Newspaper Page Text
Pair tonight; tomorrow cloudy and
unsettled: mild temperature.
Temperature for twenty-four hours
ended at 2 p.m. today; Highest, 86, at j
2 p.m. yesterday. Lowest, 60, at 6:30
Full report on page 4.
Closing N. Y. Stocks and Bonds, Page 18
X' <177 Knicrcrt as second-class matter
O, I, post office Washington. D. C.
ITALY WILL HOLD CORFU
UNTIL GREECE YIELDS;
SENDS MORE WARSHIPS
Both Nations Make
Ready for Battle,
LEAGUE WILL ACT ON
GRAVE ISSUE TODAY
Britain Indicate* She May
Intervene a* Last
Bj the Associated Press,
The Italian bombardment of Corfu
has caused a profound impression
throughout the world, particularly
at the allied capitals and at Geneva,
where the league of nations is in
Italian forces continue to hold the
island of Corfu, which lies off the
Greek coast. The bombardment, in
which fifteen persons were killed
and many wounded, is now officially
Italy announces that the occupa
tion of Corfu probably will be the
limit of Italian action to enforce
Greece announces that if her ap
peal to the league of nations fails of
relief, she will defend herself against
The Greek minister of foreign af
fairs declares that Italy’s occupation
of Corfu can only be regarded as “a
Italy has notified Greece that
Corfu will be evacutcd if the Athens
government meets Premier Musso
lini’s demands' for satisfaction for
the assassination of Gen. Tellini’s
The council of the league of na
tions meets today to hear representa
tives of the two countries, after re
ceiving formal appeal from Greece
< Ireece protests to the powers over
Italy’s alleged violation of interna
tional law in the bombardment of un
protected forts, the killing of ref
ugees. and the seizure of an island
recognized by treaty as neutral terri
Italian reservists in England are
notified to be in readiness for service,
t, Great Britain Indicates she may in
tervene actively in the situation if
Italy refuses to accept arbitration by
the league of nations and part of the
Mediterranean fleet is held within
easy access of Corfu.
NAVY READY FOR WAR.
Italian Ships Steaming Into Adri
atic Equipped to Fight.
By tile Associated Press.
HOME. September I.—ltalian naval
units which had been stationed at
Bpeziu and Venice now are steaming
for southern Adriatic waters iti full
war status and eight transports are
hold in readiness in case there are
The Italian government has official
ly announced the occupation of Corfu
probably will be the limit of Italian
advances for enforcement of sanc
tions and that (here consequently
probably will be a short breathing
On the island seized by the Italians
are stationed four American and Can
adian relief workers under the com
mand of Col. Stephen Lowe of St.
The Near East Relief also has 1,600
orphan children quartered in the pal
ace formerly occupied by Kaiser Wil
There is an air of satisfaction in
Rome that the government has been
linn an<l prompt in its action.
Telegrams pour in upon Premier
Mussolini from all kinds of patriotic
clubs and associations praising the
government for its decisive course.
In some quarters it is urged that
Greece make a quick settlement to
avoid an increase in the amount of
Italian reparations which would be
caused if armed occupation were
15 KILLED AT CORFU.
Italy Promises to Leave When
Ultimatum Is Met.
By the Associated Press.
ATHENS, September 1. —The Greek
government has been informed by
Italy that the Italian fleet will leave
Corfu as soon as Greece complies with
the Italian demands.
The police station and school on
the island of Corfu were bombarded
by the Italian fleet yesterday and a
contingent of occupying troops was
landed. The station was destroyed by
flames. (A direct dispatch from Corfu
last night said that fifteen civilians
were killed and many wounded in the
bombardment). The war vessels fired
upon the old fort as well, and it was
in this building that many of the
casualties occurred, the message as
News of the occupation caused gen
eral consternation in Athens, and
there was evidence of extreme in
dignation on the part of the popula
The government was officially in
formed of the operation in a note
handed to Foreign Minister Alex
l andris by Signor Montagna, the Italian
I minister, yesterday. It said that the
L ccupation had been effected because
K reece had not accepted the Italian
-mauds, and added that the landing
■ a contingent of naval forces should
>t be regarded as a hostile act, and
I iat therefore Greece should not
P uiopt a belligerent attitude. I
f The worst had been evpected here
K ince Thursday, for the conviction
prevailed that Italy .was planning a
fa 11 accompli before the Intervention
..Continued op Rage 2, Column 2.)
