OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, November 03, 1913, Image 7

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1913-11-03/ed-1/seq-7/

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FEDERATION OF LABOR CALLS TEACHING OF
TELEGRAPHY TO SCHOOL &IDS A SCHEME c
Union Jabor paid a gracious tribute
to LieutT Michael J. Gallery of 'the
Desplaines street police station, -when
the Chicago Federation of Labor yes
terday endorsed him for chief of po
lice to succeed John McWeeny.
This is the first time in the history
of this great labor body that such
action has been taken and the reso
lution, which was sent to Mayor Har
rison today, was passed unanimously
and amid cheers.
The police officer was move1 when
told of the endorsement of the trades
unionists.
"Tell them," he said, "that their
endorsement is worth much more to
me than the job ever would be."
The meeting was enlivened by the
appearance of Jeff Davis, president
of, the Hoboes' Union, who talked
against the present vagrancy laws
in effect throughout the country.
Davis pointed out the evils of the
present laws, declaring that it made
strikebreakers out of men. He cited
the Cincinnati free employment bu
reau as example.
In that city, he said, men who are
arrested on a vagrancy charge are
given the ultimatum of going to work
at non-union wages or going to jail.
He said any man should have the
privilege of starving if he didn't want
to become a scab.
Davis is on his way to Seattle to
take the matter up with the-American
Federation of Labor. He asked for
an endorsement from the local body,
the request was referred to the
executive board.
The federation also voted to aid
the passage of the seamen's bill after
a graphic Bjeech by; Delegate Olan
der. The organization also protested
against teaching school boys and
girls to become telegraphers. It was
declared a scheme on the part of the
telegraph companies to cheapen this
labor. The following resolution was
passed:
"Whereas, The employers of tele
graph operators in the United States
are giving wide publicity the alleged
supplanting of the manual telegraph
by the telephone and various auto
matic and printing telegraphs; and
"Whereas,1 The same employers are
likewise encouraging the entry into
the trade of young persons who can
have no knowledge of conditions or
pay in tne trade and in one branch
of the trade find it necessary to pen
alize union labor to the point of exile
from the United States; and
"Whereas, It is obvious to those
familiar with the trade that these
strangely contrasted policies are
adopted in an effort to keep the trade
in its present condition; and
"Whereas, That two great tele
graph companies and the railroads
have directly and Indirectly made
numerous unsuccessful attempts to
renew the supply of youth and inex
perience necessary to continue the
lamentable conditions and pay, easily
discovered by an outsider from gov
ernment sources; and
"Whereas, It is now proposed that
the schools of Chicago relieve the
employing corporations df the ex
pense and troubje of keeping up the
supply of partly trained telegraph
operators as necessary to the con
tinuance of the existing conditions so
profitable to the employers; therefore
belt
''Resolved, That we again con
demn this repeated effort to shift
this burden of continuing the profits
of these heartless sweaters upon the
childhood and the taxpayers of Cook
comity, and upon the telegraph
tradesmen generally; and
"Whereas, The United States aver
age wage for telegraph operators in?
dicates the worst underpaid skilled
labor in the world, with a most vic
ious discrimination against women,

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