the power to do anything. But those
vi o are nominated for office are carefully
avoiding saying whether they
will do what . their vocal element
promises. in other words, they are
putting- up as their spokesmen of
policy ihosV whom" they do not oven
pretend to trust with power. j
'Control Never Shaken."
Therefore, -those of us who are inducted
into the secrets of the craft know
that the talk is in vain, and that the ;
real counsels of the party are in that
other element which is in absolute control
of the organisation of the party in j
Congress and out of it. and whose con- j
trol has never for a moment been disturbed.
never -been shaken. I
The contest at Chicago four years ago \
and the contest at Chicago this year
were for the control of the machinery
of the party. T don't mean on the part
of rank and file of the progressives, for.
my fellow-citizens, no more earnest and
sincere body of men were ever assembled
than assembled in those two progressive
conventions at Chicago. And no
sincere ami earnest men Wore ever more
pitifully deceived and betrayed.
"For. after all, it turned out that the
object was not to lead the nation, but
to control the republican party, and any
sort of abject surrender was offered by
those who spoke, though they spoke
without' authority tor them, if they
might be admitted to control that machinery.
And now. alter the smoke has
cleared away, alter the atmosphere has
yielded to the influences of time, we se~'
standing out before us that familiar old
guard that has never for a moment been
disturbed in its possession of power . >r
turned aside in its exercise of the control
which it lias used. And what I want
to call your attention to is that this is
not merely a presidential campaign.
There is something quite as important j
as the choice of a chief magistrate. 1
want you to remember that the real
sources of action and the real machinery
of obstruction arc in Congress, not In the
'No Wilson Policy."
Do you suppose that anything cou'd
have been accomplished in the last three
and a half years if there had not been a
determined and willing: majority in the
Congress? i have n??t led these gentlemen.
I have gone forward with them. I
call your attention to the fact that there
is nowhere recorded a single Wilson policy.
Everything that I have asked that
Congress to do was written in the
pledges of the party itself. Arid the only
power I have exercised is the power of
co-operation, the power that ail men exercise
when, insisting upon the obvious
duties of a great hour, men take heart to
do a great thing.
"It is a very interesting circumstance.
my fellow citizens, that the
House of Representatives is less docile
than the Senate of the United States.
In the House of Representatives it has
again and again happened that the republican
minority has broken awa>
from the control of its leaders and
voted, sometimes by a majority of its
members, sometimes almost unanimously.
for the measures which have distinguished
the action of the present
democratic Congress. They came from
the people. They knew when th^se
things were suggested in Congress that
they would be held inexcusable if they
did not sustain them.
"Only upon one conspicuous occasion
did the contrary happen, when the republican
machine was able to compel a
majority of its n?en#bers in the House
of Representatives to vote that Amor
ican citizens had no right to travel on
the high seas. If their leaders believe
in the rights of American citizens,
why don't their followers? If their
leaders are so stiff to see that Americans
get their rights everywhere, why
do these men vote that Americans shall
get their rights nowhere? One of the
most regrettable Incidents of American
history is that there should have been
found men in the Congress of the
United States willing to vote in that
"But It is another story in the Senate
of the United States. There a
serene confidence obtains in the private
conferences of the Senate. I
Zr-~ have never been admitted to their pri"V
vacy, but I have seen their performance.
and the most reactionary men in
America have absolutely controlled the
action of the minority in the United
^ States Seriate, except for a few ex.amples
o/ independence by distinguished
individuals who did not care
to be mastered and owned by a body.
But their number was so small as to be
"Whole Thing Much Simpler.
"It made the whole thing very much
simpler, T admit, because you never had
to speculate how "the republicans were
going to vote in the United States Senate.
You knew that beforehand by calculations
established through a whole
generation?men who could not see the
light of a new aee, who did not desire
to see it. who wished the old methods
~" to be resumed: not the methods of
? ? Abraham Lincoln, who listened to the
voice of the people; they listened to the
voice of the interests. They have been
gT? '"uneasy and a little unshepherded ever
aJTI -since Mark Hanna and Senator Aldrlch
X'": passed from the stage. It was much
r* easier to be told what to do. It was so
/ much simpler to get orders.
* "* '''.Now, these gentlemen are in obvious
f and undisputed control of the organi-!
iC.: sation of the republican party. It is
tBEF* lhey who are counseling their leaders)
to say as little as possible and to say it
- in a:: confused a way as possible, so
tliat nobody may know how to calou-fe,
lat?* their orbit from day to day. The
only thing that they ar? revealing is
xZT thai they do not. want anything said,
'and after the election is over, it they
should win possession of the govern'
'icent, thojr do not mean to say any
i '/i uuviuua jcaBuns, it is contrary
' the Constitution of the United
_ States to make a man testify against
"Clioice Bigger Than That."
"io '"at it all cernes down, my i'eljcitizens,
to a very simple proposii;...
tior. Are you going to leave your govert-me:
* under the control of people
v r.o d> know and -x'r o will tell you
hat they are going . do, or are you
: oirig * ;>ut it in th?r t.a. 'is of men who
'.] n' t II you vl.a t. are going
do i *vi will ,r private in*
The choif . is higger than that.
