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PHE9IDEXT *OSTT OF CHILE AND PRESIDENT TAFT AT BEVERLY.
(Copyright br Harris ft En tup. t
honorable settlement of difficult!**. In
the years between 1SH!? and It" whfn
the frontier dispute with the ntlne
Republic brought Chile near war,
when practically every one w ready
and waiting the order to march. Benor
rtontt untiringly poured oil on the trou
bled waters. To him was given much of
the credit for the happy result finally
He was defeated once for the presi
dency Ave years prior to his election, and
on that occasion he returned to the sen
ate and continued his daily occupation as
If the defeat had been only a trivial oc
curs n re in his life.
Eariv last June the president suffered
a serious attack of angina pectoris, and
on his partial recovery the trip to Eu
rope was planned
He arrived In New York August 1 last,
a passenger with his young wife and
suite on the steamship Tagus. which he
boarded at Colon. Fort Wadsworth
saluted him with the twenty-one guns
that are a ruler's due. and the I'nited
States government assigned officers of the
irmy and navy to be his aids. President
raft sent a representative of the State
f?enartment to greet him at quarantine
ind to deliver a messaee from the Presl
lent of the I'nited 8tates to his good
friend the President of Chile. In his five
Isvs* stay"on the Atlantic coast he talked
with Mayor Gaynor. was received by
President Taft at Beverly, and exchanged
.Islts with several distinguished Ameri
President Taft Sends Cablegram.
BEVERLY, Mass . August 17.?News of
he death of President Pedro Montt of:
r*hlle reached President Taft yesterday
evening, and he immediately sent the fol
owlng cablegram to Mrs. Montt:
Mme. Pedro Montt,
"Care Chilean legation, London.
"Mrs. Taft and I are greatly shocked
o hear of the death of President Montt.
Vour welcome visit to us at Beverly is
till fresh In our memory. We extend to
? ?u our heartfelt sympathy in your great
orrow. and we condole with Chile in the
o?s of her chief magistrate and her great
Uatesnmn. -WILLIAM H. TAFT."
News Shocks Officials Here.
< 'fficial Washington was shocked at the
ews of the death of President Mcntt of
LN lie, who Is remembered by many here
hrough his former service as the diplo
matic representative of his country at
his capital. In the opinion of Senor
Vouch am, first secretary of the Chilean
?gatiorv the death of the president was
lastened by his experience at the recent
ittempted assassination of Mayor Gay
"President Montt and I were talking
with the mayor only a moment before the
?hot was flrcd," said Senor Yoacham,
'and the president seemed to be greatly
iffected by the tragedy. 1 have no doubt
hat he never recovered from the shock,
is his heart was very weak.
"His health improved greatly while he
*ii In the United States, and had it not
>een tor this incident I believe he would
lave lived for some time to come.
"President Montt had a great career In
Thlle. Improvements of all sorts were
VAN SHOOTS HIMSELF;
ANOTHER FLEES MADLY
>owd Gives Chase, Believing
Murder Had Been Done.
Suicide Attempt Feeble.
William Javins. twenty-six years old.
?f .'MO M street southwest, employed as
Irlver of an ice cream delivery wagon,
reated excitement this morning in front
?f l.mo C street southwest by shooting
timself in the mouth.
He had delivered Ice cream at the store
nd was on his way back to the wagon,
vhen he stopped in the yard, drew his
?istol and discharged it.
Although Javins used a .38-caliber re
?olver, the wound he inflicted was not
artous. He lost a quantity of blood,
Fleeing Man Pursued.
8eth Johnson, a veteran fish dealer,
vas greatly alarmed when he heard the
eport, and started to run in the direc
lon of the river. Pedestrians who saw
dm fleeing from the scene took it for
?ranted that he had done the shooting
.nd started in pursuit.
The pursuing party Increased in num
kts as Johnson's flight continued Cries
?f "Murder" and "Catch him" added to
he excitement. Johnson was almost ex
hausted when he was foiced to stop.
Policeman Barteman of the fourth pra
?Inct a as a witness to the shooting
.Vheo the policeman saw Javins draw
he weapon he made a rush to get it
rom htm. but was not In time to prevent
he discharge of the revolver.
Much Blood Is Lost.
Javins fell. The quantity of blood he
ost made those who gathered about him
>elleve his wound was grave. It was
hought the bullet had passed entirely
hrough his head and that blood from
he point of exit was pouring Into his
Policeman Harteman took charge of the
tatient and cared for him until he could
?e taken to the Emergency Hospital.
"Send word to my mother," were the
?nly words uttered by Javins.
The patient was hurried to the operat
t.g room and the bullet was quickly ra
noved it had passed to one side of the
nouth and injured his jaw and taeth. it
?a* an easy matter to And It. The
lattened bullet was turned over to a
Javins offered the police no explanation
?f his conduct. An employe of tha Cha
lin-Sacks Company told them ha had
hreatened more than a year ago that ha
vould kill himself. ,
Dsapondsney Shown Before.
The police wars told that Javins had
eft toe employ of tht company at that
furthered during his administration, and
he built more lines of government rail
roads than any other president. His
death Is a very great loss to my coun
During President Montt's brief stay
in the United States he was attended hv
Mr. Hale of the State Department, Maj.
Gen. Carter of the army and Capt. Huse
of the navy.
Sufferer From Heart Trouble.
"President Monti was a sufferer from
heart trouble," said Mr. Hale, "but we
were all hopeful that Immediate danger
was removed, as his trip had apparently
done him so much good. He was a very
attractive man and a great reader. He
surprised me by his extensive knowledge
of the United States. His personality was
magnetic, and his characteristics such
that I can only describe him as being a
true man?a very gieat and noble one."
