OCR Interpretation


The day book. (Chicago, Ill.) 1911-1917, March 05, 1914, NOON EDITION, Image 13

Image and text provided by University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Library, Urbana, IL

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83045487/1914-03-05/ed-1/seq-13/

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WHAT CONGRESS IS FINDING OUT IN COLORADO
Colorado Coal Miners Prove Their Assertions of III Treatment and Injustice
in Testimony Before Congressional Committee.
Trinidad, Col., March 5. Every
r charge made against the Rockefeller
controlled Colorado coal barons by
the striking coal miners has been
substantiated before the congres
sional investigating committee.
The justice of the miners' de-
' mand for recognition of their union
t has been established.
The arrogant manner in which the
operators refused to arbitrate is a
part of the probe record.
The Colorado manager of the
Baldwin-Felts strikebreaking agency
has told the committee how the coal
operators' association paid him to
import small arms, machine guns
and ammunition and hire thugs from
the city slums and bring out the mili
tia to make war on the strikers.
The same man told the committee
how armored autos carried machine
guns through the strike zone, deal
ing death and terror to the miners
and their families.
The committee has heard revolting
stories of how the militia charged
women paraders and slashed them
with swords, kicked them, cursed
them and jailed them, not because
they had violated any written or un
written law, but because Gen. Chase
had been laughed at when he tum
bled from his horse.
Particular investigation of viola
tions Of the federal laws by the com
mittee has developed that:
Personal liberty and free speech
have been denied countless citizens
at the whim of Gov. Ammons.
Numerous persons have been pre
vented from entering postoffices and
the mails interfered with in other
ways.
Peonage exists in the mines.
Combinations in restraint of inter
state trade exist (that evidence being
furnished by Col. J. A. Ownbey, a
former partner of J. P. Morgan.)
And through all the investigation
the committee has had to stand the
open abuse of the corporation forces
of the state and the insinuation of
the operators' attorneys that the
committee is prosecuting the mine
owners instead of making an impar
tial probe.
WHAT CONGRESS IS FINDING OUT IN CALUMET
Calumet Copper Workers Have Laid Bare the Greed of Owners, Brutality of
Gunmen-Soldiers to Congressional Committee.
Hancock, Mich., March 5. Ten
thousand printed sheets of testimony
telling stories of starvation wages,
of horrible working conditions one
mile below ground and of the reign
of terror caused by imported gun
men, militiamen and deputy sheriffs
constitute the case of the striking
copper miners of the Calumet cop
per country against the mine opera
tors, as it was presented to the con
gressional sub-committee here.
Two hundred miners men of all
nationalities told of starvation
wages in the copper country, of men
who worked for two months under
the contract system and found they
actually owed the company money
for the privilege of working in the
mines. They explained why the
"one-man drill" earned the names
"widow-maker" and "man-killer,"
and told stories of sanitary condi
tions underground that made the
congressmen shudder,

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