' urn- stand trom the leaders of the
r-euh. :.:i party that nothing that has
h.j has beer done right. They
o' r / a;. the thing that was done
v . ;*. s wrong, but the way in
" . a., none -v? ; always wrong,
'lie.. "ot venture to say?that is to
b y. tl private cour:?'l does not ven"
:o t< that we wanted anything
.* but p*a -. but they would have pre,,
fcrred ome other way, not disclosed.
of ofatn g i eaee. The vocal part
* rtyh, AVe w anted war The snent pai t
iiitiuxa'.- that we wanted peace, but
jp wanteo another kind of peace. They
~ never <an get over that fundamental
t uneasiness, gentlem* n, that America is
*4iu.ij?c 01 soineoouy el?e than theinr
JCiiOws Peace Was Obtained."
but An:erica knows that the thisig*
..?xt \y c>. done did obtain peace, arid
i. it dote not know that the things Unit
r, mijfht have been done would have ol>cair.ed
peace, sg that America knows
-r. that it >5 faced with this choice; Peace,
; the continuance of the devtiupment of
basinet along the lines which it has
; now established an d developed, and
the maintenance ol well known progressive
lines of action on the one
hand; or on the o*f?er a disturbance of
policy ail along the line?new ?ondiUons,
new adjustments, undefined alterations
of policy, and back of it all
"Several gentlemen who are supposed
to be spokesmen for the republican party
_ have in public professed to condemn
.;~n : visible u-overnrr.ent ?>> 4
thev hay*- nninseJed and aided and
~? abetted :t. The bent way to divert
: ueptcioa is to condemn the thing that
you are 'io:n-r -ourst-lf. And Juat be
ause ?h?j people of the state of New
York saw through that thin mask thej
?*>-!- defeated a tolerably good new constitution
by a majority that had neve:
been before hoard of in that state. U
you want to know how New York is
going tills time, look up the records
of what it did to the constitution. An<l
H did it to the constitution, not Upol
a carerui examination of what tht
constitution contained, but upon the
universal repute of whom it was who
had proposed the constitution. Even if
they had not been able to discover the
dangrerous things in it, they would
have known that it was full of dangerous
Temper of the People.
"That is the temper of the people of
the United States, not to exchange a
handsome certainty for an unhandsome
uncertainty. See how big the time is
with possibility! At this present moment
?I want to repeat this because perhaps
the country has not realized it enough?
at this present moment it is almost impossible
to do anything positive in the
I field of foreign affairs, because foreign
I nations have been led to suppose that
i there may be a chang i in our foreign afI
fairs. Foreign nations have been led to
believe that a dominant element in the
republican party is in favor of drawing-1
the United States into the European war,
and they have been told, with abundant
evidence, that it is probable that if the
republicans succeed we shall enter upon a
policy of exploitation of our neighbors in
Mexico. That is the whole moral of
every criticism that I read, and until !
the people of the L'nited Stales have j
spoken it is extremely difficult to come j
to any definite conclusion about any- j
| thing that touches our relations either to i
Europe or to Mexico. I, myself, do not i
I doubt the result, but there are some who
affect to doubt it.
' Will Fight for Mankind's Rights."
"T want you to realize the part that
the United States must play. It has
been said, my fellow citizens, been said
with cruel emphasis in some quarters,
that the people of the United States do
not want to light about anything. That
is profoundly false. Hut the people of
the United States want to bo sure what
they are fighting about, and they want
to be sure that they arc fighting for
the things that will bring to the world
justice and peace. Define the elements;
let us know that we are not fighting
for the prevalence of this nation over
that, lor the ambitions of this group of
nations as compared with the ambitions
of that group of nations; let us once be
convinced that we are called into a
great combination to tight for the
risrhts of mankind, and America will
unite her force an<l spill her blood for
the great things which she has always
believed in and followed.
"Something Greater to Come."
"America is always ready to fight for
things that are American. She does not
permit herself to be embroiled, but she
does know what it would be to be
challenged. And when once she is challenged,
there is not a man in the United
States. I venture to say. so mean, so
forgetful of the great heritage of this
nation, that he would not give everything
he possessed, including life itself,
to stand by the honor of this nation.
What Europe is beginning to realize is
that we are saving ourselves for something
greater that is to come. We are
saving ourselves in order that we may
unite in that final league of nations in
which it shall be understood that there
is no neutrality where any nation is doing
wrong, in that final league of nations
which must in the providence of
God come into the world where nation
shall be leagued with nation in order
to show all mankind that no man may
lead any nation into acts of aggression'
without having all the other nations of
the world leagued against him."
JOY RIDERS TAKE CAR
TWICE IN ONE WEEK
Albert Lee Thnrman's Auto Last
Seen by Policeman Traveling a
Mile a Minute.
A seven-passenger automobile belonging:
to Albert L.ee Thurman, 21! 19
California street, disappeared from in
front of his residence last night about
8 o'clock for the second time during
the week. It was taken from there j
last Sunday night and found abandoned
in front of Wardman Courts.
Some time after it disappeared last
night Bicycle Policeman Showalter
saw It in southeast Washington and
made an effort to overtake it.
"It was impossible for me to overtake
it," he reported to his commanding
officer. "There was a man in the
car and he was speeding at the rate j
of almost a mile a minute. Dirt and
dust was thrown up in my face, making
it difficult for me to follow through
the cloud of dust."
A dozen complaints of automobiles
taken by joy riders and others during
trie last week were recorded at police
headquarters. Two of them were not
recovered. <>ne belonged to Charles M.
Asbton, 1323 F street northeast. It was
taken from in front of the owner's
hou.?e last Sunday afternoon and was
seen at Berwvn, Md.. later In the day
; in charge of three men, who are
thought to have stolen a car in Phila
delphia and abandoned kt at Berwyn.