"We all realized," said Gen. Carter,
"that President Montt was a very sick
man while he was here, but did not think
his end was so near. He was an extreme
ly courteous gentleman and a splendid
Occasions Deep Regret.
Officials of the government, particular
ly the State Department, expressed the
deepest regret today over the news of
the death of President Montt. Secretary
Knox will send a telegram of condolence
to Santiago. United States Ambassador
Hill, at Berlin, was directed to express
H!r..sympathies of this government to the
Chilean legation In Germany, and to
place the services of the embassy at the
disposal of Mrs. Montt should she desire
to avail herself of them. The American
consul general at Bremen was also di
rected to put himself at the disposal of
the Chilean party.
It Is barely possible that an American
warship may convey the body of the late
President at least a part of the way
on the return to Chile. President Montt
and his party went to Germany by way
of th* Isthmian Canal Zone and New
i ork, and it may be found convenient
for the funeral party to return to San
tiago the same way. In that event it is
presumed that the United States will
place a warship at the disposal of the
Changs in Personnel.
The death of President Montt of Chile,
It was learned this morning at the Bu
reau o( American Republics, causes no
immediate change in the personnel of the
executive. I nder the constitution of that
county, which has no vice president the
minister of the interior acts ts president
when the chief executive is absent or in
capacitated. or when h? dies. He is re
quired by the fundamental law promptly
theCdeafhror ?h? e,ection ,n th? of
the permanent disability of
the president, serving until his successor
?s formally chosen by the people.
pre sen t" IsElla?' ??* lnt*rior at Chile at
TkLIL ws Fern*ndes Albino who
has therefore been the acting pres'dent of
the country during President Montt's ab
., th? election soon to be
wmrt. Pr",J"U ?"cc?.
w~k.,h.7*TM " 1,1,1 A
r w weeks ago he was again given em
ployment with the firm.
This morning he showed signs of de- |
say S Ja^'Vns ^has d
tiey"we*rhe?not 8,,,Cid,,, d^"^on Sf'
hh.dy.hoetreh,nm?Lrrprl8ed to hear ^
mareri?dWlHeWwi.lh,8,m?ther- and '?
this afternoon. retUr" home probably
TRIP Tfl ENGLAND
Buys Cheap Bag for Clothes
and Second-Hand Novels
to Read on Ship.
QUEBEC. Que.. August 17 -Dr Crippen i
and Miss Leneve are ready to leave for
England on an hour's notice. Today Jailer
Morin brought Crippen a cheap imitation
eat her bag to hold the underwear and ai
few small articles needed on the trip He
also purchased, at the dentist's request
three second-hand novels, which Crippen
expects to read on the way over.
The property found in the < abin of the
Montrose when .the pair were arrested I
has been packed in the bis valise they used
in common, and the jewelry discovered on
Crippen has been sealed In a big envelope
The contents of both valise and envelope
will be introduced aa evidence at the trial
The Jewelry is particularly important*
since it is supposed to have belonged to
the accused man's wife, the missim;
Belle Elmore. It has been valued at
Miss Leneve will take her few personal
possessions away in a paper parcel. The
boy's clothes she wore aboard the Mont
rose are in the sealed valise, which the
prisoners will not be allowed to use on
the trip over.
Because Inspector Dew has expressed
keen anxiety to proteet his prisoners from
public notice, the local police believe he
may take them back on the steamer I ake
Manitoba, due to sail from here tomor
row afternoon. This Is a small, slow boat
carrying few passengers. 1
CHANGES AT PEKING.
Two Members of Chinese Grand
Council Suddenly Dismissed.
PEKING, August 17?An imperial edict
was issued today unexpectedly dismissing
two members of the grand council. Chlh
8ui and Wu-Yu-Seng. Prince Yu-Lang. a
?f th# family, and Hsu
flhih-Chang. president of the ministry of
tTS. "Vn<?TUnlCati0n'- "?
Tang?8ha?-Yl. former governor of the
?2?teuSLXlSf*"- U ?Panted to suc
caad Hsu-Shi h-Chang as president of tha
ministry of peats and relations.
Pro Subita Morto de Prezi
Oni Decidis ke la Sepa Kongreso
Okazu en Antverpeno Belgujo.
LITERATUR AJ PBEMIOJ DONITAJ
Kongresanoj Auskultag al H-aportoj
ae Lingva lomitato Kaj de Kon
stanta Komltato de Konptsoj.
Esperanto Program for Tomorrow.
9 to 11 a m ?Group meetings In the
main building of George Wash
ington University. Thes?? will
include gatherings of the fol
lowing American societies: New
England. New York. Eastern,
Capital. Southern, Ohio Valley,
Central. Prairie, Southwestern.
Rocky Mountain, Western and
11 a m.?Meeting of the Universal
Esperanto Association in the
main auditorium at the Arling
4 p.m.?Visit to the ball game at
American League Park. Dele
gates will be furnished with
books explaining the rules of
5 p.m.?Concert by the Marine Band
at marine barracks.
8 p.m.?Ijectures at the Arlington by
Gabriel Chavet of France on
"Antwerp" and by W. J. Splil
man on "Visible Speech."
