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title: 'The Day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 29, 1913, LAST EDITION, Image 3',
meta: 'News about Chronicling America - RSS Feed',
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
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to the burial grounds in hearses country. Services at the graves were
the only ones to be had in the copper conducted in several languages.
LABOR DEMANDS U. S. PROBE STRIKE
The spirits of the seventy-two children and eight adults who were
murdered in the Calumet, Mich., fire panic seemed to hover over the im
pressive mass meeting of protest held by organized labor yesterday after
noon. And out of the sadness and horror of that holocaust there arose a
fierce determination to win this strike for the striking miners of Upper
This determination was intensified by the speeches of President John
H. Walker, of the Illinois State Federation of Labor; of Yanco Terzich, who
has fought and suffered with the Michigan strikers; ofj Charles H. Tanner,
who was President Moyer's companion at the time of the shooting of the
And when Emmett Flood suggested that union labor protect itself by
force if necessary a riot of applause broke out that lasted several minutes.
Other stirring speeches were made by Lieut.-Gov. Barratt O'Hara, At
torney Frank Comerford, President John Fitzpatrick of the Chicago Fed
eration of Labor, and Claude 0. Taylor, president of the Michigan State
Federation of Labor.
A sensation was created by the arrival of a messenger from Tymoies,
a Finnish paper, printed in Hancock, Mich., with information concerning
the origin of the Calumet panic which was contained in several affidavits
that were published in that paper Saturday. For publishing these affidavits
six of the staff have been thrown into jail andi warrants have been
sworn out for the remaining members of the staff.
These affidavits were gathered from survivors of the panic.
They charge that a large man, well-dressed, wearing a sealskin cap
pulled down over his eyes, came into the hall from the outside and shouted
That when the women and children rushed to the exit they found that
something had been placed in their way and it was impossible for them to
get out. Then the women and chil
dren fell into a heap, about four feet
high, at the doorway.
Two miners who tried to pull this
mass apart were driven away by
deputy sheriffs and the work of res
cue in every way hindered.
The deputy sheriffs made no effort
to aid in the work of rescue, but
stood by and watched the sufferers
The pile, finally got so great that
several died in an upright position.
One man gave an affidavit that a
miner had died jammed up against
him so tightly that the dying man's
cigar burned his face.
Many of the people were not tram
pled on, but died of suffocation.
One man who tried to quiet the
crowd by announcing there was no
fire was clubbed down by deputies.
The latter finally closed the door of
A deputy in the hall killed a five-year-old
girl by grabbing her and
twisting her neck.
While the women and children
wer,e dying in the hall deputies and
members of the Citizens' Alliance
stood on the sidewalk and laughed
while those in the hall were dying.
A roar of indignation and disgust
swept over the packed hall when this
information was read by L. P.
Yanco Terzich, an organizer for