Others Stealing Auto Supplies.
The other ear that was not recovered
belongs to Charles J. Mooney, 5 3 M
street. He reported that his machine
was taken from Vermont avenue, between
H and I streets. Wednesday afternoon.
and the police say they have
found nothing to suggest its whereabouts.
While joy riders and, in a few instances,
automobile thieves are causing
owners of automobiles a great amount
of annoyance and inconvenience, other
violators of the law are stealing tires,
laprobes and other articles in automobile:;.
"The thefts of automobile tires is becoming
a matter of some concern," said
Inspector Grant, chief of detectives, to
i a Star reporter iast night, "and I hope
} to find a vay to put a stop to such anj
i "The thieves have an outlet for trie
i tires that we have been unable to find,"
| he added, "and with co-operation on part
of motorists the numoer 01 i ucn inert.;
j might be reduced."
! Insj;?ctor Giant suggested the idea of
J locking extra tires that are carried for
emergency use. and said he thought helping
records of sales and purchases of tire*
and reporting such transactions to the
police would be of greaf assistance in reducing
the number of thefts. Automobile
tires, especially the more expensive ones,
he said, are numbered, and it would be ;,n
eas> matter to keep records that would
assist in tracing them.
"Such records are kept in some cities,"
Inspector Grant stated, "and copies of
them are transmitted to the police, if m
j j ts of assistance in other cities it certainly
should be of assistance here."
I?; very few Instances, if is stated, have
the police been able to trace stolen tires
and recover them.
A five-passenger automobile belonging
to Isaac T. Mann. 1333 JtJth street,
wa- taken from Chevy Chase cjtib last
night. It was after il o'< lock when the
police were 'old of the disappearance
of the car. The automobile v.;is taken
in Maryland, but the police will make
every effort to recover it.
Seventh-Day Adventists to Preach
Second Coming of Christ.
To preach the second advent of
j Christ in the big cities of the United
j States J200.000 lias been appropriated
bv delegates attending the ioint conn
oil of the executive committee of th
division conferences of Seventh-day
Adventints now in session at Takoma
This money will he given, it is announced.
in addition to the nearly twc
million dollars that is contributed by
the adherents of the church in th<
United .States and Canada for the dis'
semination of the doctrines they hold
> Work among colored people is receiv5
in# considerable attention from th<
I delegates, and large appropriation:
i have been made to carry on the mis
V#EST fAU* CHURCN ft' / ^ ^
olcncabuyn v ^
payne woods > u'
First Separate Battalion Goes
Into Camp at Fort Myer
REACH HOME AT MIDNIGHT!
More than a week of living on railroad
cars will be completed this morning
when the 1st Separate Battalion of!
District of Columbia Infantry detrains
at the Rosslyn railroad yards and'
marches to Fort Myer to go into camp.:
The train bearing this contingent of I
District troops, the first to return from t
the border, arrived at the Rosslyn yards
from Naco, Ariz., where the District
colored troops have been camped, at
midnight last night. It arrived at the j
Potomac yards at 10:40 p.m., but was)
not shifted into the Rosslyn yards until j
All of the troops we^e up when the j
train arrived. They were prepared to
detrain immediately and march to Fort J
Myer to make camp. However. Maj. j
James K. Walker, commanding the 1st!
Separate Battalion, was met at the yards j
by W. F. Volandt, civilian clerk in the
depot quartermaster's office at Fort Myer.
who gave instructions for the men to
remain on the train tonight and to
march to Fort Myer the first thing this
This was welcomed by both officers
and men, as it saved thern from having
to pitch shelter tents in the darkness
and sleep on the ground last nignt.
They occupied their berths on the tourist
sleepers last night, and .although
there was no steam heat running
though the trains, nevertheless it was
more comfortable in the closed cars
than the troops would have found it
sleeping in shelter tents.
Camp Site Already Laid Out.
The camp site for the troops has j
all been laid out at Fort Myer. They |
will make camp ori the spot occupied ]
early by the mounted organizations of
the District militia, north of the rail- !
road tracks. It had been planned to '
put them in barracks, but owing to :
the fact that there is considerable
property there belonging to organiza- ;
tions now on the border tho men could i
not be put there.
However, the quartermaster is pre- ;
pared to furnish the men with all the j
extra blankets they need to keep them
warm in their tents. A large supply
of new blankets has just been received
and these will be issued as fast as
they are needed. The men probably
] will find the sleeping at Fort Mycr
much coldoi" than they did at Naco.
There whs a considerable crowd on
hand to greet the returning militiamen,
but not a man was allowed to leave the
j train, ami in the heavy fog w hich hung
o\tr the railroad yards all night it
would have been difficult for friends
and relatives to pick out those they
were looking f<>r on the train, even if
they had been permitted to enter the
Crowd Awaited Battalion.
The people began to gather as early
as 1 o'clock yesterday, and all of last
night there were crowds on hand. The
waiting stations of the electric railway
I at Rossiyn were crowded most of the
! night w ith people waiting for the rei
turning soldiers. These were the only
! warm places in whn h they could cori:
gregate. Tliey would make frequent
j visits to the railroad yards in efforts to
! get additional information on the probi
able time of arrival of the troops.
I Constable Howard Smoot ano Deputy
.Sheriff Thomas Dee, both of Rosslyn,
| were on hand to manage the crowds and
to sec that they did not get into the railroad
yards and in the way of the trainmen.
who were placing the cars on the
After the troops arc detrained this
morning, they will be marched to Fort
Myer. The work of unloading the freight
cars will he started immediately thereafter.
so thai the big tentage can be
put up before night, in order that the
?oidi?Ts will not have to sleep in shelter
makes good showing.