9a horo gis la 11a?KunvenoJ de la
apartajoj de la E. A. de N. A.
en la cambroj de George
Washington Universitato. Je la
l?a kunvenos "New England,"
"New York," kaj "Eastern"
apartajoj. Je la Da kaj duono
kunvenos "Capital," "Southern,"
kaj "Ohio Valley." J* la 10*
kunvenos "Central," "Prairie,"
kaj "Southwestern." Je la 10a
kaj duono kunvenos "Rocky
Mountain." "Western," kaj
11a horo ? Universal* Esperanto
Asocia general* Kunsldo.
Posttagmeze 4a horo? La konkurso
de la "American Base Ball
league" (stacia pilkludo) en 1*
"American League" parko, je 7a
strato Florida Avenuo. Oni
iron per la 7a kaj Florid* Ave
nu* tramveturiloj. Estu pretaj
por irl Je trla kaj duono. La
llbro "Kondukanto al 1* Staci*
Pilkludo" estoe havebla en 1*
akceptejo. Biletoj 50 cendoj.
5a horo? Esperantlst* Koncerto de 1*
"U. S. Marine Band" (bone
konata kiel "La Musiklstaro de
la Presidanto de Usono") ce la
'Marine Barracks." Enlro
senpaga. kaj special*J segoj por
Vespere 8a horo?KelkaJ paroladoj
de S-ro Gabriel Chavet pri Ant
verpeno. Urbo de la Sep* Es
perantista Kongreso; de 8-ro
W. J. Spillman pri "Videbl*
La kongresanoj estis tre malgojoj, ho
diau matene, klam oni anoncis en 1*
gbeneral* c kunsldo de I* kongreso, ke
pro 1* bedaurlnda morto de Presidanto
Montt, de Chilo. klu sublte mortis hierau,
Jhus klam 11 alvenls en Bremen, Ger
manujo, la invito de 1* Honorind* John
Barrett, al akceptado en la Internacla
Oficejo de la Amerikaj Respublikoj, kom
preneble estas nuligitaj.
La kunsldo, tuj klam oni anoncis pri
tiu morto de la presidanto, aprobls rezo
luclon ke 1* Ses* Kongreso de Esperanto
bedauras 1* morton de Presidanto Montt,
kaj es pri mas koran slmpation.
Oni anoncis la legis telegramon de
Presidanto Taft, klu dankis al la kon
gresanoj pro la ricevlt* telegr*mo salu
tanta, kaj slavlce sendas al la Ses*
Kongreso saluton kaj koran gratulon.
Doktoro Mybs legls pro Generalo el
Parlxo, klu pro m*l?ano ne povls parto
prenl la kongreson, raporton resuman de
la Konstanta Komltato. La raporto rllataa
al la propono starigl tutan lntern*cian
konsllantaron, kies membroj, elektltaj
lauproporcle de la anoj de clu nacia
asoclo, zorgos pri fln*nc*j aferoj de la
ghenerala centra oflcelo.
Oni ankau anoncis Fa akcepton de la
inylto recevitata de Antwerp ke la 8epa
Internacla Kongreso da Esperanto okazu
Poste, Kapltano Poshnikov. el Rusujo,
Invitls la Kongreson de 1912 ke ghl kun
venu en Rusujo. ? Tlam, Slnjoro George
Warnler, el Parlso. anoncis ke oni esperas
ke la Kongreso de 1914 okazu en Parizo.
Tlam, Dotoro Mybs, efektlva presidanto
d la Lingva Komltato, legis raporton de
la Lingva Komltato. pro Rektoro Botrae,
la presidanto de la Lingva Komltato,
kiu bedaurlnde ne povls cheesti.
Antau la Laboro Kunsldo, okasis 1* tre
interess dlsdonado de premloj de la Lit
eratura Konkurso. Doktoro Yemans unue
presentis Slnjorinon Hankel, reghlnon de I
1* Liter*tur* Konkurso de I* Kvina Kon
greso. 8ht parolls kelkajn vortojn, kaj
tlam presentis Doktoron l^owell, Lerne
Jestro de la Roxbury Latin School, el
Boston, Mass.. kiu disdonis la premlojn.
Inter multe de kora salut* aplaudado. la
Jenaj verklstoj ricevis I* premlojn:
Por poezlo pri Universal* Fr*teco?J. H.
Mello Souza. el Brasllio (arghenta
Por prossjho pri Unlvers*!* Frateco?
Fraullno Esther Hlgg*? el Anglujo (ar
Por Original Rakonto?Sro. H. S. Hall,
el Cleveland. Ohio (arghenta medaioi.
Por Original Rakonto skribita de jun
ulo?Raymond T. Bye. el Germ*ntown,
Pennsylvania (arghent* medalo).
Por traktato pri la Utlleco de Esperanto
en Komerco?Slnjoro W. S. Vogler, el
Hamburg. Germanujo ($10, donaclta de
la Washingtona Chambro Komercai.
Por traktato pri la Biblio? W. L.
Church, el Bostono, Mass. (Llbro. donlta
de Doktoro U. G. B- Pierce, antaunelonge
Kapelano de la Usona Senato.)
Por traktato ptl la Slmlleco de Zamen
hof kaj Lincoln-James Robbie el Skot
lando (la verkoj ds Zamenhof. lukse bin
RUMOR OF MERGER DEFIED.
London Report of Conference With
LONDON. August 17.?The reports ot
conferences between Thomas F. Ryan, J.
D. Ryan, Samuel Untermyer and other
Americans now In London, which, ac
cording to reports, were for the purpose
of arranging a big copper merger, are
stated here to be entirely without founda
tion. Samuel Untermyer today emphati
cally denied that there was any truth In
the story or that there had been to his
knowledge any such conferences.
