NEXT THE POSTAL TELEGRAPH AND TELEPHONE
After a struggle lasting over 20 years, and after lagging behind
most of the European countries by from 30 to 50 years, we have
secured the beginning of a parcel post. The express monopoly hai
been able successfully to block this obviously beneficial and neces
sary function of government for so long that its inauguration isac
companied by formal ceremonies on the part of the postmaster gen-
eral and the several postmasters as if in celebration of some mo
mentous victory, which it is.
The postal savings banks and the parcel post being accom
plished facts, there remains the next step postal telegraphs and
telephones. Most of the leading nations of Europe, have already
adopted the government-owned and operated telegraph and tele
phone services', with the result that their people enjoy cheap rates,
efficient service, and all the advantages brought about by co-operation
with the postoffice service, of which the telegraph and telephone;
are the natural supplements.
On January 14, 1912 just a year ago Postmaster General
Hitchcock recommended the acquisition by the government of thq
telegraph companies. He said:
"The people have a right to a protected service that only the
government can give, to the use of wires without the delays that
special interests now secure at times and to the lower rates nowj
necessary and possible."
Just the other day John Wanamaker, former postmaster gen
eral, made a powerful plea for federal ownership of telegraphs and
There is no sound argument against the government owner
ship and operation of these public services. Competition in this
field whatever it may do in other fields certainly results in ineffi
ciency. Any person who has lived in a town with two telephone
companies knows this.
It is to be hoped that public opinion, strengthened by the suc
cessful launching of postal savings banks and the pajcel post, will
speedily force action on .the question of government acquisition of
the telegraphs and telephones, to be operated at cost for service
and not for profit, by the government instead of private monopoly.
Use Onion Water.
The water in which onions have
been boiled is excellent for clean
ing gilt picture frames. It re
moves specks and dirt and bright
ens the gilt. It should not be used
When making paste for paper
hanging if a small piece of com
mon soda is added to the flour be
fore pouring on the boiling water
the paste will be stronger and go
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