afiltfte Steredtypers. drivers and newsboys went on Strike tb help the, press
men, Capt. ?addy Lavin was put in charge of the police Strike squad and
made the Hearst building his headquarters.
The conduct of the police at that time was outrageous. Newsboys
were repeatedly arrested and locked up without booking. Their friends had
difficulty in, finding out where they were jailed in order to bail them out.
That they were arrested without reason was proven by the fact thatas fast
as they were brought into court they were discharged for lack of evidence
There was no complaint by the other trust newspapers then about the
paramount influence of the Hearst papers with the police department for
the very human reason that the other papers benefited as much as the
Hearst papers did by the strike-breaking outrages of the police department.
S6 it appears that the newspapers of the publishers' trust stand to
gether as against the public and the unions, fighting shoulder to shoulder
when their own selfish interests are involved. But when their selfish in
terests clash then they go at one another's throats like so many wolves.
For thirteen years now, or it will be on July 4 of this year, there has
been actual newspaper war in Chicago. Several of the papers have had
wrecking crews, sluggers, gunmen, bullies and thugs on their pay roll. This
fight was a continuous succession of assaults and murders; yet all of the
papers pursued the policy of suppressing the news of the crimes committed
in their interest.
I have heard it said that 40 murders have been committed in this news
paper war. Yet there has been little published in the trust newspapers
about it; and until The Day Book was started the people of Chicago didn't
know what was going on.
It is generally known now that during the newspaper lockout and
Strike last year two murders were committed by newspaper gunmen, who
had been deputized as "special" policemen or deputy sheriffs at the request
of newspapers with a pull. -
Frank Witt, a street car conductor, was murdered by newspaper gun
man on June 15, 1912.
George Hehr, a teamster, was murdered by newspaper gunmen on
August 8, 1912.
None of the murderers of these two citizens of Chicago has yet been
brought to trial. Did the fact that ex-convicts in the employ of Hearst
papers, and sworn in as "special" officers, were involved In these murders
have anything to do with the fact that they have not yet been brought to
At the tinte these murders were committed State's Attorney WaymanV
a Republican was In charge of grand juries, and was supposed to be as close
to the Republican papers as State's Attorney Hoyne now appears to be to
the Hearst papers; and he didn't proceed against thenewspaper gunmen
any more zealously than Hoyne has since he lias been in charge.
After full investigation of the conduct of th& police- and other public
officials a. committee from the Chicago Federation of Labor made a report,
in which, these conclusions were made:
"To sum up: We found that all'the officials named seemed to be dom
inated by the same fear of the trust press against them while holding office
or seeking office. We made investigations of the cases arising out of this
lockout, and vye found that hundreds of arrests had been made on trivial
grounds; that the persons so arrested were thrown into jail frequently over
night and when their cases finally came up to trial that hundreds'of them
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