Mr. Untermyer stated that he had not
seen Thomas F Ryan for months, and
that his presence in London waa due to
businesa of an entirely different n*ture.
It Is generally believed that the reports
of the copper conference emanate from
operators upon the stock market.
? DIES AT AGE OF 110.
Mn. Johnson Wat Oldest Colored
Woman in Mew York.
NEW YORK, August 17.?Over 110
years old, Mrs. Margaret Johnson, be
lieved to be the oldest negro woman In
this part of the country, died *t her home
in B*y Wde. L. I., today. She waa hale
and hearty up to a few years ago. but
Mrs. Johnson was born on the south
here of Long Island May 15, 1800, ac
cording to the death certificate.
RECEPTION GIVEN UP
President Montt's Death
Alters Esperantists' Plans.
MANY PRIZES AWARDED
Medals Presented for Best Literary
Productions in New Tongue.
MEET NEXT YEAE IK ANTWERP
Secretary Morrison of A F. L. De
livers Brief Address Trip
to Mount Vernon.
COL. JOHN FALLEN OF GREAT
Because of the sudden death, in Bre
men. of President Montt of Chile, the re
ception which was to have been given
tonight in honor of the visiting Esperan
tists at the International Bureau of
American Republics will not be held. This
was decided on by Director John Bar
rett. who was to have been the host, and
he immediately notified Acting President
Yemans of the congress.
This" announcement was made at this
morning's session and created widespread
disappointment. Inasmuch as the recep
tion was to have been the most important
and elaborate event in connection with
the congress. The delegates adopted a
resolution of sympathy on the death of
President Montt and rose in their places
in honor of his memory.
Before the opening of the morning ses
sion today there was an Informal meet
ing at which the prises won during the
last year for the best literary productions
in Esperanto were awarded.
Dr. Lowell, head master of Roxtoury
Latin School, presided at this session and
the prises were handed out to the win
ners by Miss Marie Hankel of Germany,
who was the queen of the floral fete at
Barcelona last year.
Those Who Won Prizes.
The prize winners were:
Essay, "The Utility of Esperanto for
Commercial Purposes," prirt of flO of
fered by the Chamber of Commerce of
Washington, W. A. Vogler of Hamburg,
"Poetry, "Universal Brotherhood." Jeao
Baptista Mello Souza of Brasll, silver
Prose. "Universal Brotherhood." Miss
Esther Higgs, England, silver medal.
Short story, "How Bill Became an Es
perantist." Herschel S. Hall, Cleveland,
Ohio, first sliver medal.
Short story, "Fate." Raymond T. Bye,
Germantown, Pa., second- sliver medal.
"Essay on the Bible," W. L. Church of
Boston and essay on the "Similarity be
'tween Zamenhof and Lincoln," James
Robbie of Scotland, were awarded sets of
Beport of Gen. Sebert.
Dr. Mybe ef Germany read the report
of Gen. Sebert of Paris, the chairman of
the executive committee. In this report
Gen. Sebert pleaded for the enlargement
of the powers of the executive committee,
which has charge of the financial affairs
of the organization.
It was announced in this report that
Antwerp had been decided upon as the
place for the holding of the 1011 congress.
The report was adopted in its entirety.
Following the reading of this report
Capt. Posnikof, who represents the Rus
sian government, invited the congress to
Russia for 1012. George Warnler of
fYance (expressed the wish that the
tenth congress might be held in Paris in
The report of the language committee,
which had been prepared by Rector Rol
rac of Dijon University, mas read by Dr.
Mybs. The latter supplemented his read
ing by a plea for "thinner dictionaries
GABRIEL I'HAVRT OF FRANCE,
and simpler grammar." He said that the
more subtle the grammarians sought to
make the language the more difficult it
would be to convince the world that It
was, in reality, a simple language.
Before adjournment a short address
was made by Frank Morrison, secretary
of the American Federation cf I.*bor. It
was translated by W. D. Mann of Eng
land. Mr. Morrison pledged himself to
learn Esperanto, and said that it would
be of incalculable value In promoting
an interchange between the laboring peo
ple of the world.
Telegram From Taft.
A telegram from President Taft thank
ing the congress for its message St con
gratulation and wishing the delegates
success was read and loudly cheered.
This afternoon the delegates are visit
ing Mount Vernon. This evening. In
place of the planned reception, there will
oe an informal social meeting at the
"As Tou Like It" Enjoyed.
That Esperanto lends itself to the poetic
form and may be made to flow tripping
ly from the tongue when blanlc verse
written in it is properly $poken was dem
onstrated last night on the grounds of
the Bristol School on Mlntwood place
northwest, where a performance of "As
You Like It" was given In the open air
by the Hickman Players.
More than a thousand of the delegates
and their friends attended the presenta
tion and manifested sreat enthusiasm over
the brilliant manner In which Dr. Ivy
Kellerman Reed of this city had trans
lated Shakespeare's pastoral and the
smooth and easy performance given by
the players under the direction of Rob
ert Nugent Hickman. None of the Hick
man players could apeak ? word of Es
peranto up to two months ago. The etie
with which they spoke it last night would
seem to be an argument in favor of ita
The threatening weather undoubtedly
kept away a great many of the delegates
and their friends, but the grounds were
not wet and no discomfort was felt. The
mlse en scene was beautiful. There is
a prove of trees on the grounds surround
ing the school and on the edge of this
the stage was set. Hundreds of smaller
trees had been brought in to enhance
the effect. The stage blended with sev
eral little knolls and was covered with
earth, so that its presence was barely
discernible. The effect as the characters
entered from the back of the grove was
The performance will be repeated this
evening and Thursday evening.
