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title: 'The Day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, October 18, 1913, LAST EDITION, Image 15',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
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THE SHORTER THE WORKING
DAY THE GREATER THE LABOR
Washington,, Oct. 18. The Fed
eral Bureau of Labor Statistics comes
out with what amounts to a flat-statement
that the shorter the working
day the greater is the output of the
In its booklet just issued on the 10
hour day for women and young per
sons in industry, the bureau shows
that while wages have advanced and
hours have decreased, such advance
and decrease have taken place in the
period when "American industrial ac
tivity has increased to the greatest
extent." Further, the report states:
"It is now a well-known-fact that the
adoption of a 9-hour day has not
affected the amount or value of the
output even in the case of establish
ments where machinery is predomi
The Bureau thus confirms the eco
nomic law which has always been
maintained by the labor unions "that
limitation of hours of labor increases
instead of decreases the productivity
of labor." If is shown, for instance,
that in Norway, a 53-hour week in
the state workshops results' in ap
proximately the same total output as
was formerly obtained in the 60-hour
week. This is, of course, due to the
fact that the workers are capable of
a more intensive application to labor
for. a short period than for a longer
period. The exhaustion of the work
er by long hours of labor unfits him
for the next day's work. A longer rest
and recreation period between work
times, however, enables him to recu
perate and remain always at his best.
FATE UNKIND TO FATEST MAN
Bristol, Tenn., Oct. 18. Impover
ished because his increasing fat pre
vented him from attending to busi
ness is the hapless plight of Patrick
Ryan, at one time a prosperous res
taurateur. His 370 pounds have made
him physically helpless. He has been
admitted to an institution. He got
fatter despite every effort to reduce.
POETRY TELLS TRAGIC STORY
OF DEATH OF THREE
Boston, Mass., Oct. 18. On the
top floor of a tenement, in a room
where the odor of gas still hung
heavy though the last of a quarter's
worth had escaped from the jet,
police found the bodies of Mrs. F. J.
Johnson and her two small children.
The woman was so thin that she
seemed a shadow-woman. Her
cheeks were hollow and the skin
drawn tight across the bones; her
eyes were sunken in the sockets. She
was suffering from tuberculosis.
On a pine table was a piece of
poetry, much thumbed and tear
stained. It read:
"By wreck and explosion and fire,
By swindling and thievery and
We are robbjed that a stock may go
We die lest the dividend lapse.
And the State drops a tear and a
God willed it; why? Who was to
A month ago Mrs. Johnson's hus
band went to Maine to fight the same
disease from which she suffered and
she has been trying to support her
children and herself.
Yesterday she placed the last quar
ter she possessed in the gas meter
and then waited death for "herself
and her babies.
The instinct of life was strong to
the last, for she tried to crawl to the
window and lay dead within a few
inches of it.
BURGLAR LAUGHS AT MODESTY
San Francisco, Cal., Oct. 18.
Modesty prevented A. L. Herron from
chasing the thief of his trousers
through the streets in his pajamas.
Herron saw a burglar leap through
the window with his, Herron's nether
garments, snatched from a chair be
side the bed.' The burglar refused a
polite invitation to come back. Loss
$38, beside the pants.
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