Third D. C. Infantry, in Camp on
Bolder, Formally Inspected.
From a Staff Correspondent.
SAX ANTONIO, Tex., 3d Infantry
Camp, Camp Funston, October 14.?The
3d Infantry Regiment, N. G. D. C., wax
formally inspected here today by Brig.
Gen. Henry R. Hill of the Illinois militia.
commanding the 2d Brigade of the
12th Division, of which the District infantry
is a part.
The four months of intensive training
in Ca up Orda ay at Fort Myer, Va., is
responsible fur the excellent showing
made today. Not only was the military
formation perfect, but an inspection of
the rifles and personal equipment dis'
closed the fart that the District troops
have kept the government property in
Oen. Hill complimented Col. Young,
* commanding the 3d Infantry, after the
[ inspection, and said the regiment took
high rank among the militia organizations
on the border.
It matters little what it is that you
rf want?whether a situation or a servant
- ?a want ad in The Star will reach the
person who will fill your need.
?INtMU?5T 1^ M ft'lAlBHH
? ? W g \ ^
tw oust oinc4r/ *% ^
?J/ MAP SHOWIWTHt 0l!?lMAT"MiUiSTON6S>?r
BOUNDARY STONES Of T?? PllTftlCT Of COtUMU
A \ <11 TV "OF VtitShtMffft:
J f AHMOSTI
/ a (
OSTUMPONLt V f
<>TH ? STUMP | \ f
\ A ? WW/
Pi^AV. ( ? / / k"
WIS9IM?\ I I I'BLUE PI
'" ' j
(ky?l? wwt utpwr homit,
rnmr in nrniniTrn
rtnut id utmuAitu
AT MILESTONE NO. 8
Story of Marking of District
Boundary Line Told at Blue
TRIBUTE PAID D. A. R. WORK
At the dedication ceremonies yesterday
of the fence around milestone No.
8 on the District boundary line, near
Blue Plains, Fred K. Woodward, the
principal speaker, outlined a history of
the placing of the stones 125 years ago,
and also paid a tribute to the Daughters
of the American Revolution, who
are responsible for the movement to
preserve the site by fencing each stone.
Mr. Woodward reminded his auditors
that 125 years ago the United States
was an infant, and that science and invention
had not yet taken the great
steps which have marked the latter
years of the country. He then described ,
the original boundaries of the District
"Beneath the southern sea wail of the I
miniature lighthouse on Jones point, be- j
low Alexandria, incased in a concrete J
cage which was constructed in 1913 by |
Col. \V. C. Dangfltt of the United States j
Engineer Corps, may be seen the initial
or southern stone of the District of Columbia.
On April In. 1791. Just 125 years j
ago. the master of Alexandria Dodge, No.
22, of Masons poured corn and wine and '
oil upon this carefully oriented atone and j
pronounced it good. '
"Standing at. tills stone facing southwest
as nearly as their instruments of I
survey allowed, the lines of the District
were extended up the long ascent of
Khuter's hill, following closely the Deesburg
turnpike; through Glen Carlyn and
over Upton hill to West Falls Church, a |
r ~ x_r j
VJU 1 IdilU
Here are the figures
made by the Washing
f 'ost Office Department
showing the circulatior
months, each October 1
f Daily 6?
^tar 1 Sunday 42
D ? f D.&S 32
P?St 1 Sunday Herald!
t Sunday ?
TWc I Daily 4S
I C J A"
!_ Sunday 4j
The law does not r
ment of Sunday edition;
make no separate statei
The constantly ini
The Star year after ye
comment. It is one o
conditions of the cornm
The following are
number of lines of ad\
ing September 30 for th
6 mos. 1914.
Herald ...... 1,612,419
The tremendous vo
The Star is the natur;
Star's great circulation,
rnrb station .
\^?UWHI OHOT&'MQAV .
/V ^ KENJ1.MWOBTW
BlDSE ROAD j
|/ WHEELER ftOAfc
distance of ten miles to the west corner.
"Turning now at a right angle, the line
continues northwest through woods and
fields across the Old Dominion railroad
across the Potomac river above Chain
bridge, through Tenleytown, Chevy Chase
Circle, Pinehurst, Rock Creek Park to the
north corner at Woodside, >ld., another
"Turning again at a right angle, the
line passes through the grounds of
Senator Blair Lee's estate, through Takoma
Park, Mount Rainier, tho reform
school, Kenilworth and Burrvllle to the
marsh near the station of the Chesapeake
Beach railroad, the east corner,
another ten miles. Again turning at
right angles the line extends along the
high ground of the Bowen road, down
the valley of Oxon run, the high plateau
of the Wheeler road to Blue
Plains, and finally across the Potomac
river to the point of beginning:, Jones
"At the end of every mile there
wan erected a stone twelve inches
square ant^ about two feet above
ground, and a broad path forty feet
wide was cut, largely through the
woods, along the entire line. Generally
speaking these stones are not well
preserved, suffering not only from the
hand of time, but also from careless
marauders and vandals."
Mr. Woodward's Address.
In the course of his address Mr.
"These milestones all came from a
quarry near Acquia creek, Va., and
were set in place in 1791 and 1792. The
work was officially completed on January
1, 1793. It might be interesting
to know who were the men actually
engaged in the survey. They were
MaJ. L'Enfant, Andrew Ellicott, Count
de Graff, Isaac Roberdeau, William
King, Nicholas King and Benjamin
Banneker, a free negro.
