OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, January 01, 1912, Image 9

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1912-01-01/ed-1/seq-9/

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JUST ONE HUNDRED YEARS AGO HOW WE CINCHED
FREEDOM AND NAPOLEON WANED
The year 1812 saw the estab
lishment for all time of American
independence; and the ebbing of
Napoleon Bonaparte's reign over
Europe.
' For many months before 1812
England, then at war with the
first Napoleon, had searched
American vessels for deserters
from the British navy. Many of
the sailors taken had become nat
uralized citizens of the United
States, but Great Britain had
VSEfSV
can vessels were carrying goods
to his enemies.
Between the two, France and
England, America was getting
the worst of it. She couldn't fight
both, so she picked England.
England was altogether too dom
ineering in her treatment of
Americans.
Early in the year 1812 James
Madison, then president, sent 3
message to congress advising
war. Henry Clay was speaker of
the house; one of the rising mem-
enunciated the doctrine that
"once a British subject, always a
British subject."
Not only did they continue re
moving their deserters from our
vessels, but often took along na
tive born Americans. ' England
needed every sailor she could get
in her conflict with France.
On the other hand Napoleon
was capturing American vessels,
confiscating the cargoes, giving
as an excuse his belief that Ameri;
bers was John C. Calhoun ; Dan
iel Webster was making his mai
den speech as a representative
from New Hampshire. Congress
voted to declare, war, June 18.
The next day Madison proclaim
ed the beginning.
New England threatened to
secede if the war was begun, and
refused to furnish any soldiers.
Later on the Yankies up there
changed their minds about it, and
fought with the rest c

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