Panic in Athens Bank
By the Associated Pres*.
LONDON, September I.—A
Central Xm» dispatch from
Home, dated Friday, says that,
according to advices from
Athens, the Greek internal sit
uation Is very critical nnd that
the position of the government
Is untenable. Exchange has
fallen nnd there was a panic at
LEAGUE AT CRISIS
IN SETTLING ROW
Delegates See Body on Trial
j in Deciding Greco-ltalian
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, September I.—The league
iof nations is at the crisis of its
j career. This was the feeling today
:of all the delegates to the fourth as
| sembly and the council members as
[ they heard the news that Greece had
j decided to appeal to the league to
(Settle her differences with Italy.
The general opinion is that the
I league is on trial, but every one is
confident that it will be able to effect
a peaceful and just settlement, not
withstanding the precipitate action
of Italy in occupying Corfu.
A- communication from Greece sub
mitting the crisis to the league was
received today at the league head
quarters. thus automatically bringing
the conflict before the council of the
Council Meets Today.
The council has been called to
meet at 4 p.m. today to consider the
Greek communication and it is ex
pected that the Greek and Italian
representatives will be asked to ap
pear and present their arguments.
M. Salandra of Italy, who is a
member of the council, said he had
not examined the Greek document,
but had no reason to think his gov
ernment would object to the council
considering the matter.
The procedure to be followed will
be tor the secretary-general to call
upon Italy to tile her reply. It was
not anticipated that the council
would be m a position to take up
the question before the lapse of sev
Much depends also upon the atti
tude assumed by Italy, who is under
stood to be opposed to league inter
FEAR FATE OF U. S.
WORKERS IN CORFU
Near East Relief Reports Five
Americans Now on
By tlie Associated Press.
NEW VOUK, September I.—Fearing
for the safety of American and Cana
dian relief workers on the island of
Corfu, as well as refugees, officials
of the Near East Relief today hat
ened to get in touch with the State
The American relief workers on
the island, in addition to Col. Lowe,
whose home is in St. Louis, Mo., are:
Miss Emma Wood, Baltimore: Miss
Frances MrQuaide. Charleston. S. C.;
Henry P. Kneeland. St. Louis, Mich.,
and Dr. O. A. Yerman, home address un
Victor Emmanuel Preparing to
Return to Rome.
By the An«oci!ife<l Press.
ROME, September I.—King Em
manuel, who has just been installed
in his summer palace at Racoonigi,
announced that he is preparing to
return to Rome as soon as possible.
His majesty saw the army maneuvers
at Oulna, near Turin, and returned to
MOVIE MAN DRUG VICTIM.
Herbert Jones. Writer and Director,
Took Overdose, Is Said.
SANTA MONICA, Calif., September
1. —The death of Herbert Jones, mo
tion picture writer and director, was
due to an overdose of a narcotic, the
attending physician said today. Jones
died in a hospital yesterday, several
hours after he had been found uncon
scious in his bedroom.
Burns on the director’s body were
found to be slight and probably were
due to the application of a hot-water
bottle found on the bed.
Swims Ten Miles
On 63d Birthday
By the Associated Press.
SANTA MONICA. Calif., Septem
ber I.—Mrs. Anna Vansllke cele
brated the sixty-third anniversary
of her birth yesterday by swimming
ten miles in the ocean.
Just before finishing the swim, she
sang a verse of “The Star Spangled
Banner” to show she was not ex
hausted, and, on leaving the water,
dressed without assistance. She was
in the sea nine hours and twenty
She came here twelve years ago
suffering from tuberculosis, accord
ing to physicians.
V y J ' WITH SUNDAY MORNING EDITION \^y
WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1923-TWENTY-SIX PAGES.
Held War Move,
IN HIGHEST CIRCLES
Hopes to Avoid Actual
Move Is Vital.
By the Associated Press.
ATHENS, September I. —Greece
will abide by the decision of the
league of nations in the dispute
with Italy, Premier Gonatas an
nounced to the “TlTess after the
cabinet meeting today.
