Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1789-1924 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
frora him how he knew that low
wages had nothing to do with vice,
and why he thought a minimum wage
law an evil thing.
Taylor was a member of the Chi
cago Vice Commissiottr of which
Dean Walter T. Sumner was chair
man. This commission returned a
report, one paragraph of which con
demned low wages paid in depart
ment stores and factories as being
responsible for vice.
Two interesting pieces of informa
tion were brought out in Taylor's
testimony 'in regard to this today.
First, it was learned that the orig
inal report had contained a much
longer and more detailed condemna
tion of low wages in their relation
Second, that Friend Julius Rosen
wald, besides being a member of the
vice commission also was the largest
outside contributor to the funds used
by the commission.
Taylor denied that Rosenwald's
contributions to the Chicago vice
commission had in any way influ
enced that body.
Taylor insisted on taking up the
commission's time during the first
part of his testimony by reading what
other people had said about vice and
what a nice man he himself was. Al
so, Taylor insisted on reading the
editorial articles he had given the
Taylor told how much work he
had done to save girls, how many
private investigations he had carried
on and how lie never got any credit
He quoted from the John D.
Rockefeller, Jr., report He quoted
from Miss Catherine Bement Davis,
,of Bedford reformatory, New York,
and told what a wonderful woman
she was. And he quoted barrels of
confused and involved statistics that
did not tell anything.
He said that he himself thought
the chief causes of vice to be: 1.
Failure of family life ' 2. Exploitation
of Innocent instincts for pleasure,
(here lie volunteered a long-winded
speech on the evil of the dance hall
and advocated municipal dance
halls) ; 3. Hasty marriages; 4. "In
fernal" songs; 5. Young girls being
prematurely put to work.
It was here that Senator Beall in
terrupted the witness' idea of how
to give testimony by the direct ques
tion as to what he thought about the,
minimum wage principle, and Taylor
answered with his millenlum prob
lem. "Well," said Sejj. Beall, "the pres
ent bill, now before a senate com
mittee, calls for $7.50 minimum.
What do you think of that?"
"Whether the girl lives 'at home or
not?" asked Taylor, in shocked
"Certainly, said BealL "Her ex
penses are the same whether she
fives at home or not and she's worth
just as much."
Taylor stammered for a moment.
"I referred to apprenticeships," he
said, at last. -
,"Well," said Beall, 'let's take up
apprentices. Aren't they entitled to
Taylor fumbled with his glasses
nervously, but did not answer.
"Even an apprentice girl can't live
on $3 a week, can she?" persisted
"No," admitted Taylor.
"Don't you think a girl getting $5
or $6 a week more liable to run into
temptation than a girl getting $10 a
week?" asked Beall.
"No," said Taylor. "It all depends;
on the girl."
"It's a cause, isn't it?" asked Beall.
"Oh, yes," said Taylor. "I know a
girl who sold herself for a, pair of
shoes, and one for a hat she did not
need. I have known girls'-' to sell
themselves for a night's amusement"
Here he left the question before the
committee altogether, and began
talking about the minimum wage law1
In Great Britain, and how he,. Graham
Taylor had been over there, and what
a fine law -it was because it was in
$.. ' intrTi m.iL ,i,4