Newspaper Page Text
the department of state has begun a
great hfe-saving movement to aid
China in her 5,000-year fight with
floods which annually overflow riv
er valleys, desolating whole states
and killing thousands of people.
The three great offending rivers
are the Hwang Ho, Yang-Tze Kiang
and the Huai Ho.
The latter, in Central China, will be
tackled first. It will be made to stay
in its, bed. "With the aid of the ad
ministration, Miss Mabel Boardman,
president of the American Red Cross
Society, has put through a plan to
loan China $20,000,000 to be spent
on improvements in the Huai Ho val
ley. Also the president will loan China
one of the best engineers in the Unit
ed States army, to superintend the
gigantic battle against flooding
The Red Cross, acting through the
department of state, has just con
cluded preliminary negotiations
which will bring together the Chinese
government and the J. G. White Con
struction Co. of New York and Lon
don in the $20,000,000 river improve
This is not only a new departure
for the American Red Cross Society,
but it is a move in a new direction for
the American government.
The Red Cross, which has hitherto
devoted itself exclusively to relieving
distress caused by floods, fire, famine
and war, has concluded that if floods
were prevented there would be no
flood victims to aid; that it is more
practical and more humane to send'
construction engineers to China than
Red Cross nurses.
With the approval of the depart
ment of state the society j,eni Charles
Davis Jameson, civil engineer, to the
Huai Ho valley to study the topog
raphy of the district and report as
to the practicability of flood preven
tion work. On his favorable report
negotiations were begun at once
through the department of state for
the construction workjiecessary. The
negotiations with China were Carried
on through the American ambassa
dor, Paul S. Reinsch.
The $20,000,000 to be expended in
the Huai Ho valley by the construc
tion company will be raised by bond
issue, to be floated in America. The
bonds are to be guaranteed by China
and secured by the revenues of the
The J.,G. White Construction Com
pany has handled many big engineer
ing projects for the U. S.z particularly
in the'Philippines. The Chinese.gov
ernment guarantees the bond issue.
The engineering work will be. super
vised by an American engineer who
will resign from the U. S. army to ac
cept the post from the Chinese gov
CHINA'S TOLL OF DROWNED
Date. Place." Dead.
Sep. 1911 Yang - tse - Ki
ang river 100,000
Sep. 1911 Liao river 2,000
May, 1888 Canton river . 3,000
July, 1896 Kaingsu 5,000
1851-77 Hwang Ho river. 40;000,000
1877 Hwang Ho 1,000,000
1898 Huai Ho 10,000
DIARY OF FATHER TIME
The Swedish Official Gazette, the
oldest newspaper in Europe, isjcen
turies behind (or ahead) of its Chin
ese rivals. The Peking Gazette, con
taining official news, has appeared
regularly-since the days of the Tang
Dynasty, which ended in the year 905
and the monthly Peking News, now
an octavo book of 24 pages, was
founded early in the 6th century.
An Afghan nobleman sent out to
Europe for a grand piano, and on its
arrival had all the lower part of it cut '
off, as he found it most convenient
to play it while squatting on the floor.
o o .
"My wife is a wonderful vocalist.
Why, I have known her to hold an
audience for hours " "Get out!"
"After which she' would lay it in the
cradle and rock it to sleep."