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Newspaper Page Text
J , ARE YOU A SCIENTIFIC SHOVELER?, '
Scientists Have Taken Shovelers in Hand and Figured
, . Just Hpw Much They Ought to Lift, and Wt
rv "Kind of Shovels to Use.
Howjnuch material is one shovelful?
That's a serious question, for shoveling is an art It isn't simply just
faking up a-load of dirt-orjcoal or ore and transferring it from one place to
another. : ' , f
Careful investigations have resulted hi the conclusion that men must
use brains in .shoveling just-aa well as in anything else.
Just to prove It did you know thatybu could-da more work in a giyen
time if you took a-Ioad. of ZL pounds on your shgvel every time you dug if
into a pile "of coal, for instanpel than if you tooka larger amount? Of
course, you didn't know-nobody else did, either, 'Until recent experiments
were concluded in one of the: big steel plants. These proved it
The person who hears this" for the first time will probably declare that
such a statement, is absurd, because a shovelful of coal will weigh more
than a shovelful Of dry bones, for instance. But thp investigators come
right back with the statement that a shovel of different size orhape should
be used for each kind o toaterial a shovel that will admit the taking up
of a load of 21 pounds every time.
The men who -investigated thla subject found that the .loads jEaken on
the shovels in the plant where experiments were made varied from sy2
pounds to 38 founds. They marveled at this variation, and commenced
a series f tests Then they found that -the proper load was 2.1 pounds of
all materials, andhefore they got through they had equipped the plant with
eleven different kinds Of shovels to he used-i& eleven different kinds of
They started in with a group of men who were taking 4J&- pounds to
he load every time. By careful observation they found these men shoveled
more material in a dayat 21 pounds, afld they"flidn't get so tired doing it
They also found that, whereas it "cost between 7 and 8 cents per ton to
shovel coal and ore at the plant investigated under the old conditions, under
the new system the cost was reduced between 3 and 4 cents.
Add to this thecOst of the clerical work necessary to keep up a system
of scientific shoveling, and the total cost of the work was something like
"$70,000 less than the cost under the old system.
The result is that the people who believe in scientific management are
now preaching the -gospel of scientific shoveling. The workman gets more
money because most of this kind of work is piece work and he is able to-do ""
more than he did under the old system. - ,-
In the plant investigated, wages rose 60 percent, while the men worked
with greater ease.
, Cabe Jones has a wonderful con
stitution, hasn't he? Steve I should
Say so. "Why, he can read a whole
patent medicine booklet and feel per
Little Boy (with swollen face)
Oh, dear! I wish I was erandna. nr
else the Ijaby. Mother Why? little
Boy Grandpa's teeth are all gone,
and baby's hasn't come yet