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full investigation of hours of labor and the-results of nervous strain
caused by machinery and "occupations where machinery is chiefly
employed and operated by women and girls."
To supply,-in some measure this 'missing data, the Vice Com
mjssion quotes from the results of other investigations. One quo
tation is from Massachusetts Legislative 'Document House, 1866,
No. 98, as follows: - .'.
"The effect of overwork on morals-is closely related to the in
jury to health. Laxity of moral fibre -follows physical debility.
When the working day is so long that no 'time whatever is lef t-f or a
minimum of leisure or home' life, relief from the strain of work is
sought in alcoholic stimulants and other excesses."
" The next quotation' fs 'from Page 22, "Relations Between LaboV
and Capital," U. S. Senate Committee, 1883, Vol. 1:
"Overwork is the fruitful source ofjnnumerable. evils Ten and
eleven hours daily of hard' labor are more than the human system
can bear, save in a few exceptional' cases It eripples the bod)',
ruins health, shortens life. It stunts the mind, gives no time for
culture, no opportunity for reading, study or mental improvement.
Itleaves' the. system jaded and worn., with no ability to study
It" tends to dissipation in various forms. The exhausted system
craves stimulants. This' opens the door to other indulgences, from
which flow not only the degeneracy of individuals, but the degen
eracy of the race' '.'- -'
- Another quotation is from the testimony of Robert Howard,
Mulespjnner in Fall River Cotton Mills, taken from the decision "of
the United State Supreme Court an the case of Curt Muller v. State
of Oregon, upholding the constitutionality of the 10 hour law for
- wjorrien. The quotation follows:
"I have noticed that the hard slavish overwork is driving those
girls into the saloonSj after they leave the mills evenings good
respectable" girls, but they come out so tired and so thirsty and so
exhausted ," from working along steadily from hour-to hour and
' breathing the noxious effluvia from the grease and other ingredients
used in the mill."
The commission itself, on the subject of the bad effect of fatigue
$ upon morals, says: '
''The dangers attendant upon excessive working' hours j are i
shown also Tiy the moral degeneration which results from over fa-'
tigue. Laxity of moral fibre follows physical debility. When the
working day is so long that no time' is left for a minimum of leis
use and recreation, relief from the strain of work is pf ten sought in
alcoholic stimulants. In extreme 'cases the moral breakdown leads
to'menfai degeneracy and criminal acts."
.The Commission hafe gone-much deeper into the subject than is