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Newspaper Page Text
sylvania), Tom Lewis and W. D.
Ryan, and the younger men who
are now at the , helm John P.
White, Prank Hayes, John Walk
er1 and others the organization
grew in leaps and bounds, until
today over 300,000 men are1 en
rolled. 'The winning of the big' strike
i in Illinois a dozen vears aero in
which the issue was clearly de
nned as to unionism probably had
rnpre to do than any other single
incident to guarantee the growth
of the U. M. W.
The greatest strike in the or
ganization's history occurred two
years ago, when about 300,000
men walked out of the bitumin
ous mines. The strike was for
more wages and was settled "by
districts favorably to the1 men,
Iowa and Michigan leading off
after a few weeks' shut-down,
with other states falling in line,
Illinois being the last to yield
after nearly six months of bat
tling. The anthracite strike of 1902
brought out 160,000 men, nearly
all of whom remained idle for a
period of over five months. The
Roosevelt anthracite strike com
mission awarded the miners the
nine-hour day and 10 per cent
more wages, but enforced the
open sh6p. The latter provision
in the award has proven a serious
handicap to the U. M. W. Offi
cials claim that hundreds of
active unionists have been black
listed, resulting in thousands of
others being intimidated and
forced to desert the organization.
Baer, .. Truesdale and other
operators claim that White really
doesn't represent more than 25,
000 organized anthracite men, or
about 15 per cenf, jn the three dis
tricts. This is doubtless true,
thanks to the effectiveness of
their coercive methods.
But John Mitchell represented
less-than 20,000 men when the
strike was called ten years ago.
In the big Illinois strike only 11,
000 men were in the union when
the fight began and 75,000 were
enrolled when it ended. When
30,000 miners quit work in the
.Westmoreland field three years
ago-and battled over one year
only a handful were organized.
A peculiar feature about the
miners is that almost invariably'
the 4ion-unionists follow the lead
of-the unionists. The only ex
ception to the rule has been in
west Virginia, wnere me mm
union men are held in servitude
like so many serfs by the Davises
and Elkinses and other feudal
If John P. White can inaugur
ate a campaign that will result in
freeing the slaves of the mines in
West Virginia the dream of John
Siney wttl be in a fair way to be
come a reality.
Electric sign business growing
more and more important Lat
est big f sign is 65 feet long, 50
feet high, and uses 3,000, 5-watt
Pocket telephone with contract
stations on fence posts buildings,
etc.. all over the citv. latest thin?
for police-in Berlin.