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for It saved the expense of building
"an exchange. Phillips finally forced
the Nevada Consolidated to sell its
Gardnerville exchange for $9,000,
instead of $21,000, the price Judge
, Sweeney held-out for in the begin-
; ning. ""
( "You're the best single-handed
talker I ever saw," said Judge
s Sweeney to Phillips.
The United Farmers' Telephone
m and Telegraph Co. has been in opera-
tion a year now and is an assured
, A LITTLE LIGHT" ON THE COST
j OF AUTOMATIC 'PHONES
i By Harold D. Stroud.
There is a current belief in the pub-
lie mind, based on unhmited service,
' manually operated, that the cost of
telephone service must increase as
the number of telephones increase.
It is hard to make them understand
tha,t this is not true" of automatic
telephones, because the increase in
1 the expense of giving automatic serv
' ice is not increased as to the fact
. that the work of making connections
- that represents the principal expense
in manual, girl-operated service is
not present in the automatic system.
Here is" the best illustration that
now occurs to me as a means of
drawing a" comparison. Automatic
service is like windmill service, "only
it is run by electricity ih place of
wind, and pumps along night and day
,with no attention required except to
supervise its operation, while man
ual service is comparable with the
task of pumping by hand, no water
flows 'unless there is some one at
In the case of automatic telephones
the plant is capable of handling prac
tically an unlimited volume of traffic,
' is ready to serve at every instant, of
every day, of every night, and the
mere service usecl the cheaper per
call, There is a low fixed or nearly
fixed expense, that is divided into any
.rate or traffic, so that there is a
declining rate of cost per can with'
the increase in the number of calls,
and the larger the exchange the
greater is the average number of
calls per telephone, as I will show
you from figures I have been receiv
ing from managers of automatic ex
changes to whom I have written.
Here are just a few that prove what
I say to be true beyond the possibility
of error or dispute:
Riverside, Cal., 1,400 'phones, 71
cents per 100 calls to produce.
Richmond, Ind., 3,500 'phones, 69
cents per 100 calls totproduce.
Edmonton, Can., 5,255 'phones, 45
cents per 100 calls to produce.
San Diego, Cal., 5,388 'phones, 47
cents per 100 calls' to produce.
The only element that would enter
in Chicago service to increase the
cost per 100 calls in this city over
the cost of service at Edmonton is
the distributing plant cost, rent., etc.
Labor receives a better share in Ed
monton than in Chicago, and the
items are not more than one-third
higher here than there.
Edmonton owns its automatic
telephone plant, has no "party lines
and the service is sold to the people
at $30 for. business and $20 for resi
dence service per year. In Richmond,
Ind., under private ownership, it is
$39 and $24, which Is not bad for a
SAYS SMALLER RAILROAD PAYS
MORE THAN BIG ONES
The important Belt Line and West
ern Indiana railroads, now in a wage
dispute with their employes, do not
pay as much to their men as' does
the. minor Indiana Harbor Belt Line.
This was the testimony of George
Hansauer, general manager of the
latter road, on the stand before Judge
E. S. Huston, who is acting as arbiter
in the arguments between the bosses
and the men of the Belt Line "and
Western Indiana roads. '
For a 10-hour .day, the men on the
smaller road get $4.62, as against
the $4.25 paid by the defendant roads.
h? ; .