The premier said that the forts
the Italian squadron had bombard
ed at Corfu had been placed at the
disposal of the Near East Relief
by the Greek government for the
housing of refugee orphans. The
premier announced officially that
some of the orphans were killed
and said that, although he did not
know the exact number, he under
stood It was fifteen.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, September I.—ltaly's ac
tion in bombarding and occupying
Corfu in contravention of the neu
trality of the island, guaranteed in
perpetuity by the treaty of 1864, In
which Great Britain ceded Corfu to
Greece, is considered in military and
diplomatic quarters In London as
tantamount to a declaration of war
upon Greece and as constituting a
flagrant violation of international law.
The greatest apprehension is felt
over possible further moves by Italy.
If Italy should ignore the interven
tion of the league of nations and the
independent efforts of the allied
council of ambassadors for an ami
cable solution of the crisis the mili
tary experts here see the danger of
war spreading throughout south
Will Net Intervene Notv.
Great Britain will intervene ac
tively in the Greco-ltalian Imbroglio
only if Italy refuses to accept arbi
tration by the league of nations, the
council of which meets at Geneva to
day to consider the whole critical
It is announced that the govern
ment thus far has not instructed the
British ambassador at Rome or the
diplomatic representative at Athens
to use their good offices toward set
tlement of the dispute, it being felt
that the controversy for the moment
is one for the leauge to settle.
Meanwhile, however, the govern
ment is taking all prudent precau
tions and measures to prevent Italy
making her occupation of Corfu per
manent, in violation of the existing
neutrality agreement. Various units
of the powerful British Mediterranean
fleet, now released from service in
the Dardanelles, are within easy ac
cess of Corfu and in a position to
block further moves by Italy If the
Rome government refuses to listen to
Set Against Involvement.
The whole trend of opinion in Eng
land, however, seems to be strongly
set against becoming involved in near
eastern complications if it can pos
sibly be avoided.
It is recalled that Jugoslavia is
linked by royal marriage to Greece
and. moreover, that Greece received
from Jugoslavia only a few months
ago certain promises of support in
the event of being attacked by an
other country, in return for which
Jugoslavia was given the use of
Saloniki as a free port of entry for
arms of war and merchandise.
Allied observers also refer to the
continued enmity between Jugoslavia
and Italy over the Plume and Dal
matian questions, which they regard
as an important moral factor In favor
of Greece if open hostilities should
ensue between Athens and Rome.
Romania Also Has lies.
Rumania also has dynastic ties with
Greece, it is pointed out, and in case
of a declaration of war by Italy on the
Hellenic kingdom the Bucharest gov
ernment might be expected, in the
opinion of military men, to lend ac
tive support to Greece.
There is no truth in a report that
the British Mediterranean squadron
has been ordered to lonian waters,
It was officially stated today. No spe
cial movement of British ships has
occurred, officials said, and no vessels
have been diverted from their ordi
Italian reservists residing in Lon
don have been notified to hold them
selves in readiness for a call to the
colors In event the necessity arises.
Greek Legation Protests.
The Greek legation here issued the
following statement this morning:
“The Greek legation has received
news that the Italian fleet bombarded
Corfu, which by treaty is neutral ter
ritory under international guarantee,
and that Italian shells killed several
refugees from Asia Minor who were
lodged in the school of police.
"This BC h°°l is situated In the so
called fortress of Corfu which, how
ever. by virtue of the treaty, is un
armed. the Island being unfortified
and only some old barracks existing
“The Greek government, after the
rejection of its note in which it of
fered Italy full and due satisfaction,
including indemnity to the families
of the victims of the crime committed
on Greek soil, made an urgent appeal
to the league of nations for interven
tion on the basis of the express terms
of the league pact.
Called Flagrant Violation.
“The Greeks can not but consider
the occupation and bombardment of
the neutral island of Corfu as a
flagrant violation, not only of the
covenant of the league of nations, of
which both Greece and Italy are
signatories, but also of the lonian is
(Conlinued oq >'age 2, .Cofinpn 2.)
“SEPTEMBER MORN” 1923.
Eskimo Only Survivor or
Wrangell Island Party Found
by Noice Expedition.
By the Associated Pres*. i
NOME. Alaska. September X.—An
Eskimo woman, the sole survivor of I
the Crawford expedition, which left
here for Wrangell Island, off the
northern coast of Siberia, in the fall
of 1921. described today the fate of
the four white men composing the ex
pedition. The trip was arranged by
Vilhjalmur Stefansson. with the prin
cipal object of raising the British
flag over the island which had been
claimed -bjw *hre- stnrret government.
