OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, January 17, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 2

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-01-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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found. And the federation decided that if the high men of . the city would
do nothing they would at least take care of their own.
So, accordingly, they drew up the following resolution, a copy of which
has been sent to every organization affiliated with the Chicago Federation
of Labor:
"The very serious-Jiuestion of unemployment has been under consider
ation by the Chicago Federation of Labor for the pastimon'tk
"The Executive Board in conjunction with a special committee has the
. matter in charge, and recognizing that unemployment is not a local ques
tion, it must be dealt with in a practical way, if we intend to conserve our
- interests as organized workers, it will be necessary to define the real causes
of unemployment and the remedy.
"The causes include: Unrestricted immigration, the lO-hourday and
. 7-day week, unproved machinery,
convict labor, underpaid women and
child labor, gambling in foodstuffs,
etc.
"The remedy will mean organiza
tion and legislation, both of which
are slow processes. It will take some
time to get at the facts and present
the matter so that it will be of ser
vice to organized labor, but the work
will be pushed so that we may hav
action at the earliest possible mo
ment. "In the meantime, it is undisputed,
that 100,000 workmen are out of
work in Chicago, a large number of
: which are members of labor unions.
But accurate information as to the
exact number is not available at
present.
"The, Federation of Labor has de
cided that the immediate needs of the
out-of-work members of organized
labor must and shall, secure first and
practical consideration.
' "Following this decision, confer
ences were arranged with the coun-
ty and city officials, to ascertain if
public work could not be undertaken
1 in order to relieve the situation.
"The result of these conferences
show that the addition and extension
of county institutions under the law
. must be let by contract and such
work cannot be undertaken by the
county.
"In the city railway terminals, pro
posed subways, outer harbor and
' other public improvements, we were
told, 'Were up in the air,' and no as
surance could be secured that these
undertakings could be looked to to
relieve the out-of-work situation.
Now, then,these possible avenues of
relief being closed and the number
of unemployed increasing, we must
meet the question squarely, no mat
ter what the cost.
"It being the bounden duty of or
ganised labor to care for its own
members, we propose to meet the sit
uation as follows:
"1. That a common fund be
created by voluntary assessment,
subscription and donations from the
employed members of affiliated
unions, to be used to furnish food,
coal and shelter to the unemployed
union members in our midst.
"2. That every unemployed mar
ried man be given assistance out of
this common fund to sustain his wife,
his children and his home, when such
union men have family responsibili
ties, i .
"3 That a place be provided
where the unemployed can congre
gate during the day and night and
with such arrangements as can be
provided so as to give sustenance and
sleeping accommodations to unem
ployed single mefl, union members..
"In order to create this fund, ihe
Chicago Federation of Labor urges
the affiliated unions to have the mem
bership agree to a voluntary' 25-cent
per month assessment on their em
ployed members and, if it becomes
necessary, that the assessment be
continued for three consecutive
montt 4

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