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Newspaper Page Text
periments is explained by Dr.
"I wish to find a method by
which to store tissues during the
period which elapses between
thejr extirpation and their trans
plantation on the patient.
"It would be very convenient
for surgeons to keep in store
pieces of skin, bone, cartilage,
blood vessels, peritoneum, and
fat, ready to be used. I have at
tempted to preserve the tissue
outside of the organism in a con
dition of latent or active life."
Dr. Carrel has a remarkable
list of surgical achievements.
He has taken kidneys from.
two cats and exchanged them.
'Both cats lived, the transplanted
organs performing their proper
functions in their new homes.
He transplanted legs of dogs,
and the dogs thrived with their
"borrowed" limbs. He even trans
planted dogs' heads with suffi
cient success to warrant him in
saying that future operations of
a similar kind may be easily made.
He has kept arteries preserved
in hermetically sealed tubes -at a
temperature a little above the
freezing point and then success
fully transferred them to living
He has taken arteries from an
?T amputated human leg and, put
them in a dogs leg, and that
dog's blood now pours through
arteries once" in a human body,
Dr. Carrel's experiments have
been mainly upon animals. It is
said that he could, by taking va
rious parts of different animals, i
build up a new living. creature,
but that is farthest 'from his
"What I hope to do," he ex
plains, "is to make human life
longer, and I experiment on ani
mals solely with that aim."
Dr. Carrel is a bachelor, just
under 40. He was born near
Lyons, France, and was graduat
ed from the University of Lyons
in 1900. In 1905 he conducted
some experiments at McGill uni
versity, Montreal. Then the Chi
cago university heard of the won
derful young surgeon and "an
In 1909 he shifted to the Rocke
feller institute for medical re
search in New York city.
Two Other Nobel .Prizes Won in
Theodore Roosevelt, won the
1906 "peace prize" for his ser
vices in bringing about peace be
tween Russia and Japan.
Prof. A. A. Michelson of the
University of Chicago, won a
prize in 1907 for his researches in
the field of physics.
"Subbubs declares," said Coak
ley, "that out his way one night
last week the temperature drop
ped to zero."
"That's nothing," said Joakley.
A novel method of encourag
ing children in their studies is
practiced in the schools of Mex
ico. Those who show proficiency
are permitted to smoke cigarettes
while pursuing their studies