Three of the party. Allan Crawford
of Toronto. Ont., leader of the expe
dition; Frederick Maurer. New Phil
adelphia. Ohio, and Milton Galle. New
Braunfels, Tex., perished the second!
winter, the Eskimo woman, named Ada.
said. They went out on the ice seek
ing the mainland and never returned.
The remaining man, Lome E.
Knight, McMinnville, Ore., died of
scurvy, June 20. 1923, and his body
was brought back by the relief ex
pedition headed by Capt. Harold
Nolce. which left here August 3. Capt,
Noice said his power schooner, the
Donaldson, had little trouble reach
ing the island.
Found Claim to Island.
The first evidence of the missing
party found by Capt. Nolce’s expedi
tion was a bottle in a deserted camp,
containing the names of the party
with the declaration that they claim
ed Wrangell Island in the name of
King George of Great Britain.
The Eskimo woman's husband. Black
Jack, died here while she was gone.
The Donaldson arrived at Wrangell
Island August 20. and left last Sun
day. She was forced to halt nine
days when fifty-five miles north of
the island on her way to It. and,
after the weather cleared, bucked her
way through the i'e for the fifty-five
While bucking the ice the Donald
son stove a hole in her bow. This
was repaired by placing a large
walrus hide around the aperture. 1
The journey was completed in a
heavy fog, the Donaldson lying near
Herald Island, east of Wrangell Is
land. while the party went ashore
The camp in which the bottle was
found was at Rogers Harbor. Doubt
ful Bay, on the south side of Wrangell
Faintn on Seeing Party.
Ada was frightened when she saw
the men of the Nolce party approach
ing and the Donaldson nearby. She
fainted, but on recovery told the
tale of the disaster.
Directed by Ada, Nolce found Knight
dead in his sleeping bag. Ada said
that she had done all the hunting
and had cared for Knight for two
months before his death, and that
after he died she left him in the
sleeping bag and put up another tent
for herself about fifty feet away.
Last December, Ada said, Knight
and two other men started for the
mainland, but through some mistake
landed near Herald Island, and after
two weeks returned to Wrangell
Knight was then too 111 to travel,
and Crawford, Maurer and Galle
started for Siberia with dog feed
for seventeen days, and very little
other provisions. Ada said that they,
too. took a wrong direction, moving
to the southeast as they passed for
ever from her vision.
When Nolce found Ada on the is
land she was down to her last pack
age of pilot bread, all that was left
of the food stores taken to the Island
when the Crawford party landed.
She had laid her plans to endure
another winter of exile.
VETS TO SPEND $20,000
TO SEE FLOGGERS TRIED
Will Pay Sum Gladly If Necessary
to Bring Soldier’s Assailants
to Justice, Is Said.
By the Associated Press.
BRYAN, Tex., September I.—The
Disabled Veterans of the World War
will spend $20,000, If necessary, to
see that Justice is brought to those
guilty of flogging Manuel M. Moon at
his home near here Tuesday night, ac
cording to L. E. Bailey, state com
mander of the organisation. He said
last night that he had received ad
vices to this effect from national
headquarters at Cincinnati. Moon Is
a disabled veteran and was at home
on a furlough from a government
hospital when attacked. Eight men
are under bond awaiting grand Jury
investigation into the flogging.
FEAR GREAT TRAGEDY
1 AS QUAKE ROCKS JAPAN
| Yokohama Reported Practically Entirely
Ablaze, While Serious Damage Is
Done in Tokio and Other Places.
I Hr t lie Associated Press. •
KAN FRANCISCO, September I.
, Practically the entire city of Yoko
hama is afire, and numerous casual
ties have occurred as a result of a
conflagration which broke out after a
severe earthquake shock, according
to a message from the Japanese radio
station at Iwakl to the Radio Cor
poration of America’s local station.
