Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1836-1922 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the
National Endowment for the Humanities and the Library of Congress. external link Learn more
Image provided by: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL
Newspaper Page Text
HEAD OF MUNICIPAL FARM BLAMES SOCIETY
FOR UNEMPLOYED AND HOBOES
San Diego, Cal., Feb. 12. Max
Watson is a man to whom other men
look to keep them from starving or
stealing. He is the head of the San
Diego municipal farm and takes in
all the floaters, derelicts, down-and-outs
and defectives that hit this city.
"Yet," says Watson, "my work is
only alleviation good so far as it
goes, but worthless to cure. Why?
Because I deal only with results. And
sometimes I get mighty discouraged
Max Watson, head of San Diego
plugging away at the results of
causes that go merrily on. All muni
cipal farms are makeshifts. Society
will need them just so long as it has
its present disease of "unemploy
ment." And it will suffer from the
unemployment ailment as -long as it
maintains conditions that create un
employment. "Whenever society makes it impos
sible for any large number of men to
secure employment for long periods,
society opens a hobo factory.
"About 90 per cent of unemploy
ment is due to booze. Boozing is due
to defective mentality or discourage
ment. "It takes about three times the
number of men that is actually neces
sary to keep a job running under the
present system; the man on the job,
the man who is coming and the man
going. Booze is the reason.
"The floater belongs to a system;
he goes with the parasites; like the
parasite he consumes without limit.
A system that would make the floater-parasite
produce what he con
sumes would automatically stop his
"We have been working our muni
cipal farm about two years with float
ers and hoboes. We have about 30 of
them on hand all the time.
"And we work them hard. They are
paid 50 cents a day and are well fed
and have quarters in which to sleep.
"It i& better to employ floaters than
to give them charity. Giving people
something for nothing never pays.
Letting men work and earn is the
easiest, most economical and most
humane way to treat them. Floaters
will work, but are unable to stick
"But it always pays a municipality
to feed hungry men because when
they get too hungry they turn to
Sparrow Great Scott! This must
be a meeting of the Aero club! What
time do the balloons go up?