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title: 'The Day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 20, 1911, Image 19',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
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THE SINGLE TAX WHAT IS IT?
Article No. 7. By Edmund Norton.
There are two principles or
rules in regard to taxation, one or
the other of which most people
accept in theirjudgments of such
The first says: "People should.
pay toward the support ' of gov-j
ernment according to the amount,
of wealth they have rthe poor
paying less, the rich most." "
The second says: "People
should pay toward the support of
government according: to the
amount of benefits they receive
from government if the benefits
are small they should pay little;'
if the benefits are large, they
should pay much."
Which is right? Whatever-
your answer, both rules are vic
iously and villianously violated by
nearly every form of tax in exist
ence except the Land Value Tax
The Poll Tax takes from the
'rich and poor alike without re
,gard to benefits or wealth
"breaking both rules. A Road
Tar, which is a form of Poll Tax,
takes from rich and poor alike.
Then it puts -both amounts on the
rich man's land he 'gets it all
Jjack and the.poor man gets noth
ing. The Personal Property and
Improvement Taxes punish the
honest man who tells what he has
and exempts the perjurer who
lies about his. The Tariff taxes
.the rich and poor on their food,
clothing and shelter, alike, but ex
empts the rich man's fortune.
The Income Tax takes iust as
much from the man who earns his
income as it does from the man
whose income is unearned and ill
gotten. These are "Club" meth
odsin which justice finds no
Should the merchant buy $1,
000 worth of goods abroad and
pay $1,000 at the Custom House,
he adds that to the price of the
goo'ds making them $2,000 ;n
cost. Then the local tax man
finds them and taxes the $1,000 ' ,
cost and the $1, 000 tariff. The
merchant mustadd this tax to
the cost and' you buy them and
pay the original "cost, plus the
tariff,' plus the taxes on both. This j
brings us to a great law in
economics "Every tax that is
put on anything made by labor
enters into the cost of producing
that thing and is paid by the 'U1-1
timate Consumer.' "
Therefore, the most of the talk:
you hear about the "Taxpayer"
is a nuge joKe to tne people wno
know "Economic Law." There
are no real taxpayers in the world
but the "Ultimate Consumer"
excepting him who pays a tax on
Rent, or Land Value. All be
tween these two are mere Tax
Dodgers or Tax Shifters. There
are a few exceptions tg this rule
that simply accentuate it when
The taxation of Land Values,
however, is the only form of tax
that meets evefy requirement of
Justice and Economic exped
In the first place, Land Values
are the only values in the world