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the origin of the Calumet panic which was contained in several affidavits
that were published in that paper Saturday. For publishing these affidavits
six of the staff have been thrown into jail and warrants have been
sworn out for the remaining members of the staff.
These affidavits were gathered from survivors of the panic.
They charge thata large man, well-dressed, wearing a sealskin cap
pulled down over his eyes, came into the hall from the outside and snouted
That when the women and children rushed to the exit they found that
s6mething had been placed in their way and it was impossible for them to
get out. Then the women and chil
dren fell into a heap, about four feet
high, at the doorway.
Two miners who tried to pull this
mass apart were driven away by
deputy sheriffs and the work of res-r
cue in every way hindered.
The deputy sheriffs made no effort
to aid in the work of rescue, but
stood by and watched the sufferers
The pile finally got so great that
several died in an upright position.
One man gave an affidavit that a
miner had died jammed up against
him so tightly that the dying man's
cigar burned his face.
Many of the people were not tram
pled on, but died of suffocation.
One man who tried to quiet the
crowd by announcing there was no
Fire was clubbed down by deputies.
The latter finally closed the door of
A deputy in the hall killed a five-year-old
girl by grabbing her and
twisting her neck.
While the women and children
were dying in the hall deputies and
members of the Citizens' Alliance
ttood on the sidewalk and laughed
while those in the hall were dying.
A roar of indignation and disgust
iwept over the packed hall when this
nformation was read by L. P.
Yanco Terzich , an organizer for
lie Western Federation of Miners, a
arge, vigorous man, who echoed the
fieling of the miners in the upper
eninsula of Michigan, was the first
His announcement that, despite
he shooting of President Moyer and ,
the beating of Charles H. Tanner, the
federation officials were going back
to Michigan as early as possible and
fight to win caused the laboring men
and women to shout their applause
for five minutes.
Terzich also reviewed the inhuman
conditions under which the miners
were working before the strike and
also the cruelties of the gunmen since .
the strike began.
"The men up in Michigan struck
because tiey were underpaid and be
cause of the bad treatment they re
ceived," -said Terzich. "They couldn't
walk on the streets as free men.' All
the property up there is owned by
the copper barons.
"Conditions finally got so bad that
the Western Federation of Miners
went up there and spent thousands of
dollars in organization. This year
we decided that the time was at hand
to better conditions. We sent every
operator in the Calumet district a
copy of our demands nine days ahead
of time. But they have never given
us an answer.
"On July 23 of this year the strike
began. On that day between 16,000
and 18,000 men went out and they
are still out
"Immediately Gov. Ferris sent
state militia up there. There was no
occasion for that. No one had been
hurt, no property had been.destroyed.
But the company had made out 200
telegrams asking for state militia and
these they brought around to the
smaller business men to sign.
"And so Gov. Ferris, without inves
tigation, sent state militia, 2,700
strong, infantry, cavalry and even