Grounds Hung With Lanterns.
The lighting of the stage was by means
of calciums placed back of the audience.
The grounds were hung with Japanese
lanterns, as were the roads leading to
them. The general effect was idyllic and
entirely in keeping with the delicate
Imagery and exquisite charm of the
story of Rosalind's love In the forest of
The acting was more than adequate.
The Espevantlsts seemed most enthusias
tic about the work of Maurice Jarvls,
who played the melancholy Jacques. The
Touchstone of Holland Hudson and the
Orlando of Addison Smith were also
praised. Miss Florence Garland, the
Kosallnd. was wondrous fair to look upon
and acted with a lightness of touch that
"As You Like It" in Esperanto will be
given tonight and tomorrow night. This
is th?? first presentation of a Shakespear
ean play in the new language ever under
ESPERANTO A LANGUAGE.
Delegate to Congress Here Calls It
To the Editor of The Star:
In your editorial Monday you say that
Esperanto should be denominated a code
rather than a language. While your re
marks as to the essence of a language
and Its racial characteristics may apply
to any of the racial and national lan
guages. you apparently overlook the fact
that Esperanto is based on the assump
tion that beneath these national peculi
arities there is a substratum of neutral
ground which is, to a great extent, com
mon to all; and on this substratum may
be raised a language free from these
racial characteristics, and for that very
reason international in its essence, and
at the same time already f am liar to a
large extent to those who speak any of
the racial languages which it unuerllea.
Practical experience has shown that
Esperanto may be Justly and rightly con
sidered me this underlying and comny>n
neutral tongue. While not racial or na
tional In ita appeal or in its forms, he
who speaks any of the great European
group of languages finds in Esperanto a
new form, sufficiently similar to his own
to appeal to his Innate love of his moth
er tongue, yet doing away with Just those
elements which make that same motl^r
tongue difficult, or impossible, to the for
eigner. instead of this racial appeal, he
finds a new appeal when he comes to
realize that Esperanto is not only his own
language, but also the language of his
brother-man of other race or nation, and
that, through it, he is for the time free
from those bonds and barriers of the na
tional appeal, and can come out on the
common ground of Internationalism and I
broad humanity. It is Just this feeling
and appeal which is the inspiration of Es- I
peranto, and which gives It tne right to
claim a place among the living languages.
While this congress now in session In
Washington will be amply sufficient to
prove this, yet one must remember that
the very fact of its being in America
makes it, in reality, less international
than those held in Europe. It has been
my privilege to attend congresses in
Geneva in 11)06, and in Dresden in 1908,
as well as the present one In your hos
pitable city, and I may claim some
knowledge, not only of the practical
utility of Esperanto, but also of its un*
deriving sentimental appeal, and its right
to be called a language. Now, if only I
formal meetings are considered, it might I
possibly be permissible to call It a code, I
but a code, however perfect, would never [
(?uffice for the Informal conversation and
intercourse that Is, after all, the real end
and aim of an Esperanto congress. You
cannot have a quiet chat with your
Spanish, German, Russian or other
friend, with Jokes and stories, by means J
of a code; but you can do so by Esper
anto. I know, for I have often don9 it.
No. Esperanto is not a code, but a
language, vital and virile, with its own
proper and peculiar appeal and sentiment,
that of internationalism and broad neu- I
tral human sympathy.
The rose of our gardens ts an artificial
product, for nature unassisted could
never produce It. But a combination of
the best elements of many roses goes to
make it what it is, and the comMned
beauties of all delight us In their com
mon progeny. It lives most assuredly
with the best life and beauty of all Its
ancestors. So with Esperanto. Artificial?
Yes; as this rose is artificial, for nature
could not produce It. Living? Yes; for it
lives with the best and most vital ele
ments of all Its sources.
LEWIS B. LUDERS.
JAPAN TO ANNEX KOREA
FINAL NEGOTIATIONS ABE SAID
TO BE UNDEB WAT.
All Necessary Preliminaries Will Be
Concluded Within Two or
TOKIO, August 17.?The long-await
sd annexation of Korea by Japan is
about to become a reality, according to
special dispatches from Seoul, pub
lished today by the Tokio press. The
Jispatches announce that the final nego
tiations for the annexation were com
menced yesterday by Lieut. Gen. Count
Terauchi, the Japanese resident general
in Korea. The resident general then
outlined the conditions upon which
Jupan will sign the agreement for an
It Is believed that the negotiations
with the members of the Korean
cabinet will be concluded In two or
three days, and that an early conclusion
of the act of annexation may be ex
The Hochl, Malnlshl Dempo and other
papers are issuing extra editions with
the Seoul dispatches.
KNIFE FOR GAYNOR SOON
SIMPLE OPERATION WHEN HE
NEW YORK. August 17.?A quiet and
restful night found Mayor Gaynor still
further Improved today. His physicians
have now the strongest belief in his com
The temperature, pulse and respiration
are practically normal. There are no In
dications of infection from the bullet
The physicians Issued the following bul
"Mayor Gaynor passed a very good
night. He has slept well and enjoyed his
breakfaat, and Is gaining in strength.
Temperature. 04; pulse. 70, and respira
tion. 16. "ARLItZ,
It is now generally believed that the
mayor will undergo an operation for the
removal of the bullet Just as soon as his
physicians feel that he Is strong enough.
The operstlon will toe simple. It la said,
and will be attended by little danger, if
Holders of Telegraph Franks
in Record-Breaking Stunts.
