OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, February 21, 1912, Image 19

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1912-02-21/ed-1/seq-19/

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division is vitally important to
the welfare of the people as a
whole. The great mass of busi
ness is done by men whose busi
ness is either small of of moder
ate size.
"No man should receive a dol
lar unless that dollar has been
fairly earned. Every dollar re
ceived should represent a dollar's
worth of service rendered. No
watering of stocks should be per
mitted ; and it can be prevented
only by close governmental su
pervision of all stock issues.
"We stand for the rights of
property, but we stand even more
for the rights of man. We will
protect the rights of the weal
thy man, but we maintain that he
holds his wealth subject to the
general right of the community to
regulate its business use.
"We also maintain that the
Nation and the several States
have the right to regulate the
terms and conditions of labor,
which is the chief element of
wealth, directly in the interest of
the common gdod.
"It is our prime duty to shape,
the industrial and social forces
so they may tell for the material
and moral upbuilding of the far
mer and wage-worker, just as
they should do in the case of the
business man.
"Shape your constitutional ac
tion so the people will be able,
through their legislative body, or,
failing that, by popular vote, to
provide workmen's compensation
acts, to regulate the hours of la
bor for children and for women,
to provide for their safety while
at work, and, prevent overwork:
or work under unhygienic or un
safe conditions.
"I believe in the short ballot.X
"I believe in providing, for di
rect nominations by the people,
including therein direct preferen
tial primaries for the election of
delegates to national nominating
conventions. - . ""
"I believe in the election of
United States senators by direct
vote.
"I believe in the initiative an'd
referendum, which should be used
not to destroy representative gov
ernment, but to correct it whe'rP
ever it becomes misrepresentaj
tive. "There remains the question oil
the recall of judges. One of the
ablest jurists in the United States
a veteranin the service of the
people, recently wrote me as fol
lows :
" 'There are two causes of th
agitation for the recall as ap
plied to judges. First, the admin
istration of justices has witfiV
drawn from life and become arti
ficial and technical. The recall'ls
not so much a recall of judg2Js
from office as it is a recall of tKe
administration of justices back lb
life, so that it shall become, asr it
ougtit to be, the most efficient of
all agencies for making this earth
a beter place to live in,
" 'Judges have set their rules
above life. Like the Pharisees of
old they have said, "the people
be accused, they know not the
law" (this is our rule). Courts
have repeatedly defeated the

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