"What did they see as this path,
forty feet wide, was carved out of the
land? Almost a wilderness, in which
primitive forests and purling brooks
were interspersed with waving fields
of corn, purple tasseled tobacco, apple
orchards and red clay banks. Houses
were few and far between, slaves tolled
in the fields and vessels from every
port in the world brought their wares
to Alexandria and Georgetown, both
of which were cities of importance even
in that day.
"Although an Impression prevails
that. Gen. Washington was present at
the laying of the first stone, such is not
the case, us It is certain he was in
Petersburg, Va., on the 15th of April,
of the sworn statements
ton newspapers to the
for the past three years,
i for the preceding six
10.1914. 4 mo. 1915. 6 mo. 1916.
" AAft / ft Ar A A / AAA
>,ZUO t>0,7D0 Jbfiyi
1,146 50,975 55,445
1,370 34,144 41,178
1,690 29,812 36,130
>,838 46,381 41,153
>,905 41,922 40,259
equire a separate statei.
The Post and Herald
nent of Sunday circula;rcasing
!. _ _ r ?
ar ib a source 01 much
f the notable economic
the figures of the total
rertising carried by the
-s for six months endie
past three years:
6 mo*. 1915. 6 mos. 1914.
lume of advertising- in
al consequence of The
both daily and Sunday.
TELLS MINERS WHY
Roosevelt Criticises Adamson
8-Hour Law in Speech at
'SHOULD HAVE ARBITRATED'
WILKES-BARRE, Pa., October 14.? :
Theodore Roosevelt, speaking at a re- |
publican mass meeting here tonight, criti- I
clsed the attitude of President Wilson on
the eight-hour day for railroad employes.
He declared that arbitration would have
been the proper method of averting the
threatened nation-wide railway strike,
and instanced the application of this principle
in 1902 when he settled the anthracite
Col. Roosevelt spoke as follows:
Coal Strike as Precedent.
44I have accepted the invitation to
come to Wilkes-Barre to discuss the
Adamson law, because Wilkes-Barre is
the headquarters of the great industry
in connection with which I myself as
President was brought into close and
intimate touch with the labor movement
in this country. If what I have
to say is of any value it must be not
only because it. represents what in
the abstract is right, but also because
in the concrete I applied, in actual
practice, when I had power, the principles
which I criticise Mr. Wilson for
not applying now. Therefore, I wish
to recapitulate to you Just what occurred
in connection with the anthracite
coal strike and to contrast it with
what Mr. Wilson has done in connection
with the law for the increase of
wages on railroads.
"At the outset, I wish to express my
very hearty admiration for the brotherhoods.
I am proud of the fact that
I am an honorary member of one of
them: I have usually been in entire
sympathy with them. While I held
public office 1 found myself in the
vast majority of cases able to support
them in their demands, because these
demands were right. But now they
have demanded legislation raising their
wages to be taken without investigation
and without the exercise of that
form of judgment shown by a compe
a demand is wrong, and 1 stand
against it because it is wrong, exactly
as I have stood against the demands
of bankers and lawyers, and mine
owners and railroad presidents when |
they were wrong. I believe in lab^r ;
unions. I am proud that I am myself j
an honorary member of a labor union. I
But I believe first of all in the Union i
to which all of us belong, the union of
"In the case of the settlement of the
anthracite coal strike, the action I took
was of precisely the kind which President
Wilson now says the law should
make obligatory in all similar cases in
the future. But Mr. Wilson himself admits
that his own action was so bad
that it ought never to be repeated, for
he has assured the public that although
Congress has adjourned without doing
anything, it is his intention when CongresR
meets to see that it does something
to render it impossible for another
Preside it ever to repeat exactly
what he has just done. In other words,
I stood and stand by my action as the
proper action, constituting the proper
precedent for future action. Mr. Wilson
himself confesses that his action
was wrong and that the precedent
thereby set is so evil that legislation
must be enacted rendering It impossible
for another President ever to repeat the
President's Action Deferred.
"There Is another point of difference
and a vital point. The action I took
was intended to meet the situation at
once. The action that Mr. Wilson took
has been deferred so that it shall not
take place until considerably after election.
"President Wilson in his speeches of
August 29 and September 23 has furnished
his own condemnation out of his
own mouth. In them he explicitly condemns
exactly what he has done and
actually demands legislation which will
make impossible the repetition of such
a proceeding! This is so extraordinary!
an attitude that I quote, his own words. ;
He said he wished 'to provide* against
'the recurrence of such unhappy situations
in the future' by securing 'the
calm and fair arbitration of all industrial
disputes in the days to come.' This
is an explicit assertion that arbitration
of all industrial disputes is the right
method of action; and therefore that he
had adopted the wrong method of action?although
in the case of the anthracite
coal strike he had an exact
t?n;^cucin ?ii f/vr*iti.f uj luuumiis WHiCn
ho would have enforced the right
"President Wilson further says: "This
is assuredly the best way of vindicating
a principle?namely, having failed to
make certain of its observance in the
present to make certain of its observance
in the future.' On the contrary,
this is the very worst way of vindicating
a principle. Indeed, it is impossible to
devise a worse way of vindicating a principle.
than to flinch ignominiously from
enforcing it in the case at issue and at
the same time to seek to cover the ignominy
by vociferous protestations
about applying it in the nebulous future.
