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Newspaper Page Text
&0 'SIGNS OF PEACE AT CONSTANTINOPLE
Constantinople, Nov. 16. If
peace terms have been agreed
upon, there is no sign of it here.
The Bulgars are still advancing
on the city. They arejiow only
Tsar Ferdinand's troops are
taking fort after fort and drivihg
the army of Chatalja back on the
city like rats.
The suffering among the sol
diers and citizens is terrible.
More terrible still is the suffer
ing among the common people
outside the gates.
There are more, than a million
of these people between the army
and the city. They fell back to
ward Constantinople as they were
driven from their homes by the
Bulgars, expecting food and shel
ter. And they got neither food nor
shelter here. The gates of the
city were locked against them;
they were; forced to camp in the
It is bitterly cold. Snow and
sleet have turned the suburbs in
to 'swamps, breeding all kinds of
pestilence. Bitter winds, that
swept from the bare Russian
steppes across the Black Sea,
pierce to the marrow.
The refugees outside the ,gates
are dying like flies of starvation.
There is no food, and no way of
getting any food.
There is not even any drink
ing water; for the mire of the re
fuge camps has sunk into the
wells and poisoned them.
Cholera and typhus, scurvy and
smallpox are killing their thou
sands. When first the plague broke
out, the dead were buried in
Now they are left unburied to
rot, and to poison the very air.
If there were only men among
the refugees, their condition
would not be so pitiable.
But there are more women
than men, and more children than
either women or men.
And they are dying, dying of
starvation, dying of disease, dy
ing in terrible agony that cramps
their small bodies into awful
Inside the city conditions are
little better. Only those in high
places. can get anything to ea,t.
The poor people are starving.
The stores are boarded up and
Cholera, which only reached
the city a few days ago, is wreak
ing dreadful havoc
Nothing is being done to stop
it The streets are never cleaned.
The heaped refuse of the people is
thrown into them and allowed to
In the alleys, in the doorways,
in every dark corner, one stum
bles over the dead or dying.
In the lines of last defense, the
soldiers are fighting with a sort
of hopeless despair.
Many of them have not been
fed for days, and are slowly wast
ing away from starvation. $$
Cholera is worst in the en
trenchments, too, and the lines
are filled with rotting corpses.