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Newspaper Page Text
NOON EDITION NOON EDITION
JOE BIRMINGHAM, YOUNGEST MANAGER IN
BASEBALL IS A THRILLER STORY INSIDE
THE DAY BOOK
An Adless Daily Newspaper.
N. D. Cochran,
Editor and Publisher.
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398 Tel. Monroe7 353.
VOL.2, NO. 213 Chicago, Saturday, June 7, 1913
LOW WAGES MEAN LOWERED MENTALITY AND
WEAKENED MORALITY-ELLA FLAGG YOUNG
Superintendent of Schools and Bankers Mitchell and
James B. Forgari Make Bright Spots in Day of Bunk
and Evasions by Merchant Princes, Bankers
and Julius Rosenwald.
The session of the Q'Hara Welfare
Commission yesterday afternoon was
made almost human by three things:
The testimony of Ella Flagg Young,
superintendent of schools.
The testimony of John D Mitchell,
president of the Illinois Trust &
Savings Bank and human being.
And the testimony of James B,
Forgan, president of the First Na
But it was brought back to its
usual level by the testimony of such
men as Joe Basch, vice-president of
Siegel, Cooper & Co.; Edward J.
Lehmann, vice-president of The
Fair, and Theodore W. Robinson,
vice-president of the Illinois Steel
Co., a subsidiary of the trust.
Ella Flagg Young's testimony was
the best that yet has been given be
fore the commission, and showed
that Mrs. Young has given long and
fcareful study to the relations between
low wages and weakened wills and
minds, and the consequences thereof.
She advocated vocational educa
tion, but condemned the Cooley vo
cational education bill now before
the legislature, which Big Business is
making such an effort to put over.
She advocated a minimum wage law
so regulated that the minimum could
be increased or decreased as the cost
of living fluctuated.
"Poor wages for the father and
other supporters of the family means
underfed children," said Mrs. Young.
"Underfed children cannot do the
physical or mental work'of children
so nourished that their bodies are ef
ficient supporters of their brains.
"If the mental capacity of a child
is thus weakened through under
feeding, so also is its moral fiber and
caliber, its physical capacity and its
possibility of great attainment when
grown up. I believe inadequacy of
wages thus becomes a prime factor in
weakening the moral capacity of
both boys and girls.
"School training must be changed.
Children must be taught not what
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