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Newspaper Page Text
A machine is used in mining. ' It weighs 125 pounds. Once two men
handled this machine. But the managers found that by exerting himself
to the limit of his strength, one man could do it. Now one man. HAS to
doJii ' "
Finally these ignorant foreign brothers of ours felt they could stand
it no longer. They struck.' They struck for an eight-hour day, for higher
wages and for two men to-operate a machine instead of one.
1 The companies refused to recognize the miners' union, refused .to con
fer with the men, ordered them out.of the houses owned by, the companies
unless they returned to.work, hired strike-breaking mine guards from the
Waddell-Mahon concern, had their kept sheriff call for the state militia and
proceeded to attempt to starve the striking miners into submission -attd
abject slavery. ' -
. , The gunmen and sluggers hired by the companies were given a license
to carry arms by the -kept sheriff. Of course the militia bore'arms. 'The
kept sheriff swore in special deputies "some of- them with, prison records.
Then war was declared on the striking miners. ' .
I have read affidavits of the brutality of the mine guards and soldier
that would make "your head ache even if they didn't touch your heart, .You
would forget their strange, foreign, names. You would forget where they
were born. You wouldn't even wonder what church they belong to, how
they pray.or with what party theyvote. i
7 -You would sympathize -with them as brothers. . ' ;
" You might read the affidavit of Antonio Putrich, the mother .of four
children the oldest being only four years old and. her boarding house;
.and how when they were sitting .-at the evening meal, the family andlthe
boarders, a mine boss with seven strike-breaking guards and deputy sheriffs,
fired into the diningroom, killed & 17-year-old boy and a man, "wounded two
other men, and burned with powder from a gun the six-months'-oldbaby in
the mother's arms. " - ' ,
' You would learn from the affidavits of John and Alary Pulkkinen'hOw,
when they were walkings from Copper City to Kearsage, drunken soldiers,
each with a" bottle of. whisTsy, tried to take the wife from-the- husband and
drag her from the road to' a clump of bushes. - -
Affidavits would inform you that when Palamidessi Gaetano was" walk
ing along the road with-Anton AndroettaiandAntoa'Greeckr a deputy sheriff
sheriff came along and struck him a violent blow behind the.iear. J
That when Vicfor Ozonich was standing peacefully in the-public road
he was arrested, taken to the Houghton jail, and searched in the sheriff's
office; and that, when they found no weapons on him, a deputy struck him
twice on the side of the headthen kicked hinvon the shinsr asked him if .he
belonged to the imfon then 'kept him in the county jail 24 hours. "
That mounted soldiers chased women and children. ' ' k " i
.That three deputies grabbed Vasilj Knezevich while he was walking
home froma store, fired shots in the air and one of the deputies hit" him
overthe head with a gun. . " '
That Laurence Krusec, 18 years old, while walking .home on the public
road, was picked up bysoldiers and deputy sheriffs in an automobile and
taken to the Houghton jail and kept there for 13 days; and that while Jn
the auto a deputy sheriff struck him twice in the face and once in the
mouth, and that another deputy in the seat-behind-him struck him once on
the head and four times in the back: - ".,""'
JBoris Fodor, iaja.tuaMdayiti tells of howfourdeputy sheriffsamUiye
soldiers came.to her house tp-teke;herhusbandraiid thattwhen she told them(