The message follows:
“Conflagration subsquent to severe
j earthquake at Yokohama at noon to-
TEXAN HELD LIKELYi
( AS MEXICO ENVOY
President Due to Follow
Harding Choice in Nam
Selection of an ambassador to Mex
ico, to which President Coolidge and
Secretary Hughes are known already
; to have given some attention, proba
jbly will be made before the end of
• this month. It is regarded as proba
j ble in official circles here that the
! post will go to R. B. Creager of j
.Brownsville, Tex., who is known to]
■ have been the choice of President
| Harding and whose recent confer
j ences here with President Coolidge
] are said to have resulted in a favor
able consideration of his name by the
present Chief Executive,
i Meanwhile the conduct of diplo
| matic affairs between the two coun
, tries will be carried on through their
accredited charge d'affaires. Instruc
tions to George T. Summerlin, the]
I American charge at Mexico City, to
i present his credentials to the Mexican]
j foreign office are expected to go for- |
j ward from the State Department in' a
(day or two, and similar instructions
I 1 are expected momentarily by Manuel
O'Tellez, charge at the Mexican em
I Recognition of the Obregon govern
ment by Great Britain. Prance. Bel
gium and Cuba is expected as an early
consequence of the formal resumption
of diplomatic relations between the
United States and Mexico.
FESTIVE POKER GAME
UNDER BAN IN BERLIN
Through Police Activity in Law
Enforcement Wealthy Resident
Evicted From Home.
BERLIN, September I.—The police
have inaugurated a campaign against
poker, even In private hpmes.
As apartment houses are scarce,
the police have conceived a scheme to
deprive habitual poker players of
their lodgings by placing the quar
ters of those convicted at the disr
posal of the housing commission
which has on hand thousands of ap
plications for quarters. One wealthy
German who lived in a fashionable
apartment has already suffered evic
tion. although his game was confined
To Permit Return
Os Crown Prince
By the Associated Press.
LONDON, September I.—A dis
patch to the Central News from
Berlin says It has been learned
on good authority that former
Crown Prince Frederick William
has asked to.be allowed to return
to Germany and that the Prussian
.cabinet is prepared to permit him
to reside in Castle Oehle, near
day. Practically whole city ablaze.
17 MILES FROM CAPITAL.
Yokohama Has Population of Half
Yokohama is situated on the east
coast of Hondo, on of Tokio,
seventeen miles southwest of the
Japanese capital, with which it Is
connected by rail.
- It has a population of about a half
(Continued on Page 2, Column 1.)
ALIENS BEAT CLOCK.
Considered Under August
Quotas Because of Seconds’
Too Early Arrival.
Thousands of immgrants on ships
which rushed to quarantine at New
York a few minutes before last mid
night in the monthly race to take ad
vantage of the new quota under the
immigration law. Commissioner General
Husband said today, will be counted
j under the August and not the Septem
j ber allotments for their respective
Only those from countries whose Au
gust quotas have not been exhausted
will be admitted, he said, since, under
the law. one minute before midnight is
no different than an hour or a week.
MANY COME TOO SOON.
I Ships Dock Few Minutes Before
Midnight in New York.
I By tiie Associated Press.
NEW YORK. Sepember I.—Thou
| sands of immigrants today were
ordered detained, pending decision by
Washington, because during the quar
antine sweepstakes last night several
ships dashed through the Narrows
a few minutes before midnight and
brought their passengers technically
into the overstocked August immi
Several vessels arrived three or
four minutes ahead of time. Among
these were the Braga from Con
stantinople. the Estonia from the
Baltic, the Byron from Constantinople
and the Esperanza from Vera Cruz.
The Drottningholm, from Scandi
navia. the America and the Washing
ton from the Mediterranean reached
quarantine less than a second after
Aliens entering port during the
night totaled 14,254, as compared to
20,485 a month ago. Many of the new
arrivals will be deported.
The reduction in the number was
effected by rerouting several vessels
to Boston, Providence and Philadel
A number of vessels had been lying
for from twelve to twenty-four hours
in Gravesend bay before starting for
CREW OF 40 DROWNS
German Ship Broken Tip in Storm,
Captain the Only Sur
YMUIDEN, Holland, September I.
The German steamship Klupfel was
wrecked in a storm Thursday night
north of Borkum Island, off the Ger
man coast, and the crew of forty was
drowned. News of the disaster was
first learned when the captain of
the steamer, the sole survivor, was
picked up by a Dutch trawler.
The Klupfel was bound from Hull
to Bremerhavea with coal.
