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The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, February 21, 1912, Image 18

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1912-02-21/ed-1/seq-18/

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ROOSEVELT THROWS LOT WITH MOST RADICAL OF
PROGRESSIVES; ATTACKS TAFT
Declares for Recall of Judges, Initiative and Referendum, Short
Ballot, Direct Election of U. S. Senators, and Federal
t Regulation of Big Business.
Columbus, O., Feb. 21. In his
speech before the Ohio Constitu
tional Convention here today,
Theodore Roosevelt forever
broke with President Taft, and
came out flatly in favor of federal
regulation of "Big Business", the
'short ballot, direct primaries for
the election of delegates to the
national nominating conventions,
the direct election of United
States senators, the initiative and
referendum, and the recall of
judges.
In his speech before the New
York bar, President Taft said
that the judiciary "ought to be in
dependent of the majority or of
all the people."
("Said Roosevelt today: "Many
vetninent lawyers, who more or
Jess frankly disbelieve in our en
tire; American system of govern
ipent for, by, and of the people,
violently antagonize this pro
posal (the recall). They believe
and sometimes assert that the
American people are not fitted for
popular government, and that it
is necessary to keep the judiciary
"independent of the majority or
of all the people."
"I believe, on the contrary,' with
all my heart that the American
people are fitted for self-government."
The following excerpts from
Roosevelt's speech show how
clearly he threw his lot in with
the Progressives :
"I believe in pure democracy.
Witli Linloln, I hold that 'this
country, with its institutions, be
longs to the people who inhabit
it. Whenever they shall grow
weary of the existing - govern
ment, they can exercise their con
stitutional right to amending it.'
x "We Progressives believe the
people have the right, the power,
and the duty to prote.ct them
selves and their own welfare ; that
human rights are supreme over
all other ' rights ; that wealth
should be the servant, not the
master, of the people.
"The power is the people's and
only the people's.
"Constitution makers should
make it clear beyond shadow of
doubt that the people in their leg
islative capacity, have the power
to enact into law any measure
they deem necessary for the bet
terment of social and industrial
conditions.
"The wisdom of framing any
particular law of this kind is a
proper subject for debate; but the
power of the people to enact the
law should not be subject to de
bate. "The tillers of the soil the
wage workers, the business men
these are the three big .and vi
tally important divisions of our
population. The welfare of each
iJL

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