OCR Interpretation

The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, December 30, 1913, LAST EDITION, Image 4

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1913-12-30/ed-1/seq-4/

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met & Hecla properties, in the privacy of the governor's own home at Big
Rapids, Michigan.
There can be no real investigation by the authorities of the copper dis
trict because the mine operators own the public officials; and the Citizens'
Alliance is made up of nearly everybody in the district except the union
The Citizens' Alliance has boldly ignored a court injunction and has
no fear of any investigation of its anarchistic and lawless conduct except
such investigation as its own members may make.
The lawlessness of the copper country is not the lawlessness of work
ing men; it is the lawlessness of business men, of merchants, lawyers, doc
tors, mine, owners, mine managers and their hired clerks and dependents
who are slaves because they belong to no union.
It is the lawlessness of the rich, not of he poor.
And the government of the United States can perform no more import
ant public service to this country than by investigating the feudal despotism
of the Michigan copper country, the xmtrageous tyranny of -which would
make even the Czar of Russia blush for very shame.
There is on file n0w in the government archives at Washington, re
ports of twa federal investigators, which would startle this country, if they
were published. .
It congress were to call for the cold, statistical report of Walter B.
Palmer, made after weeks of thorough inquiry in Houghton county, a wave
of indignation "would sweep over this country, and the demand for a gov
ernment investigation from the people would be practically unanimous
provided Palmer reported all the information he got; and I have no reason
to suppose that he didn't.
Anyhow, if YOU happen to be reading the reports from Calumet in the
Hearst papers, it may help you to know about the Homestake mine and the
fact that Hearst probably would have to pay living wages and establish
reasonable and humane working conditions in that mine if the Western
Federation of .Miners should win out in Michigan and then unionize the
Hearst Homestake mine in South Dakota.
Calumet, Mich., Dec. 30. Eleven
witnesses appeared yesterday before
the grand jury which is investigating
the responsibility for the Christmas
eve tragedy in -which 63 lives -were
Paul Spehar, a little Austro-Hungar-ian,
not quite ten years old, told a
sickening story of fainting, scream
ing children tumbling into a heap of
death, as he saw it from his position
at the top of the stairs, and he said
"fire" was shouted from a spot near
the hall. Cross-examination failed
to shake the boy's story.
Atty. 0- N. Hilton, for the Western
Federation of Miners, was permitted
to suggest questions to ask the wit
nesses, but was not allowed to ques
tion them himself. V
One witness stated that the panic
started before the cry of fire. He
said a girl had fainted and some one
yelled for water. Immediately after
that the cry of "fire" came.
Mrs. Annie Clemenc, girl leader of
the strikers, refused to make the
charge under oath that the man who
uttered the cry of fire wore a button
e n, n:ii t jiii: -J- '
ui uic uuwus Alliance. .
The miners' counsel said they
would have some of their own wffc-
nesses uu iue sianu ioaay ana will
aslso ask the district attorney to"or-.
der an investigation of the Moyer d-'

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