“From Press to Home
Within Hour ”
The Star’s carrier system covers
every city block and the regular edi
tion is delivered to Washington homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
COAL PARLEY BREAKS
UP UNTIL WEDNESDAY;
PEACE HOPES GROWING
155,000 Workers Strike, But
Neither Side Is Planning
Long Tie-Up, Is Said.
PINCHOT BELIEVES THAT PEACE
PLAN WILL BE ACCEPTED SOON
Last of Coal Hauled From Mines, While
Strike Is Made Complete as Anthra
cite Field Is Deserted.
By fhc Associated Press.
HARRISBURG, Pa., September I.—The conference of anthra
cite operators and miners’ representatives, which reconvened at 10
o’clock today to resume consideration of Gov. Pinchot’s peace set
tlement plans, adjourned at 11 :07 until 2 p.m. next Wednesday.
Gov. Pinchot, at the close of today’s session, expressed himself
as much encouraged. The suspension, however, will continue, he
said, during the recess, which was agreed to, the governor ex
plained. at the suggestion of both sides.
Spokesmen for both sides of the controversy left town imme
diately after, declaring their positions unchanged.
Differences over the governor’s proposal for a 10 per cent wage in
crease to all anthracite mine workers and over arbitration were as strong
ly marked as ever when the governor reassembled his conference. To
day’s meeting lasted scarcely a half hour, but both employers and union
leaders were in one room all of the period. Until Wednesday, when they
come back, there will be no attempt on either side to arrange dealings
that might end the work suspension.
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA. September J
There was an optimistic feeling
through the anthracite coal regions
of Pennsylvania that the suspension
of mining, which became effective to
day. would not be long continued.
For the second time within a year
and a half production of anthracite !
is suspended, while the leaders of
the union miners and the representa
tives of the coal companies struggle
at Harrisburg to reach an agreement
on a new wage scale.
A year ago the miners returned to
work after five months of idleness
under a contract which expired last
midnight. A year ago the miners
wanted the contract to run to next
April, but the operators insisted on
August 31. Under the peace proposal
to end the present contest the op
erators are asking for a long-term
contract if they must accede to the
10 per cent 'wage advance suggested
by tlov. I’inchot.
Reports from the anthracite fields
indicated a total suspension. Every
man and boy is expected to refrain
from work until the differences are
adjusted. So far no company has an
nounced its intention to mine coal
while the union’s suspension order is
If the suspension is not lifted as
a result of developments in Harris
burg today the mine workers would
not resume operations before Tues
day. as Monday is Labor day.
About 155.000 men and boys are
idle. The only men at work today
were about 4.000 maintenance men.
It is their duty to keep the mines
free of water and gas and to pre
The feeling that the suspension
may not be long continued is shared
not only by many mine workers but
bv company officials. This is indi- ;
cated when no preparations were
made for a long suspension.
While the mines are idle the rail
roads were busy hauling the last of
the coal mined this week. It was
Pinchot Far From Beaten in Efforts
For Coal Peace 9 Close Friends Assert
nv ROBERT T. SMALL..
Special Dispatch to Tlie Star.
HARRISBURG. Pa., September 1—
It was virtually admitted here today by
those in closest touch with the situa
tion that the replies made by the an
tracite miners and operators to the pro
posals of Go. Pinchot were ad
dressed to the American public rather
than to the governor.
Both miners and operators want the
public sympathy. The miners feel they
are downtrodden. They lose five hun
dred men a year by death in the mines,,
getting out coals for the public. They
say their demands are reasonable and
could be met by the operators.
The operators say they are the only
public safeguard. They declare the
miners are not entitled to any more
money, and that if any more money is
given them it must be passed along to
an already overburdened public. Today
the operators were even more convinced
than on Thursday that under the
Pinchot proposals the increase in the
price of anthracite to the consumer
would run from $1 to $1.50 a ton. The
operators also are insisting that there
should be at least a four-year contract,
; go that the public would not be uncer
tain and harassed each year by new
negotiations in the anthracite field.
Therefore, as the negotiations pass
I from an attempt to prevent a strike
mto an effort to settle a strike, the dear
1 old public is. being defended on three
sides Gov. Pinchot is represent
ing the public in the miner-operator con
troversy The miner is vowing that the
miner’s good is the public good. The
operator is acclaiming that he, and he
I alone is left the burden of protecting
i t he public. There is no question but
that the operators are aroused to the
fact that in dealing with any increase in
I the coat of mining coal at this time
I they will get the entire blame for in
-1 creases to the (consumer.