OFFICE OPERATORS DAZED
Messages Regarding Cherry Crop
and the Capture of Holland.
SURPRISE FOR GIRL IN PEORIA
Newspaper Correspond enta Adopt
Unique Plan of Saying Good-Bye
to Special Privilege.
Both of the big telegraph companies
did a record-breaking business in dead
head messages last night. Traffic su
perintendents were swamped, wire chiefs
swore, operators grumbled and a lot or
innocent people all over the country were
yanked out of bed in the middle of the
night to sign for telegrams informing
them that cherries would soon be ripe or
that the Dutch had taken Holland.
There's a simple explanation of the
pleasant outrage. Just a week ago the
heretofore proud possessors of Western
Union and Postal franks were informed
by letter from the superintendents or
the two companies that "on and after
August 17 all of this company's franks,
excepting those held by persons who
may legally use them under the terms
of the interstate commerce act. are to
t?e canceled, as under that act they be
come null and void. It therefore be
comes necessary to request that you dis
continue using the frank issued in your
favor August 16. Please return the un
used portion to me."
That last sentence seems to have been
by way of surplusagd. From all accounts
there are no unused franks, in Washing
ton at least, this morning.
Resembled Mass Meeting.
A large portion of the telegraph franks
In Washington are held by newspaper
men, and It looked last night as if some
body had called a meeting of the Capitol
ppress gallery In front of the main offices
of the Western Union and the Postal.
Every now and then, when somebody in
side made room at one of the tables, a
?member of the brain trust would dash
through the door, address telegrams to
relatives, friends, acquaintances and
even strangers, stick on the necessary
stamps and hustle out again to think up
a few more names.
According to an unofficial count, Fred
die Steckman, whose acquaintance among
the fair sex is supposed to extend from
Waycross. Georgia, to Sitka, skipping no
Intermediate points of importance, holds
the records for deadhead messages with
thirty-nine. He got a new book of forty
stamps Just a couple of weeks ago and
up to last night had used only one in
wiring a stinging reproof to his man
aging editor. But the book is empty now.
Even Angus McSween. personal conduct
or of higher thought for a leading morning
paper of one of our metropoli, and who
thinka that the United States ahould be
governed by a tribune composed of Glf
ford Pinchot, Norman Hapgood and El
bert Hubbard, descended from the realm
of higher things, long enough to help out
In the good work. It Is his custom to
converse over the long-distance telephone
with his managing editor every night
concerning the latest public outrage, the
most recent evidence that the country
la going to the dogs and the newest ru
mor that the only living ex-President will
again be a candidate In 1912. But last
night he used his books of franks in
stead. and in pure and limpid English
expressed his horror at the violence of
fered to Col. Roosevelt yesterday by
Barnes and company of New York.
Peoria Girl Surprised?Sure.
But most of the deadhead messages
weren't particularly formal or serious or
business-like. For instance, there's a
girl in Peoria. 111., who undoubtedly was
somewhat surprised about 2 o'clock this
morning to receive a telegram conveying
the best wishes of the season from a
newspaper person with whom she ex
changed a few words in the railroad
station when Bryan's train stopped at
her town for three minutes In 1806.
"That's only fourteen years ago," said
the man who sent the telegram. "Maybe
she'll remember me. She was a queen."
No deadhead messages were received
for transmission after midnight. Most
of the operators who had been on duty
during the evening and who emerged
after that hour looked dazed.
"I feel," said one of them, passing the
back of his hand across his bewildered
brow, "as If I had been attending to
the correspondence of a lot of prise bugs.
You know that man Tawm Pence? Well
But Just then the operator remembered
that all telegrams are confidential.
JUSTICE BARNARD OFF TO VAL
The sixth quinquennial meeting of the
association known as the Eleven Branches
of the House of William Barnard will be
held Friday at Maple Arbor farm, near
Valparaiso, Ind., the home of Charles
In order to attend this meeting Justice
Job Barnard, who Is secretary of the as
sociation, adjourned court at noon today
and took a train for Valparaiso. He was
accompanied by his son. Attorney Ralph
P. Barnard, who holds the office of vice
president of the association.
In August, 188ft. this association of the
descendants of William Barnard was or
ganized, and now has a membership of
8ince the last meeting, in 190f?. the
president of the association, Oliver W.
Barnard, the oldest of the eleven chil
dren of the family, died, as did also Mrs.
Polly A. Maulsby, the treasurer of the
Other members of the family will be se
lected at this meeting to fill the vacan
cies In those offices. Only three other
members of the association have died
within the past five years.
The meeting takes the torm of an out
door picnic dinner. All relatives, neigh
bors and friends of the Barnards have
received a cordial Invitation to attend
and bring their baskets.
After the reunion Justice Barnard will
go to Chicago and thence through Boston
to his country home at Center Lowell,
Me. He will return to court the day
aHer l^abor day. and will preside untir
September 18, when Chief Justice Cla
baugh will relieve him.
GOV. HARMON PLEASED.
Thinks Troops Hare Done Good
Work at Columbus.
COLUMBUS, Ohio, August 17.?Gov.
Harmon expressed himself today as well
pleased with the good order that has pre
vailed since troops were brought back
here because of the street car strike.
Adjt. Gen. Weybrecht says that If it is
necessary to keep the troops here for an
Indefinite length of time, he will give ail
the organisations in the guard a chance
to perform djity here, including the ma
rines in the naval brigades.
