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-'You are instructed to report at
once what steps have been taken by
steamship cdmpanies or individuals
to promote emigration from Europe
to the Pacific coast via the Panama
After talking with consular agents
on the subject, and interviewing
members of the Italian Royal Emi
gration Commission, I have learned
the following facts about this possi
ble undesirable exodus from the
south of Europe:
There are some thirteen steamship
companies concerned in promoting it.
Seven are Italian, sailing from Genoa
or Naples. These Italian lines have
a combined carryinb capacity of
56,392 passengers per trip. Their
vessels are unsanitary and crowded.
...Other than Italian lines, the Aus-tro-American
line will undoubtedly
be in the pool, it is said, and will
bring from Trieste hordes of Creeks,
Slavs and Magyars, while-two lines
that sell tickets in Southern Russia
will bring Armenians and Rouman
ians to the Pacific states.
From the Pireaus, port of Athens,
two lines, notorious for their unsani
tary and poorly equipped ships, vill
bring Syrians, Creeks and Macedon
ians. On so long a trip these boats
will become veritable hotbeds of dis
ease, even if the immigrants start in
The so-called "jackals of the steer
age," however, are selling tickets to
people known to be suffering from
tracoma and other maladies exclud
ed from the United States, arid are
even issuing insurance guaranteeing
their passage money back if they are
not admitted at tlie American port!
Besides' the diseased, it is certain that
the great migration will bring to
America thousands of criminals.
What can be done about it?
Jt is already forbidden by law, in
Italy, to encourage emigration. Yet
there are over lOO.dOO steamship
agents who can do so verbally with
out being caught. Moreover the j
companies themselves are offering
As an inducement, they are selling
tickets on the installment plan, at the
rate of $1 a week.
They have already booked 150,000
passages for Pacific coast ports .from
Italy alone by this means.
Because of their reductions over
the common rates, the thirty day trip
to San Francisco will probably cost
only $80. The twelve day trip to
New York alone costs $40.
The, Italian government is. as much
worried over this prospective emigra
tion which'will come with the open
ing of the Panama canal as is the
I asked Commadatore Egisto Rossi,
of the Royal Commission on Emigra- ,
tion, how Italy would meet it.
"We cannot stop emigration," he
said, "but Italy does not encourage
emigration to the western part of the
United States. We realize that in
that region the Italian emigrant,
without money, would be a mere la
borer, working harder for his wages
than he would in Italy, and possibly,
he could find no work at all if emi
gration is too heavy."
"Should this bruited pool material
ize, and the threatened exodus de
velop, it will be our duty not only to
warn emigrants, but to take what
measures we can to prevent them
Other than Italy, no South Euro
pean government has done anything
to prevent the proposed wholesale
emigration upon the opening of the
canal. In those countries the "jackals
of the steerage" have been given full
sway to book passages via Panama,
and to paint in glowing colors the
mild weather and glorious opportuni
ties of the Pacific coast.
America has furnished to the world'
the character of Washington. And,
if our American institutions had done'
nothing else, that alone would have
entitled them to the respect of man
kind. Daniel Webster.