OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, November 12, 1912, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1912-11-12/ed-1/seq-10/

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time of the shooting. At the
crack of the pistol, policemen
came running from every direc
tion, drawing their revolvers and
swords. Civil guards, the mili
tary police, poured out of the de
partment of the interior building,
fixing their bayonets and slipping
clips of cartridges into their rifles.
It was evident that the authori
ties believed that a general revo
lution was to follow the assassin
ation of the prime minister.
The police tried to clear the
square.; The people poured into
the square by every street and
pllev $treet cars clanpd fu
riously for a right of way through
the crowd. Scores of mules, tied
in tandems Mi iivcvpi jix, iuok
fright, and bit and kicked at the
people.
The government? immediately
ordered the wholesalcarrest of all
anarchists and Republicans in the
city. Before night, every man in
Madrid known to sympathize
with the Republicans, was in a
cell.
The authorities believe that
Zarrate was incited to murder
Canalejas by the speeches at a
meeting held Sunday in memory
of Prof. Francisco Ferrer, the an
archist who was shot at Barce
lona after the riots there.
Don Jose Canalejas was a Lib
eral. He was appointed prime
minister by King Alfonso in Feb
ruary, 1910, succeeding Antonio
Maura, a Conservative, after a
merely nominal interval during
the days of the stop-gap Mpret
cabinet.
Maura's administration was
marked by violent uprisings all
oyer Spam. Most of them were
in protest against the drafting of
Spanish troops to Morocco.
These disorders were suppress
ed with great severity, and ended
in the execution of Francisco
Ferrer, the educator and anarch- i
ist leader. This execution drove
Maura from office.
Canalejas was a man of advanc
ed views. He once was a Repub
lican, but grew more conservative
n later life. Radical Spaniards
regarded him as a deserter from ,
rheir standard. He incurred the
bitter enmity of the clericals by
'onstantly demanding the sep
aration of church and state.
For the last few months, politicians-
have been demanding the
resignation of Canalejas, believ
ing that he has been too lenient in
dealing with the radicals and an
archists. The masses at the. same time
wereenouncing Canalejas for
deserting the ranks of the Repub
licans, and the railroad strikers
inflamed the feeling against him
by saying that the employers
were not giving them the conces
sions, which the government said
it would force them to grant.
Zarrate, the assassin, was 28
years old, a native of northern
Spain, and an open enemy of the (
government. He had been under
surveillance for several weeks.
Canalejas for long had been
urged to use a bodyguard, but re
fused to da so.
King Alfonso wept when he
heard of the assassination of his
prime minister.

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