The same paper, the New York
Times, from which I quote the above
sentences, contained statements from the
leaders of the brotherhoods whom he was
befriending, in which they said that they
would never consent to the legislation
providing for future arbitration for
which President Wilson asked; and President
Wilson kept a weak and nervous
silence about this defiance. He did not
get the legislation which he declared was
essential to 'vindicate the principle' in
the future. All that he accomplished
was the violation of the principle in the
present, in the concrete case at issue.
The only law he secured established the
precedent of violation of the principle.
All that he did was to establish the
most evil of all precedents for a democracy,
the precedent of violating a principle
under the duress of threat an 1
menace. It is a precedent which will
return to plague us throughout a'l future
time whenever we have in the WhPo
House a President who is timid in the
face of threat of physical violence or
who subordinates duty to the hope of
personal political profit.
Really a Wage Increase.
"Mr. Wilson has adroitly maintained
that the question at issue was the eighthour
day. This Is not all fact. The
question at issue was the question of
wages. The law does not say that there
shall be an eight-hour day. It says that
eight hours shall 'be made the measure
of a day's work for the purpose of receiving
compensation.' In other words,
it was primarily an increase of wages
and not a diminution of hours that was
"I believe in the eight-hour day. It
Is the ideal toward which we should
tend. But I believe that there must be
common sense as well as common
honesty In achieving the idea!. Mr. Wilson
has laid down tire principle that
there is something sacred about the '
eight-hour day which makes it improper
even to discuss it. If this is so,
if it is applied universally, then Mr. '
Wilson is not to be excused for not ap- 1
plying it immediately where he has !
complete power, and that is in his own !
household. If the principle of the eight- '
hour day is sacred and not to be 1
changed under any circumstances, then :
the housemaid, who in Mr. Wilson's
house, arises at 7 must be left off at 2
In the afternoon; and if Mr. Wilson's
: butler is kept up after a state dinner '
! until 10, he must not come on until 2 1
of the following; afternoon, and no *
hired man on a farm must get up to <
milk the cows in the morning unless '
he quits work before milking time arrives
that same evening. Of course, the
simple truth is that under one set of i
i conditions an eight-hour law may be .
too long or at least may represent the
I very maximum of proper work; where- ,
'as there may be other conditions under j
whfch a man working more than eight | s
hours one day gets one or two days of i r
complete leisure, following, or where i s
the work is intermittent throughout j y>
the day, or is of so easy or varied a . p
type that no exhaustion accompanies it. I t?
or where a rush of work for a few days j
will be compensated by complete leisure j a
on certain other days. It is ridiculous t<
to say that an engineer of a high-speed ; t
train under especially difficult condi- j <.
tions, an engineer of a low-speed train }
under very much easier conditions, a i v
farm laborer in harvest time, a man en - j a
gaged as a watchman through the j t
uulet hours of the night, or a man en- j n
gaged in the exhausting work of a?v
steel puddler in a continuous seven-. j
davs-a-week- nivht-Nnd-dav industry I ..
should he governed by precisely the j
same rule, or by the same rigid appli- i
cation in detail of a sound general prin- i
Approves Limitation of Hours.
"I heartily believe in a proper limitation
by law of hours of work in the railroad
service, and I recommended legis- :
lation to that effect when I was President. 1
I believe in the wages in any industry j
being just as high as it is possible to 1
make them without injustice to the, capital
Invested and to the public which is served. (
But It Is a mere truism' to say that it is j
Impossible to get this ideal achieved '
unless an honest and dispassionate effort !
is first made by the proper commission to '
ascertain the full facts in the particular
case. As regards the railroads, we have 1
to consider the wages paid to the differ- i
ent classes of employes, the interest on j
the investment, the earning power of the I
road and the kind of service that must ! t
be rendered to the public. It is impossible '
to secure a proper solution of the problem unless
all these factors are considered. "
Mr. Wilson absolutely declined to consider
any of them. He declined even to ask
wnai iney were, we nave not uus
moment one particular of trustworthy information
which will enable us to decide
whether the, demands of the men were
just or not.
"Remember, it is the public that in the
end will pay. You do not have to take ?.
my assertion for this. Take the assertion
of Mr. Wilson's master in this matter.
The union leaders, through their chairman.
Mr. Garretson, announced that 'they
would steadily refuse to arbitrate and that j
in their action they were supported by the )
President of the United States.' They
stated their case In a nutshell as follows! i
[In rimes like this men go back to primal .
instinct?to the day of the caveman with ' 1
his half-gnawed bone, snarling at the . <
other caveman who wanted to take his ,
bone away. We leaders are lighting for j
our men. The railroads are lighting for 1
their stockholders, and the shippers for :
themselves. And the public will pay." Mr.
Garretson Is right?the public will pay.
And it will pay without having had the J 1
chance to know* whether it ought or ought j
not to pay. Mr. Wilson betray ed fh..* pub- !
lie when he refused to insist that the j :
contest should be decided on principles of i
justice, and when be permitted it to be I
decided in deference to greed and fear.
Mr. Wilson announced that it was 'futile' i
to stand firmly against these improiKM*.
demands. It would not have been futile !
if a democrat of the stamp of Andrew j
*ack?on or Grover Cleveland had been
"The futility inhered solely in Mr. Wilson
himself. If President Wilson had
stood by the honor and the interests of
the United States in this matter: if he
had insisted upon a full investigation
before action; if he had insisted upon arbitration
and had announced that if there
was any attempt to tie up the traffic of
the United States he would use the entire
power of the United States to keep the
arteries of traffic open. I would have- applauded
him and sunoorted him. Hut.
to take such action needed courage. It j
needed disinterestedness. It was neces- !
sary that the man taking it should put
duty to the nation first and political and
personal considerations last. What President
Wilson did was to permit the overriding
of Justice by appeals to brute force.
