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title: 'The Day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 20, 1913, NOON EDITION, Image 5',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
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AFFIDAVITS PUBLISHED IN MINERS' PAPER
PLACE BLAME IN CALUMET TROUBLE
Dwyer to go down by the homes of
the strikers and shoot them up and
start a riot so as to make the job
last longer, as it was said the job
would not last much longer if things
appeared peaceful. Frank Appleton
and John Edward Burns tell prac
tically the same story.
Richard" Maher swears to the fol
"Richard Maher, being duly sworn,
deposes and says:"" That he went to
Hecla Mining Company on Sept. 28
with a party of 40 from New York,
Brooklyn and Jersey City hired, by
Ascher Detective Agency of 1440
Broadway and were told .they were
to go to do guard duty in the mines,
and were told not to allow men to
leave work without a pass to be sign
ed by Captain Gleason and Lieuten
ant Flynn. When men came and saw
what was going on and refused to
stay they were prevented from leav
ing and held against their -will, for
some time and kept confined and. we
were put over them as guards. This
happened in four different carloads of
these people who came to work We
were ourselves not allowed to go out
without a pass. We were armed with
Winchester rifles and 38 caL revolver
and a night stick. We were sent down
by general order to break up pa
rades of miners. We had suggestions
made to us that the job was getting
too quiet and that we should go out
and start something.
"Our standing order was to shoot
the first man that came near our
sight on the highway which ran near
the company's property.
"We were expected to shoot at any
one who came along and 'our busi
ness was to prevent any one coming
along at all costs even of human life.
We were informed that we could go
as far-as we .liked and that the sheriff
would not interfere with us. No one.
of the wprkmen was allowed to leave
Calumet, Mich.," Dec. 20. The
Miners' Bulletin has just published
five amazing affidavits sworn to by
as many gunmen in the employ of
the Ascher strikebreaking agency
which appear to fix the blame for the
recent outrages in connection with
the miners' strike in this district.
The same issue of the Bulletin also
contains a- letter written by Sen.
Henry P. Ashurst, Arizona, to Frank
Brown, Western Federation of Min
ers, Bisbee, Ariz., in which he makes
caustic criticism of the millionaire
directors of the Calumet & Hecla
One gunman's affidavit contains
the following paragraphs:
"I was given orders by Lieutenant
Burgess, Robert Wallace' and Ed'.
Dwyer to shoot any man on sight
who attempted to go along the street
where the company's property was
and for the purpose was armed with
a Winchester rifle and a revolver and
a night stick and club; no men work
ing in the mines were allowed to
leave and were kept at work against
their will. They could not even get
out of the works for any purpose
without a pass.
"We were instructed every day to
break up the peaceful parades of the
strikers who were unarmed and we
did so frequently pursuing them men,
women and sometimes children.
"Not one even of us was allowed to
go away without a written pass. Day
after day we were held armed under
instruction to shoot down any one
who was even peacefully going along
the highway or was a stranger not
connected with us.
"We were actually in full control
of the entire" place and held an abso
lute dominion. No man could come
or go without our permission.
"James Greely." .
James Brady, one of the other
gunmen, said that, with five other
gunmen, he was instructed by. Ed J without a pass. Richard Maher."