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schools, which are good ones; and it owns nearly all of the Houses in which
the men live. Where houses are built by the men themselves they are built
on company land and on a lease that runs from year to year.
The man who was elected sheriff of the county is named Cruse. The
real sheriff is James A. Waddell, head of the-Waddell-Mahon strikebreaking
agency of New York.'"--
He told Walter B. Palmer, statistician for the Department of Labor of
the federal government, in the presence of several newspaper men, that he
has 108 strikebreakers on duty in the county; and that forty per cent of
them are ex-policemen from New York, who have served 20 years on the
New York department and are drawing pensions of $57.50 per month each
from New York.
The company or the county pays Waddell $5 a day for each deputy
or gunman. Waddell pays the men $3 each. In addition Waddell is paid
all the expenses of the men, and no limit was placed on the expense.
Sheriff Cruse told me there were 1,200 deputies, known up there as
gunmen, on duty; and that 400 of these were what he called company men.
There are also 12 Burns detectives on duty as sleuths for the Calumet
& Hecla, one big Burns bull being the personal body guard of General Man
ager James McNaughton. There are numerous deputies guarding Mc
One sleuth sits behind the desk in the small hotel where all strangers
go, and gets a line on every man who registers. A report goes at once to
Calumet & Hecla headquarters. The hotel was crowded the night I got
there, and President Moyer of the Western- Federation of Miners permitted
the clerk to put a folding bed in his large room so I should have a place to
As McNaughton hadn't invited me out to his house I jumped at the
chance to occupy Moyer's room until I got one of my own. The report
went at once to company headquarters that I was living with Moyer.
The man who sat back of the clerk's desk most of the time was Rich
ard Emmett O'Grady, who made no bones of the fact that but a few months
ago he was released from a South Dakota prison, after doing a bit for
arson at the Homestake mine.
O'Grady told me I would find his mug at the Harrison street station
While Moyer was in Europe O'Grady represented himself at Calumet
as Moyer's personal representative. But when Moyer got to Calumet he
repudiated O'Grady in a public-speech.
A swell club in Calumet is owned by the mining company, and the
militia officers have cards to the club -and do muchjof their eating and
One day this week six deputies were1 released on $10,000 bail each
and the bail was provided by the mining companies. Four of them were
Waddell gunmen. They were charged with killing a man and a boy, and
they fired through the windows of a miners' boarding house, to do it.
There were 12,700 people in the funeral parade when the murdered
miners were buried.
The Quincy Mining Company has started proceedings to evict miners
on strike from company houses. An agent of the companies told me they
would evict only the ones they wanted to get rid of.
Pending the attempt of Special Agent Moffltt to bring -about a settle
ment of the strike, there is a general calm throughout the mining district.
It is believed, however, that if Moffltf s mission fails, there Vlll be real war,