CARL ANSCHUT7, CONDUCTOR
THIS . THURSDAY; EVENING, r*cembfr8
iirfttime in tMfl^ty uMLi:a\ y 'a Grand Oper*.
With the -ame Grand Ci4?: with which the Opert
was presented (for the firrt time in many years) this
season at the New York Academy >>f Music and tub.
sequently in Boston and Philadelphia, winning tbe
mo6lecthufiastic comment ation.
GiiA > D PAUft&KT KB^IOIOSO,
in the First Act, with over one hun !jmI persons ci.
FRAN7. HIMMERas.? Kle./.r
JOSEPH HERMANNS as Cariina! BrojSi
EDWARD HAlMKRas V,7.~''
Soldiers, Priests, Monks. Peasants! Ac
TO MORROW. (FRIDAY.) D-c mber!>
by sjec al arrangement lor extra train, tlia Granl
? d grfe?Pera "r,*Dy w:U this cfity,
GALA FARFWEl L M*TINEB.
OverMiro ht 1 oVIoclr.
DER FHElSCliUr/.. OPERA ENTIRE
t> y C. V 011 ?> eder.
Admission to matinee, ?1; no extra charge for r?.
FF11'AY NT(iH'r. DECEMBER O
FAREWELL OPERA NIGHT '
Opera in FiTe Acts ty Meyerbeer.
FORD'S W1?W THEATER.
Ttnth street, above Pennsylvania avtnue
P^t!v*lTJVtDi^htba'-thrteof ih? Charm.'nr
and Talented.Comedienne, m,B*
MI83 MAGGIE MITCHELL,
who will again appear
in her great original creation of
FANCHON, Tfll CRICKET.
which centimes niehtly to attract crowded fi^h
ionaHe and delighted audiences. *
SPECIAL NOTICE.? Friday, Farewell Bene6t
and last appearance but one of
MISS MAGGIE MITCHELL.
snd as her engagement cannot p<o>sibly extend h?
yend Deeembpr l?. 8
8KAT8 MAY BE SECURED
for any evening during tbe week.
Corner D and Ninth Streets.
Sanderson <fc Howard Le sees
Positively last week of the popular and talented
in an entire change of programme eack evenimr
Admission 30 ee^ts. Rr?erv d Seat.Vce?tf *'
thursday EVENING '
Benefit of the Kavori'e Rallid'at
d 7 2t* GEORGE GRAY. ,%u a"
THE OXIOKU H ALL OK V1USM'
Ninth street, fronting on Pennsylvania aveaoe
GRAND CHANGE ^O^^PROGRAMME THIS
MONDAY. TUBBDAY, AND WEDNE??DIV
AN^^T,RELV FAK'JE '
A New <7 HANI) BALLEC *
A NEW PANTOMIME.
and first time of
in bis great act of
A LEAP tOU, LIFE.
Second week of
N O T I
GRAND MATINEE IVKRY ^ATI'RDAY.
Extka Notice.?The entire MARTINBTTf
fft",.LY7.,u,itu'^h-,liV- PaH'' *svher and
Albert?w ill inaKH their first ftppearAQoe at th:n
house thursday EVANING. UcraberS
1 PROMENADE CONCERT.
FORD'S T H K A T H R
MONDAY EVENING, December 19*18(>4
^ atK^i o'cl ock p m. ' *
B n"o.11AX* FFtLU 8 7TU ttGIMINT N. Y.
ciVgl>KTli k'k't"'?*ent'?ir-an and lady. 53.
V? v. JVu niay be obtained of tbe
Members of the Re*linent.
Mi'itary and Naval Officers are requested to
appear in Tnform. 1 " 10
M>**GKhs -Hot). F,K Spinner. U. S. Treasurer;
Hi;n b. T. Lwlby, Heguter: Hon. Edward Jordan
Solicitor: Hon Hugh McCullock, Oornp of thii
linn JfCw' M Brodhead.2d Comptroller;
II i? p JVLSWI." Uom of Internal Revenue:
Hen. Thomas L. Smith, First Auditor; Hon E B*
Audi tor ^ H?n Lt0r '1Dk J 0 h ? W^lleon, Third
m, uisiw-" cb?"
PnTftt** BoZ0R iDhy f>btliQpd of IiIA Trp&i ir^r
No tickets sold at the door. dee 5-2w
the LARGK3T. CL0AKS
in th* eity. 3 m. MEVKNB1RG. ?
4S Market Spa'e.under the Arena, floaser
nov .If) 1 w between 7th afcdgth ?t?.
I A HUE MAP OE GEGBGIA.-Cowpiled under
?J the direction of tbe General Asue-nbly; one
cop> only: back el with cotton. Alao,alarge M?p
of South daroltoa. For?ale by
_d?cS ' BancK TVYLOR.
r^OR SALB?A PARLOR COOK 8T0V1, ai?ht
i Gold and Silver Watfhee. Ave Revolvers, a
qnantiryof CntlTy and silver placed Ware, thirty
iw?r c nt. less than any stor# iu ihe tily.
N. B.-Tbree 8ewing Machines to rent, at
SINGER'S ???!?* Machine A??uc>, 416 K at ,
near tbe Poet Office. nov .10 7t*
ILLIE'S SAFES, (be caleb a ted CQILLSB
f and WBOLfillf IRON FIRM and ?CR
OLAR PROOPS, with COMBINaTIOW LOCKS.
Alms BANK LOCKS, VAULT DOORS AND
General Southern agen iy $7 wfit Lombard at ,
Bov>Sin A. PR0SEC3, General A^eat,