"He says that it would have been
'futile' to show courage and stand up for
the right. From the standpoint of the
nation, the worst type of futility in a
President is to fail to stand up for the
right. President Wilson felt It was futile
to oppose these men, exactly as President
Buchanan, his spiritual forbear, felt in
1860, that it was futile, to oppose secession.
That type of futility gives the real
measure of the man who practices it.
What Buchanan considered futile Bin coin
Why He Champions Hughes.
"I champion iMr. Hughes as against.
Mr. Wilson because in every such crisis
) Mr. Wilson, by his public acts, has
shown that he will yield to fear, that he
will not yield to justice; whereas the public
acts of Mr. Hughes have proved him to
be incapable of yielding in such a crisis
to any threat, whether made by politicians.
corporations or labor leaders.
"If it is alleged that President Wilson
has been actuated only by principle in
connection with the Adamson law, then
I ask why he has failed to apply the
same principle to the railway postal
clerks, where he has full power. Estimating
six days to the week, these
postal clerks, operating between New
York and Pittsburgh, are required to
run 205 miles per day (for the present
administration has reduced the num
j her of crews from six to five), whereas
| the present trainmen's agreement re|
quires only 155 miles per day, which
I s to be reduced still further by the
I Adamson law. The only possible explanation
of Mr. Wilson's action in one
case and inaction in the other is that
only 400 men are affected in that case
where the government has full control
of the hours of labor, whereas 400,000
men are supposed to be affected by the
"Mr. Gompers has recently established
himself as the especial champion of
Mr. Wilson, and claims joint credit
with Mr. Wilson for their joint conduct
of our foreign affairs so far as Mexico
is concerned. He asks labor to support
Mr. Wilson specifically on the ground
of Mr. Wilson's attitude in Mex.co,
which, he states, he has helped to, secure.
Tie says, for example, that he
was largely instrumental in securing
the recognition of Carranza in Mexico,
because of Carranza's sympathy with
'he labor movement there. For the
details of what 1 speak, 1 refer you to
Senator Fall's recent speeches, where
the exact quotations are given. Mr. ,
Gompers states that when all other
agencies failed in the effort to secure j
the recognition of Carranza by Presi- ;
UCIH. VY uaun "luinprin unn veiieu uil |
September 22, 1915, and Mr. Wilson's (
recognition of Carranza immediately t
followed. Mr. Gompers continues by (
saying- that Carranza was recognized .
as the friend of the working people in ]
Mexico. On September 2, 19l<>, M>. .
Gompers appealed for the support of
laboring men for Mr. Wilson on the
ground of Mr. Wilson's policy as re- I
gards Mexico. '
"Tied Himself in Triumvirate."
''He thus tied himself up with Messrs.
Wilson and Carranza as one of the
triumvirate which exercises supreme '
control in Mexican matters. This
makes it worth while for the workers
to whom Mr. Gompers especially appeals
to study what Carranza, the favored
friend and ally of Messrs. Gompers
and Wilson, has done to laboring
men in Mexico?not to speak of what <
to Americans in Mexico. ,
Mr. Gompers states that when Carranza
refused to surrender the Amen- 1
can soldiers taken prisoners at Car- ?
rizal in response to President Wilson's j a
request, he, Mr. Gompers, telegraphed ' ,
t' O i ra'.iza appealing! '
to him upon the ground of "patriotism 55
and love" for the release of the American
soldiers; and that immediately ; ^
Carranza responded on June 29th to . ,
Mr. Gompers, saying that he had or- ..
dered the release of the prisoners. <
The telegram closed with: "Salute. I
affectionately, V. Carranza." I
Thereupon Samuel Gompers, in the
' * - deration of Labor, on L
June 30, thanked Gen. Carranza for
rei**asin~ the American soldiers.
"I really question whether we have .'
ever in our history known anything fil
as extraordinary as the President of
the United States playing second fiddle
in such manner to the head of a pri- ,
vate organization when dealing with b
international rAitters. I wish to call
your attention especially to two facts L
n connection wfth the incident, ri
Neither Mr. Wilson nor Mr. Gonipers,
neither* of the two amateur diplomats
who Mius anted on a footing of fra- I]
ternal equality in their joint conduct
?and misconduct?of American foreign
relations made any appeal or de- L
nand for atonement for the death of
the American soldiers treacherously
v anza's troops. They did 1'
nothing about the killing of Boyd and b
Adair and their troopers. All that they ic
ventured to do was to ask that the o
American soldiers who had been taken a
prisoners when their comrades were r<
lain be returned- That was tbo only *
>Muest that the joint committee of
uppllants for safety, composed of
"resident Wilson and President Gom >rs,
ventured to demand of their maser.