General Manager Stewart of the street
railway company SHid that he maintained
order along his lines last night, while the
oars were running without either the as
sistance of the National Guard or the cltjr
police. He has a force of detectives from
ANOTHER AMILT HAS
White Man Attacked by the
disease?Case One of Three
One more case of an adult being stricken
with Infantile paralysis came to the at
tention of the health office today, and a
medical inspector was sent to make an In
vestigation. The patient Is a white man,
thirty-one years old. Nothing la known
at the health office of the case, and will
not be known until the inspector makes a
report late today. This case la one of
three reported today.
The death rate from the malady, ac
cording to the figures at the health office,
averages nearly 13 per cent. Seventy
cases have been reported up to this morn
ing and there have been nine deaths. This
is regarded as a high percentage.
Statement by Dr. Woodward.
In a statement Usued today by Dr.
Woodward some facts concerning the dis
ease are given. The figures are based on
a report which bears date of August 13:
"By reason of the voluntary co-opera
tion of physicians, 42 eases of Infantile
paralysis were reported to the health de
partment this week, making a total of
KN cases which have been brought to the
attention of the department.
"Of the cases reported this week ."M
were white and 8 were colored; the
youngest pitlent Is Ave months old and
the oldest seventeen years No estimate
can be placed as to the total number of
cases existing In the District, because of
the fact that there is no law requiring
such cases to be reported.
"Infantile paralysis, medically known
as anterior pollo-myelltts. Is now re
garded as a contagious disease, caused by
some infectious agent, so .-mall that It
cannot be seen through the microscope,
and In behavior to physical agent is much
like the cause of measles, foot-and-mouth
disease and yellow fever. The Infectious
agent Is present in the saliva and mucous
membrane of the nose durlnc the first
days of the attack, but how long It
may there exist after the paralytic symp
toms appear has not yet been determined.
"It has been proven, however, by ex
periments on monkeys, that secretion
from a patient suffering with this dis
ease will, if rubbed into the mucous
membrane of the throat in the monkey,
cause the disease, and this monkey if
placed In a cage with others will con
vey the disease to them.
Symptoms of Disease.
"This disease usually affects children,
and occasionally young adults, and one
case is known in a patient sixty years
of age. It usually sets in with headache,
fever and sometimes delirium, and the
patient may apparently suffer from a
severe cold. If death does not ensue
within a few days pain may be com
plained of In one or more limbs, and later
motion In them is limited and finally
lost. Occasionally recovery takes place,
but usually the affected limb or limbs
become paralyzed permanently and
"No treatment Is known which will
arrest or modify the disease.
"Isolation of the patient will prevent
the spread to others, and parents should
be careful to keep their children away
from others who may be suffering from
any of the symptoms above mentioned."
LEWIS ALLOID TO TALK
DEFIES OPPONENTS TO FILE
CHARGES AGAINST HIM.
Mitchell Gets Him a Hearing Before
INDIANAPOLIS, August 17.?John
Mitchell, former president of the United
Miners, today came to President Lewis'
relief, and restored order in the special
international convention when the dele
gates had refused to hear Lewis' defense
to the attacks of Uuncan Mac Dona id,
Mitchell in a few words quieted the
call of the Illinois delegate for the vice
president to take the chair. Lewis was
permitted to speak.
Lewis Denies Charges.
President Lewis denied giving Illinois
operatore administrative information, and
defied his opponents to file charges of
misconduct against him. MacDonald
made an offer to stand trial before the
convention If Lewis would do the tame.
Lewis replied that he was "willing to
stand trial on the testimony of reputable
men, but not on the word of Duncan Mac
Stampede Does Not Happen.
Another attempt was made today to
stampede the convention for an indorse
ment of the Illinois strike, but it did not
go through. Delegate Crandail of Illi
nois was refused permission to make a '
motion by President Lewis.
International executive board membera
have beKun their side of the controversy
in the Illinois situation.
WILL CAUSE OF TROUBLE
SISTEKS CONTEST SIGHT TO ACT
Daughters of Mrs. Catharine F.
Russell Are Engaged in Legal 1
Two of the daughters of Mrs. Catharine
F. Russell, daughter of the late Columbus i
Alexander, who left extensive holdings in I
P street real estate, are contesting the
right to serve aa administratrix of their
mother'a estate. 1
Mrs. Russell left about $17,000 worth of 1
personal property, it is said, in addition <
to her Interest In her father's real estate.
Mrs. Ruasell died July 'J4 last, leaving '
three children?Mrs. Louise R. Hayes and
Mrs. Eva R. Bouic of this city and Mrs.
Catharine Weisiger of New York city. 1
Monday last Mrs. Bouic, with the con- (
sent of Mrs. Weisiger, applied to Justice i
Barnard and was granted letters of ad
Today the court set aside the order of
Monday, and held the selection of a legal
representative in abeyance, in response ,
to a petition of Mrs. Hayes, who objects
to her sister administering the estate.
Mrs. Hayes tells the court that *he
was not apprised of the intention of Mrs.
Bouic to apply for administration of Mrs. ,
declares that, as the eldest child, she is
entitled to the administration and that
it is a valuable right of which she should
not be deprived.
Attorney Wharton E. I^ester appears
for Mrs. Hayes and Attorneys D. W.
O'Donughue and C. J. Murphy represent
Rilled by Fellow-Convict.
CHICAGO, August 17.?During s quar
rel today between two priaoners at the
city priso%, William Meyera was stabbed
with a pair of shears and lnatantly killed
by William Jones. Both are negroes.