Strike Officially On.
Meantime the strike is on and none
knows when it will end. It is ad
mitted by all who are familiar with
suspensions in the anthracite region
that once the men lay down their tools
it is extremely difficult to get them
into the shafts and slopes again.
Scores of the blue-shlrted men who
walked out Friday afternoon drifted
into Harrisburg today to see what
was going on. Some of them sat in
the marble lobby of the hotel where
their leaders had been stopping dur
ing the negotiations. Others wan
dered through the expensive and or
nate state capltol building, peering
particularly into the reception room ot
Yesterday’s Net Circulation, 87,801
estimated there was not much more
than a 50 per cent production yes
Little Coal Stored.
Little of the domestic size of an
thracite is held for storage because
of the tremendous demand all sum
mer. There is considerable steam
coal below the size of pea on hand.
Negotiations for a new wage
agreement to replace the one that ex
pired last night were begun In June,
when the miners formulated their
demands at Scranton. It is not gen
erally known that approaches were
made as early as last March for an
agreement based on the contract Ju»t
expired. It Is understood that some
of the operators were willing to make
a new agreement at that time but
that the miners did not agree. Ne
gotiations were begun in Atlantic
City on July 26 and adjourned for
ten days following a week of dis
cussion. after which they were again
taken up in New York and Atlantic
City and later resumed at Harrisburg.
ANTHRACITE FIELD SMALL.
Confined to Area of 496 Miles in
By the Associated Press.
PHILADELPHIA, September I.—An
thracite is found in a comparatively
i small part of Pennsylvania. No com
merclally-worth-while amount of an
thracite is found in any other part
of the United States. It is confined
to nine counties in an area of about
496 square miles in the northeastern
quarter of the state. Five of the nine
counties yield more than 90 per cent
of the annual production. The coal
is found at all depths, ranging from
outcroppings on the surface to aboot
1.400 feet under ground.
There is no strictly bituminous coal
in the anthracite area. Bituminous
coal is found in central and western
1 Pennsylvania in more than a score of
There are more than 200 anthracite
collieries, employing approximately
155.000 men and boys, of these about
40.000 are skilled miners who blast
! the governor, where the joint confer- .
ences have been held. This room is
truly palatial. It is rich in carved
walnut, gold-stamped morocco leather
furniture. tessellated chandeliers,
mural friezes and all that goes for
sumptuousness and lavishness and ex
penditure, The room was decidedly
a contrast to the grimy shafts left a
few hours before, but the miners
seemed to enjoy the change.
In the executive session of Friday
afternoon Gov. Pinchot fought for
more than five, hours with the repre
sentatives of miners and operators
trying to force some sort of agree
ment. As a reward to his volunteer
labors first he had the miners and
operators in joint session and then he
had the miners and operator* In
separate session. Once again he had
them in joint session, and still again
in separate session.
\o Sign of Agreement.
But it was all to no avail. They
would not agree. They appeared to
be looking for points of disagree
ments rather than points of agree
ment. Undoubtedly it was an ex
asperating experience for the govern
or, but it was not unlocked for by
those who have followed the negotia
tions of the miners and operators for
the last two months.
It was apparent from the begin
ning of these struggles that there
would have to be a cessation of coal
mining before either side could bo
brought into an agreement.
Pinchot felt that he might avoid th«
strike. Even as late as Thursday!
morning he was confident the mlnera
could be induced to recall the orderj
for a suspension. But there is one,
point on which the miners are ada
mant. They will not work under any
sort of truce. Truces are not in their
line. They work under signed con
tract or not at all.
The friends of Gov. Pinchot today
insisted that he was far from a beaten
man. They said he still had the
■y;2apon of "pitiless publicity" at his
command, and that he would begin
stumping the state at once to induce
the miners and operators to agree to
an amicable settlement of their dis
Could Seise Mines.
In a grave emergency, it is pointed
out, the governor could seize the
mines in this state and work them.
The Pennsylvania state constitution
confers these emsigency powers upon
the chief executive. But it is agreed
the emergency would have to be very
great Indeed to warrant the governor
the use of these extreme powers. Only
if persons were dying of the cold or
(Continued on Pago Z, Column