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Newspaper Page Text
ABOUT SOME OF THE WORK OF UNITED CHARITIES
We do not pretend to know just
why it is that the work of the
United Charities has failed so sig
nally in certain cases.
But perhaps figures given by
Eugene T. Lies, superintendent
of the Chicago United Charities
to Henry Neil, father of the
mothers' pension law, in some de
gree explain such failures.
The figures were supplied by
Lies from his own records. They
ought not to be questioned. The
United Charities is long on fig
ures. Lies took the year 1911 as to
demonstrate the great work done
by his organization.
He said that in that year the
United Charities received $240,
000, all of which it spent, $122,000
being expended on the organiza
tion's own administration, and
$1 18,000 for actual relief work.
This constitutes an admission
from .the superintendent of the
United Charities that that organ
ization spends more on its own
administration salaries of its of
ficers and the like than it does in
actually helping the needy.
But Lies supplied more figures,
which are still more illustrative.
He said that during the year
1911, the United Charities looked
after 17,000 families with the
$118,000 spent for relief work,
and that these families averaged
five persons in each.
A little consideration of these
figures shows that the United
Charities in 1911 cared for 85,000
human beings with $1 18,000 ; that
is it cared for each of these per
sons by spending on each of them
a little less than $1.35 during one
Obviously there is something
wrong here. Obviously one can
not help anyone so. destitute as to
need charity by spending $1.35
on him or her during the course
of a year. It is impossible. ' '
Neil himself, who recently
visited President-elect Woodrow
Wilson and explained to him the
mothers' pension plan, is consid
ered an enemy by the United
Charities. He explains this him
self. "Four years ago," he said to
day, "I organized the National
Probation league. At that time,
the officials of the United Chari
ties sent for me.
''They told me that they would
oppose and fight any relief meas
ure suggested by me or the or
ganization I had started unless I
first laid that measure before
them for their approval or rejec
tion. "I asked them how they would
fight me. They told me by the
distribution of literature criticis
ing me and my methods and or
ganization. "They also told me that they
would fight me in any individual
relief case I might attempt, un
less I first came to them and
worked through and with them.
"I told them that I considered'
their propositions as proof posi
tive that organized charity was a
charity trust, and as such most
objectionable. I told them that I
considered that charity did more,