ENVOYS PUNNING FOR
PEACE IN NKARA
United States Invited to Me
diate Between the Rival
After mor# than ten month* of almost
Incessant fighting, in which about r..?Ofi
men have been killed, wounded or other
wise Incapacitated and property damage
to the amount of $10.0n0.<m0 has been
done, there Is now a probability of a
restoration of peace In Nicaragua.
Indications of that character have been
encouraged by the arrival in this city of
Pedro J. Chamorro. chief representative
In this city of the Kstrada revolutionary
party. He has been In New Orleans for
some time In connection with the pur
chase of the Hornet and the shipment of
munltlona of war to Bluefletds. It Is un
derstood he was sent to Washington to
assist Dr. Castrlllo, the resident Estrada
agent. In the conduct of negotiations with
the I nited States State Department
looking to the pa<lflr settlement of politi
cal troubles In Nicaragua.
On Similar Mission.
Dr. Modesto Barrios and Dr. Sebastian
Salinas, representing the Madrli govern*
ment, mere already on the groumi.
charged with a similar mission They
have asked the friendly meditation of the
I'nited States In the affairs of Nicaragua
A suggestion made by them is that tha
I nited States send a commissioner to
Nicaragua to investigate the political sit
uation. If the report Is unfavorable to
Dr. Madriz, he will agree. It is said, to
forthwith retire from ofH. e, in order that
an election may be held to test the will
of the people.
The Katrada representatives also desire
the I nited States to assist in the restora
tion of peace In Nicaragua, but in a
somewhat different fashion. Thc> will In
sist on two conditions as the terms on
which they will lay down their arms.
The first is that Madriz Immediately re
sign the presidency, and the second that
a fair election, guaranteed by the I'nlted
States, be held for the office within a rea
sonable time after the retirement of
Estrada Agents Encouraged.
The Estrada representatives are encour
aged by the statement that the Stat*
Department still adheres to the policy
expressed in Secretary Knox's note to
Rodriguez severing relations with Nl? a
ragua. In that note Secretary Knox said;
"The government of the I'nlted Htates
Is convinced that the revolution repre
sents the Ideas and the will of a majority
of the Nlcaraguan people."
There Is good reason to believe that
definite and positive action on the pend
ing peace proposals will be taken by Sec
retary Knox within the next few weeks.
PAROLED MAN ARRESTED
BEACH ACCUSED OF ROBBINQ
Companion Caught With Him in
Baltimore?Old Offense Rob
bery of Museum.
Frank H. Beach, paroled on his good
behavior a year ago when arrested for
taking valuable medals from the Kdward
Maynard collection at the National Mu
seum, is again In custody, charged with
having participated in the recent rob
bery of the store of S. N. Meyer, dealer
in military gdods, 1231 Pennsylvania ave
Locked up with him Is William H. Gray,
twenty-three years old. who dwells at
1301 4^ street. Beach Is nineteen years
old. His home Is at *W M street south
Caught In Baltimore.
Beach and Gray were arrested In Balti
more last night by Detective Porter,
while Detectives Cox and Herman were
aearchlng for them In Atlantic t'lty and
Brooklyn. Following the j-a?ninf of
part of the plunder in Baltimore, In
spector Boardman sent member* of his
squad to that city to make an in< esti
The detectives found that the men had
been visiting girls In Baltlmoie.
They mailed cards from Atlantic city
to the Baltimore girls, one of them sign
ed "The Buckle Boys." The young m?*n
had presented buckles to thr gir.s be
fore they went to the sea.-liore.
Came Back to Baltimore.
While the detectives were in Brooklyn
and Atlantic City the young men re
turned to Baltimore and were arrested.
The defendants arrived here shortl) t?e
fore 2 o'clock this afternoon in charge
of Detective KIHndlenst. The lattei also
brought back part of the property taken
from the Meyer store.
PARENTS OUTWITTED BY
PRETTY VIRGINIA GIRL
Leaves Home Ostensibly to Attend
Horse Fair; Is Married in
The family and friends of pretty Pau
line Catlett of Buckton. Va . nineteen
years old, will be surprised to learn that
ghe did not attend the horse show at
Front Royal today, hut instead Jour
neyed to Washington and was married
to Edward 8. Stonnell. twenty-three yeara
old, who has been her ardent admirer
lor four years.
There Was a Rival.
Although young Stonnell Is the only
?on of B. B. Stonnell, a wealthy farmer
near Occuquan. who owns 2.0U0 acres
fcf land in the Old Dominion state,
the parent of Miss Catlett are said
to have selected another man for their
son-in-law and do not look with favor
on the suit of the young farmer.
But Cupid, not to be outdone by par
ental objection, put into the he?d of
young Stonnell the notion of visiting
Washington instead of Front Royal, and
when the suggestion was made to M>?s
Catlett she concurred.
The services of Dr. Donald C. MacLeod
of this city were enlisted tins morning
and the nuptial knot was securely tied.
WIDER HOT YET SENTENCED.
Grand Jury First to Finish Its
NEW YORK, August 17.?The sentence
of Erwln J. Wider, the cashier of the
Russo-Chinese Bank, who had admitted
stealing 94MQ.OQS worth of the concern s
securities, was not passed today by
Judge O'Sulllvan. a postponement for one
week having been obtained by Acting
District Attorney Frank Moss
Wider has already pleaded guilty to the
larceny of flj.UA> worth of the securities,
and not guilty to an Indictment charging
the theft of an additional block of stock
forth $?VW>. The grand Jury, however,
has not finished its inquiry into his pecu
lations. For that reason. Mr. Mosa says,
ha aaked for the postponement.