"The welfare of the laboring man
nd the welfare of the farmer taken
ogether represent the foundation of
he national welfare f have always
onscientiously endeavored to do
vervthing in my power for tho wago
'ork^r who worked with his hand."
nd for the farmer. I will do every- I
hing that in me lies for their perma 1
ent good, except anything that Is
rrong. and that I will do for no man
speak out of my deepest convictions
nd as conscientiously as it is in my
ower to sneak when I say to you that.
believe that Mr. Wilson's action In |
onnection with the Adamson bill is f
eeply prejudicial to the real and /
iernianent interests of the laboring I
r?an. I say to you with deepest coriiction
that if you yourself will look
iack you will find that on the average
he wageworker has prosi>ered more
i hen this country has been under .1
rotective tariff than when the proective
tariff has been so low as not
o give protection to our immense an A
a ried industries: and, above all, to
he men working in those industries,
is you know. 1 have always stood for ,
he tariff only to the degree in which
he benefit was reasonably shared be
ween the men in the front office and
he men win# receive the pay envelope
stand for that division now. But
here must be something to divide, or ?
tobody will pet anything." ^
SENTENCE OF AMERICAN
MAY NOT BE PROTESTED
State Department Will Closely Study
Case of W. C. Silbermann
The case of William Chester Silbernann
of New York, sentenced in Pari?
?. o />ka.?rA tl.n ? * _ .11
with the enemy" act of the allies. Is
the first of the kind to come to the
attention of the State Department, although
they all have had such laws in
operation for many months and there *
have been many prosecutions of citizens
of allied states.
Silb?-rmann'8 arrest was reported t<.
the State Department by the American
embassy in Paris more than two weeks
a pro. and. following: inquiries by his *'
friends and employers, the department
directed the embassy to report the <
filets. The report agrees substantially
with press dispatches, but says punishment
was fixed at six months* imprisonment
instead of five years.
Case Will Be Studied.
The case will be studied closely by
department officials, but the impression
at present is that there can be no
ground for protest, because Silbermann
had subjected himself to French
municipal law by residing in Paris.
Further conshleration by the department
may develop ground for objection.
how ever, because of its basic protest
against the application of the
blacklist to American firms.
Acted as an Agent.
BOSTON, October 14.?Maurice Kingsbury,
secretary of the King Rubber
Company, said today that William C.
Silbermann represented that company In
Paris as an agent. "His only capacity
within our knowledge was to sell rubber
gloves to the warring nations," Mr
Kingsbury said. f
Company officials, according to the *
secretary, did not know anything abou'
Silbermann except that he was recom
mciiucu u \ <>cp IUI n L;-.
Gottwik. Scheffer & Co.. as a capable
man. The company had made certain
representations in the matter to th?
State Department at Washington.
WILL SEND DELEGATES
Local Organization to Be Represent*
ed at Federation of Catholic
Alumnae in Baltimore.
Officers of Washington Chapter of
the Alumnae Association of Notre
Dame of Maryland met at the Kochajnbeau
apartment last night and perfected
plans to attend the convention
of the Internationa] Federation of
Catholic Alumnae in Baltimore November
24. 2it. 26, and to entertain 3,000
delegates in this city November 27.
The association is to hold a card
party at 1801 Calvert street northwest
Saturday, when Dr. Laura F. Shugrue
will act as hostess, assisted by Mrs.
M. Brooks Kamsdeil. Tuesday a luncheon
is to be held at Hotel Lafayette.
The reception committee is to be: Mrs
Richard Clinton Dyer, chairman; Dr.
Laura F. Shugrue, Mrs. M. Brook^f
Kamsdeil, Mrs. John L. Walker. Mrs. *
'J'. V. Collins. Mrs. William Lightlc.
Miss Livingstone, Miss l^atira Lynch arid
Mrs. Dorothy Butler.
Officers of the association present
were: President. Miss Lunice Warner:
vice president. Mrs. M. Brooks Ramsiell:
second vice president, Mrs. Frank
May; secretary, Mrs. Raymond Helskell;
treasurer. Dr. Laura F. Shugrue.
Mrs. Dorothy K. Butler, chairman qX
the press committee: Mrs. Clinton Dyer,
chairman of the membership commit tee,
and Mrs. John L. Walker, chairman
)f the committee on design. Others
present were: Mrs. T. V. Collins, Miss J
Li. Collins, Miss Laura Lynch and Mis?
UNIVERSITY CLUB HOLDS
"GET TOGETHER" DINNER
Two Hundred Members of Institution
Gather at Festive Board for
Annual Event. ,
Melody drifted from the upper win
lows 01 inc i niverBuj liuo lute last
iijirht, as 2U0 of the members of that
nstitution sat about the festive board
t their annual "get together" dinner,
nd the corner policeman paused on his '
eat addressing himself to a repreentative
of The Star.
"Sure, they re back again, the boys,"
aid he. The Star reporter nodded, and
own the street drifted "the good song,
"'Tis well!" opined he of the buttons
nd club. " 'Tis very well. I miss the
>t of em in the summer vacation time,
ris a lonely beat, and It's gettin' cold,
nd there's notliln* in the world so cheerjl
as a hunch of grayheads makin'
ight hideous because they're playin'
t being kids again. God bless 'em,
And thus was the opinion of the
?embers that the dinner was a huge
uecess made unanimous.
The committee in charge was comosed
of Alexander Hell, L. P. Harlow,
H. Kimball. Oliver Metzerott and F.
,. Weller, chairman.
Iril a it im ft a Via te nf Pnnlar
'Ciaj ill wwnvv W* .wavsv* A JL VUKiUB.
ATLANTIC CITY. N. J., October 11?
,ouis Cabrera, chairman of the Mexl?ii
commission, today requested a
ostponement of further discussion of
order problems by the Mexlcan-Amer- <
an Joint commission until Monday in
rdcr to give him and his conferees
n opportunity to study fresh data
;lative to the situation, ,
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